Pisuviricota

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Pisuviricota
Pisuviricota-collage.png
Clockwise from top left: TEM of avian coronavirus, penicilllium stoloniferum virus S, picobirnavirus, polio virus, calicivirus, astrovirus, plum pox virus, Nam Dinh virus. Center: phylogenetic tree of phylum Pisuviricota
Virus classification e
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Kingdom: Orthornavirae
Phylum: Pisuviricota

Pisuviricota is a phylum of RNA viruses that includes all positive-strand and double-stranded RNA viruses that infect eukaryotes and are not members of the phylum Kitrinoviricota, Lenarviricota or Duplornaviricota.[1] The name of the group is a syllabic abbreviation of “picornavirus supergroup” with the suffix -viricota, indicating a virus phylum.[2] Phylogenetic analyses suggest that Birnaviridae and Permutotetraviridae, both currently unassigned to a phylum in Orthornavirae, also belong to this phylum and that both are sister groups.[3]

Classes[edit]

Phylogenetic tree of Pisuviricota (top), genome of different members and major conserved proteins (bottom)

The following classes are recognized:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Virus Taxonomy: 2019 Release". talk.ictvonline.org. International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  2. ^ Koonin EV, Dolja VV, Krupovic M, Varsani A, Wolf YI, Yutin N, Zerbini M, Kuhn JH. "Proposal: Create a megataxonomic framework, filling all principal taxonomic ranks, for realm Riboviria". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 2020-05-21.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Wolf YI, Silas S, Wang Y, Wu S, Bocek M, Kazlauskas D, Krupovic M, Fire A, Dolja VV, Koonin EV (20 July 2020). "Doubling of the known set of RNA viruses by metagenomic analysis of an aquatic virome". Nature Microbiology. 5 (10): 1262–1270. doi:10.1038/s41564-020-0755-4. PMC 7508674. PMID 32690954.