Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1

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Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1
Virus classification e
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Kingdom: Orthornavirae
Phylum: Pisuviricota
Class: Pisoniviricetes
Order: Nidovirales
Family: Coronaviridae
Genus: Betacoronavirus
Species: Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus
Strain:
Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1
Synonyms
  • SARS-like coronavirus WIV1
  • Bat SL-CoV-WIV1

Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1 (Bat SL-CoV-WIV1), also sometimes called SARS-like coronavirus WIV1, is a strain of severe acute respiratory syndrome–related coronavirus (SARSr-CoV) isolated from Chinese rufous horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus sinicus).[1][2] Like all coronaviruses, virions consist of single-stranded positive-sense RNA enclosed within an envelope.[3]

Zoonosis[edit]

The discovery confirms that bats are the natural reservoir of SARS-CoV. Phylogenetic analysis shows the possibility of direct transmission of SARS from bats to humans without the intermediary Chinese civets, as previously believed.[4]

Phylogenetic[edit]

A phylogenetic tree based on whole-genome sequences of SARS-CoV-1 and related coronaviruses is:

SARS‑CoV‑1 related coronavirus

16BO133 [zh], 82.8% to SARS-CoV-1, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, North Jeolla, South Korea[5]

Bat SARS CoV Rf1, 87.8% to SARS-CoV-1, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Yichang, Hubei[6]

BtCoV HKU3, 87.9% to SARS-CoV-1, Rhinolophus sinicus, Hong kong and Guangdong[7]

LYRa11 [zh], 90.9% to SARS-CoV-1, Rhinolophus affinis, Baoshan, Yunnan[8]

Bat SARS-CoV/Rp3, 92.6% to SARS-CoV-1, Rhinolophus pearsoni, Nanning, Guangxi[6]

Bat SL-CoV YNLF_31C, 93.5% to SARS-CoV-1, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Lufeng, Yunnan[9]

Bat SL-CoV YNLF_34C, 93.5% to SARS-CoV-1, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Lufeng, Yunnan[9]

SHC014-CoV, 95.4% to SARS-CoV-1, Rhinolophus sinicus, Kunming, Yunnan[10]

WIV1, 95.6 to SARS-CoV-1, Rhinolophus sinicus, Kunming, Yunnan[10]

WIV16, 96.0% to SARS-CoV-1, Rhinolophus sinicus Kunming, Yunnan[11]

Civet SARS-CoV, 99.8% to SARS-CoV-1, Paguma larvata, market in Guangdong, China[7]

SARS-CoV-1

SARS-CoV-2, 79% to SARS-CoV-1[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Xing-Yi Ge; Jia-Lu Li; Xing-Lou Yang; et al. (2013). "Isolation and characterization of a bat SARS-like coronavirus that uses the ACE2 receptor". Nature. 503 (7477): 535–8. Bibcode:2013Natur.503..535G. doi:10.1038/nature12711. PMC 5389864. PMID 24172901.
  2. ^ "Taxonomy: Bat SARS-like coronavirus WIV1". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  3. ^ Naik, Gautam (2013-10-30). "Study: Bat-to-Human Leap Likely for SARS-Like Virus - WSJ.com". Wall Street Journal. Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  4. ^ Vineet D. Menachery et al., SARS-like WIV1-CoV poised for human emergence, 2016. doi:10.1073/pnas.1517719113
  5. ^ Kim Y, Son K, Kim YS, Lee SY, Jheong W, Oem JK (2019). "Complete genome analysis of a SARS-like bat coronavirus identified in the Republic of Korea". Virus Genes. 55 (4): 545–549. doi:10.1007/s11262-019-01668-w. PMC 7089380. PMID 31076983.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ a b Li, W. (2005). "Bats Are Natural Reservoirs of SARS-Like Coronaviruses". Science. 310 (5748): 676–679. doi:10.1126/science.1118391. ISSN 0036-8075.
  7. ^ a b Xing‐Yi Ge, Ben Hu, and Zheng‐Li Shi (2015). "BAT CORONAVIRUSES". In Lin-Fa Wang and Christopher Cowled (ed.). Bats and Viruses: A New Frontier of Emerging Infectious Diseases, First Edition. John Wiley & Sons.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ He B, Zhang Y, Xu L, Yang W, Yang F, Feng Y; et al. (2014). "Identification of diverse alphacoronaviruses and genomic characterization of a novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-like coronavirus from bats in China". J Virol. 88 (12): 7070–82. doi:10.1128/JVI.00631-14. PMC 4054348. PMID 24719429.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ a b Lau, Susanna K. P.; Feng, Yun; Chen, Honglin; Luk, Hayes K. H.; Yang, Wei-Hong; Li, Kenneth S. M.; Zhang, Yu-Zhen; Huang, Yi; et al. (2015). "Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Coronavirus ORF8 Protein Is Acquired from SARS-Related Coronavirus from Greater Horseshoe Bats through Recombination". Journal of Virology. 89 (20): 10532–10547. doi:10.1128/JVI.01048-15. ISSN 0022-538X.
  10. ^ a b Xing-Yi Ge; Jia-Lu Li; Xing-Lou Yang; et al. (2013). "Isolation and characterization of a bat SARS-like coronavirus that uses the ACE2 receptor". Nature. 503 (7477): 535–8. Bibcode:2013Natur.503..535G. doi:10.1038/nature12711. PMC 5389864. PMID 24172901.
  11. ^ Yang XL, Hu B, Wang B, Wang MN, Zhang Q, Zhang W; et al. (2016). "Isolation and Characterization of a Novel Bat Coronavirus Closely Related to the Direct Progenitor of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus". J Virol. 90 (6): 3253–6. doi:10.1128/JVI.02582-15. PMC 4810638. PMID 26719272.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ Ben, Hu; Hua, Guo; Peng, Zhou; Zheng-Li, Shi (2020). "Characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19". Nature Reviews Microbiology (19): 141–154. doi:10.1038/s41579-020-00459-7.