Citation cartel

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

A citation cartel is a group of academic authors who collude to egregiously cite one another's publications in order to increase their citation counts.

Alleged citation cartels have been found in numerous academic fields,[1] including mathematics,[2] medicine and dentistry.[3] Possible citation cartels can be detected by network analysis of the citation graph.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kojaku, Sadamori; Livan, Giacomo; Masuda, Naoki (2021-07-15). "Detecting anomalous citation groups in journal networks". Scientific Reports. 11 (1): 14524. arXiv:2009.09097. Bibcode:2021NatSR..1114524K. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-93572-3. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 8282695. PMID 34267254.
  2. ^ "Citation cartels help some mathematicians—and their universities—climb the rankings". 30 Jan 2024. Retrieved 31 Jan 2024.
  3. ^ Zaidi, Syed Jaffar Abbas; Taqi, Muhammad (June 2023). "Citation Cartels in Medical and Dental Journals". Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan: JCPSP. 33 (6): 700–701. doi:10.29271/jcpsp.2023.06.700. ISSN 1681-7168. PMID 37300268.
  4. ^ Fister, Iztok; Perc, Matjaž (2016-12-15). "Toward the Discovery of Citation Cartels in Citation Networks". Frontiers in Physics. 4: 49. Bibcode:2016FrP.....4...49F. doi:10.3389/fphy.2016.00049. ISSN 2296-424X.