Abraham Verghese

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Abraham Verghese
Verghese in 2023
Verghese in 2023
Born (1955-05-30) May 30, 1955 (age 69)
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
OccupationProfessor of medicine, author
NationalityAmerican
Alma materMadras Medical College
Period1980 to present
Genremedical book, autobiography, novel
Notable worksMy Own Country, The Tennis Partner, Cutting for Stone, The Covenant of Water
Website
www.abrahamverghese.org

Abraham Verghese (born 1955) is an American physician and author. He is the Linda R. Meier and Joan F. Lane Provostial Professor of Medicine and Vice Chair for the Theory & Practice of Medicine at Stanford University Medical School.[1][2] In addition, he is the author of four best-selling books: two memoirs and two novels. He is the co-host with Eric Topol of the Medscape podcast Medicine and the Machine.[3]

In 2011, Verghese was elected a member of the Institute of Medicine.[4] In 2014, he received the 19th Annual Heinz Award in the Arts and Humanities.[5] President Barack Obama presented him with the National Humanities Medal in 2015.[6][7] In 2023, he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship.[8] He has received six honorary doctorate degrees.[1]

Background[edit]

Verghese was born in Ethiopia to Orthodox Christian parents from Kerala, India, who worked as teachers.[9] As a child, he was an avid reader, and it was reading that introduced him to the world of medicine.[10]

He has three children, two sons by his first marriage and a third by his second marriage. His elder brother, George Verghese, is an engineering professor at MIT[11] and his younger brother, Phil Verghese, is a former software engineer at Google.[12]

Medical training and career[edit]

Verghese began his medical training in Ethiopia. In 1974, his education was interrupted by the civil unrest when emperor Haile Selassie was deposed and a Marxist military government took over.[13] He left the country and joined his parents, who had emigrated to America.[6] There, Verghese worked as a hospital orderly for a year.[14] In his written work, he refers to that experience as deeply influential in confirming his desire to finish his medical training.

He went to India to complete his medical studies at Madras Medical College and was awarded a Bachelor of Medicine degree from Madras University in 1979, finishing an internship there.

Returning to the United States as a foreign medical graduate seeking an open residency position,[15] he joined a new program in Johnson City, Tennessee, affiliated with East Tennessee State University.

After completing his residency in 1983, he took a fellowship at Boston University School of Medicine. He worked for two years at Boston City Hospital, where he encountered the early signs of the urban HIV epidemic. Returning to Johnson City in 1985 as assistant professor of medicine, he saw the first signs of a second epidemic, that of rural AIDS. Expecting to have one or two HIV patients a year, he soon had 100 in a small town. Although at the time he had no ambition to become a writer, he decided he wanted to tell the story of this tragedy, so he took a break from medicine to study writing.[16]

In 1991 Verghese accepted a position as Professor of Medicine and Chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases at Texas Tech Health Sciences Center in El Paso, Texas[17] Despite his title, he was the sole infectious disease physician at Thomason Hospital. He was awarded the Grover E. Murray Distinguished Professorship of Medicine at the Texas Tech School of Medicine.

Eleven years later, Verghese became founding Director of The Center for Medical Humanities and Ethics at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.[17] At San Antonio, he held the Joaquin Cigarroa Chair and the Marvin Forland Distinguished Professorship.[18]

After five years in San Antonio, he joined Stanford University School of Medicine in 2007 as a tenured professor for the Theory and Practice of Medicine and Associate Chair of Internal Medicine.[19] He is a hospitalist for Stanford Medical Center[1] and is the founder and director of the Presence program, which "champions the human experience in medicine."[20]

Training and career as a writer[edit]

Overwhelmed by the nature of his work with his AIDS patients in Tennessee, and with his first marriage under strain, Verghese joined the Iowa Writers Workshop at the University of Iowa. He cashed in his retirement plan and his tenured position to move to Iowa City with his young family. In 1991, he completed a Master of Fine Arts.[21] Later that year, The New Yorker magazine published his short story Lilacs about an AIDS patient who commits suicide.[22]

In 1994, while teaching in El Paso, he published his first book, My Own Country: A Doctor's Story, about his experiences in East Tennessee. In the book, he reflects on his work with the patients he cared for and gives his insights into his personal transformation from being "homoignorant", as he describes it. He also ponders themes of displacement, diaspora, responses to foreignness and the many individuals and families affected by the AIDS epidemic. This book was one of five chosen as 'Best Book of the Year' by Time magazine, and in 1998 it was made into a TV movie directed by Mira Nair.[23]

His second memoir, The Tennis Partner: A Story of Friendship and Loss, was also written during his time in El Paso. It tells the story of his friend and tennis partner, a medical resident in recovery from drug addiction. The story deals with the ultimate death of his friend and explores the issue and prevalence of physician drug abuse. It also charts the breakdown of his first marriage, an integral part of the narrative in both My Own Country and The Tennis Partner. This book was reissued in 2009. [24]

In 2009, Knopf published his first novel Cutting for Stone.[25] In 2010, Random House published the paperback version of the book,[26] and it remained on The New York Times list for over two years.[27] Cutting for Stone describes a period of dramatic political change in Ethiopia, a time of great loss for the author, who, as an expatriate, had to leave the country of his birth.[28] Cutting for Stone reached #1 on the Independent Booksellers list and was optioned as a movie.[29]

The Covenant of Water was published in May 2023 by Grove Atlantic and was chosen for Oprah's Book Club.[30] Inspired by the life story of the author's mother, the book is set between 1900 and the 1970s in Kerala, a coastal territory in India, and follows three generations of a family in which one or more people in each generation has mysteriously died from drowning.[16] The book stayed on The New York Times bestseller list for 37 weeks.[31] and was listed by the newspaper as one of its 100 Notable Books of 2023.[32] In January 2024, Oprah announced that she had optioned the film rights.[33]

Bedside medicine[edit]

Verghese's early experience of working as a hospital orderly gave him a deep understanding of the patient's hospital situation with its varying levels of treatment and care. He has said the insights he gained from this work helped him to become a more empathic physician and resulted in the motto, "Imagining the Patient's Experience", that defined his later work. [34]

His focus in San Antonio was developing medical humanities as a way to preserve doctors' innate empathy and sensitivity. He developed a formal humanities and ethics curriculum integrated into all four years of the medical school program. He also invited medical students to accompany him on bedside rounds as a way of demonstrating his conviction in the value of the physical examination in diagnosing patients and in developing a caring, two-way patient-doctor relationship that benefits not only patients and their families but also the physician.[35]

At Stanford University he continues to explore the importance of patient-centered bedside medicine and the physical exam.[36] "The Stanford 25", is an initiative developed to showcase and teach 25 fundamental physical exam skills and their diagnostic benefits to interns.[37]

Verghese's emphasis on the physical examination has been dismissed by some as a form of irrelevant nostalgia. As Robert Goodman writes: "Lamenting lost clinical skills is possibly one of our profession's oldest pastimes, dating back centuries, if not millennia...Should we spend more time at the bedside? Certainly...But... we should spend this time not divining for ascitic fluid (ultrasound is better) but, instead, talking to our patients.[38]

Published works and speaking engagements[edit]

Verghese has written articles for medical journals such as The New England Journal of Medicine, JAMA, The Lancet, and The American Journal of Medicine.[39] He has also contributed to general-interest publications like The New Yorker, Texas Monthly, Atlantic, The New York Times, Granta, Forbes, and The Wall Street Journal, among others.[17]

Verghese has also written four books based on his life experiences and his medical knowledge.[16]

Verghese is also often asked to speak about his ideas on medical care and about his life story and his books. For example:

  • A doctor's touch (TED talk, September 2011)[40]
  • B&N Reads podcast Poured Over: Abraham Verghese on The Covenant of Water (May 2023)[16]
  • Super Soul Presents: Oprah's Book Club — The Covenant of Water Companion Podcast, a 6-part series hosted by Oprah Winfrey (2023)[41]
  • Co-host of the Medscape podcast Medicine and the Machine.[3]

Awards and honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Abraham Verghese, MD, MACP's Profile | Stanford Profiles". profiles.stanford.edu. Retrieved July 7, 2024.
  2. ^ Stanford Report: Physician returns to the art of healing in medicine
  3. ^ a b "Medicine and the Machine". Medscape. Retrieved July 6, 2024.
  4. ^ a b "Three School of Med professors elected to Institute of Medicine", The Stanford Daily, October 19, 2011.
  5. ^ "Abraham Verghese". www.heinzawards.org. Retrieved July 6, 2024.
  6. ^ a b c "Abraham Verghese National Humanities Medal 2015". National Endowment for the Humanities. Retrieved July 4, 2024.
  7. ^ "Remarks by the President at the Presentation of the 2015 National Medals of the Arts and Humanities". whitehouse.gov. September 22, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
  8. ^ a b "Three Stanford scholars awarded Guggenheim Fellowships". news.stanford.edu. April 7, 2023. Retrieved July 7, 2024.
  9. ^ "Novelist Abraham Verghese: Conversations from the Sun Valley Writers' Conference" (video). youtube.com. Idaho Public Television. December 1, 2023.
  10. ^ Thompson, Bob (February 16, 2009). "Physician Abraham Verghese Combines His Love of Books and Medicine". Washington Post. Retrieved July 7, 2024.
  11. ^ "George Verghese – MIT EECS". www.eecs.mit.edu. Retrieved July 4, 2024.
  12. ^ Yurchenko, Misha (December 6, 2022). "Interview Insights from an ex-Google Software Engineer". www.carrus.io. Retrieved July 4, 2024.
  13. ^ Denise Grady, "Scientist at Work: Dr. Abraham Verghese", The New York Times, October 11, 2010.
  14. ^ Bob Thompson, "Diagnosis: Author — Physician Turned To Writing to Heal Himself, Others", Washington Post, 16 February 2009. Retrieved 17 February 2009.
  15. ^ Abraham Verghese, Personal History, "The Cowpath to America", The New Yorker, June 23, 1997, p. 70. Retrieved 15 March 2009.
  16. ^ a b c d Seery, Jenna (May 4, 2023). "Poured Over: Abraham Verghese on The Covenant of Water". B&N Reads. Retrieved July 5, 2024.
  17. ^ a b c "Biography". Abraham Verghese. Retrieved July 5, 2024.
  18. ^ "Gold Foundation: Humanism and Medicine Lecture". Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved March 13, 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Stanford Medical Center Report
  20. ^ "About". Presence: The Art & Science of Human Connection. Retrieved July 8, 2024.
  21. ^ "Abraham Verghese, MD, MACP" Archived February 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, CAP Profiles, Stanford Medicine.
  22. ^ Verghese, Abraham (October 6, 1991). "Lilacs". The New Yorker. Retrieved July 7, 2024.
  23. ^ "Mira Nair - Biography". IMDb. Retrieved July 6, 2024.
  24. ^ "Under the knife". The Economist. February 12, 2009.
  25. ^ "Cutting for Stone". www.publishersweekly.com. October 27, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2024.
  26. ^ "Paperback Trade Fiction Books - Best Sellers - Books - The New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved May 16, 2023 – via NYTimes.com.
  27. ^ Cowles, Gregory. "Print & E-Books". The New York Times.
  28. ^ Wagner, Erica (February 6, 2009). "Doctors and Sons". The New York Times.
  29. ^ Powers, Lindsay (February 1, 2011). "'Cutting for Stone' Optioned for Screen by Anonymous Content". The Hollywood Reporter.
  30. ^ "Oprah's 101st Book Club Pick: The Covenant of Water by Abraham Verghese". Oprah.com. Retrieved July 5, 2024.
  31. ^ Smith, Tracy (April 21, 2024). ""The Covenant of Water" author Abraham Verghese - CBS News". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved July 5, 2024.
  32. ^ Staff, The New York Times Books (November 21, 2023). "100 Notable Books of 2023". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 5, 2024.
  33. ^ Moody, Nekesa Mumbi (January 5, 2024). "Oprah Winfrey Eyes Best-Seller 'The Covenant of Water' as Her Next Film Project". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 4, 2024.
  34. ^ "Abraham Verghese". Archived from the original on June 24, 2011. Retrieved March 13, 2011. Abrahamverghese.com.
  35. ^ "Abraham Verghese". Archived from the original on June 24, 2011. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
  36. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 19, 2011. Retrieved March 13, 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) New England Journal of Medicine 2008
  37. ^ http://stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu/the25.html Stanford Initiative in Bedside Medicine
  38. ^ Goodman, Robert Lehr (2010). "Commentary: Health Care Technology and Medical Education: Putting Physical Diagnosis in Its Proper Place". Academic Medicine. 85 (6): 945–946. doi:10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181dbb55b. PMID 20505391.
  39. ^ "Abraham Verghese Publications". Stanford Profiles. Retrieved July 8, 2024.
  40. ^ Verghese, Abraham (September 2011). "Abraham Verghese | Speaker | TED". www.ted.com. Retrieved July 6, 2024.
  41. ^ "Super Soul Presents: Oprah's Book Club – The Covenant of Water Companion Podcast". Oprah.com. Retrieved July 6, 2024.
  42. ^ Antonio Gonzalez Cerna (July 14, 1995). "7th Annual Lambda Literary Awards".
  43. ^ "'Keeper' by Andrea Gillies wins first ever Wellcome Trust Book Prize". Wellcome. November 5, 2009. Retrieved July 6, 2024.
  44. ^ "Heinz Awards - Abraham Verghese". Archived from the original on April 7, 2014.

External links[edit]