Mumin

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Mu'min or mumin (Arabic: مُؤْمِن, romanizedmuʾmin; feminine: مُؤْمِنَة muʾmina) is an Arabic name and Islamic term frequently referenced in the Quran, meaning 'believer'.[1] Al-Mu'minun (Arabic: المؤمنون, al-muʼminūn; meaning: 'The Believers') is the 23rd chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an.

In the Quran

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Mumin denotes a person who has complete submission to the will of God and has faith firmly established in his heart, i.e. a "faithful Muslim".[1] Also, it is used as a name and one of the names of God.[1] The opposite term of iman (faith) is kufr (disbelief), and the opposite of mumin is kafir (disbeliever).[2][3][4]

The Quran states:

O believers! Have faith in Allah, His Messenger, the Book He has revealed to His Messenger, and the Scriptures He revealed before. Indeed, whoever denies Allah, His angels, His Books, His messengers, and the Last Day has clearly gone far astray.

This verse addresses the believers, exhorting them to believe, implying multiple stages of belief.

There is a difference between the terms Muslim and mumin. The term mumin is the preferred term used in the Quran to describe monotheistic believers.

See also

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References

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  1. ^ a b c Jansen, J. J. G. (2012) [1993]. "Muʾmin". In Bosworth, C. E.; van Donzel, E. J.; Heinrichs, W. P.; Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Vol. 7. Leiden and Boston: Brill Publishers. doi:10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5493. ISBN 978-90-04-16121-4.
  2. ^ Schirrmacher, Christine (2020). "Chapter 7: Leaving Islam". In Enstedt, Daniel; Larsson, Göran; Mantsinen, Teemu T. (eds.). Handbook of Leaving Religion. Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion. Vol. 18. Leiden and Boston: Brill Publishers. pp. 81–95. doi:10.1163/9789004331471_008. ISBN 978-90-04-33092-4. ISSN 1874-6691.
  3. ^ Adang, Camilla (2001). "Belief and Unbelief: choice or destiny?". In McAuliffe, Jane Dammen (ed.). Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān. Vol. I. Leiden: Brill Publishers. doi:10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00025. ISBN 978-90-04-14743-0.
  4. ^ Willis, John Ralph, ed. (2018) [1979]. "Glossary". Studies in West African Islamic History, Volume 1: The Cultivators of Islam (1st ed.). London and New York: Routledge. p. 197. ISBN 9781138238534. Kufr: Unbelief; non-Muslim belief (Kāfir = a non-Muslim, one who has received no Dispensation or Book; Kuffār plural of Kāfir).
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