J. J. Abrams

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J. J. Abrams Jr.
Abrams in 2015
Jeffrey Jacob Abrams Jr.

(1966-06-27) June 27, 1966 (age 57)
New York City, U.S.
EducationPalisades Charter High School
Alma materSarah Lawrence College
  • Film director
  • film producer
  • screenwriter
  • composer
Years active1972–present
Katie McGrath
(m. 1996)
Children3, including Gracie Abrams

Jeffrey Jacob Abrams Jr. (born June 27, 1966)[1] is an American filmmaker and composer. He is best known for his works in the genres of action, drama, and science fiction. Abrams wrote and produced such films as Regarding Henry (1991), Forever Young (1992), Armageddon (1998), Cloverfield (2008), Star Trek (2009), Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015), and Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker (2019).

Abrams has created numerous television series, including Felicity (co-creator, 1998–2002), Alias (creator, 2001–2006), Lost (co-creator, 2004–2010), and Fringe (co-creator, 2008–2013). He won two Emmy Awards for LostOutstanding Directing for a Drama Series and Outstanding Drama Series.

His directorial film work includes Mission: Impossible III (2006), Star Trek (2009), Super 8 (2011), and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013). He also directed, co-produced and co-wrote The Force Awakens, the seventh episode of the Star Wars saga and the first film of the sequel trilogy. The film is his highest-grossing, as well as the fifth-highest-grossing film of all time not adjusted for inflation. He returned to Star Wars by executive producing The Last Jedi (2017), and directing and co-writing The Rise of Skywalker (2019).[2]

Abrams's frequent collaborators include producer Bryan Burk, producer/directors Damon Lindelof and Tommy Gormley, actors Greg Grunberg, Simon Pegg, Amanda Foreman, and Keri Russell, composer Michael Giacchino, writers Alex Kurtzman and Roberto Orci, cinematographers Daniel Mindel and Larry Fong, and editors Maryann Brandon and Mary Jo Markey.[not verified in body]

Early life[edit]

Abrams was born in New York City with the name Jeffrey Jacob Abrams to veteran television producer Gerald W. Abrams (born 1939) of Polish-Jewish descent and Carol Ann Abrams (née Kelvin; 1942–2012), a Peabody Award winning television executive producer as well as author and law academic.[3] His sister is screenwriter Tracy Rosen. His father worked at CBS in Midtown Manhattan the year prior to Abrams' birth. By 1971 the family had relocated to Los Angeles. His mother worked as a real estate agent while Abrams and his sister were at school.[3]

Abrams attended Palisades High School and after graduation planned on going to art school rather than a traditional college but eventually enrolled at Sarah Lawrence College, in Bronxville, New York.[4]

Film career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Abrams' first job in the movie business was at age 16 when he wrote the music for Don Dohler's 1982 horror movie Nightbeast. During his senior year at college, he teamed with Jill Mazursky, the daughter of award-winning writer/director Paul Mazursky, to write a feature film treatment.[5][6] Purchased by Touchstone Pictures, the treatment was the basis for Taking Care of Business, Abrams' first produced film, which starred Charles Grodin and James Belushi and was directed by Academy Award winner Arthur Hiller. He followed with Regarding Henry, starring Harrison Ford, and Forever Young, starring Mel Gibson. He also co-wrote with Mazursky the script for the comedy Gone Fishin' starring Joe Pesci and Danny Glover.

In 1994, he was part of the "Propellerheads" with Rob Letterman, Loren Soman, and Andy Waisler, a group of Sarah Lawrence alums experimenting with computer animation technology. They were contracted by Jeffrey Katzenberg to develop animation for the film Shrek.[7] Abrams worked on the screenplay for the 1998 film Armageddon with producer Jerry Bruckheimer and director Michael Bay. That same year, he made his first foray into television with Felicity, which ran for four seasons on The WB Network, serving as the series' co-creator (with Matt Reeves) and executive producer. He also composed its opening theme music.


Abrams at the 2010 Time 100 Gala in Manhattan

Under his production company, Bad Robot, which he founded with Bryan Burk in 2001,[8] Abrams created and executive-produced ABC's Alias and is co-creator (along with Damon Lindelof and Jeffrey Lieber) and was executive producer of Lost. As with Felicity, Abrams also composed the opening theme music for Alias and Lost. Abrams directed and wrote the two-part pilot for Lost and remained active producer for the first half of the season. Also in 2001, Abrams co-wrote and produced the horror-thriller Joy Ride.[9] In 2006, he served as executive producer of What About Brian and Six Degrees, also on ABC. He also co-wrote the teleplay for Lost's third-season premiere "A Tale of Two Cities" and the same year, he made his feature directorial debut with Mission: Impossible III, starring Tom Cruise. Abrams spoke at the TED conference in 2007.[10][importance?]

In 2008, Abrams produced the monster movie Cloverfield, which Matt Reeves directed.[11] In 2009, he directed the science fiction film Star Trek,[12] which he produced with Lost co-creator Damon Lindelof. While it was speculated that they would be writing and producing an adaptation of Stephen King's The Dark Tower series of novels, they publicly stated in November 2009 that they were no longer looking to take on that project.[13] In 2008, Abrams co-created, executive produced, and co-wrote (along with Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman) the FOX science fiction series Fringe, for which he also composed the theme music. He was featured in the 2009 MTV Movie Awards 1980s-style digital short "Cool Guys Don't Look at Explosions", with Andy Samberg and Will Ferrell, in which he plays a keyboard solo. NBC picked up Abrams's Undercovers as its first new drama series for the 2010–11 season.[14] However, it was subsequently cancelled by the network in November 2010.


Abrams speaking at San Diego Comic-Con International in 2010

Abrams wrote and directed the Paramount science fiction thriller Super 8, starring Joel Courtney and Elle Fanning, while co-producing with Steven Spielberg and Bryan Burk; it was released on June 10, 2011.[15]

Abrams directed the sequel to Star Trek, Star Trek Into Darkness, released in May 2013.[16] The film was interpreted as a loose remake of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan.[17] Critics generally reacted positively to the film, while Nicholas Meyer, the director of The Wrath of Khan, called it a "gimmick".[18] Abrams was criticized for the film's treatment of classic villain Khan Noonien Singh (Benedict Cumberbatch). Many felt that much of the character, originally played by Mexican actor Ricardo Montalbán, had been lost, especially his ethnic identity.[a] Two years after the film's release, Abrams said of the film, "there were certain things I was unsure of. ... Any movie ... has a fundamental conversation happening during it. And [for Into Darkness,] I didn't have it... [The weakness of the plot] was not anyone's fault but mine. ... [The script] was a little bit of a collection of scenes that were written by my friends ... And yet, I found myself frustrated by my choices, and unable to hang my hat on an undeniable thread of the main story. So then I found myself on that movie basically tap-dancing as well as I could to try and make the sequences as entertaining as possible. ... I would never say that I don't think that the movie ended up working. But I feel like it didn't work as well as it could have, had I made some better decisions before we started shooting."[20]

On January 25, 2013, Disney and Lucasfilm introduced Abrams as director and producer of Star Wars: The Force Awakens, the seventh entry in the Star Wars film saga,[21] with Bryan Burk and Bad Robot producing the film.[22] Following this news, speculation arose as to Abrams's future with Paramount Pictures, under which he had released all of his previous feature work as a director, and which had a first-look deal with his company, Bad Robot. Paramount vice-chairman Rob Moore stated that Abrams would continue to have a hand in the Star Trek and Mission: Impossible franchises going forward.[23]

Abrams directed, produced, and co-wrote the screenplay for The Force Awakens,[24] which opened in theaters on December 18, 2015.[25][26] Despite its strong box office performance and positive reviews, the film was considered by some, including Star Wars creator George Lucas, to be too similar to the original 1977 film.[27][28] In 2016, Abrams responded towards these complaints, stating: "What was important for me was introducing brand new characters using relationships that were embracing the history that we know to tell a story that is new — to go backwards to go forwards".[29][b]

Abrams returned as producer for Star Trek Beyond, released in 2016. And also produced The Cloverfield Paradox, a sequel to 10 Cloverfield Lane. It was released on Netflix in February 2018.[31][32] Also on 2018, Abrams produced Overlord, a horror film set behind German enemy lines in World War II and directed by Julius Avery.[33] Abrams also produced the fourth, fifth, and sixth Mission: Impossible films.[34]

In September 2017, Abrams returned to direct and co-write Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker with Chris Terrio.[35] The film was released in December 2019; it received mixed reviews from critics and fans,[36][37] while audience reactions were also mixed.[38][39]

Abrams was one of the producers of an animated short film of The Boy, the Mole, the Fox and the Horse, shown on BBC One and BBC iPlayer at Christmas 2022.[40]

Upcoming projects[edit]

In 2008, it was reported that Abrams purchased the rights to a New York Times article "Mystery on Fifth Avenue" about the renovation of an 8.5 million dollar co-op, a division of property originally owned by E. F. Hutton & Co. and Marjorie Merriweather Post, for six figures and was developing a film titled Mystery on Fifth Avenue, with Paramount Pictures and Bad Robot,[41] and comedy writers Maya Forbes and Wally Wolodarsky to write the adaptation. According to the article, a wealthy couple Steven B. Klinsky and Maureen Sherry purchased the apartment in 2003 and live there with their four children. Soon after purchasing the apartment, they hired young architectural designer Eric Clough, who devised an elaborately clever "scavenger hunt" built into the apartment that involved dozens of historical figures, a fictional book and a soundtrack, woven throughout the apartment in puzzles, riddles, secret panels, compartments, and hidden codes, without the couple's knowledge. The family did not discover the embedded mystery until months after moving into the apartment.[42][43] After Abrams purchased the article, Clough left him an encrypted message in the wall tiles of a Christian Louboutin shoe store he designed in West Hollywood.[44]

In July 2016, Abrams reported that a fourth alternate universe Star Trek installment was in the works and that he was confident that Chris Pine, Zachary Quinto and Chris Hemsworth would return for the sequel.[45][46]

Abrams will produce and Guillermo del Toro will write and direct a science-fiction action/thriller film titled Zanbato,[47] which Abrams has been working on since 2011.[48]

In September 2019, Abrams and his Bad Robot company signed a $250 million five-year deal with WarnerMedia, including HBO and Warner Bros. Pictures.[49] In April 2020, it was announced that Abrams would be developing three new shows for HBO Max: Justice League Dark, Overlook, and Duster.[50] Abrams will also serve as executive producer and co-creator of a new Batman animated series titled Batman: Caped Crusader alongside Reeves and Bruce Timm.[51] In February 2022, it was announced Abrams would serve as executive producer on a limited series adaptation of the Stephen King novel Billy Summers, with Edward Zwick and Marshall Herskovitz writing; a year later, it was announced that Warner Bros. had acquired the project, which was now being repurposed as a feature film with Leonardo DiCaprio's Appian Way Productions joining as a producer.[52][53]

On May 8, 2024, it was announced that Abrams would write and direct an untitled new film, with Glen Powell in early talks to star in the project and Bad Robot producing.[54][55]

Unrealized projects[edit]

In 1989, Abrams met Steven Spielberg at a film festival, where Spielberg spoke about a possible Who Framed Roger Rabbit sequel, with Abrams as a possible writer and with Robert Zemeckis as producer.[56] Nothing came up from this project, although Abrams has some storyboards for a Roger Rabbit short.[56]

In July 2002, Abrams wrote a script for a possible fifth Superman film entitled Superman: Flyby.[57] Brett Ratner and McG entered into talks to direct,[58] although Abrams tried to get the chance to direct his own script.[59] However, the project was finally cancelled in 2004 and instead Superman Returns was released in 2006.

In November 2009, Abrams and Bad Robot Productions along with Cartoon Network Movies, Warner Bros., Frederator Films and Paramount Pictures, reportedly were producing a film adaptation of Samurai Jack.[60] However, the production of the film was scrapped after Abrams' departure from the project to direct Star Trek.[61] For this and other reasons, series creator Genndy Tartakovsky made a new season instead of a feature film. Also in 2009, Abrams and Bad Robot were reportedly set to produce a film based on the Micronauts toy line.[62][63] However, the film has never gone into production.[64]

In February 2018, HBO ordered Abrams' sci-fi drama Demimonde to series.[65] In June 2022, the project was cancelled.[66]

Bad Robot[edit]

Bad Robot's Santa Monica headquarters

In 2001, Abrams founded his own production company, Bad Robot, in association with Paramount Pictures and Warner Bros. Pictures. Initially a television production company under Touchstone Television, Bad Robot would branch out into film production, with the first movie to be produced under the Bad Robot name being Joy Ride (2001). Bad Robot is well-known for Lost, the Star Trek Kelvin timeline films, the Mission: Impossible films excluding Mission: Impossible – Dead Reckoning Part One, the Cloverfield franchise, and the Star Wars sequel trilogy.

Future projects include Flowervale Street, a Hot Wheels film adaptation, an animated film based on Dr. Seuss' Oh, the Places You'll Go!, and a Black-led Superman reboot separate from the DC Universe[67]

Other work[edit]

Video game[edit]

As of November 2015, a video game called Spyjinx was in development, with Abrams in a collaboration with Bad Robot and Chair Entertainment.[68][69][clarification needed]

Books and comics[edit]

On October 29, 2013, S., a novel written by Doug Dorst based on a concept by Abrams, was released.[70]

In 2019, Abrams made his debut as a writer for Marvel Comics, co-authoring the company's title Spider-Man from September of that year with his son Henry.[71] The first issue of the comic includes the death of Mary-Jane Watson, and a twelve-year time shift, with the series' protagonist being Ben Parker, son of Peter Parker and Mary Jane.[72]

Personal life[edit]

Abrams is married to public relations executive Katie McGrath and has three children.[5][73] His daughter, Gracie Abrams, is a pop singer-songwriter.[74] He resides in Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles, California.[75][76] He is Jewish and his wife is Catholic, and he sometimes takes his children to religious services on Jewish holidays.[77]

Abrams serves on the Creative Council of Represent.Us, a nonpartisan anti-corruption organization[78] and the Motion Picture & Television Fund (MPTF) Board of Governors.[79]



Year Title Credited as
Director Writer Producer
1990 Taking Care of Business No Yes No
1991 Regarding Henry No Yes Co-Producer
1992 Forever Young No Yes Executive
1997 Gone Fishin' No Yes No
1998 Armageddon No Yes No
2001 Joy Ride No Yes Yes
2006 Mission: Impossible III Yes Yes No
2009 Star Trek Yes No Yes
2011 Super 8 Yes Yes Yes
2013 Star Trek Into Darkness Yes No Yes
2015 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Yes Yes Yes
2019 Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker Yes Yes Yes

Producer only

Executive producer

Acting credits[edit]

Year Title Role Notes Ref.
1991 Regarding Henry Delivery Boy
1993 Six Degrees of Separation Doug
1996 Diabolique Video Photographer #2
1999 The Suburbans Rock Journalist
2015 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Vocal cameo
2017 The Disaster Artist Himself
2019 Love, Antosha Himself Documentary film
Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker D-O Voice [80]

Other roles[edit]

Year Title Role Ref.
1982 Nightbeast Composer / Sound effects composer
1995 Casper Uncredited rewrites [81]
2006 Mission: Impossible III Digital artist


Year Title Credited as Notes
Creator Director Writer Executive Producer Theme
1998–2002 Felicity Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Director (2 episodes) / Writer (17 episodes)
2001–06 Alias Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Director (2 episodes) / Writer (13 episodes)
2004–10 Lost Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Director (5 episodes) / Writer (3 episodes)
2006 Jimmy Kimmel Live! No Yes No No No Episode: "4.269"
2007 The Office No Yes No No No Episode: "Cocktails"
2008–13 Fringe Yes No Yes Yes Yes Writer (6 episodes)
2010 Undercovers Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Director (1 episode) / Writer (3 episodes)
2011–16 Person of Interest No No No Yes Yes
2012 Alcatraz No No No Yes Yes
2012–14 Revolution No No No Yes Yes
2013–14 Almost Human No No No Yes Yes
TBA Duster Yes No Yes Yes No

Executive producer only

Acting credits[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
2012 Family Guy Himself Voice, Episode: "Ratings Guy"
2017 Nightcap Episode: "The Show Might Go on, Part 2"
Tour de Pharmacy Television film
2021 The Simpsons Episode: "Do Pizza Bots Dream of Electric Guitars"


Year Title Credited as Notes
Director Writer Producer
2017 The Play That Goes Wrong No No Yes Broadway version


Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Nominated work Result
1999 Razzie Award Worst Screenplay Armageddon Nominated
2002 Emmy Award[83] Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series Alias Nominated
2004 PGA Award Best Drama Nominated
2005 ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards Top TV Series Lost Won
Directors Guild of America Best Director Nominated
Emmy Award[83] Outstanding Directing for a Drama SeriesPilot Won
Outstanding Drama Series[83] Won
Outstanding Writing for a Drama SeriesPilot[83] Nominated
2006 ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards Top TV Series Won
PGA Award Best Drama Won
Writers Guild of America[84] Dramatic Series Won
2007 Saturn Award Best Director Mission: Impossible III Nominated
BAFTA Best International Programme Lost Nominated
PGA Award Best Drama Nominated
Writers Guild of America Dramatic Series Nominated
2008 Emmy Award Outstanding Drama Series Nominated
2009 Nominated
Writers Guild of America Long Form Fringe Nominated
New Series Nominated
Scream Awards Best Director Star Trek Won
2010 Saturn Award Best Director Nominated
Empire Awards Best Director Nominated
PGA Award Theatrical Motion Picture Nominated
SFX Awards Best Director Won
Hugo Awards Best Dramatic Presentation – Long Form Nominated
Emmy Award[83] Outstanding Drama Series Lost Nominated
2011 Scream Award Best Director Super 8 Nominated
Best Scream-Play Won
BAM Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay Won
2012 Saturn Award Best Director Won
Best Writing Nominated
SFX Awards Best Director Nominated
2013 PGA Award Norman Lear Achievement Award in Television Won
2014 Saturn Award Best Director Star Trek Into Darkness Nominated
2016 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Nominated
Best Writing Won
Empire Awards Best Director Won
Best Sci-Fi/Fantasy Film Won
Best Film Nominated
Critics' Choice Movie Awards Best Picture Nominated
Jupiter Awards Best International Film Won
Hugo Awards Best Dramatic Presentation, Long Form Nominated


  1. ^ Khan is an explicitly non-white character in the Star Trek canon, introduced as a Sikh and former ruler of much of eastern Eurasia.[19]
  2. ^ In 2017, Abrams said he would not do more remakes or reboots, to instead focus on his own creations, saying: "You know, I do think that if you're telling a story that is not moving anything forward, not introducing anything that's relevant, that's not creating a new mythology or an extension of it, then a complete remake of something feels like a mistake."[30]


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