Facebook Watch

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Facebook Watch
Type of site
Video on demand
Available inEnglish
Headquarters,
United States
Area servedWorldwide
Key people
  • Ricky Van Veen (Head of Global Creative Strategy)
  • Mina Lefevre (Head of Development)
  • Fidji Simo (VP of Product for Video)
IndustryInternet
ParentMeta Platforms
URLfacebook.com/watch
CommercialYes
LaunchedAugust 10, 2017; 6 years ago (2017-08-10)
Current statusActive (Web, iOS and Android)
Discontinued (TV App)

Facebook Watch (currently rebranding to Facebook Video) is a video on demand service operated by American company Meta Platforms (previously named Facebook, Inc.). The company announced the service in August 2017 and it was available to all U.S. users that month. Facebook Watch's original video content is produced for the company by others, who earn 55% of advertising revenue (Facebook keeps the other 45%).

Facebook Watch offers tailored video recommendations and organizes content into categories based on metrics like popularity and user engagement. The platform hosts both short and long-form entertainment. In 2018, Facebook allocated a $1 billion budget for content creation. The company generates revenue from mid-roll ads and also explored the introduction of pre-roll ads in the same year.[1] As of August 30, 2018, Facebook Watch became globally accessible to all Facebook users.[2]

As of September 2020, Facebook reported that Facebook Watch had more than 1.25 billion monthly visitors, 46% of its monthly active user base at that time.[3][4]

History[edit]

On August 9, 2017, Facebook, Inc. announced that it would be launching its own video on demand service. During the same announcement it was stated that the new service would be called Facebook Watch. The video on demand service was launched for a small group of U.S. users a day later,[5][6] with a rollout to all U.S. users beginning at the end of August.[7]

In May and June 2018, Facebook launched around six news programs from partners including BuzzFeed, Vox, CNN, and Fox News. These programs, developed by Facebook's head of news partnerships Campbell Brown, reportedly had an overall budget of US$90 million.[8]

On July 25, 2018, Facebook gave their first presentation ever at the annual Television Critics Association's annual summer press tour. During Facebook's allotted time, Fidji Simo, the Vice President of Product for Video, and Ricky Van Veen, the Head of Global Creative Strategy, showcased Facebook's continuing ramp-up of original programming on Facebook Watch.[9] On August 30, 2018, Facebook Watch became available internationally to all users of the social network worldwide.[10]

Budgets and monetization[edit]

Content budgets[edit]

For short-form videos, Facebook originally had a budget of roughly $10,000-$40,000 per episode,[11] though renewal contracts have placed the budget in the $50,000-$70,000 range.[12] Long-form TV-length series have budgets between $250,000 to over $1 million.[12] The Wall Street Journal reported in September 2017 that the company was willing to spend up to $1 billion on original video content through 2018.[13][14]

Monetization[edit]

Facebook keeps 45% of ad-break revenue for content shown on Facebook Watch, while its content-producing partners receive 55% of ad revenue.[5] In January 2017, the company announced that it would be adding "mid-roll" advertising to its videos, in which ads will appear in videos after users have watched at least 20 seconds.[15] In December 2017, Ad Age reported that Facebook was lifting a long-time ban on "pre-roll" ads, an advertising format that shows promotional content before users start the actual video. Facebook had resisted using pre-roll ads because the format has a "reputation for annoying viewers" who want to get to the desired content, though the report stated that the company would nevertheless try the format.

Steve Ellis, CEO of WhoSay, a social influencer marketing company, told Ad Age that "YouTube already established that people will sit through and tolerate pre-roll" and that "It's proven that they haven't sent consumers fleeing, so it makes sense that Facebook would pursue a similar strategy as it builds out its original content experience".[16] Two weeks after Ad Age's report, Facebook updated its blog to note that the pre-roll advertising format would begin testing in 2018, and that there were going to be changes to mid-roll ads; specifically, they cannot appear until a minute into a video, and are only available for videos that run for at least three minutes, as opposed to the original rule of appearing after 20 seconds on videos potentially as short as 90 seconds.[17][18]

Content[edit]

In addition to original programming, Facebook Watch also distributes content licensed from other companies. On November 30, 2018, it was announced that the streaming service had struck a deal with 20th Century Fox Television to stream television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly.[19]

Reception[edit]

Morgan Stanley analyst Brian Nowak estimates that "Facebook Watch" can bring in $565 million in revenue to Facebook by the end of 2018.[20] Jefferies analyst Brent Thill has predicted that the service has the potential to earn $12 billion in revenue by 2022.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Spangler, Todd (April 20, 2018). "Facebook Sets Pre-Roll Ad Expansion, Details More Kinds of Videos That Aren't Eligible for Monetization". Variety. Archived from the original on January 30, 2023. Retrieved March 29, 2024.
  2. ^ "Facebook Watch Is Going Global". Meta. August 29, 2018. Archived from the original on September 30, 2023. Retrieved September 21, 2023.
  3. ^ Dredge, Stuart (September 7, 2020). "Facebook Watch now has more than 1.25bn monthly visitors". Music Ally. Archived from the original on May 10, 2023. Retrieved September 21, 2023.
  4. ^ Ha, Anthony (September 3, 2020). "Facebook Watch is getting 1.25 billion visitors each month". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on September 15, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2023.
  5. ^ a b Constine, Josh (August 9, 2017). "Facebook launches Watch tab of original video shows". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  6. ^ Newton, Casey (August 9, 2017). "Facebook introduces Watch, its redesigned tab for video programming". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 10, 2024. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  7. ^ Hatmaker, Taylor (August 31, 2017). "Facebook's new Watch video hub rolls out to U.S. users". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  8. ^ Bowles, Nellie (April 21, 2018). "Is Facebook's Campbell Brown a Force to Be Reckoned With? Or Is She Fake News?". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  9. ^ "Facebook Braces For Hero's Welcome As Streamers Return – TCA Preview". Deadline Hollywood. July 9, 2018. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  10. ^ Mitchell, Robert (August 29, 2018). "Facebook Watch Rolls Out Internationally". Variety. Archived from the original on August 30, 2018. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
  11. ^ Patel, Sahil (May 25, 2017). "Facebook recruits its top publishers for exclusive shows". Digiday. Archived from the original on December 15, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  12. ^ a b Patel, Sahil (November 30, 2017). "Bigger budgets, fewer shows: Facebook's deals for Watch are changing". Digiday. Archived from the original on December 11, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  13. ^ Seetharaman, Deepa (September 8, 2017). "Facebook Is Willing to Spend Big in Video Push". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on December 11, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  14. ^ Krishna, Swapna (September 8, 2017). "Facebook may spend $1 billion on original video in 2018". Engadget. Archived from the original on June 10, 2024. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  15. ^ Kafka, Peter (January 9, 2017). "Facebook is going to start showing ads in the middle of its videos and sharing the money with publishers". Recode. Archived from the original on December 15, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  16. ^ Sloane, Garett (December 1, 2017). "Facebook to lift longtime ban on pre-roll ads". Advertising Age. Archived from the original on June 10, 2024. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  17. ^ Kafka, Peter (December 14, 2017). "Here come the Facebook pre-roll video ads". Recode. Archived from the original on December 15, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  18. ^ Fingas, Jon (December 14, 2017). "Facebook will try running ads in front of Watch videos". Engadget. Archived from the original on December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  19. ^ Chmielewski, Dawn C. (November 30, 2018). "'Buffy The Vampire Slayer,' 'Angel' And 'Firefly' Come To Facebook Watch". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 17, 2020. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  20. ^ Balakrishnan, Anita (December 1, 2017). "You know that new 'Watch' video tab on Facebook? Here's how the company will make money off it, analyst says". CNBC. Archived from the original on December 15, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  21. ^ Kim, Tae (December 20, 2017). "Buy Facebook because its video offering will be a blockbuster success, analyst says". CNBC. Archived from the original on December 27, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2017.

External links[edit]