List of best-selling Latin music artists

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Julio Iglesias has been recognized as the best-selling male Latin artist of all time by the Guinness World Record in 2013.[1]

Latin music has an ambiguous meaning in the music industry due to differing definitions of the term "Latin".[2][3] For example, the Latin music market in the United States defines Latin music as any release that is mostly sung in Spanish, regardless of genre or artist nationality, by industry organizations including the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and Billboard.[4][5] International organizations and trade groups such as the Latin Recording Academy include Portuguese-language music in the Latin category.[6][7][8] Billboard categorizes an artist as "Latin" if they perform in Spanish or Portuguese.[9]

Music journalists and musicologists define Latin music as musical styles from Spanish-speaking areas of Latin America and from Spain.[10][11] Music from Brazil is usually included in the genre and music from Portugal is occasionally included.[8][12]

Either definition of "Latin music" may be used for inclusion in this list. For an artist to be considered, most of their catalog must be in either Spanish or Portuguese and must have sold at least 10 million copies. This information cannot be officially listed because no organization has recorded global Latin music sales. Only Latin recordings, which are defined as a record with 51% of its content in Spanish or Portuguese,[a] are counted in the certified units table. Instrumental musicians may also be included if they mainly perform any Latin music genre. For recordings with multiple versions, only Spanish and Portuguese version(s) will be counted towards certified units.

The tables are listed with each artist's reported sales figure(s) and their total independently certified units, and are ranked in descending order by reported sales. If two or more artists have the same reported sales, these are then ranked by certified units. The reported sales figure and the total of certified units for each country in the provided sources include sales of albums, singles, compilation albums, music videos, and downloads of singles and full-length albums. Sales figures, such as those from SoundScan, which are sometimes published by Billboard magazine, have not been included in the certified units column.

Definitions[edit]

Gold and platinum certifications issued after 2016, especially on singles, are in some cases more-than-50% streaming generated. Some 20th-century artists can also have significant amount of streaming-based certifications. The certified units of more recently active artists may sometimes be higher in the list than their listed claimed figures because RIAA and almost all other certifying bodies include streaming in the thresholds required for gold and platinum Digital Single Award certification.[16][17][18] For this reason, some singles and albums are over-certified by hundreds of thousands of units. The over-certified figures are often in millions of units for RIAA certifications.

The certified units for some artists and bands who have multi-disc albums can be higher than their listed claimed figures because RIAA counts each unit within a set as one unit toward certification. Certified units can also be inflated by the redundancy of certifications because each track's downloads and streams contribute to the certifications of both of the single and the respective album. RIAA counts 10 downloads of individual track as well as 1,500 audio/video streams, including those from singles released prior to the album release, as an equivalent to one unit of album.[19] Theoretically, if one song is streamed 1.5 billion times on YouTube, the single would receive diamond certification and the whole album could be certified platinum,[20] creating a combined total of 11 million certified units without any sales.

All artists included on this list, including charts, have their available claimed figures supported by available from countries with recording certifications. With the exception of certifications from Spain prior to 2003, the certified units are sourced from countries with local music industry associations including those with online databases. Certifications from Spain prior to 2003 are listed in the book Sólo éxitos. Año a año. 1959-2002 (2005) by Fernando Salaverri.[21] In the case of recordings RIAA has simultaneously certified standard and Latin, only the unit with the highest number of certified copies will be counted. For example, Mi Tierra (1993) by Gloria Estefan has been certified standard platinum for one millions units and 16× platinum in the Latin genre for 1,600,000 units, thus only the latter certification is counted. Albums that have been certified in both fields for the same value, such as Sueños Líquidos (1997) by Maná, which was certified platinum and 10× platinum in the Latin field, may use either certification but not both. All certified units are converted from gold, platinum or diamond certification awards based on criteria provided by certifying bodies.

Issued certifications for songs multiple artists have recorded, including featured artists, are added to each artist's total of certified units because all of the artists would have played a significant part in the song. Certifications issued for songs that have been recorded by four or more artists are not included because the artists involved would have played minor roles.[b]

Standards[edit]

  • To ensure the highest level of fact-checking and editorial control, this list sources sales figures to news organizations and highly regarded music-industry related organizations such as Billboard.
  • The figures of total certified units in the tables below are based on certified units of albums, singles—including digital downloads—and videos.
  • The order of markets in the tables is based on retail value each market generates, respectively; the largest market is at the top and smallest is at the bottom.[22][23]

Artists by reported sales[edit]

60 million or more[edit]

Artist Country / Market Period active Genre Primary language(s) Certified sales[c] Reported sales
Julio Iglesias Spain 1968–present[24] Latin[24] Spanish  • English  • Portuguese  • French  • Italian
35.964 million
150 million[52]
Roberto Carlos Brazil 1959–present[53] MPB, rock and roll, soul, bossa nova, rhythm and blues[53] Portuguese  • Spanish
18.06 million
100 million[56][57]
Gloria Estefan Cuba
United States
1980–present[58] Latin Pop, pop, dance, Pop rock, Salsa, Adult contemporary[58] Spanish  • English
5.84 million
100 million[60][61]
Shakira Colombia 1988–present[62] Latin pop / pop / pop rock[62] Spanish  • English
31.88 million
95 million[72]
Nelson Gonçalves Brazil 1941–1998[73] Samba, samba-canção[73] Portuguese
8.8 million
75 million[74]
Enrique Iglesias Spain 1995–present[75] Pop, Latin pop, dance pop, adult contemporary, urban[75] Spanish  • English
20.694 million
70 million[77]
Ricky Martin Puerto Rico 1991–present[78] Pop, Latin Pop, Dance[78] Spanish  • English
14.347 million
70 million[81]
Luis Miguel Mexico 1982–present[82] Pop, Ballads, Bolero, Latin Pop, Mariachi, Dance, Adult Contemporary[82] Spanish
35.469 million
60 million[88][89][90]

40 million to 59 million[edit]

Artist Country / Market Period active Genre Primary language(s) Certified sales[c] Reported sales
Vicente Fernández Mexico 1965–2013[91] Ranchera, mariachi, norteña, tejano[91] Spanish
11.79 million
50 million[93]
45 million[94]
José Feliciano Puerto Rico 1964–present[95] Pop rock, folk rock, soft rock, Latin pop[95] Spanish  • English
1.775 million
50 million[97]
Raphael Spain 1966–present[98] Ballad, Latin pop[98] Spanish
0.64 million
50 million[99]
Juan Gabriel Mexico 1971–2016[100] Ballad, Latin Pop, Norteña, Cumbia[100] Spanish
6.305 million
40 million[103]
30 million[104]
José José Mexico 1965–2013[105] Mariachi, Latin pop, bolero[105] Spanish
5.175 million
  • Mujeriego: Gold (100,000)"Entregan disco de oro a José José por altas ventas". El Siglo de Torreon (in Spanish). 3 December 1995. p. 42.
40 million[107]
Eros Ramazzotti Italy 1981–present[108] Pop, Latin pop, pop rock[108] Italian  • Spanish
2.805 million
40 million[110]
Leo Dan Argentina 1963–present[111] Tango, vallenato, cumbia, ballad[111] Spanish
0.328 million
  • ARG: 228,000[44]
  • 40 million[113]
    Nelson Ned Brazil 1961–2013[114] Latin, Jazz[114] Portuguese  • Spanish
    0.10 million
    40 million[115]

    21 million to 39 million[edit]

    Artist Country / Market Period active Genre Primary language(s) Certified sales[c] Reported sales
    J Balvin Colombia 2009–present[116] Reggaeton, Latin pop, urbano, hip hop[116] Spanish
    37.215 million
    35 million[117]
    Los Tigres del Norte Mexico 1972–present[118] Ranchera, norteña, tejano, corrido[118] Spanish
    8.51 million
    32 million[120]
    Daddy Yankee Puerto Rico 1991–present[121] Reggaeton, Latin pop[121] Spanish
    67.6 million
    30 million[123]
    25 million[124]
    Marco Antonio Solís Mexico 1973–present[125] Norteño, tejano, ballad[125] Spanish
    8.128 million
    30 million[126]
    25 million[127]
    Xuxa Brazil 1980–present[128] Children's music, dance, Latin pop[128] Portuguese  • Spanish
    3.45 million
    30 million[129]
    Laura Pausini Italy 1993–present[130] Pop, Latin Pop, Eurodance[130] Italian  • Spanish
    2.878 million
    30 million[132]
    25 million[133]
    José Luis Perales Spain 1973–present[134] Ballad, Latin pop[134] Spanish
    2.7 million
    30 million[135]
    Rocio Durcal Spain 1954–2006[136] Ranchera, Ballad, Bolero, Flamenco, Chera[136] Spanish
    1.70 million
    30 million[137]
    25 million[138]
    Camilo Sesto Spain 1964–2011[139] Ballad, Latin Pop[139] Spanish
    0.92 million
    30 million[141]
    Amália Rodrigues Portugal 1940–1999[142] Fado[142] Portuguese
    30 million[143]
    Maria Bethânia Brazil 1965–present[144] Bossa nova, MPB, samba[144] Portuguese
    0.45 million
    26 million[145]
    Alejandro Sanz Spain 1989–present[146] Latin Pop, Latin ballad, flamenco, pop rock, Latin rock[146] Spanish
    14.184 million
    25 million[148]
    Maná Mexico 1986–present[149] Pop rock, Latin pop, rock en español[149] Spanish
    14.482 million
    25 million[153]
    22 million[154]
    Rigo Tovar Mexico 1970–1995[155] Mexican cumbia, grupera[155] Spanish
    25 million[156]
    Pedro Infante Mexico 1939–1967[157] Mariachi, bolero, rancheras[157] Spanish
    25 million[158]
    Antonio Aguilar Mexico 1950–2005[159] Regional Mexican[159] Spanish
    25 million[160]
    Romeo Santos United States 2011–present[161] Bachata[161] Spanish
    24.25 million
    24 million[162]
    Amado Batista Brazil 1975–present[163] Brega Portuguese
    6.605 million
    22 million[164]
    Lucho Gatica Chile 1946–2013[165] Bolero[165] Spanish
    0.1 million
    22 million[165]

    15 million to 20 million[edit]

    Artist Country / Market Period active Genre Primary language(s) Certified sales[c] Reported sales
    Luis Fonsi Puerto Rico 1991–present[166] Reggaeton, Latin pop[166] Spanish
    32.424 million
    20 million[167]
    Zezé di Camargo & Luciano Brazil 1990–present[168] Sertanejo, country[168] Portuguese
    9.3 million
    20 million[169]
    Alejandro Fernández Mexico 1988–present[170] Mariachi, Mexican pop[170] Spanish
    8.95 million
    20 million[172]
    Carlos Vives Colombia 1978–present[173] Vallenato, cumbia, Latin pop[173] Spanish
    7.966 million
    20 million[175]
    14 million[176]
    Thalía Mexico 1981–present[177] Pop, Dance, Latin pop[177] Spanish
    7.846 million
    20 million[181]
    Sandy & Junior Brazil 1989–2007, 2019[182] Latin Pop[182] Portuguese
    6.75 million
    20 million[183]
    Los Temerarios Mexico 1983–present[184] Ballad, Romantic[184] Spanish
    6.970 million
    20 million[186]
    18 million[187]
    Ivete Sangalo Brazil 1992–present[188] Axé[188] Portuguese
    6.4 million
    20 million[189]
    Ricardo Arjona Guatemala 1985–present[190] Latin pop, Latin ballad, folk, a capella[190] Spanish
    6.56 million
    20 million[193]
    Mecano Spain 1981–1992, 1998[194] Pop, synthpop, new wave, pop rock[194] Spanish
    4.55 million
    20 million[195]
    Banda el Recodo Mexico 1938–present[196] Banda[196] Spanish
    2.99 million
    • US: 2.03 million[25]
    • MEX: 960,000[43][197]
    • Del Pueblo...y Para el Pueblo: Platinum (250,000)
    20 million[198]
    Ana Gabriel Mexico 1974–present[199] Mexican pop, Mariachi[199] Spanish
    2.76 million
    20 million[201]
    Chitãozinho & Xororó Brazil 1969–present[202] Sertanejo[202] Portuguese
    2.4 million
    20 million[203]
    Plácido Domingo Spain 1950s–present[204] Opera pop, Latin[204] Spanish
    2.18 million
    20 million[206]
    Hombres G Spain 1982–1992, 2002–present[207] Latin pop[207] Spanish
    0.9 million
    20 million[208]
    Dyango Spain 1960s–present[209] Bolero, Latin ballad[209] Spanish
    0.85 million
    20 million[210]
    Yuri Mexico 1978–present[211] Latin pop[211] Spanish
    0.75 million
    20 million[212]
    Lupita D'Alessio Mexico 1971–present[213] Bolero, Latin ballad[213] Spanish
    0.13 million
    20 million[215]
    Menudo Puerto Rico 1977–1997, 2007–2009, 2022-present[216] Latin Pop, Pop Rock[216] Spanish
    20 million[217]
    Paquita la del Barrio Mexico 1970–present[218] Bolero, mariachi[218] Spanish
    20 million[219]
    Diego Verdaguer Argentina 1970–2022[220] Latin ballad[220] Spanish
    20 million[221]
    Maluma Colombia 2010–present[222] Reggaeton, Latin trap, Latin pop[222] Spanish
    25.38 million
    18 million[223]
    Selena United States 1980–1995[224] Tecnocumbia, Cumbia, Latin Pop, Musica Tejana[224] Spanish  • English
    12.04 million
    18 million[226]
    Leandro e Leonardo Brazil 1983–1998[227] Sertanejo[227] Portuguese
    4.05 million
    17 million[228]
    Rocio Jurado Spain 1960–2006[229] Ballad, Latin Pop, Flamenco, copla[229] Spanish
    0.97 million
    17 million[230]
    16 million[231]
    Padre Marcelo Rossi Brazil 1997–present[232] Latin Christian[232] Portuguese
    8.9 million
    16 million[233]
    Paloma San Basilio Spain 1970–present[234] Latin pop[234] Spanish
    0.45 million
    16 million[235]
    Lucero Mexico 1980–present[236] Mexican pop, Latin pop[236] Spanish
    1.35 million
    16 million[238]
    Ozuna Puerto Rico 2012–present[239] Reggaeton, Latin Trap, Urbano[239] Spanish
    25.13 million
    15 million[240]
    Juanes Colombia 2000–present[241] Rock en Español, Latin Pop, Cumbia[241] Spanish
    9.005 million
    15 million[242]
    Don Omar Puerto Rico 1996–2017; 2019–present[243] Reggaeton[243] Spanish
    8.87 million
    15 million[244]
    Los del Río Spain 1973–2008[245] Latin pop, sevillanas[245] Spanish
    6.83 million
    15 million[246]
    Wisin & Yandel Puerto Rico 1998–2013, 2018–2022[247] Reggaeton[247] Spanish
    6.665 million
    15 million[248]
    Chayanne Puerto Rico 1984–present[249] Ballad, Latin pop, salsa, dance pop[249] Spanish
    5.674 million
    15 million[252]
    Roberta Miranda Brazil 1986–present[253] Sertanejo[253] Portuguese
    3.4 million
    15 million[254]
    RBD Mexico 2004–2009[255] Latin Pop, pop rock, pop, dance pop[255] Spanish
    3.22 million
    15 million[256]
    Joan Manuel Serrat Spain 1965–present[257] Nova Cançó[257] Spanish  • Catalan
    3.12 million
    15 million[258]
    Paulina Rubio Mexico 1992–present[259] Latin Pop, Pop Rock, Dance[259] Spanish
    2.25 million
    15 million[261]
    Gipsy Kings France 1978–present[262] Catalan rumba, flamenco[262] Spanish  • Instrumental
    2.55 million
    15 million[263]
    Kumbia Kings Mexico 1998–2006, 2009–2010[264] Mexican cumbia[264] Spanish
    2.38 million
    15 million[265]
    Juan Luis Guerra Dominican Republic 1983–present[266] Latin pop, adult contemporary, Merengue, Bachata, Salsa[266] Spanish
    2.44 million
    15 million[268]
    10 million[269]
    Jenni Rivera Mexico 1992–2012[270] Regional Mexican, Latin pop[270] Spanish
    1.99 million
    15 million[271]
    Pimpinela Argentina 1981–present[272] Canción melódica[272] Spanish
    1.26 million
    15 million[274]
    José Luis Rodríguez Venezuela 1961–present[275] Canción melódica, bolero, Latin pop[275] Spanish
    0.7 million
    15 million[276]
    Raúl di Blasio Argentina 1983–present Latin Easy listening Instrumental
    0.6 million
    15 million[277]
    Los Chichos Spain 1973–2008[278] Rumba flamenca[278] Spanish
    0.18 million
    15 million[279]
    Daniela Romo Mexico 1979–present[280] Latin pop[280] Spanish
    0.83 million
    15 million[282]
    Amanda Miguel Argentina 1980–present[283] Latin pop[283] Spanish
    15 million[284]
    Palito Ortega Argentina 1962–2017[285] Rock en español[285] Spanish
    15 million[286]
    Roberto Leal Portugal
    Brazil
    1971–2019[287] fado, MPB, forró[287] Portuguese
    15 million[288]
    Jon Secada Cuba
    United States
    1984–present[289] Latin Pop[289] Spanish  • English
    0.1 million
    15 million[291]

    10 million to 14.9 million[edit]

    Artist Country / Market Period active Genre Primary language(s) Certified sales[c] Reported sales
    Nino Bravo Spain 1969–1973[292] Latin pop[292] Spanish
    0.96 million
    14 million[293]
    Parchís Spain 1979-1992[294] Children's music[294] Spanish
    14 million[295]
    Los Tucanes de Tijuana Mexico 1987–present[296] Norteño[296] Spanish
    2.98 million
    13 million[296]
    10 million[298]
    Pepe Aguilar United States 1981–present[299] Regional Mexican, Latin ballad[299] Spanish
    2.095 million
    13 million[300]
    12 million[301]
    Marc Anthony United States 1987–present[302] Salsa, Latin pop[302] Spanish  • English
    9.085 million
    12 million[303]
    Bronco Mexico 1979–1997, 2003–present[304] Grupero[304] Spanish
    4.37 million
    12 million[306]
    Joan Sebastian Mexico 1975–2015[307] Regional Mexican[307] Spanish
    0.88 million
    12 million[308]
    Franco De Vita Venezuela 1982–present[309] Latin pop[309] Spanish
    0.83 million
    12 million[310]
    Marisela United States 1981–present[311] Baladas, Latin pop[311] Spanish
    0.15 million
    12 million[312]
    Só Pra Contrariar Brazil 1989–present Pagode Portuguese
    5.24 million
    11 million[313]
    Daniela Mercury Brazil 1981–present[314] Latin pop, axé, samba reggae, MPB[314] Portuguese
    2.4 million
    11 million[315]
    Prince Royce United States 2009–present[316] Bachata[316] Spanish
    16.31 million
    10 million[317]
    Bruno & Marrone Brazil 1985–present[318] serteneja[318] Portuguese
    7.08 million
    10 million[319]
    Joaquin Sabina Spain 1978–present[320] Latin, rock, trova[320] Spanish
    4.52 million
    10 million[322]
    Miguel Bosé Spain 1977–present[323] Latin pop[323] Spanish
    4.555 million
    10 million[325]
    Cristian Castro Mexico 1991–present[326] Latin pop, bolero, mariachi[326] Spanish
    4.035 million
    10 million[328]
    Intocable United States 1993–present[329] Norteño[329] Spanish
    2.95 million
    10 million[331]
    Isabel Pantoja Spain 1970s–present[332] Copla, Canción melódica[332] Spanish
    2.56 million
    10 million[333]
    Rosana Arbelo Spain 1996–present[334] Latin pop, Folk, Pop rock[334] Spanish
    2.36 million
    10 million[335]
    Julieta Venegas Mexico
    United States
    1992–present[336] Pop rock, indie pop, alternative music, folk rock[336] Spanish
    2.155 million
    10 million[337]
    Ricardo Montaner Argentina
    Venezuela
    1976–present[338] Latin ballad, Latin pop[338] Spanish
    1.94 million
    • Un Toque de Misterio: Platinum (250,000)Amado, Lina (30 September 1990). "Ricardo Montaner". El Informador (in Spanish). p. 16-E.
    • En el Último del Lugar: Platinum (250,000)Calzada, Gloria (5 July 1991). "Comentarios de...". El Informador (in Spanish). p. 12-E.</ref>
    10 million[340]
    Juan Pardo Spain 1962-2004[341] Pop, rock[341] Spanish
    1.45 million
    10 million[342]
    Diego Torres Argentina 1980s–[343] Latin pop[343] Spanish
    1.348 million
    10 million[344]
    Los Bukis Mexico 1973–1996, 2021–present[345] Grupera[345] Spanish
    1.5 million
    10 million[347]
    Emmanuel Mexico 1976–present[348] Latin ballad, Latin pop[348] Spanish
    1.39 million
    10 million[350]
    Manuel Mijares Mexico 1985–present[351] Mexican pop, folk, mariachi[351] Spanish
    1.34 million
    10 million[353]
    Sandro Argentina 1959–2010[354] Rock and roll, Latin pop, canción melódica[354] Spanish
    0.57 million
    10 million[355]
    Celia Cruz Cuba
    United States
    1948–2003[356] Salsa[356] Spanish
    0.5 million
    10 million[357]
    Fey Mexico 1979–present[358] Latin pop[358] Spanish
    0.43 million
    10 million[359]
    Mari Trini Spain 1968-2008[360] Latin ballad[360] Spanish
    0.4 million
    10 million[360]
    Banda Calypso Brazil 1999–2015[361] Calipso, cumbia, lambada, zouk, merengtheue, carimbó[361] Portuguese
    0.35 million
    10 million[362][363]
    Galy Galiano Colombia 1981–present[364] Mariachi, norteño, Latin pop, salsa[364] Spanish
    0.1 million
    10 million[366]
    Valeria Lynch Argentina 1969–present[367] Balada[367] Spanish
    0.02 million
    10 million[368]
    Miguel Gallardo Spain 1971–2005[369] Latin pop[369] Spanish
    10 million[370]
    Los Baby's Mexico 1958–present[371] Latin rock and roll[371] Spanish
    10 million[372]
    Ariel Ramírez Argentina 1938–2005[373] Folklore[373] Spanish
    10 million[374]
    Diomedes Díaz Colombia 1976–2013[375] Vallenato[375] Spanish
    10 million[376]

    See also[edit]

    Notes[edit]

    The reported sales may include non Spanish/Portuguese recordings that are otherwise omitted from total certified units.

    1. ^ This is the same metric Billboard, the RIAA, and the Latin Recording Academy uses to categorize an album as "Latin".[13][14][15]
    2. ^ Below you can get an understanding as to when certifications for songs are added to the total certified sales of the listed artists.
      • One lead artist and one featured artist. (The issued certification(s) should be added to the total of both, the lead artist and the featured artist as both will have almost equal amount of part).
      • Two lead artists.(The issued certification(s) should be added to the total of both lead artists as both will have almost equal amount of part).
      • Two lead artists and one featured artist. (The issued certification(s) should be added to the total of both lead artists as well as the featured artist. Both lead artists will play a significant part in a song and the part of the featured artist also should be significant enough).
      • One lead artist and two featured artists. (The issued certification(s) should be added to the total of the lead artist and to the total of both featured artists as almost all should have equal amount of part).
    3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm Certification systems have been established periodically throughout the past half century; thus, certification databases are not able to cover all sales. Some (or all) records released and sold prior to a certification system's establishment year may not be found within the available searchable certification databases. Year of establishment (from largest market to smallest based on Retail Value each market generates respectively):[22][23] Certified sales might sometimes be larger than actual sales, if stores order more albums than they are able to sell, due to certifications generally being determined by shipments and not actual sales. Often, however, actual sales are larger than certified sales, since record labels must pay a fee to obtain certifications. Record companies often apply for certifications only when a record reaches a multiple certification-levels, meaning certifications might not be visible in the databases for more than a short period of time after an album reached a certification level.[390][391] As global music sales declined in the 2000s mostly due to CD burning and downloading from unauthorized sites, certification bodies opted to reduce their certification levels.[392] See the changes in Certification-award-levels in the following markets:

    References[edit]

    1. ^ "Julio Iglesias receives world record certificat in Beijing". Guinness World Record. 2 April 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
    2. ^ Edwards, Bob (13 September 2000). "Profile: Latin Grammys at the Staples Center in Los Angeles". NPR. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015. Defining exactly what Latin music is a slippery business. The US record industry trade group says it's any release with lyrics that are mostly in Spanish and that it's more popular than ever, comprising more than 5 percent of US record sales.
    3. ^ Valdes-Rodriguez, Alisa (12 September 2000). "One Little Word, Yet It Means So Much". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 29 December 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
    4. ^ Cobo, Leila (6 January 2011). "2010's Latin Music Sales Down 26.8%, Digital Up 28%, Enrique Igelsias Is Top-Selling Artist". Billboard. Archived from the original on 18 November 2019. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
    5. ^ Valdes-Rodriguez, Alisa (26 December 1999). "The Loud and Quiet Explosions". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
    6. ^ Cobo, Leila (4 September 2004). "'The Academy's Big Responsibility Is The Diffusion Of Latin Music'". Billboard. Vol. 116, no. 36. p. 62. Retrieved 30 September 2019. Q: What is LARAS's definition of Latin music? A: Music in Spanish or Portuguese.
    7. ^ Llewellyn, Howell (25 November 1995). "ShowMarket To Focus On Development of Latin Music". Billboard. Vol. 107, no. 47. p. 72. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
    8. ^ a b Flores, Juan; Rosaldo, Renato (2007). A Companion to Latina/o Studies. Oxford: Blackwell Pub. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-470-65826-0. Retrieved 10 September 2015. ...but the term "Latin music" continues to be used - by the music industry as well as in common parlance - as a catch-all phrase to describe all Spanish and Portuguese-language popular music...
    9. ^ Cobo, Leila (20 November 2019). "What Rosalia's Best New Artist Grammy Nomination Means to Latin Music". Billboard. Retrieved 29 January 2023. Note: we are considering Rosalía an artist who falls into the 'Latin' category because she performs in Spanish or Portuguese.
    10. ^ Lawrence, Larry; Wright, Tom (26 January 1985). "¡Viva Latino!". Billboard. Vol. 97, no. 4. pp. 53, 62. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
    11. ^ Morales, Ed (2003). The Latin Beat: The Rhythms and Roots of Latin music From Bossa Nova to Salsa and Beyond (1. Da Capo Press ed.). Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. p. xiii. ISBN 978-0-306-81018-3. Retrieved 10 September 2015. Including Spain, there are twenty-two predominately Spanish-speaking countries, and there are many more styles of Latin music.
    12. ^ Arenas, Fernando (2011). Lusophone Africa: Beyond Independence. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. p. 220. ISBN 978-0-8166-6983-7. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
    13. ^ Cobo, Leila (6 January 2011). "2010's Latin Music Sales Down 26.8%, Digital Up 28%, Enrique Igelsias Is Top-Selling Artist". Billboard. Archived from the original on 18 November 2019. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
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    76. ^ Total certified units before AMPROFON database (1999): 1 million
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    83. ^ Total certified units before AMPROFON database (1999): 10.75 million
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      • Directo al Corazón: 2× Platinum (500,000) Libro de Oro de Luis Miguel (in Spanish). VEA. 1985. p. 109.
      • Decídete: 2× Platinum (500,000) Libro de Oro de Luis Miguel (in Spanish). VEA. 1985. p. 110.
      • Ya Nunca Más: Gold (100,000) "La carrera de Luis Miguel cada vez es más fructífera". El Siglo de Torreón (in Spanish). 1 August 1993. p. 64. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
      • Palabra de Honor: Gold (100,000) "Luis Miguel". Billboard. 26 January 1985. p. 53. Retrieved 24 September 2021 – via Google books.
      • Soy Como Quiero Ser: 5× Platinum (1,250,000) Stavans, Ilan (29 July 2014). Latin music: Musicians, Genres, and Themes. ABC-CLIO. p. 502. ISBN 978-0-313-34396-4. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
      • Busca Una Mujer: 10× Gold (1,000,000) "Luis Miguel en Concierto". Listín Diario (in Spanish). 16 November 1991. p. 7-Espectáculos. Archived from the original on 7 January 2022. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
      • 20 Años: 2× Platinum + 5× Gold (1,000,000) Silva, Guadalupe (21 February 1992). "Luis Miguel bring us his maturing sounds". El Paso Times. p. 51. Retrieved 6 January 2022. That will be in addition to five golds and two platinums he netted for his "20 years" recording.
      • Romance: 8× Platinum (2,000,000) "Dimes y Diretes". El Siglo de Torreón (in Spanish). Editora de la Laguna. 12 October 1992. p. 51. Archived from the original on 24 May 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
      • Aries: 4× Platinum (1,000,000) "Hit Parade". El Siglo de Torreón (in Spanish). Editora de la Laguna. 9 March 1994. p. 43. Archived from the original on 13 September 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
      • Segundo Romance: 5× Platinum (1,250,000) "Luis Miguel" (in Spanish). Durango.net. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
      • El Concierto: 2× Platinum (500,000) "Casi 100 mil boletos y un mundo por presentar" (PDF). La Crónica (in Spanish). 3 December 1995. p. 2D. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2019. El álbum ha vendido hasta el momento cerca de 500 mil copias en México y 460 mil en el resto del mundo, y ha obtenido doble disco de platino y cuatro discos de oro por ventas en México.
      • Romances: 4× Platinum + 2× Gold (1,200,000) Hoces Sauvat, Angela (18 February 2000). "Sol, escandalo y placer". Reforma (in Spanish). p. 34. Archived from the original on 5 April 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022 – via ProQuest.
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    85. ^ Luis Miguel - Total certified units in Chile:
    86. ^ Luis Miguel - Total certified units in Colombia:
      • Romance: Platinum (60,000) "Dimes y Diretes". El Siglo de Torreón (in Spanish). Editora de la Laguna. 12 October 1992. p. 51. Archived from the original on 24 May 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
      • Aries: Platinum (60,000) "Luis Miguel Muy Amable Con la Prensa" [Luis Miguel is loved by the press]. El Siglo de Torreón (in Spanish). Editora de la Laguna. 9 June 1994. p. 50. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
      • Segundo Romance: 2× Platinum (120,000) "Luis Miguel" (in Spanish). Durango.net. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
      • Romances: 2× Platinum (120,000) Fino, Dolores (17 July 1998). "Ritmo Latino". La Prensa San Diego. The Press-Enterprise. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
      • Mis Romances: Gold (20,000) "Luis Miguel Regresa El Rey" (PDF). Sexenio (in Spanish). Grupo Sexenio. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 November 2021. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
      • México En La Piel: Platinum (20,000) "Luis Miguel tendrá edición especial". El Siglo de Torreón (in Mexican Spanish). 11 August 2005. Archived from the original on 15 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
    87. ^ Luis Miguel - Total certified units in Venezuela:
    88. ^ "Luis Miguel dará a conocer "Labios de miel" el próximo lunes: LUIS MIGUEL". EFE (in Spanish). 29 July 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2022 – via ProQuest.
    89. ^ "Agotan boletos para concierto de Luis Miguel en Madison Square Garden". Notimex (in Spanish). 16 October 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2022 – via ProQuest.
    90. ^ "Luis Miguel, el rey Midas del pop". El Universal (in Spanish). 15 January 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2022 – via ProQuest.
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    92. ^ Total certified units before AMPROFON database (1999): 250,000
      • Vicente Fernández y Sus Canciones: Gold (100,000)"Dos papas cantantes". El Siglo de Torreon (in Spanish). 16 June 1996. p. 55. Retrieved 19 February 2024.
    93. ^ Sánchez Olmos, Pablo (9 May 2019). "Vicente Fernández rechazó un trasplante por si el donante era "homosexual o drogadicto"". El Mundo (in Spanish). Spain. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
    94. ^ "Retiro de 'Chente' causa reacciones entre los artistas". El Heraldo (in Spanish). Honduras. 7 April 2014. Archived from the original on 17 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
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    101. ^ Total certified units before AMPROFON database (1999): 350,000
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    106. ^ Total certified units before AMPROFON database (1999): 600,000
      • Grandeza Mexicana: Gold (100,000)"Hit Parade". El Siglo de Torreon (in Spanish). 6 September 1994. p. 44. Retrieved 19 February 2024.
    107. ^ Criales, José Pablo (21 January 2020). "La polémica sin fin por la herencia de José José, el 'Príncipe de la canción'". El País (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 1 March 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
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    109. ^ Total certified units before AMPROFON database (1999): 300,000 million
      • Dónde Hay Música: Gold (100,000)Calzada, Gloria (24 March 1997). "Comentarios...". El Informador (in Spanish). p. 7-D.
    110. ^ Herrero, Nacho (14 November 2005). "EROS RAMAZZOTTI VENDE CASI 1 MILLÓN DE DISCOS EN APENAS DOS SEMANAS" (in Spanish). Los 40. Archived from the original on 18 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
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    112. ^ Total certified units before AMPROFON database (1999): 100,000
      • Como un León: Gold (100,000)"Disco de oro para Leo Dan". El Siglo de Torreon (in Spanish). 1 October 1993. p. 45. Retrieved 19 February 2024.
    113. ^ "Leo Dan brilla con su estrella en Plaza México de California". Excélsior (in Spanish). Mexico. 23 April 2019. Archived from the original on 24 April 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
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    115. ^ "Nelson Ned, El Minúsculo Cantante". El Tiempo (in Spanish). 13 April 1992. Retrieved 2 March 2023.
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    118. ^ a b Birchmeier, Jason. "Los Tigres del Norte Biography, Songs, & Albums". AllMusic. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
    119. ^ Total certified units before AMPROFON database (1999): 250,000
    120. ^ Wiltz, Teresa (18 February 2007). "Fierce Enough to Bite". Washington Post. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
    121. ^ a b Birchmeier, Jason. "Daddy Yankee Biography, Songs, & Albums". AllMusic. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
    122. ^ "Troféoversikt: Daddy Yankee" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. 17 April 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2023.
    123. ^ Martin, Annie (21 March 2022). "Daddy Yankee to retire from music after 'Legendaddy' album". UPI. Retrieved 16 April 2023.
    124. ^ "Daddy Yankee abrirá museo del reggaetón". El Imparcial (in Spanish). Mexico. 22 November 2019. Archived from the original on 23 November 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
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    126. ^ "Marco Antonio Solís abarrotó el Estadio Ferro en Buenos Aires" (in Spanish). Univision. 18 March 2014. Archived from the original on 18 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
    127. ^ "Marco Antonio Solís vuelve íntimo a Mendoza". Los Andes (in Spanish). Argentina. 21 December 2013. Archived from the original on 18 June 2020. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
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