Lego Friends

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Lego Friends
Lego Friends logo.svg
SubjectFive best friends
Licensed fromThe Lego Group
Total sets426[1]
CharactersAndrea, Emma, Mia, Olivia, and Stephanie
Official website

Lego Friends is a product range of Lego construction toys designed primarily for girls. Launched in 2012, the theme introduced "mini-doll" figures, which are about the same size as traditional Lego minifigures but are more detailed and realistic. The five main characters of the theme are Andrea, Olivia, Stephanie, Mia and Emma. The Lego Friends sets depict scenes from suburban life set in the fictional town of Heartlake City and usually include one of the character's names in the titles. The sets are complemented by an animated series that premiered in 2014. The Friends product range replaced Lego's previous female-oriented theme Belville, which had been in production since 1994, and featured dolls that were much larger than both the mini-dolls and minifigures. The launch of Lego Friends in 2012 was one of Lego's biggest successes, as it not only doubled sales expectations, but also extensively widened Lego's customer base within the girls' sector. Despite receiving initial criticism relating to its representation of girls and their interests, the line has consistently performed well and has been regularly listed as one of The Lego Group's best selling themes.


Lego Friends focuses on five characters named Andrea, Olivia, Stephanie, Mia and Emma who live in Heartlake City. Each of the characters has specific interests, such as animal-lover, beautician and pop star. The theme depicts their houses, hobbies, cars and favourite places to spend their free time. The line introduced the mini-doll figure in Lego Friends construction toy sets, replacing the traditional Lego minifigure. The mini-doll is slighter taller than a minifigure, thinner and curvier, and was an improvement on the Belville range, which did not have customisable figures. It is also compatible with the wider Lego product range. Lego Friends also introduced a range of new brick colours, including purple, lavender, teal and turquoise.[2]


The Lego Friends theme focuses on five teenage girls who live in the fictional town of Heartlake City. Each character has a distinctive personality, which is illustrated by her favourite activities.[3][4]

  • Andrea - a confident and charismatic singer who loves to perform.[5]
  • Emma - a creative and imaginative character who expresses herself through art.[6][7]
  • Mia - an animal lover who enjoys being outdoors.[8][9]
  • Olivia - a curious character with a passion for science.[10][11]
  • Stephanie - a sporty character who loves health and fitness.[12]


Before the launch of the Lego Friends range, The Lego Group had previously targeted both boys and girls in its marketing. An American commercial in 1955 depicted both young boys and young girls playing with Lego. In 1974, the Lego minifigure was introduced, with a female minifigure introduced two months after the male minifigures. By 1979, the company had begun to specifically target girls with the launch of Scala jewellery. In 1981, a young girl holding her Lego creation was showcased in a Lego advert. In 1994, the Belville product line was introduced for girls, which focused on a fairytale theme and did not include minifigures or buildable toys. Scala was later resurrected in 1997, which emphasised gender roles.[13]

Lego Friends was launched following four years of research. In 2008, The Lego Group conducted research about its customer base, which showed that 90% of Lego sets sold were aimed at boys. This meant that there was a huge untapped market of girls who were not using Lego. A Lego spokesman, Michael McNally reported, "Seeing that the play pattern was really skewing so heavily toward boys, we wanted to understand why. We embarked on four years of global research with 4,500 girls and their moms. Some of the things we heard were really surprising and challenging in ways that weren't really comfortable for us as a brand." The research showed that boys and girls play very differently and construct different worlds of play. McNally noted that, "The boys immediately grabbed the figures and the horses and the catapults and they started having a battle". By contrast the girls were more focused on the structure. "They all looked around inside the castle and they said, 'Well, there's nothing inside'. This idea of interior versus exterior in the orientation of how they would then play with what they built was really interesting. If you think about most of the Lego models that people consider to be meant for boys, there's not a whole lot going on in there. But [the girls had] this idea of, 'There's nothing inside to do.'"[14]

The Lego Friends line was developed to target the girl's market. The Lego Group conducted extensive ethnographic research, which aimed to identify girls' preferences. Mauricio Affonso, Friends model designer commented, "One of the main things was they couldn't really relate to the minifigure, it's too blocky. Boys tend to be a lot more about good versus evil, whereas girls really see themselves through the mini-doll. They wanted a greater level of detail, proportions and realism."[15]

The research also showed a difference in the way that girls assemble Lego sets. McNally commented, "One of the things we learned in the research was that—where boys were perfectly happy going through two hours assembling a single structure—girls were much more interested in small bite-sized assembly that provided a role-play opportunity, before then building again".[14]

Launch and release[edit]

Lego Friends was launched in January 2012 in North America (December 2011 in France), with the release of 14 sets.[3] The first wave included 23 sets[16] and featured five friends named Andrea, Olivia, Stephanie, Mia, and Emma in suburban settings.[17] In the initial release the larger sets included the Heartlake Vet, City Park Cafe, and Butterfly Beauty Shop. Smaller sets included Stephanie's Cool Convertible, Andrea's Stage, Olivia's Invention Workshop and Emma's Splash Pool.[18]

Lego Friends sets have been released in waves in the years following the initial launch, which have expanded on the various interests of the characters and their friends. These have included various vocational, recreational and academic interests, such as agriculture, equestrianism, wildlife animal rescue and rehabilitation, and pop stardom. The range also included suburbia-themed sets, as well as an amusement park and skiing theme. The largest sets since the original wave have been the Summer Riding Camp, Heartlake Shopping Mall and Heartlake Grand Hotel.[19] According to Bricklink, there have been a total of 423 Lego Friends sets released since January 2012.[1]

In 2018, the Lego Friends line announced some physical changes to the main characters, which according to The Lego Group, were made in response to feedback from children. The changes were made to make the characters "more diverse in their appearance" and add "more depth to their personality".[20]

In 2020, The Lego Group partnered with National Geographic to release several construction sets that focused on environmental issues. The Lego Friends line launched construction sets that centred on animal protection. The sets included Baby Elephant Jungle Rescue, Jungle Rescue Base and Panda Jungle Tree House sets.[21]

Lego Friends launched a range of play cubes in 2021. Each cube includes a small brick build, a mini-doll and a pet animal, and is designed for ages 6+.[22]



The Lego Friends theme received initial criticism for its perceived reinforcement of gender stereotypes. Campaign groups in both the UK and the US particularly disliked the use of the colour pink in the product range and the particular range of activities enjoyed by the characters. Abi Moore of UK campaign group, Pink Stinks remarked, "We want toys that offer all sorts of opportunities to all children. We think that cupcakes, parties and having everything revolve around leisure is just tiresome and heavily stereotyped." In the US a petition launched by the Spark movement achieved 50,000 signatures with the aim of pressuring The Lego Group to change its marketing strategy. In addition, the slim figures of the Friends characters have also drawn criticism from eating disorder specialists.[23] The Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood nominated Lego Friends for a TOADY award, which is a "worst toy" award that is an acronym for "Toys Oppressive And Destructive to Young Children", having opined that the Lego Friends line was "so jam-packed with condescending stereotypes it would even make Barbie blush".[14] However, The Lego Group has responded to its critics by stating that the line was the result of research with 3,000 girls who wanted to find relevance in Lego construction sets.[23]

Lego spokesman, Michael McNally commented, "There were a lot of people at the beginning who said, 'They’ve dumbed it down, it's not nearly as complicated [as the original Lego], it's special for girls because they don't think girls can build. The reality is, just about piece for piece, there are just as many pieces required to put something together [among Friends sets]." McNally defended the Lego Friends product line against its critics by stating, "I think there's been a lot of momentum around this idea that everything should be gender neutral. That's not what we're striving for. We don't see anything wrong with the natural ways that children are choosing to play. We try being gender inclusive."[14]

In response to further criticism raised in a letter written by a 7-year-old girl in 2014 about the nature of the girls' activities in Lego sets, The Lego Group released a Research Institute play set, which included a female palaeontologist, astronomer and chemist.[24]


Despite the controversy, Lego Friends is one of Lego's biggest successes. In 2012, when the Friends line was launched, the line doubled sales expectations, with sales to girls tripling in the same year. In the first six months of 2012, The Lego Group's net profit rose 35% to 2bn kroner (£213m) partially driven by the success of the Friends line.[23] This success caused other construction-set companies such as Mega Blocks to introduce girl dolls.[25] Following the launch of Lego Friends, sales in the girls' market were growing as much as 20 percent each year. Three years after the launch, Lego achieved sixth place in the list of gifts that girls wanted most for Christmas, according to a survey by the National Retail Federation. Lego Friends has also reappeared in The Lego Group's annual report as one of its five top selling themes, most recently in 2016, 2018, 2019 and 2020.[26][27][28][29] Lego's chief operating officer, Bali Padda remarked, "We tried reaching into the girls' audience a number of times over the last 15, 20 years, and this is the first time, with Friends, that we've had true success".[30]

Awards and nominations[edit]

In 2013, Lego Friends was awarded "Toy of the Year" and also "Activity Toy of the Year" by the Toy Association.[31] In 2017, the Lego Friends Amusement Park Roller Coaster was awarded "Toy of the Year" and "Construction Toy of the Year" by the Toy Association.[32]

In 2021, Heartlake City Shopping Mall (set number: 41450) was listed as one of the "Top 10 toys for Christmas 2021" by Tesco.[33]

Animated series[edit]

An animated series based on the Lego Friends theme was released to accompany the product line. It follows the adventures of the five friends in their hometown of Heartlake City.[34]


Friends of Heartlake City[edit]

Friends of Heartlake City is an animated television series that premiered on 3 November 2013. Each episode had a runtime of 25 minutes.[35]

Friends: The Power of Friendship[edit]

Lego Friends: The Power of Friendship aired on Netflix on 4 March 2016.[36] The series includes two seasons with four episodes.[34]

Friends: Girls on a Mission[edit]

Friends: Girls on a Mission is a 2018 television series on Family Channel in Canada, on KidsClick in the United States, Pop in the United Kingdom and Ireland, Super RTL in Germany, and TVNZ in New Zealand.[37] The series premiered on 25 October 2018 and has continued for four seasons.[38]

Critical reception[edit]

The Lego Friends animated series has been praised for its positive role models and messaging, but criticised for its consumerism. Reviewer, Emily Ashby for Common Sense Media gave the series a two star rating, commenting that, "The characters are five strong, big-hearted teen girls who are good examples of the value of friendship. Social rivalry and other troubles arise in each story, but the girls overcome them in ways that celebrate cooperation, responsibility, and individuality." The review also opined that, "this somewhat plodding series feels more like an extended commercial than it does a solid contender for kids' attention".[39]

Other media[edit]


In June 2012, two books based on the Friends theme were released. Lego Friends: Welcome to Heartlake City and Lego Friends: Perfect Pet Show were released on June 18, 2012, by DK.[40][41] DK also released a Lego Brickmaster book based on the Friends theme on September 17, 2012.[42]

Video games and apps[edit]

Lego Friends video game[edit]

Lego Friends is a Lego-themed life simulation video game developed by Hellbent Games and published by Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment, which is based on the Lego Friends theme. The game was first released for Nintendo 3DS systems on 12 November 2013, and for Nintendo DS systems on 8 April 2014.[43] The game was later released for iOS devices on 31 July 2014.[44]

Lego Friends Heartlake Rush[edit]

Lego Friends Heartlake Rush is a 3D driving game that was developed by LEGO System A/S and is designed for children aged 4+. Players choose one of the Friends characters and navigate through a series of road obstacles. The game was released on iOS and Google Play.[45]


In July 2014, the Lego Friends brand launched a monthly children's magazine, published by Immediate Media. Editions of the magazine were regularly published over the course of six and a half years, until it was discontinued with Issue 78. According to the Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC), the magazine had achieved an average circulation of 22,468 between January and June 2020, which was lower than the Lego City magazine at 33,677 and the Lego Ninjago magazine at 54,423.[46] The magazine had also received some controversy over its content in 2019, when a comic strip was criticised for sexist characterisation.[47]

Theme park attractions[edit]

In 2015, a Friends themed land was introduced to Legoland California, named Lego Friends Heartlake City, featuring a splash area, Lego models of the characters, a meet and greet area and a 15-minute live show.[48] In the same year, a themed land was opened at Legoland Windsor Resort, featuring a live show and Heartlake City Express Train.[49] Heartlake City also made its debut at Legoland Florida in May 2015, when a themed area of the park was launched featuring two attractions named Mia's Riding Adventure and Heartlake Mall theater.[50] In November 2021, Lego Friends themed land will be launched at Legoland Shanghai Resort on 2024.[51][52]


On 2 February 2016, Warner Brothers released a Lego Friends film on Blu-ray titled Lego Friends: Girlz 4 Life. The 2016 American Direct-to-DVD computer-animated film follows the story of popstar, Livi, who comes to Heartlake City. The Friends characters are forced to devise a plan when Livi's manager steals their hit song called Girlz.[53]

The Lego Friends line made a prominent appearance in the 2019 film The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part, during scenes set within the SyStar System.[54]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Lego Friends: It's Lego But, You Know, for Girls". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2021-03-24.
  2. ^ a b "Do Girls Need Their Own Legos?". HuffPost UK. 2011-12-16. Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  3. ^ "Friends - Characters | Official LEGO® Shop GB". Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  4. ^ "Andrea - LEGO Friends Characters - for kids - GB". Retrieved 2021-01-31.
  5. ^ "Emma - LEGO Friends Characters - for kids - GB". Retrieved 2021-01-31.
  6. ^ Saunders, Catherine (2020-10-13). LEGO® Friends Character Encyclopedia. Dorling Kindersley Limited. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-465-41894-4.
  7. ^ "Mia - LEGO Friends Characters - for kids - GB". Retrieved 2021-01-31.
  8. ^ Saunders, Catherine (2020-10-13). LEGO® Friends Character Encyclopedia. Dorling Kindersley Limited. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-465-41894-4.
  9. ^ "Olivia - LEGO Friends Characters - for kids - GB". Retrieved 2021-01-31.
  10. ^ Saunders, Catherine (2020-10-13). LEGO® Friends Character Encyclopedia. Dorling Kindersley Limited. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-465-41894-4.
  11. ^ "Stephanie - LEGO Friends Characters - for kids - GB". Retrieved 2021-01-31.
  12. ^ "From gender neutral beginnings to pink princess themes and today's female STEM minifigs: LEGO's messy history of marketing to girls". The World from PRX. Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  13. ^ a b c d LaFrance, Adrienne (2016-05-25). "How to Play Like a Girl". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2021-03-24.
  14. ^ "How Lego clicked: the brand that reinvented itself | Johnny Davis". the Guardian. 2017-06-04. Retrieved 2021-03-18.
  15. ^ Wieners, Brad (December 14, 2011). "Lego Is for Girls". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 2012-01-14.
  16. ^ Copeland, Wesley (2019-01-08). "15 Best LEGO Friends Sets for Girls". Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  17. ^ "BrickLink Reference Catalog - Sets - Category Friends - Items Released In 2012". Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  18. ^ "Lego Friends Sets". Brickset. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
  19. ^ Graham (2017-12-06). "More depth and diversity for LEGO Friends in 2018". Brick Fanatics. Retrieved 2021-03-18.
  20. ^ "Lego and National Geographic team-up for new environmental toy sets". Metro. 2020-06-26. Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  21. ^ Graham (2020-06-22). "LEGO Friends Play Cubes Series 3 revealed". Brick Fanatics. Retrieved 2021-07-09.
  22. ^ a b c "Lego's 'sexist' Friends range for girls spurs 35% profit rise". the Guardian. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2021-03-17.
  23. ^ "Lego Creates Female Scientist Set Months After 7-Year-Old Girl Called Their Female Toys "Boring"". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved 2021-03-18.
  24. ^ Ulaby, Neda (June 29, 2013). "Girls' Legos Are A Hit, But Why Do Girls Need Special Legos?". Weekend Edition, NPR. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
  25. ^ "The LEGO Group 2016 annual report". Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  26. ^ "LEGO Group annual result 2018". Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  27. ^ Graham (2020-03-04). "LEGO 2019 financial results at a glance". Brick Fanatics. Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  28. ^ "Lego's Mario sets were one of its 'most successful theme launches'". VGC. 2021-03-11. Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  29. ^ Katz, Benjamin. "Lego: Friends is its first success with girls in years". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2021-03-24.
  30. ^ "2013 TOTY Winners". The Toy Association. Retrieved 2021-07-01.
  31. ^ "Toy of the Year Awards - TOTY Winners". The Toy Association. Retrieved 2021-07-01.
  32. ^ "Tesco's top 10 toys for Christmas 2021 including LEGO, Paw Patrol and Jurassic World". Gazette. 4 October 2021.
  33. ^ a b "Shows A-Z - LEGO Friends: The Power of Friendship on netflix |". Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  34. ^ LEGO Friends of Heartlake City, retrieved 2021-03-26
  35. ^ Spangler, Todd (October 1, 2015). "Netflix Orders 7 Original Kids' Series, Including Lego's 'Bionicle' and DreamWorks' 'Croods'". Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  36. ^ "Lego Friends: Girls on a mission". Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  37. ^ "LEGO Friends: Girls on a Mission Season 4 Full Episodes | Watch Online Guide by MSN". Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  38. ^ "Lego Friends - TV Review". 2015-11-12. Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  39. ^ "Lego Friends: Welcome to Heartlake City". The Book Depository. Retrieved 2012-03-02.
  40. ^ "Lego Friends: Perfect Pet Show". The Book Depository. Retrieved 2012-03-02.
  41. ^ "Lego Friends Brickmaster". The Book Depository. Retrieved 2012-03-02.
  42. ^ "LEGO Friends Now Available for Nintendo DS!". Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  44. ^ "App review of LEGO® Friends Heartlake Rush - Australian Council on Children and the Media". Retrieved 2021-07-09.
  45. ^ Wharfe, Chris (2021-01-07). "LEGO Friends magazine coming to an end with Issue 78". Brick Fanatics. Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  46. ^ "Lego magazine branded sexist for saying girls would 'stick out' among scientists". The Independent. 2019-12-19. Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  47. ^ Staff, B. T. T. "Behind The Thrills | Lego Friends premiere at Legoland California in all new Heartlake City area! Behind The Thrills". Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  48. ^ Patenall, Helen (7 May 2015). "Legoland launches Lego Friends zone | news". Attractions Management. Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  49. ^ Erik. "Behind The Thrills | Heartlake City debuts at Legoland Florida, showcasing friends, music and fun Behind The Thrills". Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  51. ^ "Monkie Kid Set To Swing Into LEGOLAND Shanghai". 2021-11-17.
  52. ^ "'LEGO Friends: Girlz 4 Life' Dated for Blu-ray | High-Def Digest". Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  53. ^ Yoshida, Emily (2019-02-06). "The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part Is Eager to Grow Up in More Ways Than One". Vulture. Retrieved 2021-03-29.

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