Jean Quan

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Jean Quan
49th Mayor of Oakland
In office
January 3, 2011[1] – January 5, 2015
Preceded byRon Dellums
Succeeded byLibby Schaaf
Member of the Oakland City Council
District 4
In office
January 2003 – January 2011
Preceded byDick Spees[2]
Succeeded byLibby Schaaf
Member of the Oakland School Board
In office
1991–2003
Personal details
Born
Lai Jean Quan

(1949-10-21) October 21, 1949 (age 74)[3]
Livermore, California, U.S.[3]
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseFloyd Huen
Children2
WebsiteQuan for Oakland
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese關麗珍
Simplified Chinese关丽珍

Lai Jean Quan (born October 21, 1949) is an American politician who was the 49th mayor of Oakland, California from 2011 to 2015. She previously served as City Council member for Oakland's 4th District.[4] Upon inauguration on January 3, 2011,[5] she became Oakland's first female mayor.[6] Quan ran an unsuccessful campaign for reelection in 2014, losing the mayoral race to Libby Schaaf, a member of the Oakland City Council.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Quan was born in Livermore, California. Her family ties in the Bay Area date back to the 1870s, when her great-grandfather immigrated to San Francisco from Kaiping, Sze Yup.[3] Quan's husband, Dr. Floyd Huen, is a doctor of internal medicine for Alameda County.[8]

Oakland School Board and City Council[edit]

Quan was on the Oakland School Board for 12 years,[8] starting in 1990 after organizing a citywide parent organization, Save Our Schools. As a parent leader she helped save the music program in the Oakland Schools.[9][10] She served as chair of the California Urban Schools Association, the Asian Pacific Islanders School Board Members Association (APISBMA), and the Council of Urban Boards Association (the urban caucus of the National School Board Association representing the nation's 100 largest districts). She was appointed by the Clinton Administration to represent School Boards on the Title I Rules Making Committee.[citation needed] In these roles she advocated for more funding for urban and immigrant students, more inclusion of minority community history in textbooks, comprehensive school services and after school programs, and expansion of pre-school and adult education programs.[10]

In 1996 with Quan as president,[11] the school board instituted a program using Standard English Program strategies to teach standard English to African American students. The move created national news with the perception Oakland schools were teaching students "Ebonics" because there was discussion about Ebonics being used as a teaching tool.[11]

In 2002, Jean Quan was elected to her first term as Council Member for Oakland District 4 (Allendale, Brookdale, Crestmont, Dimond, Laurel, Maxwell Park, Melrose, Montclair, and Redwood Heights).[citation needed]

In July 2010, Quan along with fellow City Council member and mayoral candidate Rebecca Kaplan were investigated by Oakland police for their actions during a protest following the manslaughter verdict of former BART Police officer Johannes Mehserle. Police claimed Quan and Kaplan joined a "human chain" which prevented officers from clearing a street, while the two countered they were acting as "peacekeepers".[12] No charges were filed against the Councilwomen. Quan was the victim of a street robbery in September of the same year, in front of the Dimond neighborhood Safeway supermarket. Quan attributed the crime to lack of employment opportunities in Oakland.[13]

2010 Oakland mayoral election[edit]

In Oakland's 2010 election, was Quan the winner with 53,897 votes from 105,769 valid votes (50.96% of the valid votes).[14][15]

Oakland Mayor[edit]

Initiatives[edit]

Within her first six months in office, Mayor Quan met with more than 3,000 residents in eight town hall meetings. The resulting priorities reportedly developed by residents at these sessions were to help focus the city's and community's agenda.[16] Her election as Oakland's first female mayor, and the first Chinese-American female mayor of a major U.S. city, resulted in high visibility nationally and internationally.[17] Quan capitalized on this visibility by traveling to and meeting with potential trade and business partners for the City and Port of Oakland.[18]

Criticism and praise[edit]

During the second week of Quan's tenure in January 2011, it was discovered Oakland Police chief Anthony Batts was a top-two candidate for the open position of San Jose Police chief.[19] Two weeks later, Quan introduced a plan for the police department which included updating the technological staff and rehiring 10 of the 80 officers who were laid off the previous year.[20] Batts announced his intention to remain in Oakland a few days later, but eventually resigned in October of the same year.[21]

A KPIX/CBS5 poll taken just before Mayor Quan's first 100 days revealed that her job performance "garners the approval of the city's residents by a 2–1 margin."[22] The Capitol Weekly named Mayor Quan one of the top ten "Good" Mayors in the state.[23] A KPIX poll six months later, taken shortly after the resignation of Chief Batts, listed an approval rating of 28 percent, with 69 percent responding with "little or no confidence" the mayor's ability to reduce the city's crime problem.[24]

Quan remained unpopular in the city of Oakland. A 2013 SurveyUSA poll found 60 percent of residents disapproved of her job performance and 65 percent said the city was on the wrong track, with crime the voters' primary concern. The Asian-American community gave her the lowest marks, with 67 percent disapproving of her performance.[25]

2011 Occupy Oakland protest[edit]

Mayor Quan received widespread national criticism in October 2011 for her handling of the Occupy Oakland protest.[26] On October 11, Mayor Quan visited the protest site.[27] Thirteen days later more than 500 police officers from Oakland, other area police departments, and the State of California were directed to use tear gas and batons to clear the plaza where the protests were being held. Mayor Quan was in Washington, D.C. at the time on city business.[28] Quan issued a statement the next morning commending the police chief "for a generally peaceful resolution to a situation".[29] That night, hundreds of police used tear gas, rubber bullets, and flashbang grenades to subdue and arrest over 100 protesters, though denied the use of rubber bullets and flashbang grenades during the press release. The mayor's office was flooded with demands that protesters be released[30] and her legal adviser opposed the police action and threatened to resign.[31]

By November 14, two of Mayor Quan's top advisors, legal advisor Dan Siegel and Deputy Mayor Sharon Cornu, had resigned.[32]

Quan was criticized for apparent insensitivity at an Oakland City Council meeting on March 6, 2013. In a conversation with war veteran Scott Olsen, she accused him of having a "chip on his shoulder". Later, Olsen tweeted, "J. Quan told me she realizes I have a chip on my shoulder. Insulting, more like a broken skull and brain trauma."[33]

Recall petition[edit]

On December 7, 2011, the Oakland City Clerk's office approved the request by the Committee to Recall Jean Quan to begin collecting signatures to qualify a recall measure for a future ballot.[34] The committee failed to collect enough signatures to qualify for a measure on the November 2012 ballot.[35]

2014 election[edit]

Quan ran for reelection in 2014 but lost.[7][36] Schaaf was sworn in on January 5, 2015.[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kuruvila, Matthai (January 2, 2011). "Becoming mayor after years of fighting authority". San Francisco Chronicle. p. A – 1. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  2. ^ DeFao, Janine (June 28, 2001). "Oakland council veteran to retire / Spees, 71, to leave when..." SFGATE. Retrieved December 13, 2023.
  3. ^ a b c Burt, Cecily (December 28, 2010). "Humble beginnings shaped Jean Quan into a tireless champion for underserved". Oakland Tribune. Archived from the original on January 19, 2011. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  4. ^ Gammon, Robert (November 10, 2010). "Breaking News: Jean Quan Wins Mayor'S Race". East Bay Express. Archived from the original on December 12, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  5. ^ Shih, Gerry (January 3, 2011). "Oakland Mayor Jean Quan Takes Long View". The Bay Citizen. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  6. ^ Hatmaker, Taylor (April 20, 2011). "Jean Quan is Oakland's Mayor". Yahoo News. Archived from the original on November 14, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  7. ^ a b "2014 Mayoral Election Results". OaklandWiki. November 4, 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Becoming mayor after years of fighting authority". SFgate. January 2, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  9. ^ "Becoming mayor after years of fighting authority". SFgate. January 2, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  10. ^ a b "Full Biography of Jean Quan". League of Women Voters Smart Voter. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
  11. ^ a b "Oakland school board amends Ebonics policy". League of Women Voters Smart Voter. Archived from the original on January 21, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
  12. ^ Matier, Phillip; Ross, Andrew (July 14, 2010). "Oakland cops probing 2 councilwomen at protest". Matier & Ross. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  13. ^ Johnson, Chip (September 21, 2010). "OOakland's problem entrenched crime, not few jobs". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  14. ^ "Ranked-Choice Voting Results – Registrar of Voters – Alameda County". Alameda County. November 19, 2010. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  15. ^ "Election Summary Report, DIRECT PRIMARY ELECTION, June 6, 2006" (PDF). Retrieved October 29, 2012.
  16. ^ Burt, Cecily (May 24, 2011). "Oakland mayor's second town hall full of people, ideas and cooperation". Oakland Tribune. Retrieved March 5, 2011.
  17. ^ "Homepage".
  18. ^ Burt, Cecily (May 24, 2011). "Oakland Mayor Jean Quan heads east to boost trade and business for Port of Oakland". Oakland Tribune. Archived from the original on March 18, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  19. ^ Maher, Sean. Oakland police chief seeking top San Jose job. Oakland Tribune. January 16, 2011.
  20. ^ Bryson, Samantha. Quan rehires 10 laid-off OPD officers, but Batts’ future still vague. OaklandNorth. January 31, 2011.
  21. ^ Lee, Henry K. Oakland Police Chief Anthony Batts says he'll stay. San Francisco Chronicle. February 5, 2011.
  22. ^ "CBS 5 Poll: Oakand Mayor Enjoys Strong Approval Rating". KPIX/ CBS 5. April 13, 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
  23. ^ "Special Section: 10 Good Mayors in California". Capitol Weekly. August 18, 2011. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  24. ^ "CBS 5 Poll: Oakland Mayor Sees Approval Drop After Police Chief Quits". KPIX. October 12, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
  25. ^ "SF Gate: Oakland Mayor Quan scores low in poll". SF Gate. March 5, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  26. ^ "Mayor Jean Quan Apologizes to Occupy Oakland Gets Booed Off Stage". SF Weekly. October 28, 2011. Archived from the original on November 30, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  27. ^ "Wide Range of Causes Fuel 'Occupy Oakland' Protests". CBS San Francisco. October 11, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  28. ^ Bender, Kristin J. (October 26, 2011). "Occupy Oakland: Clashes last into night after pre-dawn raid on encampment". Inside Bay Area. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  29. ^ "Mayor Quan issues statement about Occupy Oakland raid". Oakland North. October 25, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  30. ^ Bender, Kristin J. (October 25, 2011). "Ousted protesters marching back to Frank Ogawa Plaza". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  31. ^ Kuruvila, Matthai (October 27, 2011). "Occupy Oakland: Jean Quan 'I don't know everything'". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
  32. ^ Walter, Shoshana (November 14, 2011). "2 Top Quan Aides Resign". The Bay Citizen. Archived from the original on December 19, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
  33. ^ Tavares, Steven (March 8, 2013). "Quan Makes Insensitive Remark To Occupy Oakland Protester Scott Olsen". EBCitizen.com. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  34. ^ Burt, Cecily (December 7, 2011). "Petition drive to recall Oakland Mayor Jean Quan gets under way". Oakland Tribune. MediaNews Group. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
  35. ^ Kuruvila, Matthai (June 28, 2012). "Bid to recall Oakland Mayor Jean Quan fizzles". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  36. ^ Kane, Will; Jones, Carolyn (November 5, 2014). "Oakland's next mayor: Libby Schaaf Unseats Jean Quan". SFGate.com. San Francisco, CA.
  37. ^ Jones, Carolyn (November 5, 2015). "Libby Schaaf Sworn in as Oakland's 50th Mayor". SGate.com. San Francisco, CA.
Political offices
Preceded by Mayor of Oakland, California
2011–2015
Succeeded by