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Virion of genus Okubovirus
Virus classification Edit this classification
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Duplodnaviria
Kingdom: Heunggongvirae
Phylum: Uroviricota
Class: Caudoviricetes
Order: Caudovirales
Family: Herelleviridae
Subfamilies and genera

See text

Herelleviridae is a family of bacterial viruses of the order Caudovirales infecting members of the phylum Firmicutes.[1] The family has five subfamilies, 33 genera and 92 species.[2]


The family's name, Herelle is in honor of Félix d'Hérelle, a French-Canadian microbiologist, the suffix -viridae is the standard suffix for virus families.[3]


Schematic drawing of a Bacillus phage SPO1 virion of the genus Okubovirus, cross section and lateral view.

The following subfamilies and genera are assigned to Herelleviridae (-virinae denotes subfamily and -virus denotes genus):[2]

The following genera are unassigned to a subfamily:[2]

Lastly, the species Brochothrix virus A9 is unassigned to a subfamily and genus.[2]


  1. ^ Barylski, J; Kropinski, AM; Alikhan, NF; Adriaenssens, EM; ICTV Report Consortium (April 2020). "ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Herelleviridae". The Journal of General Virology. 101 (4): 362–363. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.001392. PMC 7414437. PMID 32022658.
  2. ^ a b c d "Virus Taxonomy: 2020 Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  3. ^ Jakub Barylski et al.: Analysis of Spounaviruses as a Case Study for the Overdue Reclassification of Tailed Phages. Systematic Biology, Volume 69, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages 110–123, doi:10.1093/sysbio/syz036. epub 25 May 2019

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