From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Virus classification Edit this classification
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Kingdom: Orthornavirae
Phylum: Negarnaviricota
Class: Chunqiuviricetes
Order: Muvirales
Family: Qinviridae
Genus: Yingvirus

Yingvirus is a genus of negative-strand RNA viruses which infect invertebrates.[1] Member viruses have bisegmented genomes. It is the only genus in the family Qinviridae, which is the only family in Muvirales, which is the only order in Chunqiuviricetes. There are eight species in the genus.[2]


The name Yingvirus derives from (yíng), the ancestral name of Duke Mù of Qín during the Spring and Autumn period, along with -virus the suffix for a virus genus.[3] Qinviridae gets its name from (Qín), meaning Qín State, added to -viridae the suffix for a virus family.[3] Muvirales is from (), again for Duke Mù of Qín, along with -virales the suffix for a virus order.[3] Chunqiuviricetes is from 春秋时代 (Chūnqiū Shídài), or Spring and Autumn period, attached to -viricetes the suffix for a virus class.[3]


Yingviruses have linear, negative-sense, bisegmented RNA genomes.[1] Genome lengths for four member species are:[4]

  • Beihai yingvirus: Beihai sesarmid crab virus 4 (7380 nt)
  • Hubei yingvirus: Hubei qinvirus-like virus 1 (7366 nt)
  • Sanxia yingvirus: Sanxia Qinvirus-like virus 1 (8238 nt)
  • Wenzhou yingvirus: Wenzhou qinvirus-like virus 2 (8052 nt)


The following species are recognized:


  1. ^ a b Wu, Haoming; Pang, Rui; Cheng, Tong; Xue, Liang; Zeng, Haiyan; Lei, Tao; Chen, Moutong; Wu, Shi; Ding, Yu; Zhang, Jumei; Shi, Mang (2020-08-25). "Abundant and Diverse RNA Viruses in Insects Revealed by RNA-Seq Analysis: Ecological and Evolutionary Implications". mSystems. 5 (4). doi:10.1128/mSystems.00039-20. ISSN 2379-5077. PMC 7343303. PMID 32636338.
  2. ^ "ICTV Taxonomy history: Mivirus". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Wolf, Yuri; Krupovic, Mart; Zhang, Yong Zhen; Maes, Piet; Dolja, Valerian; Koonin, Eugene V.; Kuhn, Jens H. "Megataxonomy of negative-sense RNA viruses" (docx). International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 12 January 2019.[dead link]
  4. ^ "Complete genomes: Yingvirus". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 17 July 2019.