From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
|Former names||Orlando Events Center (planning/construction)|
|Address||400 West Church Street|
|Location||Orlando, Florida, United States|
|Public transit|| Church Street Station|
20, 36, 40
|Owner||City of Orlando|
17,030 (center stage concert)
16,486 (end stage concert)
20,000 (NCAA basketball)
17,192 (arena football)
17,353 (ice hockey)
|Broke ground||July 25, 2008|
|Opened||October 1, 2010|
|Construction cost||US$480 million|
(US$604 million in 2021 dollars)
|Architect||Populous (formerly HOK Sport)|
Chand Tarneja Windows
C.T. Hsu + Associates
Baker Barrios Architects, Inc.
|Project manager||Turner Construction|
|Structural engineer||Walter P. Moore|
|Services engineer||Smith Seckman Reid, Inc.|
|General contractor||Hunt Construction|
Albu & Associates
|Orlando Magic (NBA) (2010–present)|
Orlando Predators (AFL) (2011–2013, 2015–2016)
Orlando Solar Bears (ECHL) (2012–present)
Orlando Predators (NAL) (2019–present)
WWE ThunderDome (pro wrestling) (2020)
Amway Center is an indoor arena located in Downtown Orlando, Florida. The arena is home to the Orlando Magic of the NBA, the Orlando Solar Bears of the ECHL, and the Orlando Predators of the National Arena League.
Amway Center hosted the 2012 NBA All-Star Game and the 2015 ECHL All-Star Game. It also hosted some games of the round of 64 and round of 32 of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament in 2014 and 2017. On January 14, 2013, the Arena Football League's Board of Directors voted to award ArenaBowl XXVI to Orlando in the summer of 2013.
The arena has also hosted several local graduations, as well as professional wrestling events by the professional wrestling promotion WWE, notably the 2016 Royal Rumble pay-per-view. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the promotion took a long-term residency at the Amway Center from August 21–December 7, 2020. During this residency, WWE aired its shows from a behind closed doors set called the WWE ThunderDome. The promotion relocated to Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg, Florida due to the start of the 2020–21 ECHL and NBA seasons.
The road to approval
Prior to Downtown Master Plan 3, the Orlando Magic's ownership, led by billionaire Amway founder Richard DeVos and son-in-law Bob Vander Weide, had been pressing the City of Orlando for a new arena for nearly ten years. Amway Arena was built in 1989, prior to the recent era of technologically advanced entertainment arenas. With the rush to build new venues in the NBA (and sports in general), it quickly became one of the oldest arenas in the league.
On September 29, 2006, after years of on-and-off negotiations, Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer, Orange County Mayor Richard Crotty, and the Orlando Magic announced an agreement on a new arena in downtown Orlando, located at the southwest corner of Church Street and Hughey Avenue. The arena itself cost around $380 million, with an additional $100 million for land and infrastructure, for a total cost of $480 million (as of March 8, 2011 the arena was expected to be within $10 million of the estimated cost). It is part of a $1.05-billion plan to redo the Orlando Centroplex with a new arena, a new $375-million performing arts center, and a $175-million expansion of the Citrus Bowl. When it was announced in the media on September 29, it was referred to as the "Triple Crown for Downtown".
As part of Amway's naming rights to the old Amway Arena, the company received right of first refusal for naming rights to the new venue, and exercised those rights, announcing a $40-million naming deal to name the venue the Amway Center on August 3, 2009.
The details of the agreement were finalized on December 22, 2006. In the agreement, the City of Orlando will take ownership of the new arena, while the Magic will control the planning and construction of the facility so long as contracting procedures are done in the same public manner as governments advertise contracts. In addition, the city will be paid a part of naming rights and corporate suite sales, a share estimated to be worth $1.75 million the first year of the arena's opening. The Magic will receive all proceeds from ticket sales for Magic games, while the city will receive all proceeds from ticket sales to all other events. The Orlando Magic will contribute at least $50 million in cash up-front, pick up any cost overruns, and pay rent of $1 million per year for 30 years. The City of Orlando will pay for the land and infrastructure. The remaining money will come from bonds which will be paid off by part of the Orange County Tourist Development Tax, collected as a surcharge on hotel stays, which was raised to 6% in 2006. The Magic will guarantee $100 million of these bonds.
The Orlando City Council approved several operating agreements connected with the arena plans on May 22, 2007. The City Council approved the plan officially, 6–1, on July 23. The Venue plan received final approval by the Orange County Board of County Commissioners, 5–2, in late evening of July 26 after a long day of public hearings. Amendments were made by the County Commission which were approved on August 6 by the City Council, 6–1, sealing the deal once and for all. On December 1, 2007, the City and the Magic came to an agreement on nearly $8.5 million in compensation to three owners of the land where the arena is planned to be built. An eminent domain hearing confirmed the agreement and finalized the sale.
California-based art curator Sports and the Arts assembled the Amway Center Art Collection. The collection includes more than 340 works of art, including about 200 museum-quality photographs. Fourteen of the 21 artists housed in the collection represent Central Florida. The Amway Center Art Collection includes over 140 pieces of fine art paintings and mixed media originals, over 200 photographs, and graphic wall treatments highlighting both the Orlando Magic and the spirit of Orlando and Central Florida.
Responsive to a challenging 876,000 SF program, the design intention of the Amway Events Center was to mediate its disparate context of elevated highways, central business district and low-rise housing. The simple, planar form of precast, aluminum and glass presents a timeless civic quality. The solidity of the precast and aluminum skin is punctured in carefully considered locations with expansive areas of glass including a crystalline entry lobby facing historic Church Street, blurring the boundary of inside and outside.
The elevated I-4 freeway bordering the east side of the site posed a distinct challenge, threatening to disconnect the arena both physically and psychologically from the downtown core. In response, the corner of the arena is anchored by a diaphanous feature tower bathed in color changing LED lighting that reveals the color and pageantry of sporting and entertainment activities within while marking the facility within the flat topography of downtown Orlando. This tower is both architectural and occupied – housing the Orlando Magic Team Store, hospitality space, Big Storm Brewing Company – an onsite brewery connected to the atrium, and the "Sky Lounge" or " One 80" rooftop Sky Bar. The latter two are exterior spaces that take full advantage of the warm Orlando climate, commanding views to the plaza below and the greater community beyond. Further city connection is achieved via a 40’ × 60’ LED video feature that addresses downtown from an elevated façade position above the highway.
The heart of the facility is anchored by a complex and varied seating bowl. Designed with long-term flexibility and changeability in mind, it responds to definitive design goals posed by the team.
Amway Center is one of the most technologically advanced venues in the world. Inside the building, a unique centerhung installation, manufactured by Daktronics of Brookings, South Dakota, is the tallest in any NBA venue. It maximizes creative programming options by using high resolution, 6mm-pixel technology on each of the 18 displays, including two digital ring displays and four tapered corners. Additional displays include approximately 2,100 feet (640 m) of digital ribbon boards, the largest of which is a 360-degree 1,100 feet (340 m) display surrounding the entire seating bowl. These displays have the ability to display exciting motion graphics and real time content, such as in-game statistics, out-of-town scores, and closed captioning information. Outside the building, a large display utilizes more than 5,000 Daktronics ProPixel LED sticks, each a meter long, which make up a 46 feet (14 m) by 53 feet (16 m) video display. This display will reach millions of motorists traveling by the Amway Center on Interstate 4.
Comparison to Amway Arena
Amway Center has an assortment of mid-level luxury seats and club seating, located below the upper bowl. This contrasts Amway Arena's design as its luxury boxes are above all seats and suspended from the ceiling. The arena's design was unveiled at Amway Arena on December 10, 2007, with an official press release the next day. The floor of Amway Center is designed with arena football in mind, as it features more retractable sections that will permit squared end zone corners, a feature previously not possible for Orlando Predators games.
|Characteristic||Amway Center||Amway Arena|
End stage concert
Center stage concert
|Suites||32 Founders Suites |
28 Presidents Suites
68 Loge Boxes
2 Legends Suites(161 seats in each suite)
14 MVP Tables
4 Silver Suites
6 IOA Hardwood Suites
2 All-Star Decks
1 Southwest Flight Deck
1 Kia Deck
3 Club Hospitality Rooms
|26 Skyboxes (suspended from ceiling)|
|Concourses||5 concourses, average 35' width||1 concourse, average 20' width|
|Public restrooms||18 men's, 19 women's||4 men's, 4 women's|
|Retail stores||3||0 (4 fixed stands)|
|Concession points of sale||1:150 spectators||1:215 spectators|
Construction of Amway Center
Complete Construction Project
The official ribbon cutting ceremony and dedication took place on September 29, 2010, at 10:01 AM. The general public was invited to enter the building where Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer gave his annual State of Downtown address. The first ticketed event was a Vicente Fernández concert on October 8. The Orlando Magic hosted their first preseason game at Amway Center on October 10 against the New Orleans Hornets when they won by a historic margin of 54 points, while the 2010–11 regular season home opener took place on October 28 against the Washington Wizards.
Concerts and notable events
This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2020)
- Shakira – The Sun Comes Out World Tour, 28 September 2010
- Vicente Fernández – October 8, 2010, with Edith Márquez
- The Eagles – October 26, 2010 and November 23, 2013, with JD & The Straight Shot
- Chayanne – November 20, 2010
- The Johann Strauss Orchestra – December 11, 2010, with Béla Mavrák and March 7, 2013
- The Trans-Siberian Orchestra – December 12, 2010 (2 shows), December 11, 2011 (2 shows), December 16, 2012 (2 shows), November 30, 2013 (2 shows) and December 14, 2014 (2 shows)
- The Gaither Homecoming – December 18, 2010
- Barry Manilow – January 20, 2011 and January 18, 2014
- Celtic Woman – February 5, 2011
- Brad Paisley & The Drama Kings – February 24, 2011, with Darius Rucker and Jerrod Niemann and January 25, 2014, with Chris Young and Danielle Bradbery
- Lil Wayne – April 6, 2011, with Rick Ross, Nicki Minaj, Travis Barker and Mix Master Mike
- Ricky Martin – April 8, 2011
- Lady Gaga – April 15, 2011, with Semi Precious Weapons and May 9, 2019
- Usher – April 28, 2011, with Akon, Dev and The Cataracs and December 12, 2014, with August Alsina and DJ Cassidy
- Tim McGraw – May 1, 2011, with Luke Bryan and The Band Perry
- Bon Jovi – May 15, 2011
- Taylor Swift – June 11, 2011, with NEEDTOBREATHE and Frankie Ballard and April 11–12, 2013, with Ed Sheeran and Brett Eldredge
- WMMO 98.9's Concert Series – June 12 and October 8, 2011
- Rubén Blades – June 17, 2011, with Gilberto Santa Rosa
- Maná – July 9, 2011
- Sade – July 17, 2011, with John Legend
- Britney Spears – July 20, 2011, with Nicki Minaj, Nervo and Jessie & The Toy Boys
- NKOTBSB – July 22, 2011, with Matthew Morrison and Midnight Red
- American Idol Live! – July 24, 2011, August 2, 2012, and August 1, 2013
- Marc Anthony – September 18, 2011, August 5, 2012, with Chayanne and Marco Antonio Solís, August 25, 2013, and October 5, 2014
- Marco Antonio Solís – September 25, 2011, with Ana Gabriel
- Sugarland – October 20, 2011, with Sara Bareilles
- Enrique Iglesias – October 21, 2011, with Pitbull and Prince Royce and October 28, 2014, with Pitbull and J Balvin
- Guns N' Roses – October 28, 2011, with Buckcherry
- Josh Groban – October 29, 2011 and November 9, 2013, with Judith Hill
- Jason Aldean – January 22, 2012, with Luke Bryan and Lauren Alaina
- Jimmy Buffett & The Coral Reefer Band – February 4, 2012
- George Strait & The Ace in the Hole Band – February 11, 2012, with Martina McBride
- Andrea Bocelli – February 12, 2012
- Michael Jackson: The Immortal – February 28–29, 2012
- Romeo Santos – March 2, 2012, March 28, 2013, and May 30, 2014
- Elton John – March 10, 2012 and March 7, 2015
- The Red Hot Chili Peppers – March 31, 2012, with Santigold
- Van Halen – April 14, 2012, with Kool & the Gang
- Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers – May 3, 2012, with Regina Spektor
- Nickelback – May 4, 2012, with Bush, Seether and My Darkest Days
- Roger Waters & The Bleeding Heart Band – June 16, 2012
- LMFAO – June 23, 2012, with The Far East Movement, Sidney Samson and Natalia Kills
- One Direction – June 30, 2012, with Olly Murs and Manika
- The Fresh Music Festival – July 3, 2012
- Rod Stewart – August 3, 2012, with Stevie Nicks
- Big Time Rush – August 28, 2012, with Cody Simpson and Rachel Crow
- The Zac Brown Band – October 27, 2012, with Levi Lowrey
- The Who – November 3, 2012, with Vintage Trouble
- Carrie Underwood – December 21, 2012, with Hunter Hayes
- Justin Bieber – January 25, 2013, with Carly Rae Jepsen and Cody Simpson
- Luke Bryan – January 26, 2013, with Thompson Square and Florida Georgia Line and February 19 and 21, 2015, with Randy Houser and Dustin Lynch
- P!nk – February 24, 2013, with The Hives
- Muse – February 25, 2013, with Dead Sara
- Three Days Grace – March 9, 2013, with Shinedown and P.O.D.
- Maroon 5 – March 30, 2013, with The Neon Trees and Owl City
- Rush – April 28, 2013
- Paul McCartney – May 18–19, 2013
- New Kids on the Block – June 21, 2013, with Boyz II Men and 98 Degrees
- Carlos Vives – July 12, 2013
- KISS – August 16, 2013, with LEOGUN
- Bruno Mars & The Hooligans – August 27, 2013, with Fitz and the Tantrums
- Il Volo – September 22, 2013, with Nikki Yanofsky
- Sarah Brightman – October 8, 2013
- Avenged Sevenfold – October 16, 2013, with The Deftones and Ghost B.C.
- Michael Bublé – October 30, 2013, with Naturally 7
- Nine Inch Nails – October 31, 2013, with Gary Numan
- John Mayer – December 9, 2013, with Phillip Phillips
- The Fresh Beat Band – December 15, 2013
- Justin Timberlake – December 19, 2013
- Paul Simon – March 16, 2014, with Sting
- Miley Cyrus – March 24, 2014, with Icona Pop and Sky Ferreira
- Cher – May 16, 2014, with Cyndi Lauper
- Blake Shelton – August 30, 2014, with Neal McCoy, The Band Perry and Dan + Shay
- The Super Freestyle Explosion Concert – September 12, 2014
- Demi Lovato – September 15, 2014, with Christina Perri and MKTO
- Varekai – September 17–21, 2014
- James Taylor – November 18, 2014
- The Black Keys – December 17, 2014, with St. Vincent
- Billy Joel New Year's Eve Concert – December 31, 2014, with Rufus Wainwright & Brian Johnson
- Linkin Park – January 15, 2015, with Rise Against and Of Mice & Men
- Juan Gabriel – February 15, 2015
- Fleetwood Mac – March 23, 2015
- Ariana Grande – March 26, 2015, with Rixton and Cashmere Cat
- Janet Jackson – September 23, 2015
- Selena Gomez – June 10, 2016, with DNCE and Bea Miller
- Twenty One Pilots – July 1, 2016, with Mutemath and Chef'Special
- Demi Lovato and Nick Jonas – July 2, 2016
- Maroon 5 – September 9, 2016, with Tove Lo and R. City
- Sia – October 30, 2016 (Nostalgic For The Present Tour)
- Panic! at the Disco – April 14, 2017, with MisterWives and Saint Motel
- Ariana Grande – April 15, 2017, with Victoria Monét and Little Mix
- Red Hot Chili Peppers – April 26, 2017, with Babymetal and Jack Irons
- J. Cole – August 15, 2017
- Shawn Mendes – July 28, 2017, with Charlie Puth
- Ed Sheeran – August 31, 2017, with James Blunt
- Mumford & Sons – September 21, 2017, with Hiss Golden Messenger
- Bruno Mars – October 14, 2017, with Jorja Smith
- Tim McGraw and Faith Hill – October 21, 2017, with LoCash
- Halsey – October 22, 2017, with PartyNextDoor and Charli XCX
- Imagine Dragons – November 10, 2017, with Grouplove and K.Flay
- Jay-Z – November 11, 2017, with Vic Mensa
- Enrique Iglesias and Pitbull – November 14, 2017
- Katy Perry – December 17, 2017, with Purity Ring
- Miranda Lambert – January 19, 2018, with Jon Pardi
- Lana Del Rey – February 2, 2018, with Kali Uchis
- Dead & Company – February 27, 2018
- Romeo Santos – March 13, 2018
- Pink – April 24, 2018, with Kidcutup
- Sam Smith – July 11, 2018
- Shakira – August 14, 2018
- Monster Jam – August 18, 2018
- Travis Scott – March 15, 2019
- President Donald Trump – Hosted a major campaign rally on June 18, 2019, officially announcing his 2020 re-election campaign.
- JoJo Siwa – July 10, 2019
- Jonas Brothers – August 9 and November 16, 2019
- Ariana Grande – November 25, 2019 with Social House
- Billie Eilish – March 10, 2020 with Jessie Reyez
- Harry Styles – October 7, 2021 with Jenny Lewis
- Dua Lipa – February 11, 2022, Future Nostalgia Tour
- Tyler, The Creator – March 18, 2022
- Bad Bunny – March 29, 2022
- For King & Country – December 10, 2022
- TobyMac – February 3, 2023, Hits Deep Tour, with Crowder, Cochren and Co, Tasha Layton, Jon Reddick, Terrian
Florida musicians who have performed at the Amway Center include Shinedown in 2010, NKOTBSB (with Orlando's Backstreet Boys) in '11, Rick Ross in '11, Jimmy Buffett in '12, the late Tom Petty in '12, Pitbull in '12 at the NBA All-Star Game, Enrique Iglesias in '17, Florida Georgia Line in '17, and Ariana Grande in '15, '17, and '19.
From April 1–4, 2017, Amway Center hosted multiple WWE shows as part of the festivities for WrestleMania 33 at Camping World Stadium, including NXT TakeOver: Orlando on the Saturday before the event, and the post-WrestleMania broadcasts of Raw and SmackDown.
From August 21 to December 7, 2020, WWE produced Raw, SmackDown, and their associated pay-per-views at the arena as part of a bio-secure bubble called the WWE ThunderDome. The programs and events had been broadcast from the WWE Performance Center in Orlando since mid-March due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States; as with the Performance Center broadcasts, these programs were produced behind closed doors with no in-person spectators, but featured a larger-scale in-arena production in comparison to the Performance Center (promoted as being at a similar caliber to WWE pay-per-views), a virtual audience (similar to the nearby NBA bubble), and other lighting and pyrotechnic effects. Under the arrangement, five pay-per-views were hosted in the arena, including SummerSlam, Payback, Clash of Champions, Hell in a Cell, and Survivor Series. WWE relocated the ThunderDome to Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg on December 11 due to the start of the 2020–21 ECHL and NBA seasons.
Mixed martial arts
It hosted UFC on Fox: Werdum vs. Browne on April 19, 2014, UFC on Fox: dos Anjos vs. Cowboy 2 on December 19, 2015, UFC on Fox: Emmett vs. Stephens on February 24, 2018, and is set to host UFC on ESPN: Thompson vs. Holland on December 3, 2022.
- 1634–1699: McCusker, J. J. (1997). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700–1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved April 16, 2022.
- Amway Center Archived 2009-07-22 at the Wayback Machine architect: Populous
- Muret, Don (November 8, 2010). "Magic's Kingdom". SportsBusiness Journal. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- "ECHL Approves Orlando for Hockey Franchise". Orlando Sentinel. November 1, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- "BHSN: NCAA basketball tournament coming to Amway Center in 2014". Brighthouse Sports Network. November 12, 2012. Archived from the original on November 15, 2012. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
- "Amway Center to host Arena Bowl XXVI this summer". CFN13. Archived from the original on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Damron, David; Schlueb, Mark (March 8, 2011). "Amway Center Construction Ends Up Over Budget". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "Topic Galleries – OrlandoSentinel.com". Archived from the original on 2007-01-14. Retrieved 2006-12-13.
- Robbins, Josh (August 3, 2009). "So What's in a Name? $40 Million When It Comes to New Amway Center". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- Damron, David (December 23, 2006). "Orlando, Magic Reach 'Fair' Deal on Arena Details". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- Damron, David (May 22, 2007). "Orlando Council OKs $1.1B Spending Plan". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved May 22, 2007.
- Schlueb, Mark (July 24, 2007). "Orlando OKs Venues; Big Hurdle Awaits". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- Topic Galleries. Orlando Sentinel[permanent dead link]
- Schlueb, Mark (December 1, 2007). "Land for Venues in Reach". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
- HOK. "A Global Design, Architecture, Engineering and Planning Firm". hoksport.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- "Daktronics Helps Orlando Magic Open Amway Center | SignWeb". signweb.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-03. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- "Orlando Magic News Headlines". Orlando Magic. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- "Magic's Vander Weide officially takes over reins from owner Rich DeVos". tribunedigital-orlandosentinel. Archived from the original on 2007-11-17. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- "Orlando Events Center/Amway Arena Comparison". NBA. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- Amway Center 2012 Production Guide[permanent dead link], page 24
- "GEICO Joins Magic And Amway Center as Champions of the Community Partner | THE OFFICIAL SITE OF THE ORLANDO MAGIC". nba.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- Center, Amway. "Premium Seating | Amway Center". amwaycenter.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- "Construction Camera Time-Lapse Documentation – EarthCam.net". earthcam.net. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- Abbot, Jim. "Concert review: Billy Joel at Amway Center". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2018-01-03.
- "2016 WWE ROYAL RUMBLE & FAST LANE PPVS WILL BE IN... | PWInsider.com". pwinsider.com. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
- Moore, John (April 5, 2017). "4/5 Moore's WWE NXT TV Review: Drew McIntyre and Bobby Roode post NXT Takeover: Orlando promos, Oney Lorcan vs. El Vagabundo, Aliyah vs. Peyton Royce, Heavy Machinery vs. The Bollywood Boys". Pro Wrestling Dot Net. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
- Reddick, Jay. "The best of WrestleMania weekend: Raw, Smackdown and more". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
- Barrasso, Justin. "WWE Turning Orlando's Amway Center into 'WWE ThunderDome'". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2020-08-17.
- Otterson, Joe (2020-08-17). "WWE to Establish 'ThunderDome' Residency in Orlando's Amway Center". Variety. Retrieved 2020-08-17.
- Otterson, Joe (2020-11-19). "WWE to Move ThunderDome to Tropicana Field in Tampa Bay". Variety. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
- "Werdum, Browne Meet For UFC Heavyweight Title Shot". CBS News DFW. 2014-08-18. Retrieved 2022-08-24.
- Gerbasi, Thomas (2015-08-13). "Dos Anjos vs. Cerrone 2 headlines on Dec. 19". ufc.com. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
- Tom, Dan (2018-02-20). "UFC on FOX 28 main-event breakdown: Is Josh Emmett a live 'dog against Jeremy Stephens?". MMAjunkie.com. Retrieved 2022-08-24.
- Nolan King (2022-08-24). "UFC targets Orlando to host December event". mmajunkie.usatoday.com. Retrieved 2022-08-24.