List of renewable energy topics by country and territory

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Solar panels and wind turbines in Germany.
Placard for renewable energy, at the People's Climate March (2017).

This is a list of renewable energy topics by country and territory. These links can be used to compare developments in renewable energy in different countries and territories and to help and encourage new writers to participate in writing about developments in their own countries or countries of interest.

The list refers to renewable energy in general, as well as solar power, wind power, geothermal energy, biofuel, and hydropower. As of 2013, China, Germany, and Japan, and India, four of the world's largest economies generate more electricity from renewables than from nuclear power.

Based on REN21's 2014 report, renewables supplied 19% of humans' global energy consumption. This energy consumption is divided as 9% coming from traditional biomass, 4.2% as heat energy (non-biomass), 3.8% hydro electricity and 2% is electricity from wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass.

China is the world's largest producer of hydroelectricity, followed by Canada, Brazil, India, U.S and Russia. Wind power capacity is growing at the rate of 26% annually, and is widely used in Europe, Asia, and the United States.[1] Wind power accounts for approximately 30% of electricity use in Denmark, 20% in Portugal, and 18% in Spain.[2]

Long considered climate policy’s problem case due to its large population and fast growing economy, India is exceeding targets and breaking records and has become the fastest in adoption of clean and renewable energy.[3]

Special renewable energy figures[edit]

PV power stations are popular in Japan, China and the United States. The world's largest geothermal power installation is The Geysers in California, with a rated capacity of 750 MW.[4] Brazil has one of the largest renewable energy programs in the world, involving production of ethanol fuel from sugar cane, and ethanol now provides 18 percent of the country's automotive fuel.[5] Ethanol fuel is also widely available in the United States. Plug-in electric vehicles in Norway reached a market share of 22.4% in 2015,[6] the highest in the world.

While many renewable energy projects are large-scale, renewable technologies are also suited to developing countries, where energy is often crucial in human development. Small solar PV systems provide electricity to a few million households, and micro-hydro configured into mini-grids serves many more.



Region Renewable
energy (RE)
Solar power (SP) Wind power (WP) Geothermal
energy (GE)
Biofuel (BF) Hydro power
Africa RE in Africa SP in Africa WP in Africa GE in Africa BF in Africa Hydro in Africa
Asia RE in Asia SP in Asia WP in Asia GE in Asia BF in Asia Hydro in Asia
European Union RE in the EU SP in the EU WP in the EU GE in the EU BF in the EU Hydro in the EU

Countries and territories[edit]

Country or territory Energy (E) Renewable
energy (RE)
Solar power (SP) Wind power (WP) Geothermal
energy (GE)
Biofuel (BF) Hydro power
Afghanistan E in Afghanistan RE in Afghanistan SP in Afghanistan WP in Afghanistan GE in Afghanistan BF in Afghanistan Hydro in Afghanistan
Albania E in Albania RE in Albania SP in Albania WP in Albania GE in Albania BF in Albania Hydro in Albania
Algeria E in Algeria RE in Algeria SP in Algeria WP in Algeria GE in Algeria BF in Algeria Hydro in Algeria
Andorra E in Andorra RE in Andorra SP in Andorra WP in Andorra GE in Andorra BF in Andorra Hydro in Andorra
Angola E in Angola RE in Angola SP in Angola WP in Angola GE in Angola BF in Angola Hydro in Angola
Antigua and Barbuda E in Antigua and Barbuda RE in Antigua and Barbuda SP in Antigua and Barbuda WP in Antigua and Barbuda GE in Antigua and Barbuda BF in Antigua and Barbuda Hydro in Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina E in Argentina RE in Argentina SP in Argentina WP in Argentina GE in Argentina BF in Argentina Hydro in Argentina
Armenia E in Armenia RE in Armenia SP in Armenia WP in Armenia GE in Armenia BF in Armenia Hydro in Armenia
Australia E in Australia RE in Australia SP in Australia WP in Australia GE in Australia BF in Australia Hydro in Australia
Austria E in Austria RE in Austria SP in Austria WP in Austria GE in Austria BF in Austria Hydro in Austria
Azerbaijan E in Azerbaijan RE in Azerbaijan SP in Azerbaijan WP in Azerbaijan GE in Azerbaijan BF in Azerbaijan Hydro in Azerbaijan
The Bahamas E in the Bahamas RE in the Bahamas SP in the Bahamas WP in the Bahamas GE in the Bahamas BF in the Bahamas Hydro in the Bahamas
Bahrain E in Bahrain RE in Bahrain SP in Bahrain WP in Bahrain GE in Bahrain BF in Bahrain Hydro in Bahrain
Bangladesh E in Bangladesh RE in Bangladesh SP in Bangladesh WP in Bangladesh GE in Bangladesh BF in Bangladesh Hydro in Bangladesh
Barbados E in Barbados RE in Barbados SP in Barbados WP in Barbados GE in Barbados BF in Barbados Hydro in Barbados
Belarus E in Belarus RE in Belarus SP in Belarus WP in Belarus GE in Belarus BF in Belarus Hydro in Belarus
Belgium E in Belgium RE in Belgium SP in Belgium WP in Belgium GE in Belgium BF in Belgium Hydro in Belgium
Belize E in Belize RE in Belize SP in Belize WP in Belize GE in Belize BF in Belize Hydro in Belize
Benin E in Benin RE in Benin SP in Benin WP in Benin GE in Benin BF in Benin Hydro in Benin
Bhutan E in Bhutan RE in Bhutan SP in Bhutan WP in Bhutan GE in Bhutan BF in Bhutan Hydro in Bhutan
Bolivia E in Bolivia RE in Bolivia SP in Bolivia WP in Bolivia GE in Bolivia BF in Bolivia Hydro in Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina E in Bosnia and Herzegovina RE in Bosnia and Herzegovina SP in Bosnia and Herzegovina WP in Bosnia and Herzegovina GE in Bosnia and Herzegovina BF in Bosnia and Herzegovina Hydro in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana E in Botswana RE in Botswana SP in Botswana WP in Botswana GE in Botswana BF in Botswana Hydro in Botswana
Brazil E in Brazil RE in Brazil SP in Brazil WP in Brazil GE in Brazil BF in Brazil Hydro in Brazil
Brunei E in Brunei RE in Brunei SP in Brunei WP in Brunei GE in Brunei BF in Brunei Hydro in Brunei
Bulgaria E in Bulgaria RE in Bulgaria SP in Bulgaria WP in Bulgaria GE in Bulgaria BF in Bulgaria Hydro in Bulgaria
Burkina Faso E in Burkina Faso RE in Burkina Faso SP in Burkina Faso WP in Burkina Faso GE in Burkina Faso BF in Burkina Faso Hydro in Burkina Faso
Burundi E in Burundi RE in Burundi SP in Burundi WP in Burundi GE in Burundi BF in Burundi Hydro in Burundi
Cambodia E in Cambodia RE in Cambodia SP in Cambodia WP in Cambodia GE in Cambodia BF in Cambodia Hydro in Cambodia
Cameroon E in Cameroon RE in Cameroon SP in Cameroon WP in Cameroon GE in Cameroon BF in Cameroon Hydro in Cameroon
Canada E in Canada RE in Canada SP in Canada WP in Canada GE in Canada BF in Canada Hydro in Canada
Cape Verde E in Cape Verde RE in Cape Verde SP in Cape Verde WP in Cape Verde GE in Cape Verde BF in Cape Verde Hydro in Cape Verde
Central African Republic E in the CAR RE in the CAR SP in the CAR WP in the CAR GE in the CAR BF in the CAR Hydro in the CAR
Chad E in Chad RE in Chad SP in Chad WP in Chad GE in Chad BF in Chad Hydro in Chad
Chile E in Chile RE in Chile SP in Chile WP in Chile GE in Chile BF in Chile Hydro in Chile
China E in China RE in China SP in China WP in China GE in China BF in China Hydro in China
Hong Kong E in Hong Kong RE in Hong Kong SP in Hong Kong WP in Hong Kong GE in Hong Kong BF in Hong Kong Hydro in Hong Kong
Macau E in Macau RE in Macau SP in Macau WP in Macau GE in Macau BF in Macau Hydro in Macau
Colombia E in Colombia RE in Colombia SP in Colombia WP in Colombia GE in Colombia BF in Colombia Hydro in Colombia
Comoros E in Comoros RE in Comoros SP in Comoros WP in Comoros GE in Comoros BF in Comoros Hydro in Comoros
Congo E in Congo RE in Congo SP in Congo WP in Congo GE in Congo BF in Congo Hydro in Congo
DR Congo E in DR Congo RE in DR Congo SP in DR Congo WP in DR Congo GE in DR Congo BF in DR Congo Hydro in DR Congo
Costa Rica E in Costa Rica RE in Costa Rica SP in Costa Rica WP in Costa Rica GE in Costa Rica BF in Costa Rica Hydro in Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire E in Côte d'Ivoire RE in Côte d'Ivoire SP in Côte d'Ivoire WP in Côte d'Ivoire GE in Côte d'Ivoire BF in Côte d'Ivoire Hydro in Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia E in Croatia RE in Croatia SP in Croatia WP in Croatia GE in Croatia BF in Croatia Hydro in Croatia
Cuba E in Cuba RE in Cuba SP in Cuba WP in Cuba GE in Cuba BF in Cuba Hydro in Cuba
Cyprus E in Cyprus RE in Cyprus SP in Cyprus WP in Cyprus GE in Cyprus BF in Cyprus Hydro in Cyprus
Czech Republic E in Czech RE in Czech SP in Czech WP in Czech GE in Czech BF in Czech Hydro in Czech
Denmark E in Denmark RE in Denmark SP in Denmark WP in Denmark GE in Denmark BF in Denmark Hydro in Denmark
Djibouti E in Djibouti RE in Djibouti SP in Djibouti WP in Djibouti GE in Djibouti BF in Djibouti Hydro in Djibouti
Dominica E in Dominica RE in Dominica SP in Dominica WP in Dominica GE in Dominica BF in Dominica Hydro in Dominica
Dominican Republic E in Dominican Republic RE in Dominican Republic SP in Dominican Republic WP in Dominican Republic GE in Dominican Republic BF in Dominican Republic Hydro in Dominican Republic
Ecuador E in Ecuador RE in Ecuador SP in Ecuador WP in Ecuador GE in Ecuador BF in Ecuador Hydro in Ecuador
Egypt E in Egypt RE in Egypt SP in Egypt WP in Egypt GE in Egypt BF in Egypt Hydro in Egypt
El Salvador E in El Salvador RE in El Salvador SP in El Salvador WP in El Salvador GE in El Salvador BF in El Salvador Hydro in El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea E in Equatorial Guinea RE in Equatorial Guinea SP in Equatorial Guinea WP in Equatorial Guinea GE in Equatorial Guinea BF in Equatorial Guinea Hydro in Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea E in Eritrea RE in Eritrea SP in Eritrea WP in Eritrea GE in Eritrea BF in Eritrea Hydro in Eritrea
Estonia E in Estonia RE in Estonia SP in Estonia WP in Estonia GE in Estonia BF in Estonia Hydro in Estonia
Ethiopia E in Ethiopia RE in Ethiopia SP in Ethiopia WP in Ethiopia GE in Ethiopia BF in Ethiopia Hydro in Ethiopia
Finland E in Finland RE in Finland SP in Finland WP in Finland GE in Finland BF in Finland Hydro in Finland
France E in France RE in France SP in France WP in France GE in France BF in France Hydro in France
Germany E in Germany RE in Germany SP in Germany WP in Germany GE in Germany BF in Germany Hydro in Germany
Greece E in Greece RE in Greece SP in Greece WP in Greece GE in Greece BF in Greece Hydro in Greece
Haiti E in Haiti RE in Haiti SP in Haiti WP in Haiti GE in Haiti BF in Haiti Hydro in Haiti
Honduras E in Honduras RE in Honduras SP in Honduras WP in Honduras GE in Honduras BF in Honduras Hydro in Honduras
Hungary E in Hungary RE in Hungary SP in Hungary WP in Hungary GE in Hungary BF in Hungary Hydro in Hungary
Iceland E in Iceland RE in Iceland SP in Iceland WP in Iceland GE in Iceland BF in Iceland Hydro in Iceland
India E in India RE in India SP in India WP in India GE in India BF in India Hydro in India
Indonesia E in Indonesia RE in Indonesia SP in Indonesia WP in Indonesia GE in Indonesia BF in Indonesia Hydro in Indonesia
Iran E in Iran RE in Iran SP in Iran WP in Iran GE in Iran BF in Iran Hydro in Iran
Iraq E in Iraq RE in Iraq SP in Iraq WP in Iraq GE in Iraq BF in Ireland Hydro in Iraq
Ireland E in Ireland RE in Ireland SP in Ireland WP in Ireland GE in Ireland BF in Ireland Hydro in Ireland
Israel E in Israel RE in Israel SP in Israel WP in Israel GE in Israel BF in Israel Hydro in Israel
Italy E in Italy RE in Italy SP in Italy WP in Italy GE in Italy BF in Italy Hydro in Italy
Japan E in Japan RE in Japan SP in Japan WP in Japan GE in Japan BF in Japan Hydro in Japan
Kazakhstan E in Kazakhstan RE in Kazakhstan SP in Kazakhstan WP in Kazakhstan GE in Kazakhstan BF in Kazakhstan Hydro in Kazakhstan
Kenya E in Kenya RE in Kenya SP in Kenya WP in Kenya GE in Kenya BF in Kenya Hydro in Kenya
Kosovo E in Kosovo RE in Kosovo SP in Kosovo WP in Kosovo GE in Kosovo BF in Kosovo Hydro in Kosovo
Laos E in Laos RE in Laos SP in Laos WP in Laos GE in Laos BF in Laos Hydro in Laos
Latvia E in Latvia RE in Latvia SP in Latvia WP in Latvia GE in Latvia BF in Latvia Hydro in Latvia
Lebanon E in Lebanon RE in Lebanon SP in Lebanon WP in Lebanon GE in Lebanon BF in Lebanon Hydro in Lebanon
Lithuania E in Lithuania RE in Lithuania SP in Lithuania WP in Lithuania GE in Lithuania BF in Lithuania Hydro in Lithuania
Luxembourg E in Luxembourg RE in Luxembourg SP in Luxembourg WP in Luxembourg GE in Luxembourg BF in Luxembourg Hydro in Luxembourg
Malaysia E in Malaysia RE in Malaysia SP in Malaysia WP in Malaysia GE in Malaysia BF in Malaysia Hydro in Malaysia
Malta E in Malta RE in Malta SP in Malta WP in Malta GE in Malta BF in Malta Hydro in Malta
Mexico E in Mexico RE in Mexico SP in Mexico WP in Mexico GE in Mexico BF in Mexico Hydro in Mexico
Moldova E in Moldova RE in Moldova SP in Moldova WP in Moldova GE in Moldova BF in Moldova Hydro in Moldova
Mongolia E in Mongolia RE in Mongolia SP in Mongolia WP in Mongolia GE in Mongolia BF in Mongolia Hydro in Mongolia
Montenegro E in Montenegro RE in Montenegro SP in Montenegro WP in Montenegro GE in Montenegro BF in Montenegro Hydro in Montenegro
Morocco E in Morocco RE in Morocco SP in Morocco WP in Morocco GE in Morocco BF in Morocco Hydro in Morocco
Myanmar E in Myanmar RE in Myanmar SP in Myanmar WP in Myanmar GE in Myanmar BF in Myanmar Hydro in Myanmar
Nepal E in Nepal RE in Nepal SP in Nepal WP in Nepal GE in Nepal BF in Nepal Hydro in Nepal
The Netherlands E in the Netherlands RE in the Netherlands SP in the Netherlands WP in the Netherlands GE in the Netherlands BF in the Netherlands Hydro in the Netherlands
New Zealand E in NZ RE in NZ SP in NZ WP in NZ GE in NZ BF in NZ Hydro in NZ
Nigeria E in Nigeria RE in Nigeria SP in Nigeria WP in Nigeria GE in Nigeria BF in Nigeria Hydro in Nigeria
North Macedonia E in North Macedonia RE in North Macedonia SP in North Macedonia WP in North Macedonia GE in North Macedonia BF in North Macedonia Hydro in North Macedonia
Norway E in Norway RE in Norway SP in Norway WP in Norway GE in Norway BF in Norway Hydro in Norway
Pakistan E in Pakistan RE in Pakistan SP in Pakistan WP in Pakistan GE in Pakistan BF in Pakistan Hydro in Pakistan
Philippines E in the Philippines RE in the Philippines SP in the Philippines WP in the Philippines GE in the Philippines BF in the Philippines Hydro in the Philippines
Poland E in Poland RE in Poland SP in Poland WP in Poland GE in Poland BF in Poland Hydro in Poland
Portugal E in Portugal RE in Portugal SP in Portugal WP in Portugal GE in Portugal BF in Portugal Hydro in Portugal
Romania E in Romania RE in Romania SP in Romania WP in Romania GE in Romania BF in Romania Hydro in Romania
Russia E in Russia RE in Russia SP in Russia WP in Russia GE in Russia BF in Russia Hydro in Russia
Saudi Arabia E in Saudi Arabia RE in Saudi Arabia SP in Saudi Arabia WP in Saudi Arabia GE in Saudi Arabia BF in Saudi Arabia Hydro in Saudi Arabia
Serbia E in Serbia RE in Serbia SP in Serbia WP in Serbia GE in Serbia BF in Serbia Hydro in Serbia
Seychelles E in Seychelles RE in Seychelles SP in Seychelles WP in Seychelles GE in Seychelles BF in Seychelles Hydro in Seychelles
Singapore E in Singapore RE in Singapore SP in Singapore WP in Singapore GE in Singapore BF in Singapore Hydro in Singapore
Slovakia E in Slovakia RE in Slovakia SP in Slovakia WP in Slovakia GE in Slovakia BF in Slovakia Hydro in Slovakia
Slovenia E in Slovenia RE in Slovenia SP in Slovenia WP in Slovenia GE in Slovenia BF in Slovenia Hydro in Slovenia
Somalia E in Somalia RE in Somalia SP in Somalia WP in Somalia GE in Somalia BF in Somalia Hydro in Somalia
South Africa E in South Africa RE in South Africa SP in South Africa WP in South Africa GE in South Africa BF in South Africa Hydro in South Africa
South Korea E in South Korea RE in South Korea SP in South Korea WP in South Korea GE in South Korea BF in South Korea Hydro in South Korea
Spain E in Spain RE in Spain SP in Spain WP in Spain GE in Spain BF in Spain Hydro in Spain
Sri Lanka E in Sri Lanka RE in Sri Lanka SP in Sri Lanka WP in Sri Lanka GE in Sri Lanka BF in Sri Lanka Hydro in Sri Lanka
Sweden E in Sweden RE in Sweden SP in Sweden WP in Sweden GE in Sweden BF in Sweden Hydro in Sweden
Switzerland E in Switzerland RE in Switzerland SP in Switzerland WP in Switzerland GE in Switzerland BF in Switzerland Hydro in Switzerland
Taiwan E in Taiwan RE in Taiwan SP in Taiwan WP in Taiwan GE in Taiwan BF in Taiwan Hydro in Taiwan
Thailand E in Thailand RE in Thailand SP in Thailand WP in Thailand GE in Thailand BF in Thailand Hydro in Thailand
Turkey E in Turkey RE in Turkey SP in Turkey WP in Turkey GE in Turkey BF in Turkey Hydro in Turkey
Tuvalu E in Tuvalu RE in Tuvalu SP in Tuvalu WP in Tuvalu GE in Tuvalu BF in Tuvalu Hydro in Tuvalu
Ukraine E in Ukraine RE in Ukraine SP in Ukraine WP in Ukraine GE in Ukraine BF in Ukraine Hydro in Ukraine
United Kingdom E in the UK RE in the UK SP in the UK WP in the UK GE in the UK BF in the UK Hydro in the UK
United States E in the US RE in the US SP in the US WP in the US GE in the US BF in the US Hydro in the US
Uzbekistan E in Uzbekistan RE in Uzbekistan SP in Uzbekistan WP in Uzbekistan GE in Uzbekistan BF in Uzbekistan Hydro in Uzbekistan
Venezuela E in Venezuela RE in Venezuela SP in Venezuela WP in Venezuela GE in Venezuela BF in Venezuela Hydro in Venezuela
Vietnam E in Vietnam RE in Vietnam SP in Vietnam WP in Vietnam GE in Vietnam BF in Vietnam Hydro in Vietnam
Yemen E in Yemen RE in Yemen SP in Yemen WP in Yemen GE in Yemen BF in Yemen Hydro in Yemen


  1. ^ Global wind energy markets continue to boom – 2006 another record year Archived 2011-04-07 at the Wayback Machine (PDF).
  2. ^ International Energy Agency (2013). IEA Wind Energy: Annual Report 2012 Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine p. 5.
  3. ^ Wadhwa, Vivek. "Surprise! India Is Leaping Ahead in Clean Energy". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  4. ^ "Calpine Corporation - The Geysers" (http). Retrieved 2007-05-16.
  5. ^ America and Brazil Intersect on Ethanol Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Cobb, Jeff (2016-01-18). "Top Six Plug-in Vehicle Adopting Countries – 2015". Retrieved 2016-01-23. About 520,000 highway legal light-duty plug-in electric vehicles were sold worldwide in 2015, with cumulative global sales reaching 1,235,000. The United States is the leading market with 411,120 units sold since 2008, followed by China with 258,328 units sold since 2011. Japan ranks third (about 130,000), followed by the Netherlands (88,991), Norway (77,897), France (74,291), and the UK (53,254). Four of these countries achieved a PEV market share over 1% of new car sales in 2015: Norway (22.39%), the Netherlands (9.74%), France (1.2%), and the UK (1.1%)