Naval Ravikant

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Naval Ravikant
Born (1974-11-05) November 5, 1974 (age 49)[1]
New Delhi, India
Alma materDartmouth College
Occupation(s)Entrepreneur, investor
Years active1999–present
Known for

Naval Ravikant is an American entrepreneur and investor. He is the co-founder, chairman and former CEO of AngelList.[2] He has invested early-stage in over 200 companies including Uber, FourSquare, Twitter,, Poshmark, Postmates, Thumbtack, Notion, SnapLogic, Opendoor, Clubhouse, Stack Overflow, Bolt, OpenDNS, Yammer, and Clearview AI, with over 70 total exits and more than 10 Unicorn companies.[3][4]

Ravikant is a Fellow of the Edmund Hillary Fellowship.[5] As a podcaster he shares advice on pursuing health, wealth, and happiness.

Early life and education[edit]

Ravikant was born in New Delhi, India in 1974. He moved to New York with his mother and his brother, Kamal, when he was 9. He graduated from Stuyvesant High School in 1991.[6] In 1995, he graduated with degrees in Computer Science and Economics from Dartmouth College.[3] In college, he interned at law firm Davis Polk & Wardwell.[7] After graduating from Dartmouth College, Naval had a brief stint at Boston Consulting Group before heading to Silicon Valley.[7]



In 1999, Ravikant co-founded consumer product review site Epinions.[8] They raised $45 million in venture capital from Benchmark Capital and August Capital.[8] In 2003, Epinions merged with comparison pricing site Dealtime with the approval of Ravikant and the other co-founders that had left the company—even though it meant valuing their shares at zero.[8]

The merged company became which held an IPO in October 2004.[8] After its first day of trading, it was worth $750 million.[8] In January 2005, Ravikant and three of his co-founders filed a lawsuit against Benchmark, August Capital, their co-founder Nirav Tolia who remained at Epinions after his co-founders' departures claiming that—to get their approval for the merger—they were misled to believe that at the time of the merger, the company was worth "$23 million to $38 million", less than the $45 million that they had raised in outside capital, making their shares worthless. The lawsuit was settled in December 2005.

Hit Forge[edit]

Around 2007, Ravikant started a $20 million early stage venture capital fund named "The Hit Forge".[9] Hit Forge invested in prominent startups including Twitter, Uber and Stack Overflow.[10][11][12]


In 2007, Ravikant began co-writing a blog called Venture Hacks, which "offered detailed advice on negotiating term sheets, explained which sections mattered, and which provisions were bogus."[13] That blog evolved into AngelList, which Ravikant co-founded in 2010, as a fundraising platform for startups to raise money from angel investors. AngelList also operates Product Hunt. In 2022, AngelList reached a $4 billion valuation.[14] Naval is the chairman and former CEO of AngelList.[2]

MetaStable Capital[edit]

In 2014, Ravikant co-founded MetaStable Capital, a cryptocurrency hedge fund that owned Bitcoin, Ethereum, Monero and a number of other cryptocurrencies. A June 2017 regulatory filing reported its assets as $69 million.[15] Investors in the fund include Andreessen Horowitz, Sequoia Capital, Union Square Ventures, Founders Fund and Bessemer Venture Partners. investment fund[edit]

In 2017, Naval launched Spearhead, an investment fund which raised $100m for its third fund to provide founders with $1m each to invest in technology companies as angel investors.[16] The first two classes of Spearhead include founders from 35 companies. Together, these companies are worth over $10B, and four of them are unicorns. The companies include Neuralink, Opendoor, PillPack, Shippo (company), Rippling and Scale.[17] Previous Spearhead leads include Shippo co-founder and chief executive officer Laura Behrens Wu, Scale AI founder and CEO Alexandr Wang and Rippling co-founder and chief technology officer Prasanna Sankar.[17], Spearhead, and other podcasts[edit]

Naval runs a short-form podcast at and, where he discusses philosophy, business, and investing. He has also been a podcast guest on The Joe Rogan Experience, The Tim Ferriss Show, Coffee with Scott Adams, The James Altucher Show and Farnam Street, among others.

With Ravikant's permission, Eric Jorgenson curated Naval's tweets, essays, and interviews on wealth and happiness, then published them as a free downloadable book called The Almanack of Naval Ravikant, with a foreword by Tim Ferriss.[18]

Ravikant has a chapter giving advice in Tim Ferriss' book Tools of Titans.


Ravikant co-founded Airchat in 2023, a social media app.[19] It uses Generative AI and is similar to Instagram stories.[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jorgenson, Eric (2020). The Almanack of Naval Ravikant (PDF). Magrathea Publishing. ISBN 978-1-5445-1420-8. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  2. ^ a b Clifford, Catherine (April 3, 2019). "Top Silicon Valley investor: This is what gives Elon Musk 'true superpowers' in business". CNBC. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  3. ^ a b Stankovic, Stefan (April 15, 2018). "Naval Ravikant: Complete Profile and Meta List of All Things @Naval".
  4. ^ Naval Ravikant
  5. ^ Knight, Madina (August 16, 2019). "EHF Fellow: Naval Ravikant". Medium.
  6. ^ Algar, Selim (May 9, 2018). "This Silicon Valley big wants Stuyvesant HS to stay exclusive".
  7. ^ a b Dec 2014, Eric Smillie '02 | Nov-. "Avenging Angel". Dartmouth Alumni Magazine.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ a b c d e Rivlin, Gary (January 26, 2005). "Founders of Web Site Accuse Backers of Cheating Them (Published 2005)". The New York Times.
  9. ^ Halperin, Alex (March 24, 2014). "Silicon Valley's Avenging Angel". Fast Company. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  10. ^ "AngelList's Naval Ravikant on Syndicates, Two Months In". November 21, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  11. ^ Huspeni, Alyson Shontell, Andrea. "The 50 Early Stage Investors In Silicon Valley You Need To Know". Business Insider. Retrieved April 26, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ Yasmine, Fatema (February 22, 2011). "Naval Ravikant: Twitter, Bubbles, New York and Start Fund [Interview Part 2]". The Next Web. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  13. ^ Halperin, Alex (March 24, 2014). "Silicon Valley's Avenging Angel". Fast Company.
  14. ^ Jun 2022 (March 8, 2022). "AngelList Venture takes on rare capital at a $4 billion valuation". TechCrunch.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ "Meet the Secretive Cryptocurrency Hedge Fund That May Be Bitcoin's Warren Buffett". Fortune.
  16. ^ "Spearhead will give $1M to 15 founders to invest freely". October 15, 2019.
  17. ^ a b "FAQ". Spearhead.
  18. ^ "Almanack of Naval Ravikant". Almanack of Naval Ravikant.
  19. ^ a b Livemint (May 23, 2023). "Indian-American investor Naval Ravikant is building a social media app called Airchat: Details here". Retrieved March 13, 2024.

External links[edit]