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|Other names||Muscle pain, muscle ache|
Myalgia (also called muscle pain and muscle ache) is the medical term for muscle pain. Myalgia is a symptom of many diseases. The most common cause of acute myalgia is the overuse of a muscle or group of muscles; another likely cause is viral infection, especially when there has been no trauma. Long-lasting myalgia can be caused by metabolic myopathy, some nutritional deficiencies, and chronic fatigue syndrome.
The most common causes of myalgia are overuse, injury, or strain. However, myalgia can also be caused by diseases, medications, or as a response to a vaccination. Dehydration at times results in muscle pain as well, for people involved in extensive physical activities such as workout. It is also a sign of acute rejection after heart transplant surgery.
The most common causes are:
- Injury or trauma, including sprains, hematoma
- Overuse: using a muscle too much, too often, including protecting a separate injury
- Chronic tension
Muscle pain occurs with:
- Rhabdomyolysis, associated with:
- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
- Auto-immune disorders, including:
- Infections, including:
- Multiple sclerosis (neurologic pain interpreted as muscular)
- Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (chronic fatigue syndrome)
- Mixed connective tissue disease
- Lupus erythematosus
- Fibromyalgia syndrome
- Familial Mediterranean fever
- Polyarteritis nodosa
- Devic's disease
- Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency
- Conn's syndrome
- Adrenal insufficiency
- Postorgasmic illness syndrome
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
- Ehlers Danlos Syndrome
- Stickler Syndrome
- Exercise intolerance
- Peripheral neuropathy
- Eosinophilia myalgia syndrome
- Barcoo Fever
- Delayed onset muscle soreness
- Generalized anxiety disorder
- Tumor-induced osteomalacia
- Hypovitaminosis D
Withdrawal syndrome from certain drugs
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