New York Daily News

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Daily News
New York's Hometown Newspaper
June 24, 2021 cover
TypeDaily newspaper
Owner(s)Daily News Enterprises
EditorAndrew Julien (interim)[1]
FoundedJune 24, 1919; 104 years ago (1919-06-24) (as Illustrated Daily News)
Political alignmentPopulist[2][3]
Headquarters125 Theodore Conrad Drive, Jersey City, New Jersey, 07305
CountryUnited States
Circulation45,730 average print circulation[4]
OCLC number9541172 Edit this at Wikidata

The New York Daily News, officially titled the Daily News, is an American newspaper based in Jersey City, New Jersey. It was founded in 1919 by Joseph Medill Patterson in New York City as the Illustrated Daily News.

It was the first U.S. daily printed in tabloid format. It reached its peak circulation in 1947, at 2.4 million copies a day. As of 2019, it was the eleventh-highest circulated newspaper in the United States. (Today's Daily News is not connected to the earlier New York Daily News, which shut down in 1906.) For much of the 20th century, the paper operated out of the historic art deco Daily News Building with its large globe in the lobby.

The Daily News is owned by parent company Tribune Publishing. This company was acquired by Alden Global Capital, which operates its media properties through Digital First Media, in May 2021.[5][6][7][8][9] After the Alden acquisition, alone among the newspapers acquired from Tribune Publishing, the Daily News property was spun off into a separate subsidiary called Daily News Enterprises.[10]


Illustrated Daily News[edit]

Florence Harding, wife of then President-elect Warren G. Harding, on cover of the Daily News (February 5, 1921, front page)

The Illustrated Daily News was founded by Patterson and his cousin, Robert R. McCormick. The two were co-publishers of the Chicago Tribune and grandsons of Tribune Company founder Joseph Medill.[11] as an imitation of the successful British newspaper Daily Mirror. When Patterson and McCormick could not agree on the editorial content of the Chicago paper, the two cousins decided at a meeting in Paris that Patterson would work on the project of launching a Tribune-owned newspaper in New York. On his return, Patterson met with Alfred Harmsworth, who was the Viscount Northcliffe and publisher of the Daily Mirror, London's tabloid newspaper. Impressed with the advantages of a tabloid, Patterson launched the Daily News on June 24, 1919 as Illustrated Daily News.[11] The Daily News was owned by the Tribune Company until 1993.[12]

Daily News[edit]

The Daily News was not an immediate success, and by August 1919, the paper's circulation had dropped to 26,625.[11] Still, many of New York's subway commuters found the tabloid format easier to handle, and readership steadily grew. By the time of the paper's first anniversary in June 1920, circulation had climbed over 100,000 and by 1925 over a million. Circulation reached its peak in 1947, at 2.4 million daily and 4.7 million on Sunday.[13]

The Daily News carried the slogan "New York's Picture Newspaper" from 1920 to 1991 for its emphasis on photographs. A camera has been part of the newspaper's logo from day one.[14] It became one of the first newspapers in New York City to employ a woman as a staff photographer in 1942 when Evelyn Straus was hired.[15][16]: 8, 31–32  The paper's later slogan, developed from a 1985 ad campaign, is "New York's Hometown Newspaper", while another was "The Eyes, the Ears, the Honest Voice of New York". The Daily News continues to include large and prominent photographs, for news, entertainment, and sports, as well as intense city news coverage, celebrity gossip, classified ads, comics, a sports section, and an opinion section.

News-gathering operations were, for a time, organized by staff using two-way radios operating on 173.3250 MHz (radio station KEA 871), allowing the assignment desk to communicate with its reporters who used a fleet of "radio cars". Excelling in sports coverage, prominent sports cartoonists have included Bill Gallo, Bruce Stark, and Ed Murawinski. Columnists have included Walter Kaner. Editorial cartoonists have included C. D. Batchelor.

In 1948, the News established WPIX (Channel 11 in New York City), whose call letters were based on the News's nickname of "New York's Picture Newspaper"; and later bought what became WPIX-FM, which is now known as WFAN-FM. The television station became a Tribune property outright in 1991, and remains in the former Daily News Building. The radio station was purchased by Emmis Communications, and since 2014 has been owned by CBS Radio as an FM simulcast of its AM namesake.

The paper briefly published a Monday-Friday afternoon counterpart, Daily News Tonight, between August 19, 1980, and August 28, 1981;[17] this competed with the New York Post, which had launched a morning edition to complement its evening newspaper in 1978.[18] Occasional "P.M. Editions" were published as extras in 1991, during the brief tenure of Robert Maxwell as publisher.[19]

From August 10, 1978, to November 5, 1978, the multi-union 1978 New York City newspaper strike shut down the three major New York City newspapers. No editions of the News were printed during this time.[20]

In 1982 and again in the early 1990s during a newspaper strike, the Daily News almost went out of business. In the 1982 instance, the parent Tribune Company offered the tabloid up for sale. In 1991, millionaire Robert Maxwell offered financial assistance to the News to help it stay in business. Upon his death later that year, the News seceded from his publishing empire which soon splintered under questions about whether Maxwell had the financial backing to sustain it. Existing management, led by editor James Willse, held the News together in bankruptcy; Willse became interim publisher after buying the paper from the Tribune Company. Mort Zuckerman bought the paper in 1993.[12]

The News at one time maintained local bureaus in the Bronx, Brooklyn, and Queens. The newspaper still shares offices at City Hall, and within One Police Plaza with other news agencies.

In January 2012, former News of the World and New York Post editor Colin Myler was appointed editor-in-chief of the Daily News.[21] Myler was replaced by his deputy Jim Rich in September 2015.[22]

As of May 2016, it was the ninth-most widely circulated daily newspaper in the United States.[23] In 2019, it was ranked eleventh.[24]

On September 4, 2017, Tronc (now, Tribune Publishing), the publishing operations of the former Tribune Company (which had spun out its publishing assets to separate them from its broadcast assets), announced that it had acquired the Daily News.[25] Tronc had bought the Daily News for $1, assuming "operational and pension liabilities". By the time of purchase, circulation had dropped to 200,000 on weekdays and 260,000 on Sundays.[26] In July 2018, Tronc fired half of the paper's editorial staff, including the editor-in-chief, Jim Rich. Rich was replaced by Robert York, Publisher and Editor-in-Chief of Tronc-owned The Morning Call in Allentown, Pennsylvania.[27] The paper's social media staff were included in the cut; images and memes that were later deleted were posted on its Twitter feed.[28][29]

Its parent, Tribune Publishing, was acquired by Alden Global Capital in May 2021. In September 2021, editor Robert York left and was replaced on an interim basis by Andrew Julien, who also serves as the editor and publisher of The Hartford Courant.[1]

The paper was also printed in a Sunday edition called Sunday News.

Editorial stance and style[edit]

The New York Times journalist Alan Feuer said the Daily News focuses heavily on "deep sourcing and doorstep reporting", providing city-centered "crime reportage and hard-hitting coverage of public issues [...] rather than portraying New York through the partisan divide between liberals and conservatives".[30] According to Feuer, the paper is known for "speaking to and for the city's working class" and for "its crusades against municipal misconduct".[30]

The New York Times has described the Daily News's editorial stance as "flexibly centrist"[30] with a "high-minded, if populist, legacy".[31] In contrast to its sister publication, the Chicago Tribune, the Daily News was pro-Roosevelt, endorsing him in 1932, 1936, and 1940. It broke from the president, however, in 1941 over foreign policy.[32] From the 1940s through the 1960s, the Daily News espoused conservative populism.[33] By the mid-1970s however, it began shifting its stance, and during the 1990s, it gained a reputation as a moderately liberal alternative to the right-wing Post (which until 1980 had been a Democratic bastion).

The newspaper endorsed Republican George W. Bush in the 2004 presidential election,[34] Democrat Barack Obama in 2008,[35] Republican Mitt Romney in 2012,[36] Democrat Hillary Clinton in 2016,[37] and Democrat Joe Biden in 2020.[38]


Daily News Building, John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, architects, rendering by Hugh Ferriss. The building housed the paper until the mid-1990s.

From its founding, it was based at 25 City Hall Place, just north of City Hall, and close to Park Row, the traditional home of the city's newspaper trade. In 1921 it moved to 23 Park Place, which was in the same neighborhood. The cramped conditions demanded a much larger space for the growing newspaper.[39]

From 1929 to 1995, the Daily News was based in 220 East 42nd Street near Second Avenue, an official city and national landmark designed by John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood.[39] The paper moved to 450 West 33rd Street (also known as 5 Manhattan West) in 1995, but the 42nd Street location is still known as The News Building and still features a giant globe and weather instruments in its lobby. (It was the model for the Daily Planet building of the first two Superman films). The former News subsidiary WPIX-TV remains in the building.

The subsequent headquarters of the Daily News at 450 West 33rd Street straddled the railroad tracks going into Pennsylvania Station. The building is now the world headquarters of the Associated Press and is part of Manhattan West.

Map of New York Daily News building and garage about 1955

In June 2011, the paper moved its operations to two floors at 4 New York Plaza in lower Manhattan.[40] Sixteen months later, the structure was severely damaged and rendered uninhabitable by flooding from Hurricane Sandy. In the immediate aftermath, news operations were conducted remotely from several temporary locations, eventually moving to office space at the Jersey City printing plant.[41] In early 2013, operations moved to rented space at 1290 Avenue of the Americas near Rockefeller Center—just four blocks north of its rival New York Post. The staff returned to the permanent 4 New York Plaza location in early November 2013. In August 2020, the Daily News closed its Manhattan headquarters.[42]

Printing facilities[edit]

In 1993, the Daily News consolidated its printing facilities near Liberty State Park in Jersey City, New Jersey.[43][44]

In 2009, the paper spent $150 million on printing presses as part of its change to full-color photographs.[45][46]

In 2011, the company spent $100 million to buy three new presses, using a $41.7 million Urban Transit Hub Tax Credit from the State of New Jersey.[47]

In 2022, the company plans to close its Jersey City printing plant and outsource its printing operations to North Jersey Media Group.[48]

Pulitzer Prizes[edit]

The Daily News has won eleven Pulitzer Prizes.[49]

In 1998, Daily News columnist Mike McAlary won the Pulitzer Prize for Commentary for his multi-part series of columns (published in 1997) on Abner Louima, who was sodomized and tortured by New York City police officers.[50]

In 2007, the News' editorial board, which comprised Arthur Browne, Beverly Weintraub, and Heidi Evans,[51] won the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing for a series of thirteen editorials, published over five months, that detailed how more than 12,000 rescue workers who responded after the September 11 attacks had become ill from toxins in the air.[52] The Pulitzer citation said that the award was given to the paper "for its compassionate and compelling editorials on behalf of Ground Zero workers, whose health problems were neglected by the city and the nation."[52]

In 2017, the Daily News was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service in collaboration with non-profit ProPublica "for uncovering, primarily through the work of reporter Sarah Ryley, widespread abuse of eviction rules by the police to oust hundreds of people, most of them poor minorities."[53]

Noteworthy front pages[edit]

In 1928, a News reporter strapped a small camera to his leg, and shot a photo of Ruth Snyder being executed in the electric chair.[54] The next day's newspaper carried the headline "DEAD!".

On October 29, 1975, President Gerald Ford gave a speech denying federal assistance to spare New York City from bankruptcy. The front page of the October 30, 1975 Daily News read: "FORD TO CITY: DROP DEAD".[55] Ford later said the headline had played a role in his losing the 1976 presidential election.[56]

On November 16, 1995, the Daily News front page displayed an illustration of Newt Gingrich as a baby in a diaper with the headline "Crybaby" following revelations that Gingrich had shut down the government in retaliation for a perceived snub from Bill Clinton aboard Air Force One.[57]

In the year leading up to the 2016 presidential election, the paper's headlines became more provocative, helping to rejuvenate it, and with more opinionated editorials with the aforementioned headlines, once again in an effort to demonstrate its place in the city's media.[58]

Following the 2015 San Bernardino shooting, in which 14 people were killed, the paper's front page displayed "GOD ISN'T FIXING THIS" along with tweets from Republican politicians offering thoughts and prayers.[59] The paper advocated for tighter gun laws, condemning what it described as "empty platitudes and angry rhetoric" rather than action "in response to the ongoing plague of gun violence in our country."[59][60] The provocative headline[59][60] received both praise and criticism.[61]

In January 2016, after Republican senator and presidential candidate Ted Cruz of Texas disparaged "New York values" in a Republican primary debate, the News responded with a cover page headline reading "DROP DEAD, TED" and showing the Statue of Liberty giving the middle finger.[62]


The Daily News supported the Iraq War.[63] On March 14, 2003, six days before the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the Daily News reported "President Bush is targeting an aggressive, dangerous, psychotic dictator who has stockpiled weapons of mass destruction and would use them without compunction. ... With Saddam in power, there can be no peace. One argument you hear raised against war is fear of retaliation: America mustn't upset the terrorists. After 9/11, does this even need to be rebutted? Terrorists have killed thousands of Americans already and thirst for more. Fighting back is a necessity, unless people want the peace of the grave."[64]

On December 20, 2016, Daily News columnist Gersh Kuntzman compared the assassination of the Russian Ambassador to Turkey, Andrei Karlov, to the assassination of Nazi German diplomat Ernst vom Rath by Jewish student Herschel Grynszpan, saying "justice has been served."[65] Russia has demanded an official apology from Daily News.[citation needed]

Since 2018, the Daily News has prevented internet users in the European Union from accessing its website, on grounds of missing data protection compliance.[66][67][68]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Tracy, Marc (September 20, 2021). "The Daily News gets an 'as-needed' editor until a new one is found". The New York Times. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
  2. ^ Mahler (April 1, 2005). "What Rupert Wrought". New York. Retrieved May 1, 2018. It has stolen from the Daily News the mantle of New York's populist paper [...].
  3. ^ "America's Biggest Newspaper 70 Years Ago Sounded a Lot Like Trump Today". Indeed, the paper's current left-wing politics [...].
  4. ^ "Top 25 US newspaper circulations: Largest print titles fall 14% in year to March 2023". June 26, 2023.
  5. ^ Roeder, David (May 26, 2021). "Chicago Tribune staff gets buyout offers as Alden takes over". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  6. ^ Folkenflik, David (May 21, 2021). "'Vulture' Fund Alden Global, Known For Slashing Newsrooms, Buys Tribune Papers". NPR. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
  7. ^ Chicago Tribune Staff (April 19, 2021). "Tribune Publishing ends discussions with Maryland hotel executive, moving forward with hedge fund Alden's bid for newspaper chain". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  8. ^ Tracy, Marc (February 16, 2021). "Hedge Fund Reaches a Deal to Buy Tribune Publishing". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  9. ^ Feder, Robert (May 21, 2021). "'Sad, sobering day' for Chicago Tribune as Alden wins takeover bid". Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  10. ^ Kelly, Keith (May 27, 2021). "Daily News spinoff stirs anxiety after Alden takeover". The New York Post. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  11. ^ a b c Current Biography 1942, pp. 648–51: "Patterson, Joseph Medill"
  12. ^ a b McShane, Larry (September 5, 2017). "Mortimer B. Zuckerman rescued New York Daily News from demise by buying the tabloid". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  13. ^ Feuer, Alan (September 27, 2015). "The Daily News Layoffs and Digital Shift May Signal the Tabloid Era's End". The New York Times. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  14. ^ Zhang, Michael (July 26, 2018). "NY Daily News Cuts All Photographers". Petapixel. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  15. ^ Price, Jack (October 24, 1942). "N. Y. Daily News Training Girl Photographer". Editor & Publisher. 75 (43). New York, New York: Editor & Publisher Company: 20. ISSN 0013-094X. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  16. ^ Hermann, Marc A.; New York Press Photographers Association (2015). New York Press Photographers. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4396-5340-1.
  17. ^ Moritz, Owen (July 1, 2008). "Clay Felker, founder of New York magazine, dies at age 82". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  18. ^ Martin, Douglas (November 5, 2012). "Roger Wood, a Brazen New York Post Editor, Dies at 87". The New York Times. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
  19. ^ "Daily News publishes last Tonight edition". The New York Times. August 29, 1981. Archived from the original on January 26, 2019. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  20. ^ "Pressmen Reach Tentative Pact In 84-Day N.Y. Newspaper Strike". The Washington Post.
  21. ^ Pilkington, Ed (January 4, 2012). "Former NoW editor Colin Myler takes the helm at New York Daily News". The Guardian. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  22. ^ Pompeo, Joe, "Colin Myler leaving the Daily News; Jim Rich to be new EIC", Politico New York, September 11, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2015. Archived December 15, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ "Top 10 US Daily Newspapers". Cision.
  24. ^ Watson, Amy. "Leading newspapers in the U.S. 2017-2019, by circulation". Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  25. ^ Ember, Sydney; Sorkin, Andrew Ross (September 4, 2017). "The Daily News, a Distinctive Voice in New York, Is Sold". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  26. ^ Kogan, Rick; Channick, Robert (September 5, 2017). "Tronc acquires New York Daily News". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 17, 2018. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  27. ^ Folkenflik, David (July 23, 2018). "Tronc Slashes 'New York Daily News' Staff By Half".
  28. ^ "New York Daily News". Twitter. July 23, 2018. Archived from the original on July 23, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  29. ^ "New York Daily News cuts half of its newsroom staff". The Guardian. Associated Press. July 24, 2018.
  30. ^ a b c Feuer, Alan (September 27, 2015). "The Daily News Layoffs and Digital Shift May Signal the Tabloid Era's End". The New York Times. Unlike The New York Post, which has veered from left to right, the politics of The Daily News are flexibly centrist..
  31. ^ Mahler, Jonathan (January 29, 2016). "Drop Dead? Not the Newly Relevant Daily News". The New York Times.
  32. ^ Beito, David T. (2023). The New Deal's War on the Bill of Rights: The Untold Story of FDR's Concentration Camps, Censorship, and Mass Surveillance (First ed.). Oakland: Independent Institute. pp. 208–209. ISBN 978-1598133561.
  33. ^ Pressman, Matthew (2021). "The New York Daily News and the History of Conservative Media". Modern American History. 4 (3): 219–238. doi:10.1017/mah.2021.17. ISSN 2515-0456. S2CID 241600005.
  34. ^ "NY 'Daily News' Endorses Obama — Had Backed Bush in 2004 —and So Does 'Detroit Free Press']". Editor & Publisher. October 18, 2008. Archived from the original on December 14, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
  35. ^ "Daily News endorses Obama for President: He has the promise to renew America at home and abroad". Daily News. October 19, 2008.
  36. ^ "Our choice for America's future: The Daily News endorses Mitt Romney for president". Daily News (New York). November 4, 2012. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  37. ^ "Daily News Editorial Board says Vote Hillary Clinton: She's the best choice for President, while Donald Trump represents a clear and present danger to the republic". Daily News. July 28, 2016.
  38. ^ Daily News Editorial Board (November 1, 2020). "Why Joe: Vote proudly for Joe Biden when you vote against Donald Trump". New York Daily News.
  39. ^ a b "Daily News Building" (PDF). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. July 28, 1981. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  40. ^ Deichler, Andrew. "Daily News Relocating HQ to 4 New York Plaza". Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
  41. ^ Myler, Colin (November 5, 2012). "How the Daily News bested Superstorm Sandy: The Daily Planet would be proud". Daily News. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
  42. ^ García-Hodges, Ahiza (August 12, 2020). "Tribune Publishing closes Daily News newsroom in Manhattan". NBC News.
  43. ^ Pinder, Jeanne B. (June 4, 1993). "Daily News to Shift Printing to Jersey City". The New York Times. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  44. ^ "Fire damages Daily News printing plant in Jersey City". The Jersey Journal. January 5, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  45. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (November 17, 2009). "With New Presses, Daily News Is Betting on World of Print". The New York Times.
  46. ^ Carlson, Erin (November 17, 2009). "The Daily News Spends $150 Million On New Printing Presses". Business Insider. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  47. ^ O'Dea, Coleen (December 12, 2011). "Can Urban Transit Hubs Help Revitalize New Jersey's Cities?". Jersey City Independent. Archived from the original on June 2, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2011. ... state expects to award the first $41.7 million in credits soon to the Daily News, which is spending $100 million on three new presses at its site in Jersey City.
  48. ^ "New York Daily News announces plan to outsource printing of newspaper". New York Daily News. January 11, 2022.
  49. ^ Slattery, Denis (April 10, 2017). "Daily News, ProPublica win Pulitzer Prize". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on May 17, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  50. ^ McAlary, Mike (August 13, 2007). "Mike McAlary's 1997 Pulitzer Prize-winning Abner Louima columns". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on April 29, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  51. ^ "Arthur Browne, Beverly Weintraub and Heidi Evans of New York Daily News". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  52. ^ a b Saltonstall, David (April 16, 2007). "Daily News editorial board wins Pulitzer". Daily News. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  53. ^ "Public Service".
  54. ^ "HistoryWired: A Few of Our Favorite Things". March 16, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  55. ^ "Infamous 'Drop Dead' Was Never Said by Ford", The New York Times, December 28, 2006.
  56. ^ Peiser, Jaclyn (July 23, 2018). "Daily News Newsroom Cut in Half by Tronc as Top Editor Is Ousted". The New York Times. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  57. ^ "Newt Gingrich, crybaby: The famous Daily News cover explained".
  58. ^ Mahler, Jonathan (January 29, 2016). "Drop Dead? Not the Newly Relevant Daily News". The New York Times.
  59. ^ a b c Chris Cillizza, "The New York Daily News's very provocative front page on the San Bernardino shooting", The Washington Post (December 2, 2015).
  60. ^ a b Jessica Durando, Daily News' provokes with cover on Calif. shooting: 'God isn't fixing this'", USA Today (December 3, 2015).
  61. ^ Ginger Adams Otis, "Daily News cover calling out pols' empty rhetoric after San Bernardino shooting prompts strong responses", New York Daily News (December 3, 2015).
  62. ^ David Wright, "New York Daily News to Cruz: 'Drop Dead, Ted'", CNN (January 16, 2016).
  63. ^ "Surprise! Ten Years Ago Many Top Newspapers Did Oppose the US War Against Iraq Archived February 5, 2017, at the Wayback Machine". The Nation. March 13, 2013.
  64. ^ "Peaceniks couldn't be more wrong". New York Daily News. March 14, 2003. Archived from the original on July 18, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  65. ^ Kuntzman, Gersh (December 20, 2016). "Assassination of Russian Ambassador Andrei Karlov was not terrorism, but retribution for Vladimir Putin's war crimes". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on July 18, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  66. ^ Hern, Alex; Belam, Martin (May 25, 2018). "LA Times among US-based news sites blocking EU users due to GDPR". The Guardian. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  67. ^ Duraj, Maciej (June 4, 2020). "How the Internet Is Being Restricted & Handicapped Based on Geographic Data". Medium. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  68. ^ PennRobotics (July 16, 2021). "It's been three years. Stop saying your European visitors are important to you". Hacker News. Retrieved September 24, 2021.

External links[edit]