From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Mammarenavirus structure and genome composition.
Virus classification Edit this classification
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Kingdom: Orthornavirae
Phylum: Negarnaviricota
Class: Ellioviricetes
Order: Bunyavirales
Family: Arenaviridae
Genus: Mammarenavirus

See text

  • Arenavirus

Mammarenavirus is a genus of viruses in the family Arenaviridae.[3] The name is a portmanteau of mammal and the former name Arenavirus, and differentiates it from the reptile-associated Reptarenavirus.[2] Arenavirus comes from the Latin arena (sand) for the sandy appearance of the virions.[4]


The following species are recognized:[5]


  1. ^ "ICTV Report Arenaviridae".
  2. ^ a b Buchmeier, Michael J.; et al. (2 July 2014). "Rename one (1) genus and twenty-five (25) species in the family Arenaviridae" (PDF). International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 7 March 2019. in the family Arenaviridae change the name of genus Arenavirus to Mammarenavirus and convert the names of its constituent species to a binomial format, by appending the name Mammarenavirus to each existing name
  3. ^ Radoshitzky, SR; Buchmeier, MJ; Charrel, RN; Clegg, JCS; Gonzalez, JJ; Günther, S; Hepojoki, J; Kuhn, JH; Lukashevich, IS; Romanowski, V; Salvato, MS; Sironi, M; Stenglein, MD; de la Torre, JC; ICTV Report, Consortium (August 2019). "ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Arenaviridae". The Journal of General Virology. 100 (8): 1200–1201. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.001280. PMID 31192784.
  4. ^ "ICTV 9th Report Arenaviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Archived from the original on December 19, 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2019. Derivation of name Arena: from Latin arenosus, "sandy" and arena, "sand", in recognition of the sand-like particles observed in thin section. The name originally proposed was arenovirus, but was subsequently changed to avoid possible confusion with Adenovirus.
  5. ^ "Virus Taxonomy: 2020 Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2021.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]