Hedgehog coronavirus 1

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Hedgehog coronavirus 1
Virus classification Edit this classification
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Kingdom: Orthornavirae
Phylum: Pisuviricota
Class: Pisoniviricetes
Order: Nidovirales
Family: Coronaviridae
Genus: Betacoronavirus
Subgenus: Merbecovirus
Hedgehog coronavirus 1

Hedgehog coronavirus 1 is a mammalian Group C Betacoronavirus, a positive-sense RNA virus, discovered in European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) from Germany and first described in 2014.[1]

Most Betacoronavirus clade c viruses are known from bats. The hedgehog is in the animal order Eulipotyphla, which is phylogenetically related to the bats, Chiroptera, so the researchers investigated faecal samples to look for coronaviruses.

The virus was found in the highest concentrations in the lower gastrointestinal tract.

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  1. ^ Corman, V. M.; Kallies, R.; Philipps, H.; Gopner, G.; Muller, M. A.; Eckerle, I.; Brunink, S.; Drosten, C.; Drexler, J. F. (16 October 2013). "Characterization of a Novel Betacoronavirus Related to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in European Hedgehogs". Journal of Virology. 88 (1): 717–724. doi:10.1128/JVI.01600-13. PMC 3911734. PMID 24131722.