From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
Mkoa wa Kigoma (Swahili)
Tanzania's Sunset Region
|• Total||37,040 km2 (14,300 sq mi)|
|• Rank||8th of 31|
|1,917 m (6,289 ft)|
|• Rank||10th of 31|
|• Density||67/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|• Settler||Swahili, Arab, Congolese & Burundians|
|• Native||Ha, Vinza, Jiji & Holoholo|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TZ-05|
low · 19th of 25
|Symbols of Tanzania|
|Butterfly||Large striped swordtail|
|Tree||East African Satinwood|
Kigoma Region (Mkoa wa Kigoma in Swahili) is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions. The regional capital is the city of Kigoma. Kigoma Region borders Kagera Region, Geita Region, Katavi Region, Tabora Region, DRC and Burundi According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 2,127,930, which was higher than the pre-census projection of 1,971,332.: page 2 For 2002-2012, the region's 2.4 percent average annual population growth rate was tied for the fourteenth highest in the country.: page 4 It was also the sixteenth most densely populated region with 57 people per square kilometer.: page 6 With a size of 45,066 square kilometres (17,400 sq mi), the region is slightly smaller than Estonia (45,227 square kilometres (17,462 sq mi)).
Kigoma Region resides in the northwestern corner of Tanzania, on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika. The region lies at about 5° south and 30° east of Greenwich. The region is bordered to the north by both Burundi and the Kagera Region. To the east, it is bordered by the Geita Region and Tabora Regions, to the south by the Katavi Region, and to the west by Lake Tanganyika, which forms a border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The region's total area is 45,066 square kilometres (17,400 sq mi), of which 37,037 square kilometres (14,300 sq mi) is land and 8,029 square kilometres (3,100 sq mi) is water. The region's total area is just 161 square kilometres (62 sq mi) less than that of Estonia. As of 1998[update], approximately 20,000 square kilometres (7,700 sq mi) was in forests and 12,000 square kilometres (4,600 sq mi) was suitable for grazing or farming.
Kigoma Region is on a plateau that slopes from the northeast at about 1,750 metres (5,740 ft) down to 800 metres (2,600 ft) at the shore of lake Tanganyika. The topography in the north and east is gently rolling hills that gradually become steeper as they get closer to the Albertine Rift margin. The most important river is the Malagarasi, with the Luiche and the Ruchugi being the two other major rivers draining the region.
In precolonial Africa the region was a source of ivory and slaves. Tabora and Ujiji were Arab staging areas for shipments to the coast. It was visited by the early European explorers Richard Burton, John Speke, David Livingstone, and Henry Morton Stanley. In fact, Stanley met Livingstone in Ujiji on the shores of Lake Tanganyika on 27 October 1871. In colonial times, the Kigoma area was known as the Western Region and the capital was Tabora.
|Districts of Kigoma Region|
|Buhigwe District||Buhigwe District Council||254,342|
|Kakonko District||Kakonko District Council||167,555|
|Kasulu District||Kasulu District Rural Council||425,794|
|Kasulu District Urban Council||208,244|
|Kibondo District||Kibondo District Council||261,331|
|Kigoma District||Kigoma District Rural Council||211,566|
|Kigoma-Ujiji Municipal Council||215,458|
|Uvinza District||Uvinza District Council||383,640|
Kigoma Region has a total population of 2,127,930.
Ha people are the largest ethnic group living here. Other major populations are those of Wabembe, Wamanyema, Watongwe and Wavinza, Sukuma and Haya. Approximately 150,000 refugees from Burundi and almost another 80,000 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo reside in three refugee camps in the Kigoma Region, named Nyarugusu, Mtendeli and Nduta.
Notable people from Kigoma Region
- "Matokeo ya Sensa". sensa.nbs.go.tz (in Swahili). Dodoma, Tanzania: National Bureau of Statistics (Tanzania). Archived from the original on 31 October 2022. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
- "IS0 3166". ISO. Retrieved 2022-10-09.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Archived from the original on 2018-09-23. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
- Population Distribution by Administrative Units, United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Archived 2013-06-12 at the Wayback Machine
- Statistical Abstract 2011, Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics Archived 2013-11-05 at the Wayback Machine
- "Kigoma region: Socio-Economic Profile" (PDF). Planning Commission, Dar es Salaam, and the Regional Commissioner's Office, Kigoma. December 1998. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 May 2004.
- "National Sample Census of Agriculture 2002/03: Volume Vq: Regional Report: Kagera Region, Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics, December 2007, page 1" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- Planning 1998, p. 2
- Head of Regional Office, Kigoma (2011), "2.0 Historia Fupi ya Mkoa (Short History of the Region)" (PDF), Taarifa ya Miaka 50 ya Uhuru wa Tanzania Mkoa wa Kigoma (Information concerning 50 Years of the Independence of Tanzania: Kigoma) (in Swahili), Office of Prime Minister, pp. 4–7, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-08-27
- Dugard, Martin (2004). Into Africa: The Epic Adventures of Stanley and Livingstone. New York: Broadway Books. p. 68. ISBN 978-0-7679-1074-3. [not the first edition]
- Dugard 2004, p. 266
- "2012 population and housing census: population distribution by administrative areas" (PDF). National Bureau of Statistics. p. 103. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 12, 2013.