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Katuruka is located in Tanzania
Shown within Tanzania
LocationKagera Region,
Coordinates1°55′S 31°18′E / 1.917°S 31.300°E / -1.917; 31.300
Site notes
OwnershipTanzanian Government
ManagementAntiquities Division, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism [1]
Official nameKaturuka Iron Age Site

Katuruka (Eneo la kale la Katuruka in Swahili ) is an archaeological site dated to the Iron Age. The pottery found in the site appears to be of the Urewe type, which is also found in other regions of the Lake Victoria basin. Additionally, there is proof that advanced iron smelting technology existed in the last few millennia BC. It is the first known instance of ironworking in central and southern Africa.[2][3] The site is located in Kagera Region of Tanzania.[4][5][6]


  1. ^ "Antiquities Division". Retrieved 21 Jul 2022.
  2. ^ Schmidt, Peter R.; Avery, D. H. (1983). "More Evidence for an Advanced Prehistoric Iron Technology in Africa". Journal of Field Archaeology. 10 (4): 421. doi:10.2307/529465. JSTOR 529465.
  3. ^ "Katuruka Heritage Site". Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  4. ^ Stewart, Kearsley A. (1993). "Iron Age Ceramic Studies in Great Lakes Eastern Africa: A Critical and Historiographical Review". The African Archaeological Review. 11: 21–37. doi:10.1007/BF01118141. JSTOR 25130558. S2CID 161471395.
  5. ^ Schmidt, Peter R.; Walz, Jonathan R. (January 2007). "Re-Representing African Pasts through Historical Archaeology". American Antiquity. 72 (1): 53–70. doi:10.2307/40035298. JSTOR 40035298. S2CID 162190097.
  6. ^ Schmidt, Peter R. (1975). "A New Look at Interpretations of the Early Iron Age in East Africa". History in Africa. 2: 127–136. doi:10.2307/3171469. JSTOR 3171469. S2CID 133413425.