Jason Robards

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Jason Robards
Robards in 1956
Born
Jason Nelson Robards Jr.

(1922-07-26)July 26, 1922
DiedDecember 26, 2000(2000-12-26) (aged 78)
Resting placeOak Lawn Cemetery
Fairfield, Connecticut, U.S.
Other namesJason Robards Jr.
EducationHollywood High School
Alma materAmerican Academy of Dramatic Arts
OccupationActor
Years active1947–2000
Spouses
Eleanor Pittman
(m. 1948; div. 1958)
Rachel Taylor
(m. 1959; div. 1961)
(m. 1961; div. 1969)
Lois O'Connor
(m. 1970)
Children6, including Sam Robards
ParentJason Robards Sr. (father)
Military career
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service1940–1946
Rank Radioman First Class
UnitUSS Northampton (CA-26)
USS Nashville (CL-43)
Battles/warsWorld War II
Awards Navy Good Conduct Medal
American Defense Service Medal
American Campaign Medal
Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal

Jason Nelson Robards Jr. (July 26, 1922 – December 26, 2000) was an American actor. Known for his roles on stage and screen, he gained a reputation as an interpreter of the works of playwright Eugene O'Neill. Robards received numerous accolades and is one of 24 performers to have achieved the Triple Crown of Acting having earned competitive wins for two Academy Awards, a Tony Award, and a Emmy Award. He was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 1979, and earned the National Medal of Arts in 1997, the Kennedy Center Honors in 1999.

Robards started his career in theatre, making his Broadway debut playing James Tyrone Jr. in the 1956 revival of the Eugene O'Neill play Long Day's Journey into Night earning a Theatre World Award. He earned the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play for his role in the Budd Schulberg play Disenchanted (1959). His other Tony-nominated roles were in Long Day's Journey into Night (1956). Toys in the Attic (1960), After the Fall (1964), Hughie (1965), The Country Girl (1972), A Moon for the Misbegotten (1973), and A Touch of the Poet (1978).

He made his feature film debut in The Journey (1959). He went on to win two consecutive Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayals as Ben Bradlee in All the President's Men (1976), and Dashiell Hammett in Julia (1977). He was Oscar-nominated for playing Howard Hughes in Melvin and Howard (1980). His other notable films include Long Day's Journey into Night (1962), A Thousand Clowns (1965), Once Upon a Time in the West (1968), Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970), Parenthood (1989), Philadelphia (1993), Enemy of the State (1998), and Magnolia (1999).

On television, Robards won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or Movie for his performance as Henry Drummond in the NBC television adaptation Inherit the Wind (1988). His other Emmy-nominated roles were in Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1964), A Moon for the Misbegotten (1975), Washington: Behind Closed Doors (1977), and F.D.R.: The Last Year (1980).

Early life[edit]

Family[edit]

Jason Robards Sr. circa 1915

Robards was born July 26, 1922, in Chicago, Illinois, the son of actor Jason Robards Sr. and Hope Maxine Robards (née Glanville).[1] He was of German, English, Welsh, Irish, and Swedish descent.[2][3] The family moved to New York City when Jason Jr. was still a toddler, and then moved to Los Angeles when he was six years old. Later interviews with Robards suggested that the trauma of his parents' divorce, which occurred during his grade-school years, greatly affected his personality and world view.[citation needed]

As a youth, Robards also experienced the decline of his father's acting career. The elder Robards had enjoyed considerable success during the era of silent films, but he fell out of favor after the advent of sound film, leaving the younger Robards soured on the Hollywood film industry. The teenage Robards excelled in athletics, running a 4:18-mile during his junior year at Hollywood High School in Los Angeles. (Note: The California state high school mile run record in 1940 was 4:26.)[citation needed] Although his prowess in sports attracted interest from several universities, Robards decided to enlist in the United States Navy upon his graduation in 1940.[citation needed]

Naval service[edit]

Following the completion of recruit training and radio school, Robards was assigned to the heavy cruiser USS Northampton in 1941 as a radioman 3rd class.[4] On December 7, 1941, Northampton was at sea in the Pacific Ocean about 100 miles (160 km) off Hawaii. Contrary to some stories, he did not see the devastation of the Japanese attack on Hawaii until Northampton returned to Pearl Harbor two days later.[5] Northampton was later directed into the Guadalcanal campaign in World War II's Pacific theater, where she participated in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands.[4]

During the Battle of Tassafaronga in the waters north of Guadalcanal on the night of November 30, 1942, Northampton was sunk by hits from two Japanese torpedoes. Robards found himself treading water until near daybreak, when he was rescued by an American destroyer. For its service in the war, Northampton was awarded six battle stars.[citation needed] Two years later, in November 1944, Robards was radioman aboard the light cruiser USS Nashville, the flagship for the invasion of Mindoro in the northern Philippines. On December 13, she was struck by a kamikaze aircraft off Negros Island in the Philippines. The aircraft hit one of the port five-inch gun mounts, while the plane's two bombs set the midsection of the ship ablaze. With this damage and 223 casualties, Nashville was forced to return to Pearl Harbor and then to the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton, Washington, for repairs.[citation needed]

Robards served honorably during the war, but was not a recipient of the U.S. Navy Cross,[6][7] contrary to what has been reported in numerous sources. The inaccurate story derives from a 1979 column by Hy Gardner.[8] Aboard Nashville, Robards first found a copy of Eugene O'Neill's play Strange Interlude in the ship's library.[9][10] Also while in the Navy, he first started thinking seriously about becoming an actor. He had emceed for a Navy band in Pearl Harbor, got a few laughs, and decided he liked it. His father suggested he enroll in the American Academy of Dramatic Arts (AADA) in New York City, from which he graduated in 1948.[9][11] Robards left the Navy in 1946 as a Petty officer first class. He was awarded the Good Conduct Medal of the Navy, the American Defense Service Medal, the American Campaign Medal, the Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal, and the World War II Victory Medal.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

1947–1961: Theatre debut and breakthrough[edit]

Robards and Maureen Stapleton in Toys in the Attic (Broadway, 1960)

Robards moved to New York City and began working on radio and stage. His first role was the 1947 short film Follow That Music. His big break was landing the starring role in José Quintero's 1956 off Broadway theatre revival production and the later 1960 television film of O'Neill's The Iceman Cometh, portraying the philosophical salesman Hickey; he won an Obie Award for his stage performance. He later portrayed Hickey again in another 1985 Broadway revival also staged by Quintero. Robards originated the role of Jamie Tyrone Jr. in the original Broadway production of O'Neill's Pulitzer Prize- and Tony Award-winning Long Day's Journey into Night (1956), which was also directed by Quintero. For his performance he earned the Theatre World Award and was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play.[12]

He made his film debut in the two-reel comedy Follow That Music (1947), but after his Broadway success, he was invited to make his feature film debut in the Anatole Litvak directed drama The Journey (1959) starring Yul Brynner and Deborah Kerr. During this time he appeared on television anthology series, including two segments in the mid-1950s of CBS's Appointment with Adventure.[citation needed] He returned to Broadway acting in the Lillian Hellman play Toys in the Attic (1960) acting opposite Maureen Stapleton and Irene Worth. For the role he was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play.[13]

1962–1980: Film stardom and acclaim[edit]

Robards in a publicity photo for Once Upon a Time in the West (1968)

He became a familiar face to movie audiences throughout the 1960s. He played playwright George S. Kaufman in the film Act One (1963) based on the Moss Hart play of the same name. Robards acted alongside George Hamilton, George Segal, Jack Klugman and Eli Wallach.[14] The following year he played Murray Burns in the comedy-drama A Thousand Clowns (1965) repeating his stage performance, for which he was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. In 1967 he portrayed Doc Holliday in the western film Hour of the Gun and played Al Capone in The St. Valentine's Day Massacre. That same year he acted in Divorce American Style acting alongside Dick Van Dyke, Debbie Reynolds, Van Johnson, and Jean Simmons.[15]

The following year he played Manuel "Cheyenne" Gutiérrez in the Sergio Leone western film Once Upon a Time in the West (1968). He acted opposite Henry Fonda, Charles Bronson, and Claudia Cardinale.[16] That year he also acted in the William Friedkin directed musical comedy The Night They Raided Minsky's (1968) and the biographical drama Isadora. Robards acted in the 1970 film Tora! Tora! Tora!, a depiction of the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, that led the United States into World War II.[17] Robards appeared in two dramatizations based on the Watergate scandal. In 1976, he portrayed Washington Post executive editor Ben Bradlee in the film All the President's Men, based on the book by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, winning the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, which denied Network a chance to sweep 4 Best Actor/Actresses, something that only Humphrey Bogart had done previously. The next year, he played fictional president Richard Monckton (based on Richard Nixon) in the 1977 television miniseries Washington: Behind Closed Doors, based on John Ehrlichman's roman à clef The Company.

During this time he continued to act in theatre including Arthur Miller's After the Fall (1964), Clifford Odets's The Country Girl (1972) earning Tony Award nominations for both. Other O'Neill plays directed by Quintero and featuring Robards included Hughie (1964), A Touch of the Poet (1977), and A Moon for the Misbegotten (1973). He repeated his role in Long Day's Journey into Night in the 1962 film and televised his performances in A Moon for the Misbegotten (1975) and Hughie (1984).[citation needed]

1981–1999: Established actor and final roles[edit]

Robards played Dr. Russell Oakes in the 1983 television film The Day After.[citation needed] Robards appeared in the lead role of James Tyrone Sr., in a 1988 production of the same play. Robards also appeared onstage in a revival of O'Neill's Ah, Wilderness! (1988) directed by Arvin Brown, as well as Harold Pinter's No Man's Land (1994).[citation needed] In 1989 he acted in the Ron Howard directed comedy-drama Parenthood starring Steve Martin and Dianne Wiest and the British drama Reunion with a screenplay by Harold Pinter.[18][19] That year he also acted in the comedy Dream a Little Dream and the psychological thriller Black Rainbow. The following year he acted in the crime comedy Quick Change starring Bill Murray, Geena Davis, and Randy Quaid.[20] In 1993 he acted in Harold Pinter's British legal film The Trial opposite Kyle MacLachlan and Anthony Hopkins and the AIDs legal thriller Philadelphia starring Tom Hanks and Denzel Washington.[21][22]

Robards portrayed three presidents in films. He played Abraham Lincoln in the television films Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1964) and The Perfect Tribute (1991), and supplied the voice for the 1992 television documentary miniseries Lincoln. He also played the role of Ulysses S. Grant in The Legend of the Lone Ranger (1981) and supplied the Union General's voice in the PBS miniseries The Civil War (1990). He also played Franklin D. Roosevelt in F.D.R.: The Last Year (1980). Robards appeared in the documentary Empire of the Air: The Men Who Made Radio (1992). He played a congressman in Tony Scott's political thriller Enemy of the State starring Will Smith (1998).[23] In his final film role, he played a cancer patient in the Paul Thomas Anderson directed drama Magnolia (1999).[24]

Personal life[edit]

Marriages and family[edit]

Robards was married four times and had six children. With his first wife, Eleanor Pittman, Robards had three children, including Jason Robards III. His second marriage to actress Rachel Taylor lasted from April 1959 to May 1961. He and actress Lauren Bacall, his third wife whom he married in 1961, had one son, actor Sam Robards. Robards and Bacall divorced in 1969, in part due to his alcoholism.[25] Robards had two more children with his fourth wife, Lois O'Connor, and they remained married until his death.

Health issues and death[edit]

In 1972, Robards was seriously injured in an automobile crash when he drove his car into the side of a mountain on a winding California road, requiring extensive surgery and facial reconstruction. The crash may have been related to his longtime struggle with alcoholism.[9][10] Robards overcame his addiction and went on to publicly campaign for alcoholism awareness.[26][27] Robards was an American Civil War buff and scholar, an interest which informed his portrayal of the voice of Ulysses S. Grant in The Civil War series by filmmaker Ken Burns.

Robards was a resident of the Southport section of Fairfield, Connecticut.[28] He died of lung cancer in Bridgeport, Connecticut on December 26, 2000.[29] His remains were buried at Oak Lawn Cemetery in Fairfield.[30]

Acting credits[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1959 The Journey Paul Kedes
1961 By Love Possessed Julius Penrose
1962 Tender Is the Night Dr. Richard "Dick" Diver
Long Day's Journey into Night Jamie Tyrone
1963 Act One George S. Kaufman
1965 A Thousand Clowns Murray Burns
1966 A Big Hand for the Little Lady Henry Drummond
Any Wednesday John Cleves
1967 Divorce American Style Nelson Downes
The St. Valentine's Day Massacre Al Capone
Hour of the Gun Doc Holliday
1968 Isadora Singer
Once Upon a Time in the West Manuel "Cheyenne" Gutiérrez
The Night They Raided Minsky's Raymond Paine
1970 Rosolino Paternò, soldato… Sam Armstrong
The Ballad of Cable Hogue Cable Hogue
Julius Caesar Marcus Brutus
Tora! Tora! Tora! Lt. Gen. Walter C. Short
Fools Matthew South
1971 Jud
Johnny Got His Gun Joe's Father
Murders in the Rue Morgue Cesar Charron
1972 The War Between Men and Women Stephen Kozlenko
1973 Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid Governor Wallace
1975 A Boy and His Dog Lou Craddock
Mr. Sycamore John Gwilt
1976 All the President's Men Ben Bradlee
The Spy Who Never Was Inspector Barkan
1977 Julia Dashiell Hammett
1978 Comes a Horseman Jacob "J.W." Ewing
1979 Hurricane Captain Bruckner
1980 Cabo Blanco Gunther Beckdorff
Raise the Titanic Admiral James Sandecker
Melvin and Howard Howard Hughes
1981 The Legend of the Lone Ranger Ulysses S. Grant
1983 Max Dugan Returns Max Dugan
Something Wicked This Way Comes Charles Halloway
The Day After Dr. Russell Oakes
1987 Square Dance Dillard
1988 Bright Lights, Big City Mr. Hardy Uncredited
The Good Mother Muth
1989 Dream a Little Dream Coleman Ettinger
Reunion Harry Strauss
Parenthood Frank Buckman
Black Rainbow Walter Travis
1990 Quick Change Chief Rotzinger
1992 Storyville Clifford Fowler
1993 The Adventures of Huck Finn The King
The Trial Doctor Huld
Philadelphia Charles Wheeler
1994 The Paper Graham Keighley
The Enemy Within General R. Pendleton Lloyd
Little Big League Thomas Heywood
1995 Crimson Tide Rear Admiral Anderson Uncredited
1997 A Thousand Acres Larry Cook
1998 The Real Macaw Grandpa Girdis
Beloved Mr. Bodwin
Enemy of the State Congressman Phillip Hammersley Uncredited
Heartwood Logan Reeser
1999 Magnolia Earl Partridge Final film

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1951–1954 The Big Story Mr. Simms
Aaron Dudley
Episode: "Arthur Mielke of the Washington Times Herald"
Episode: "Aaron Dudley, Reporter"
1955 The Philco Television Playhouse Mason
Joe Grant
Episode: "The Outsiders"
Episode: "The Death of Billy the Kid"
1955–1956 Armstrong Circle Theatre Paul Foster
Ralph Sawyer
Reinhardt Schmidt
Episode: "Man in Shadow"
Episode: "The Town That Refused to Die"
Episode: "Lost $2 Billion: The Story of Hurricane Diane"
Justice Karder Episode: "Pattern of Lies"
Episode: "Decision by Panic"
1956–1957 The Alcoa Hour Jayson
Bert Palmer
Bridger
Episode: "Night"
Episode: "The Big Build-Up"
Episode: "Even the Weariest River"
1955–1957 Studio One in Hollywood Prisoner
Leonard O'Brien
Cameron
Episode: "Twenty-Four Hours"
Episode: "The Incredible World of Horace Ford"
Episode: "A Picture in the Paper"
1958 Omnibus Prime Minister Episode: "Moment of Truth"
1959 Playhouse 90 Robert Jordan Episode: "For Whom the Bell Tolls: Part 2"
NBC Sunday Showcase Alex Reed Episode: "People Kill People Sometimes"
A Doll's House Dr. Rank TV Movie
1960 Dow Hour of Great Mysteries Detective Anderson Episode: "The Bat" by Mary Roberts Rinehart
The Play of the Week Theodore 'Hickey' Hickman Episode: "The Iceman Cometh"
1962 That's Where the Town is Going Hobart Cramm TV Movie
1964 Abe Lincoln in Illinois Abraham Lincoln TV Movie
1963–1966 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre Irish LaFontain
Ivan Denisovich
Episode: "Shipwrecked"
Episode: "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich"
1966 ABC Stage 67 Royal Earle Thompson Episode: "Noon Wine"
1969 Spoon River Reader TV Movie
1972 Circle of Fear Elliot Brent Episode: "The Dead We Leave Behind"
The House Without a Christmas Tree Jamie Mills TV Movie
1973 The Thanksgiving Treasure James Mills TV Movie
1974 The Country Girl Frank Elgin TV Movie
1975 The Easter Promise Jamie TV Movie
A Moon for the Misbegotten James Tyrone Jr. TV Special
1976 Addie and the King of Hearts Jamie Mills TV Movie
1977 Washington: Behind Closed Doors President Richard Monckton Miniseries; 6 episodes
1978 A Christmas to Remember Daniel Larson TV movie
1980 F.D.R.: The Last Year President Franklin D. Roosevelt TV movie
Haywire Leland Hayward TV movie
1983 The Day After Russell Oakes TV Movie
1984 American Playhouse Erie Smith Episode: "Hughie"
Sakharov Andrei Sakharov TV Movie
Great Performances Grandpa Martin Vanderhof Episode: "You Can't Take It with You"
1985 The Atlanta Child Murders Alvin Binder 2 episodes
The Long Hot Summer Will Varner 2 episodes
1986 Johnny Bull Stephen Kovacs TV Movie
The Last Frontier Ed Stenning TV Movie
1987 Laguna Heat Wade Shepard TV Movie
Breaking Home Ties Lloyd TV Movie
1988 Inherit the Wind Henry Drummond TV Movie
The Christmas Wife John Tanner TV movie
Thomas Hart Benton Narrator TV movie
1990 The Civil War Ulysses S. Grant (voice) Nine episodes
1991 The Perfect Tribute Abraham Lincoln TV Movie
Chernobyl: The Final Warning Armand Hammer TV Movie
An Inconvenient Woman Jules Mendelson 2 episodes
On the Waterways Narrator 13 episodes
Mark Twain and Me Mark Twain TV movie
1991–1997 American Experience Narrator 7 episodes
1992 Lincoln Abraham Lincoln Voice; TV movie
1993 Heidi Grandfather Miniseries; 2 episodes
1994 The Enemy Within General R. Pendleton Lloyd TV Movie
1995 My Antonia Josea Burden TV Movie
Journey Marcus TV Movie
2000 Going Home Charles Barton Final appearance

Theatre[edit]

Year Production Role Venue Ref.
1956–1958 Long Day's Journey into Night James Tyrone Jr. Helen Hayes Theatre, Broadway [31]
1958 Henry IV, Part 1 Hotspur Stratford Shakespearean Festival [32]
1958 The Winter's Tale Polixenes Stratford Shakespearean Festival [33]
1958–1959 The Disenchanted Manley Halliday Coronet Theatre, Broadway [34]
1960–1961 Toys in the Attic Julian Berniers Hudson Theatre, Broadway [35]
1961 Big Fish, Little Fish William Baker ANTA Playhouse, Broadway [36]
1962–1963 A Thousand Clowns Murray Burns Eugene O'Neill Theatre, Broadway [37]
1964–1965 After the Fall Quentin ANTA Theatre, Broadway [38]
1964 But for Whom Charlie Seymour Rosenthal ANTA Theatre, Broadway [39]
1964–1965 Hughie "Erie" Smith Royale Theatre, Broadway [40]
1965–1966 The Devils Urbain Grandier Broadway Theatre, Broadway [41]
1968 We Bombed in New Haven Captain Starkey Ambassador Theatre, Broadway [42]
1972 The Country Girl Frank Elgin Billy Rose Theatre, Broadway [43]
1973–1974 A Moon for the Misbegotten James Tyrone Jr. Morosco Theatre, Broadway [44]
1977–1978 A Touch of the Poet Cornelius Melody Helen Hayes Theatre, Broadway [45]
1983–1984 You Can't Take It with You Martin Vanderhof Plymouth Theatre, Broadway [46]
1985 The Iceman Cometh Theodore Hickman "Hickey" Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, Broadway [47]
1987 A Month of Sundays Cooper Ritz Theatre, Broadway [48]
1988 Ah, Wilderness! Nat Miller Neil Simon Theatre, Broadway [49]
1988 Long Day's Journey into Night James Tyrone Neil Simon Theatre, Broadway [50]
1989–1990 Love Letters Andrew Makepiece Ladd III Edison Theatre, Broadway [51]
1991–1992 Park Your Car in Harvard Yard Jacob Brackish Music Box Theatre, Broadway [52]
1994 No Man's Land Hirst Criterion Center Stage, Broadway [53]

Source: "Jason Robards, Jr". Playbill Vault. Retrieved September 20, 2013.

Awards, honors, and legacy[edit]

Robards in 1999, upon receiving the Kennedy Center Honors ribbon

Robards received eight Tony Award nominations, more than any other male actor as of 2020.[54] He won the Tony for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play for his work in The Disenchanted (1959); this was also his only stage appearance with his father. He received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in consecutive years: for All the President's Men (1976), portraying Washington Post editor Ben Bradlee, and for Julia (1977), portraying writer Dashiell Hammett.[55] He was also nominated for another Academy Award for his role as Howard Hughes in Melvin and Howard (1980).

Robards received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or Movie for his role in the television film Inherit the Wind (1988).[56] In 1997, Robards received the U.S. National Medal of Arts, the highest honor conferred to an individual artist on behalf of the people. Recipients are selected by the U.S. National Endowment for the Arts and the medal is awarded by the President of the United States. In 1999, he was among the recipients at the Kennedy Center Honors, an annual honor given to those in the performing arts for their lifetime of contributions to American culture.[57] In 2000, Robards received the first Monte Cristo Award, presented by the Eugene O'Neill Theater Center, and named after O'Neill's home. Subsequent recipients have included Edward Albee, Kevin Spacey, Wendy Wasserstein, and Christopher Plummer.

Robards narrated the public radio documentary, Schizophrenia: Voices of an Illness, produced by Lichtenstein Creative Media, which was awarded a 1994 George Foster Peabody Award for Excellence in Broadcasting. According to Time, Robards offered to narrate the schizophrenia program, saying that his first wife had been institutionalized for that illness.[58] Robards is in the American Theater Hall of Fame, inducted in 1979.[59][60] The Jason Robards Award was created by the Roundabout Theatre Company in New York City in his honor and his relationship with the theater.[citation needed]

Theatre Awards
Year Association Category Project Result Ref.
1956 Theatre World Award Long Day's Journey into Night Won [61]
Tony Award Best Featured Actor in a Play Nominated
1959 Best Actor in a Play The Disenchanted Won
1960 Best Actor in a Play Toys in the Attic Nominated
1964 Best Actor in a Play After the Fall Nominated
1965 Best Actor in a Play Hughie Nominated
1972 Best Actor in a Play The Country Girl Nominated
1974 Best Actor in a Play A Moon for the Misbegotten Nominated
1978 Best Actor in a Play A Touch of the Poet Nominated
Film Awards
1962 Cannes Film Festival Best Actor Long Day's Journey into Night Won
National Board of Review Best Actor Won
1965 Golden Globe Award Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy A Thousand Clowns Nominated [62]
1976 Academy Award Best Supporting Actor All the President's Men Won [63]
BAFTA Award Best Supporting Actor Nominated [64]
Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Nominated [65]
National Board of Review Best Supporting Actor Won
National Society of Film Critics Best Supporting Actor Won
New York Film Critics Circle Best Supporting Actor Won
1977 Academy Award Best Supporting Actor Julia Won [66]
BAFTA Award Best Supporting Actor Nominated [67]
Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Nominated [68]
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Best Supporting Actor Won
1980 Academy Award Best Supporting Actor Melvin and Howard Nominated [69]
Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Nominated [70]
Boston Society of Film Critics Best Supporting Actor Won
National Society of Film Critics Best Supporting Actor 3rd Place
New York Film Critics Circle Best Supporting Actor 2nd Place
1999 Screen Actors Guild Award Outstanding Cast in a Motion Picture Magnolia Nominated [71]
Florida Film Critics Circle Best Cast Won
Television Awards
1964 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role Abe Lincoln in Illinois Nominated [72]
1975 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Lead Actor in a Special Program – Drama or Comedy A Moon for the Misbegotten Nominated [73]
1977 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series Washington: Behind Closed Doors Nominated [74]
1980 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited Series or a Special F.D.R.: The Last Year Nominated [75]
1984 Golden Globe Award Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film Sakharov Nominated [76]
1988 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Special Inherit the Wind Won [77]

Military awards[edit]

1st Row Navy Good Conduct Medal American Defense Service Medal
2nd Row American Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jason Nelson ROBARDS Sr. & Hope Maxine GLANVILLE & Agnes E. __?__". dgmweb.net.
  2. ^ "Jason Jamie Robards Tyrone - Playing O'Neil, in life and on stage - Article". New York Times. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012.
  3. ^ "NewsLibrary Search Results". newsbank.com.
  4. ^ a b "Robards, Jason Nelson, Jr., RM1c". Together We Served. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
  5. ^ Bloomfield, Gary L.; Shain, Stacie L., with Davidson, Arlen C., (2004). Duty, Honor, Applause – America's Entertainers in World War II. p. 264. Lyon's Press, Guilford, Connecticut. ISBN 1-59228-550-3
  6. ^ "(U.S. Navy) Navy Cross Recipients, World War II, 1941-1945" (PDF). U.S. Department of Defense. February 2, 2021. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  7. ^ Sterner, C. Douglas. Index: Recipients of the Navy Cross, All Wars/All Periods, All Branches of Service. Pueblo CO, 2006
  8. ^ Gardner, Hy. Panorama magazine, Vol. II, No. 1, Sunday Daily Herald, January 7, 1979, p. 2
  9. ^ a b c The New York Times Magazine, January 20, 1974
  10. ^ a b Black, Steven A., et al. (editors) (2002). Jason Robards Remembered – Essays and Recollections. McFarland & Co., Jefferson, North Carolina. ISBN 978-0-7864-1356-0.
  11. ^ "Notable Alumni". The American Academy of Dramatic Arts.
  12. ^ "Long Day's Journey into Night (Broadway, 1956)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  13. ^ "Toys in the Attic (Broadway, 1960)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  14. ^ "Act One (1963)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  15. ^ "Divorce American Style (1967)". TCM. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  16. ^ "Once Upon a Time in the West (1968)". TCM. Retrieved March 17, 2023.
  17. ^ "Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 10, 2024.
  18. ^ "Parenthood". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  19. ^ "Reunion". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  20. ^ "Quick Change". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  21. ^ "The Trial". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  22. ^ "Philadelphia". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  23. ^ "Enemy of the State (1998)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 26, 2024.
  24. ^ "Magnolia (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 17, 2023.
  25. ^ Bacall, Lauren. (2006). By Myself and Then Some. p. 377. HarperCollins, New York City. ISBN 978-0-06-112791-5.
  26. ^ "Sarasota Herald-Tribune - Google News Archive Search". google.com.
  27. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ "From the Archives" feature ("The Week of July 8") of The Advocate (Stamford, Connecticut), July 9, 2007, page A7, Stamford edition.
  29. ^ Gussow, Mel (December 27, 2000). "Jason Robards, 78, Pre-eminent O'Neill Actor, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  30. ^ "Mary Tyler Moore laid to rest in Connecticut". Chicago Tribune. January 30, 2017. Retrieved November 11, 2022.
  31. ^ "Long Day's Journey into Night (Broadway)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  32. ^ "Stratford Festival Archives | Details". archives.stratfordfestival.ca.
  33. ^ "Stratford Festival Archives | Details". archives.stratfordfestival.ca.
  34. ^ "The Disenchanted (Broadway)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  35. ^ "Toys in the Attic (Broadway)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  36. ^ "Big Fish, Little Fish". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  37. ^ "A Thousand Clowns (Broadway)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  38. ^ "After the Fall (Broadway)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  39. ^ "But for Whom Charlie". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  40. ^ "Hughie (Broadway)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  41. ^ "The Devils". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  42. ^ "We Bombed in New Haven (Broadway)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  43. ^ "The Country Girl (Broadway, 1972)". March 17, 2024.
  44. ^ "A Moon for the Misbegotten (Broadway, 1973)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  45. ^ "A Touch of the Poet (Broadway, 1977)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
  46. ^ "You Can't Take it With You (Broadway, 1983)". Playbill. Retrieved March 17, 2024.
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