Cartoon Network Studios

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Cartoon Network Studios
Company typeDivision
Industry
PredecessorHanna-Barbera
FoundedOctober 21, 1994; 29 years ago (1994-10-21)
Headquarters
Key people
Products
ParentWarner Bros. Television Studios
Divisions
  • Alive and Kicking, Inc.
  • Rent Now Productions
  • Factual Productions
WebsiteOfficial website

Cartoon Network Studios is an American animation studio owned by the Warner Bros. Television Studios division of Warner Bros. Entertainment, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Discovery. The studio is the production arm of Cartoon Network, and was founded on October 21, 1994, as a division of Hanna-Barbera, until the latter was absorbed into Warner Bros. Animation on March 12, 2001.

The studio primarily produces and develops animated programs and shorts for Cartoon Network and Cartoonito, and has also developed properties for Adult Swim and Max. The studio has produced dozens of shows, including Dexter's Laboratory, The Powerpuff Girls (and its film adaptation), Johnny Bravo, Time Squad, Samurai Jack, The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy, Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends, Camp Lazlo, Ben 10, Chowder, The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack, Adventure Time, Generator Rex, Regular Show, Sym-Bionic Titan, Uncle Grandpa, Steven Universe, Clarence, We Bare Bears, OK K.O.! Let's Be Heroes, and Infinity Train.

In 2000, the network purchased a large building in Burbank, California to serve as its headquarters. Cartoon Network Studios operated in these facilities for over twenty years, and also expanded into other buildings as well. In the 2020s, after multiple corporate mergers, the studio was consolidated into Warner Bros. Animation, and continued to operate as a separate division, although it was relocated to Second Century Development as the company's new headquarters on August 1, 2023.

History[edit]

1990s[edit]

In the 20th century, animation as a medium became popular on television. Hanna-Barbera became the premier studio for small-screen animated programs, launching a dominant series of Saturday-morning fare, including Scooby-Doo, The Flintstones, The Jetsons, and more.[1] By the 1980s, cable television was developed,[2] with businessman Ted Turner one of its pioneers.[3] Turner founded several cable channels and also acquired vast film libraries, and in 1991 his company signed a joint deal to buy Hanna-Barbera.[4] The Cartoon Network was developed as a cable outlet to air these animated properties, which largely consisted of H-B reruns.[5] As the channel grew in subscribers, executives at the Atlanta-based company sought out original programming to supplement its catalog. Other animation-heavy cable channels, including Nickelodeon and Disney Channel, founded their own in-house studios throughout the decade as well.[6][7]

Cartoon Network Studios originated in 1994 as a division of Hanna-Barbera that focused on producing original programming for Cartoon Network. Hanna-Barbera had been located on Cahuenga Boulevard in Los Angeles since 1963, and housed the studio, its archives, and its extensive animation art collection.[8] Its first productions included What a Cartoon! (1995), an anthology series of short subjects serving as pilots for new CN programs. The first of these, Dexter's Laboratory, launched in 1996 and was an immediate success. The same year, Turner Broadcasting System was merged with Time Warner, and Hanna-Barbera closed its Cahuenga campus, relocating to Sherman Oaks Galleria in nearby Sherman Oaks, where Warner Bros. Animation was located.[9] Over the course of this transition, the Cartoon Network Studios branding was briefly phased out, with newer programs, including Johnny Bravo (1997) and The Powerpuff Girls (1998), opting for H-B branding.

2000s[edit]

The Burbank building in 2007 with the channel's first logo.

On July 21, 1999, Cartoon Network officially started the studio to separate itself from the complete folding of Hanna-Barbera into Warner Bros. Animation. Following the death of the studio's co-founder William Hanna in 2001, Cartoon Network Studios took over the animation function of Hanna-Barbera.[10] The network acquired a three-story 43,000-square-foot facility located at 300 N 3rd St. in Burbank, California to house its new offices, previously a commercial bakery, and prior to that, the location of a Pacific Bell telephone exchange.[11][12] According to Cartoon Brew, the network spent around $1.2 million to renovate the building.[13] The network took counsel from its top cartoonists, Genndy Tartakovsky and Craig McCracken, on the site of its new studio, as well as design proposals for its offices.[14]

In March 2000, the network began to transfer its production offices, and on May 22, 2000, the studio was christened by veteran animator and animation advisor Joseph Barbera with a bottle of champagne.[15] The building's official opening came on August 24, 2000; former DiC and Nickelodeon employees Brian A. Miller and Jennifer Pelphrey were hired to manage the studio.[16] Mike Lazzo, then head of programming and development,[17] designed a pirate flag, with a skull bearing the channel logo in its teeth, that flew over the building for several weeks before local police threatened action over its lack of permit.[18] Its artists quickly took to its stairwell with doodles and other graffiti that filled over its twenty-year history; it was also home to a mural by artist Ian Anderson titled Mazeway to Heaven.[19] The first new productions at the new offices included Samurai Jack and Time Squad (both 2001).

Logo used from June 8, 2001 to April 17, 2012.[b]

In 2002, the studio produced two television pilots for Cartoon Network's late night programming block Adult Swim: Welcome to Eltingville and The Groovenians, neither of which were picked as full series.[20][21] Also, the studio released this year its only theatrical film to date: The Powerpuff Girls Movie, based on The Powerpuff Girls, which received positive reviews from critics[22] but performed poorly at the box office. In 2006, Cartoon Network Studios collaborated with sister studio Williams Street for the first time for Korgoth of Barbaria, a television pilot made for Adult Swim, which was also not green-lit as a series.[23]

In 2007, Cartoon Network Studios began its first foray into live-action with the hybrid series Out of Jimmy's Head, and then its first fully live-action project, Ben 10: Race Against Time and its sequel, Ben 10: Alien Swarm, along with the television pilots Locker 514, Siblings and Stan the Man. The studio's first live-action series Tower Prep would arrive in 2010. Former New Line Television producer Mark Costa was hired to oversee the projects and Cartoon Network Studios' live-action production company Alive and Kicking, Inc.. Incredible Crew was the last series in that genre the studio produced for Cartoon Network. Despite the failure of live-action on the channel, the studio's infrastructure was retained to produce live-action fare for sibling programming block Adult Swim, identifying on-air as Alive and Kicking, along with two other companies (Rent Now Productions and Factual Productions), instead of using the Cartoon Network Studios banner.

2010s[edit]

Logo used from September 6, 2010 to September 2023.[c]

On March 11, 2010, Adventure Time premiered on Cartoon Network; the same series began life as a short featured on Nicktoons' Random! Cartoons[24] that was ultimately not green-lit as a series by that channel.[25] Cartoon Network picked it up later, and production of the show moved to Cartoon Network Studios.[26] The series lasted until 2018 with 10 seasons and 283 episodes. A film was announced in 2015,[27] but in 2018 Adam Muto said that the film was never officially announced.[28] In 2019, a continuation, titled Adventure Time: Distant Lands, was announced for HBO Max with a release in 2020.[29] Also this year, The Cartoonstitute, an incubator series similar to What a Cartoon!, debuted on Cartoon Network Video. The pilots of Regular Show and Uncle Grandpa were presented here along with other shorts, with the Uncle Grandpa pilot also serving as a basis for Secret Mountain Fort Awesome, which preceded the actual series.

Logo used since May 21, 2013.[d]

In 2014, Cartoon Network Studios produced its first miniseries, Over the Garden Wall. The following year, Long Live the Royals was also premiered. In 2016, the studio produced two reboots based on The Powerpuff Girls and Ben 10 respectively.[30][31] Also, the studio produced its first television series based on a series of online shorts, Mighty Magiswords.[32]

In 2017, after plans as old as 2002[33] for a film didn't work,[34] Samurai Jack was revived for a fifth and final season, which the studio returned to produce for Adult Swim,[35] to critical acclaim,[36][37] concluding the series after its cancellation from Cartoon Network in 2004. Also this year, it was announced that Cartoon Network Studios, in collaboration with Studio T, would produce the adult animated series Close Enough for TBS, created by Regular Show creator J. G. Quintel.[38]

In 2019, after handling a few episodes of Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law, the second season of Black Dynamite, the above-mentioned fifth season of Samurai Jack and producing the above-mentioned television pilots Welcome to Eltingville, The Groovenians and Korgoth of Barbaria, Cartoon Network Studios produced its first full program for Adult Swim: Primal, an adult animated series from Genndy Tartakovsky. The first five episodes were also packaged for a limited theatrical release as a feature film titled Primal: Tales of Savagery.[39]

Cartoon Network Studios also began to produce content for parent company WarnerMedia's upcoming streaming service HBO Max, including Adventure Time: Distant Lands.[40] After the failure of its planned animation block, Close Enough was also shifted from TBS to HBO Max.[41]

In the 2010s, the studio began to outgrow its original building, and began to rent space in other facilities in the Burbank Media Center district.[13]

2020s[edit]

In August 2020, Warner Bros. Animation president Sam Register was appointed head of the studio.[42] Amy Friedman was named head of programming for Cartoon Network after Rob Sorcher resigned his roles as head of the studio and chief content officer, and switching to Warner Bros. Television Group for an overall production deal.[43]

In 2021, Jason DeMarco was named SVP for Anime & Action Series/Longform for Warner Bros. Animation and Cartoon Network Studios,[44] and Cartoon Network Studios Europe was renamed Hanna-Barbera Studios Europe as a tribute to the original Hanna-Barbera studio.[45]

On May 11, 2022, after Tom Ascheim exited his role as president and departed, the Warner Bros. Global Kids, Young Adults and Classics division was broken up as part of a restructuring by new owner Warner Bros. Discovery and its studios—including Cartoon Network Studios—were moved directly under Warner Bros. Television.[46]

On October 11, 2022, Cartoon Network Studios and Warner Bros. Animation consolidated their development and production teams as part of a restructuring by Warner Bros. Television, with Audrey Diehl overseeing kids and family, Peter Girardi overseeing adult animation, and Sammy Perlmutter overseeing animated long-form productions. The merger would not impact their output as labels, with Cartoon Network Studios continuing to focus on original content and Warner Bros. Animation used for classic franchises.[47]

On July 9, 2023, Miller announced via Twitter that the Cartoon Network Studios Burbank building would close its doors on August 1, with all operations being transferred to Warner Bros. Animation as both CNS and WBA would be moving to the new Warner Bros. Second Century building. While unconfirmed, Amid Amidi of Cartoon Brew reported its production teams would move to the Second Century Development, a pair of buildings with over 800,000 square feet of office space,[48] just adjacent to the Warner Bros. lot.[13]

On December 5, it was revealed that the Hollywood Production Center had moved into the CN Burbank building. Brian A. Miller revealed that HPC has always owned the building, and Cartoon Network had a long-term lease.[49]

Filmography[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Used concurrently with the 2013 logo since January 1, 2022. The first mention of the logo was made on December 14, 2021.
  2. ^ Used until the release of Ben 10: Ultimate Alien episode "The Ultimate Enemy: Part 2" on "Ben 10: Ultimate Alien: The Ultimate Ending" DVD on April 17, 2012.
  3. ^ Still used as a welcome mat at the entrance of its former Burbank headquarters until September 2023.
  4. ^ Used concurrently with the 2022 logo since January 1, 2022.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bradway, Rich (April 1, 2017). "Hanna-Barbera: The Architects of Saturday Morning". Norman Rockwell Museum. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  2. ^ Adgate, Brad (November 2, 2020). "The Rise And Fall Of Cable Television". Forbes. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  3. ^ Wu, Tim (November 11, 2010). "Ted Turner, the Alexander the Great of Television". Slate Magazine. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  4. ^ "COMPANY NEWS; Turner Buying Hanna-Barbera". The New York Times. October 30, 1991. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  5. ^ "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Turner Broadcasting Plans To Start a Cartoon Channel". The New York Times. February 19, 1992. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  6. ^ "Nickelodeon Betting on Cartoons : Television: The children's cable channel unveils three animated series Sunday in a bid to create a library of evergreens". Los Angeles Times. August 8, 1991. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  7. ^ Verrier, Richard (November 10, 2003). "Disney's TV Cartoons Enter the Spotlight". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  8. ^ "Hanna-Barbera Building". Los Angeles Conservancy. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  9. ^ Seibert, Fred (December 18, 2007). "Hanna-Barbera Studios, 1997". Frederator Blogs. Frederator Studios. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  10. ^ "Hanna-Barbera Studios, 1997". archives.frederatorblogs.com. December 18, 2007. Archived from the original on September 23, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2024.
  11. ^ "Latest News", Variety magazine, 1999
  12. ^ Kaplan, Don (March 21, 2000). "Bye, Bye Boo Boo!; Cartoon Legends Get Erased at Shrinking Hanna-Barbera Studio". New York Post. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  13. ^ a b c Amidi, Amid (July 9, 2023). "RIP, Cartoon Network Studios Burbank Building (2000-2023)". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  14. ^ "Craig McCracken on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  15. ^ Cartoon Network Studios | Top 7 Coolest Things!!! | Cartoon Network This Week. Cartoon Network. May 5, 2018. Archived from the original on June 22, 2022. Retrieved December 21, 2022 – via YouTube.
  16. ^ Baisley, Sarah (September 27, 2004). "Cartoon Network Studios Promotes Pelphrey to Production VP". Animation World Network. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  17. ^ "Cartoon Network exec has his ducks in a row". Chron. February 21, 2001. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  18. ^ "Brian A. Miller on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  19. ^ "A Maze Maker's Biggest Project Ever Has Taken Over Cartoon Network's Burbank Studios". LA Weekly. June 20, 2016. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  20. ^ Worley, Rob (February 26, 2002). "The Future of 'Eltingville' on TV and in Comics". CBR. Retrieved June 15, 2014.
  21. ^ Bishop, Sam (November 8, 2002). "Bishop: 'The Groovenians' fail to groove". Online Athens. Athens Banner-Herald. Retrieved March 7, 2016.
  22. ^ "The Powerpuff Girls – The Movie". www.rottentomatoes.com. June 22, 2002. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  23. ^ "Adult Swim Pilots Update". Bumpworthy.com. October 31, 2010. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
  24. ^ Leichliter, Larry, Hugo Morales, & Pendleton Ward (directors); Pendleton Ward (writer) (December 7, 2008). "Adventure Time". Random! Cartoons. Season 1. Episode 2b. Nicktoons.
  25. ^ DeMott, Rick (April 25, 2010). "Time for Some Adventure with Pendleton Ward". Animation World Network. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  26. ^ Amidi, Amid (August 29, 2008). "Cartoon Network Acquires Adventure Time". Cartoon Brew. Cartoon Brew LLC. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  27. ^ Busch, Anita (February 27, 2015). "Cartoon Network's 'Adventure Time' Heads To Big Screen at Warner Bros". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on March 26, 2015.
  28. ^ Muto, Adam [MrMuto] (July 22, 2018). "An AT movie was never officially announced". Archived from the original on July 23, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018 – via Ask.fm.
  29. ^ Porter, Rick (October 23, 2019). "'Adventure Time' Revived for Series of HBO Max Specials". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  30. ^ "'Powerpuff Girls' to make a comeback on Cartoon Network on April 4". Daily News & Analysis. Diligent Media Corporation. March 10, 2016. Retrieved March 19, 2016.
  31. ^ "Cartoon Network Announces All-New Television Series for the Global Phenomenon Ben 10!" (Press release). Turner Broadcasting System. June 8, 2015.
  32. ^ Holloway, Daniel (June 13, 2016). "Cartoon Network Orders 'Mighty Magiswords' Series (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  33. ^ Seibert, Fred (September 5, 2009). "Lunch with Genndy". Frederator Studios Blog. JoeJack, Inc. Archived from the original on October 7, 2011. Retrieved December 11, 2009.
  34. ^ Loughrey, Clarisse (December 3, 2015). "Acclaimed Cartoon Samurai Jack to Return with New TV Series". The Independent. Archived from the original on December 3, 2015. Retrieved May 24, 2016.
  35. ^ James Viscardi (December 2, 2015). "Adult Swim Announces New Season of Samurai Jack with Genndy Tartakovsky". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on December 5, 2015. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  36. ^ "Samurai Jack: Season 5 (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
  37. ^ "Samurai Jack – Season 5 reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
  38. ^ "TBS Greenlights New Animated Series CLOSE ENOUGH from J.G. Quintel". Broadway World. May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  39. ^ Amidi, Amid (September 12, 2019). "Genndy Tartakovsky's 'Primal' Is Getting a Theatrical Run in Los Angeles". Cartoon Brew.
  40. ^ Porter, Rick (October 23, 2019). "'Adventure Time' Revived for Series of HBO Max Specials". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  41. ^ Milligan, Mercedes (October 31, 2019). "JG Quintel's Adult Toon 'Close Enough' Coming to HBO Max". Animation Magazine.
  42. ^ "Sam Register to Lead Cartoon Network Studios". Retrieved August 31, 2020.
  43. ^ Low, Elaine (November 24, 2020). "Amy Friedman Named Warner Bros. Head of Kids and Family Programming". Variety. Retrieved April 8, 2024.
  44. ^ Pedersen, Erik (August 10, 2021). "Jason DeMarco Named SVP Anime & Action Series/Longform For Warner Bros Animation & Cartoon Network Studios". Deadline Hollywood.
  45. ^ Ramachandran, Naman (April 7, 2021). "WarnerMedia Reinstates Iconic Hanna-Barbera Brand With London-Based European Studio". Variety. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  46. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (May 12, 2022). "Tom Ascheim Exits As President Of Warner Bros. Global Kids, Young Adults and Classic". Deadline. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  47. ^ Schneider, Michael (October 12, 2022). "Warner Bros. TV Group Lays Off 82 Staffers, Consolidates Some Unscripted and Animation Departments in Belt-Tightening Restructure". Variety. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  48. ^ Cornfield, Greg (May 15, 2023). "Warner Bros. HQ, Designed by Frank Gehry, Crosses Finish Line". Commercial Observer. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  49. ^ Brian A. Miller [@bfredmuggs] (December 6, 2023). "HPC always owned the building. We had a long term lease on it. This was inevitable" (Tweet) – via Twitter.

External links[edit]