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The volcano in 2005
Highest point
Elevation1,297 m (4,255 ft)[1]
Coordinates12°25′19″N 86°32′24″W / 12.422°N 86.540°W / 12.422; -86.540[1]
Momotombo is located in Nicaragua
Location within Nicaragua
Momotombo is located in North America
Location within North America
LocationLeón Department, Nicaragua
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruption28 February 2016[1]
Easiest routeHiking

Momotombo is a stratovolcano in Nicaragua, located near the city of León. It stands on the shores of Lake Managua. An eruption of the volcano in 1610 forced inhabitants of the then-Spanish city of León to relocate about 48 kilometres (30 mi) west. The ruins of this city are preserved at León Viejo. It also erupted in 1886,[2] 1905, and most recently on 30 November 2015 and 28 February 2016.[3]

Aerial view of Momotombo in 2006

The mountain is very symmetrical, and its form is a symbol of Nicaragua, cropping up in locations from matchboxes to revolutionary murals. This volcano was also very popular before World War I began. Many tourists visited, especially in 1904, one year before the eruption. The Nicaraguan poet Rubén Darío wrote the poem "Momotombo"[4] in its honour.[citation needed]

A major geothermal field is located on the southern flank of the volcano. To climb the mountain, with a permit, cross through the geothermal powerplant and follow an easily marked trail through the treeline. Due to the active nature of the volcano, as well as the threat of landslides, the route from the treeline to the top is constantly changing. The quickest way is straight up, through the small avalanche paths.[citation needed]

It has a younger cone: Momotombito [es], which is inside of Lake Managua.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Momotombo". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2020-10-04.
  2. ^ Brandon (Canada) Mail, July 1, 1886)
  3. ^ Howard, Brian Clark (September 4, 2015). "Slumbering Volcano Erupts for First Time in a Century". National Geographic News. Retrieved July 8, 2022.
  4. ^ "Los viajes de Rubén Darío por Hispanoamérica". Anales de Literatura Hispanoamericana. 23. 1994.
  5. ^ "Report on Momotombo". Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network. 2000. doi:10.5479/si.gvp.bgvn200003-344090. Momotombo began growing about 4500 years ago at the SE end of the Marrabios Range and consists of a somma from an older edifice that is surmounted by a symmetrical younger cone with a 150 x 250 m wide summit crater. Young lava flows extend down the NW flank into the 4-km-wide Monte Galán caldera. The youthful cone of Momotombito forms an island offshore in Lake Managua.

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