End Game (song)

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"End Game"
A black-and-white portrait of Swift closing her eyes. She is wearing red lipstick. The title "End Game" and the guest artists "ft. Ed Sheeran and Future" are written in newspaper fonts at the footer.
Single by Taylor Swift featuring Ed Sheeran and Future
from the album Reputation
ReleasedNovember 14, 2017 (2017-11-14)
Studio
Genre
Length4:04
LabelBig Machine
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)
  • Max Martin
  • Shellback
Taylor Swift singles chronology
"...Ready for It?"
(2017)
"End Game"
(2017)
"New Year's Day"
(2017)
Ed Sheeran singles chronology
"Boa Me"
(2017)
"End Game"
(2017)
"Perfect Duet"
(2017)
Future singles chronology
"Real Thing"
(2017)
"End Game"
(2017)
"Patek Water"
(2017)
Music video
"End Game" on YouTube

"End Game" is a song by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, featuring English singer Ed Sheeran and American rapper Future. The song is taken from Swift's sixth studio album, Reputation (2017). It was written by the three artists and its producers, Max Martin and Shellback. Musically, "End Game" is a pop-rap and power pop song with elements of hip hop and R&B, incorporating loose cadences, trap beats, and hip hop-influenced drums. In the lyrics, the three artists talk about finding their true love amidst the tumultuous gossip on their perceived reputations. This marks Swift's and Sheeran's second collaboration song, the first was "Everything Has Changed".

The song was released as a single from Reputation on November 14, 2017, following the release of the album by four days. Contemporary critics received "End Game" with mixed reviews. Some praised Swift's experimentation with hip hop, witty lyrics, Future's verse, and deemed the production catchy. Others were not impressed towards Sheeran's appearance and called the production bland. The single was a top-10 airplay hit in Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, and Israel. It reached the top 40 on the singles charts of Australia, Canada, and Greece. In the U.S., "End Game" peaked at number 18 on the Billboard Hot 100, giving Swift her 55th top-40 chart entry. The track received platinum certifications in Australia, Canada, and the U.S., and double platinum certification in Norway.

A music video for the single, directed by Joseph Kahn, was released on January 12, 2018. The video depicts Swift partying with Future in Miami, with Sheeran in Tokyo, and with other friends in London. Swift performed "End Game" at the 2017 Jingle Ball, and during the shows of her 2018 Reputation Stadium Tour.

Production and composition[edit]

"End Game" was produced by Max Martin and Shellback. The two also co-wrote the song with Taylor Swift, Ed Sheeran and Future. Swift is credited as the main singer, while Sheeran and Future are credited as featured artists.[1] It was recorded for Swift's sixth studio album, Reputation (2017). The song is the only song on Reputation that features guest artists.[2] For his songwriting, Sheeran came up with the inspiration while attending a Fourth of July party at Swift's residence in Rhode Island. At that party, Sheeran encountered Cherry Seaborn, a girl who went to the same school with him. They reconnected and ultimately became married. His verse includes a reference to the film Born on the Fourth of July (1989), a symbol of the beginning of his relationship with Seaborn.[3]

Musically, "End Game" is a hybrid of hip hop and R&B.[4][5] Billboard categorized the song as pop-rap,[6] while Michelle Da Silva from Now called it a power pop song.[7] The song incorporates loose cadences, trap beats, and hip hop-influenced drums, which Pitchfork's Meaghan Garvey described as representative of 2017's hip hop/R&B trends.[4][8] In the lyrics, the three artists talk about their true love amidst the gossip about their perceived reputations.[9] At the song's beginning, Swift asserts that she and her lover both have "bad" and "big reputations".[4] Future then echoes this perspective, saying that he has a "bad boy persona, that's what they like".[9] In his part, Sheeran raps about how his love interest was "born on the Fourth of July".[9][8] For Swift's part, she channels half-singing, half-rapping delivery found in hip hop,[10] making fun of the media gossip on her image: "I swear I don't love the drama / It loves me."[11][12] The chorus finds Swift singing "I wanna be your endgame" to her lover.[8]

Release and promotion[edit]

"End Game" is track number two on the track list of Reputation, which was released worldwide on November 10, 2017.[1] The song was released to French contemporary hit radio by Big Machine and Mercury Records on November 14, 2017, as a single from the album.[13] The single then received a radio release in Australia.[14]

Swift and Sheeran performed "End Game" for the first time during the Jingle Ball festival hosted by iHeartRadio on December 2, 2017.[15] A solo version of the song was included in the regular set list for Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour (2018).[16]

Critical reception[edit]

Critics praised the verse by Future (left), but were not as impressed by the verse by Ed Sheeran (right).

The song received mixed reviews from critics. Kitty Empire from The Observer selected "End Game" as an example for Swift's experimentation with R&B on Reputation, noting that it "isn't very good".[17] In a review by Pitchfork, Meaghan Garvey was not impressed by the guest appearances of Future and Sheeran, the former of which was seemingly a means to help Swift stay relevant with contemporary hip hop trends. Garvey also criticized the production as bland, feeling that the song is an "uninspired" attempt at the authentic hip hop sound: "The decisions here feel measured to the point of lifelessness; preoccupied by the end game, risks become liabilities."[4] Brian Josephs from Spin praised Future's verse, feeling that the rapper "fully owned it, making him a bizarrely good fit for a modern day Swift song". Josephs however was disappointed with Sheeran's appearance, and considered the song's overall theme of "attempting to find love in spite of real or perceived enemies" similar to previous "far better" songs by Future.[9]

Writing for PopMatters, Evan Sawdey picked "End Game" as one of Reputation's "misguided" songs, alongside "Look What You Made Me Do" and "This Is Why We Can't Have Nice Things".[12] Though complimentary of Future's appearance and Swift's lyrics, Lindsay Lozadz from The Ringer panned Sheeran's verse as "rapping so hard that you can practically smell the sweat he breaks trying to keep up with Future", which blemished the whole song.[8] Michelle Da Silva from Now was critical of Swift's lyrics about drama and vengeance, deeming it inauthentic to her persona.[7]

On a positive side, New York's Frank Guan lauded "End Game" as one of the best songs on Reputation, mostly thanks to the verse of Future and Swift's witty lyrics about her perceived image, and said that the song had potentials to be a chart success.[18] Raise Bruner from Time considered the song to be Swift at her peak: "emotionally open, but ready and willing to have some fun with the hype around her own persona".[19] Spencer Kornharber from The Atlantic called the song "maddeningly catchy" and compared its styles to music by Rihanna.[20] Rob Sheffield from Rolling Stone was similarly positive, calling it "deeply weird, wildly funny", praising the chemistry of the three artists and Swift's witty lyrics.[5]

"End Game" was one of the award-winning songs at the 2019 BMI Awards.[21] It also won Pop Award at the 2019 BMI London Awards, in honor of songwriters and producers.[22]

Accolades[edit]

Year Organization Award Result Ref.
2018 Teen Choice Awards Choice Music Collaboration Nominated [23]
2019
BMI Awards Award Winning Song Won [24]
Publisher of the Year Won
BMI London Award Pop Award Won [25]

Commercial performance[edit]

Swift performing "End Game" on her Reputation Stadium Tour (2018)

"End Game" was the only non-single song from Reputation to debut on the US Billboard Hot 100 upon the release of the parent album.[26] It debuted on the chart dated December 9, 2017, at number 86, earning Swift her 75th Hot 100 entry.[27] "End Game" debuted at number 32 on the Mainstream Top 40, before rising to number 26 the following week.[28] It debuted at number 38 on the Adult Top 40, eventually peaking at number 13.[27] In its third charting week, "End Game" rose to number 39, giving Swift her 55th Hot 100 top-40 chart entry and becoming Reputation's fifth top-40 song, following "Look What You Made Me Do", "...Ready for It?", "Gorgeous", and "Call It What You Want".[29] "End Game" later reached a peak of number 18.[30] The single peaked at number 10 on the Mainstream Top 40, and number 25 on the Rhythmic Songs chart.[31] It was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for exceeding 1,000,000 units based on sales and streaming in the U.S.[32]

In Canada, "End Game" peaked at number 11 on the Canadian Hot 100 and was certified platinum by Music Canada.[33] The single peaked at number 36 on the Australian ARIA Charts and was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA).[34] It was certified silver by the British Phonographic Industry in the U.K., where it peaked at number 49 on the UK Singles Chart.[35] The song was also certified gold in Brazil and double platinum in Norway.[36][37]

Music video[edit]

On December 2, 2017, Sheeran confirmed at the Jingle Ball festival that a music video for the song would be released.[38] On January 10, 2018, Swift revealed through her social media app "The Swift Life"—an app she created for fans in support of Reputation[39]—that the music video for the song would be released on January 12, and that a snippet of the video would premiere on Good Morning America on January 11.[40] Swift premiered a 20-second snippet on Good Morning America, and posted it on her social media accounts later that day.[41]

On January 12, 2018, Swift uploaded the video onto her Vevo channel.[42] Directed by Joseph Kahn, the video depicts Swift partying at three locations during nighttime: with Future on a yacht in Miami, with Sheeran at a nightclub in Tokyo, and with various friends on a double decker bus in London.[43] While singing/rapping with Future, Swift is seen riding shotgun in a Lamborghini Aventador with him.[44] In one of the London scenes, Swift is seen sitting on a bar playing Snake on a handheld game console, a reference to her reputation as a "snake" during promotion of the album.[45] This reference is also noted in one of the Tokyo scenes, in which Swift rides a motorcycle in a snakeskin-patterned bodysuit.[44]

Frank Guan from New York observed that the video effectively eschewed Swift's previously well-known girl next door image, by "drinking, playing a game on her mobile phone, hamming it up at a karaoke bar, cheerfully failing at Dance Dance Revolution, really getting into Future, having a crowd of friends with only a few white girls and no white guys [apart from Ed Sheeran] in sight". Guan was impressed by the video's nighttime aesthetics featuring darkness against flashing lights and vivid colors, writing that "the end result is as simple as it is appealing".[26] Lyndsey McKenna from NPR Music was less enthusiastic: "It's pretty hard to buy Swift and Sheeran's casual outing in Tokyo or Swift's supposedly uninhibited dance moves."[46]

Credits and personnel[edit]

Credits are adapted from the liner notes of Reputation.[2]

Studio

Personnel

  • Taylor Swift – songwriter, producer
  • Max Martin – producer, songwriter, keyboards, programming
  • Shellback – producer, songwriter, keyboards, programming, drums, bass
  • Ed Sheeran – songwriter
  • Nayvadius Wilburn – songwriter
  • Ilya – vocal production
  • Sam Holland – engineer
  • Michael Ilbert – engineer
  • Seth Ferkins – engineer
  • Cory Bice – asssistant engineer
  • Jeremy Lertola – asssistant engineer
  • Sean Flora – asssistant engineer
  • Peter Karlsson – asssistant engineer
  • Mike Synphony – asssistant engineer
  • Daniel Watson – asssistant enginee
  • Serban Ghenea – mixing
  • John Hanes – mix engineer
  • Randy Merrill – mastering

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Sales certifications for "End Game"
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[34] Platinum 70,000double-dagger
Brazil (Pro-Música Brasil)[36] Gold 20,000double-dagger
Canada (Music Canada)[33] Platinum 80,000double-dagger
Norway (IFPI Norway)[37] 2× Platinum 120,000double-dagger
United Kingdom (BPI)[35] Silver 260,000[80]
United States (RIAA)[32] Platinum 1,000,000double-dagger

double-dagger Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

Release history[edit]

Region Date Format Label Ref.
France November 14, 2017 Contemporary hit radio Mercury [81][13]
Australia January 12, 2018
[14]
Russia January 16, 2018 Universal [53]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]