RpYN06

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BatCoV RpYN06
Virus classification e
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Kingdom: Orthornavirae
Phylum: Pisuviricota
Class: Pisoniviricetes
Order: Nidovirales
Family: Coronaviridae
Genus: Betacoronavirus
Subgenus: Sarbecovirus
Species:
Strain:
BatCoV RpYN06

Bat coronavirus RpYN06 is a SARS-like betacoronavirus that infects the horseshoe bat Rhinolophus pusillus, it is a close relative of SARS-CoV-2 with a 94.48% sequence identity.[1]

Phylogenetics[edit]

A phylogenetic tree based on whole-genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2 and related coronaviruses is:[2][3]

SARS‑CoV‑2 related coronavirus

(Bat) Rc-o319, 81% to SARS-CoV-2, Rhinolophus cornutus, Iwate, Japan[4]

Bat SL-ZXC21, 88% to SARS-CoV-2, Rhinolophus pusillus, Zhoushan, Zhejiang[5]

Bat SL-ZC45, 88% to SARS-CoV-2, Rhinolophus pusillus, Zhoushan, Zhejiang[5]

Pangolin SARSr-CoV-GX, 89% to SARS-CoV-2, Manis javanica, Smuggled from Southeast Asia[6]

Pangolin SARSr-CoV-GD, 91% to SARS-CoV-2, Manis javanica, Smuggled from Southeast Asia[7]

Bat RshSTT182, 92.6% to SARS-CoV-2, Rhinolophus shameli, Steung Treng, Cambodia[8][unreliable source?]

Bat RshSTT200, 92.6% to SARS-CoV-2, Rhinolophus shameli, Steung Treng, Cambodia[8][unreliable source?]

(Bat) RacCS203, 91.5% to SARS-CoV-2, Rhinolophus acuminatus, Chachoengsao, Thailand[3]

(Bat) RmYN02, 93.3% to SARS-CoV-2, Rhinolophus malayanus Mengla, Yunnan[9]

(Bat) RpYN06, 94.4% to SARS-CoV-2, Rhinolophus pusillus, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan[2]

(Bat) RaTG13, 96.1% to SARS-CoV-2, Rhinolophus affinis, Mojiang, Yunnan

(Bat) BANAL-52, 96.8% to SARS-CoV-2, Rhinolophus malayanus, Cambodia[10][11]

SARS-CoV-2

SARS-CoV-1, 79% to SARS-CoV-2


References[edit]

  1. ^ Hong Zhou, Jingkai Ji, Xing Chen, Yuhai Bi, Juan Li, Tao Hu, Hao Song, Yanhua Chen, Mingxue Cui, Yanyan Zhang, Alice C. Hughes, Edward C. Holmes, Weifeng Shi (8 March 2021). "Identification of novel bat coronaviruses sheds light on the 2 evolutionary origins of SARS-CoV-2 and related viruses" (PDF). doi:10.1016/j.cell.2021.06.008. Retrieved 13 June 2021.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b Zhou H, Ji J, Chen X, Bi Y, Li J, Wang Q, et al. (June 2021). "Identification of novel bat coronaviruses sheds light on the evolutionary origins of SARS-CoV-2 and related viruses". Cell. 184 (17): 4380–4391.e14. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2021.06.008. PMC 8188299. PMID 34147139.
  3. ^ a b Wacharapluesadee S, Tan CW, Maneeorn P, Duengkae P, Zhu F, Joyjinda Y, et al. (February 2021). "Evidence for SARS-CoV-2 related coronaviruses circulating in bats and pangolins in Southeast Asia". Nature Communications. 12 (1): 972. Bibcode:2021NatCo..12..972W. doi:10.1038/s41467-021-21240-1. PMC 7873279. PMID 33563978.
  4. ^ Murakami S, Kitamura T, Suzuki J, Sato R, Aoi T, Fujii M, et al. (December 2020). "Detection and Characterization of Bat Sarbecovirus Phylogenetically Related to SARS-CoV-2, Japan". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 26 (12): 3025–3029. doi:10.3201/eid2612.203386. PMC 7706965. PMID 33219796.
  5. ^ a b Zhou H, Chen X, Hu T, Li J, Song H, Liu Y, et al. (June 2020). "A Novel Bat Coronavirus Closely Related to SARS-CoV-2 Contains Natural Insertions at the S1/S2 Cleavage Site of the Spike Protein". Current Biology. 30 (11): 2196–2203.e3. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2020.05.023. PMC 7211627. PMID 32416074.
  6. ^ Lam TT, Jia N, Zhang YW, Shum MH, Jiang JF, Zhu HC, et al. (July 2020). "Identifying SARS-CoV-2-related coronaviruses in Malayan pangolins". Nature. 583 (7815): 282–285. Bibcode:2020Natur.583..282L. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2169-0. PMID 32218527. S2CID 214683303.
  7. ^ Liu P, Jiang JZ, Wan XF, Hua Y, Li L, Zhou J, et al. (May 2020). "Are pangolins the intermediate host of the 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2)?". PLOS Pathogens. 16 (5): e1008421. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1008421. PMC 7224457. PMID 32407364.
  8. ^ a b Hul V, Delaune D, Karlsson EA, Hassanin A, Tey PO, Baidaliuk A, et al. (26 January 2021). "A novel SARS-CoV-2 related coronavirus in bats from Cambodia". bioRxiv 10.1101/2021.01.26.428212.
  9. ^ Zhou H, Chen X, Hu T, Li J, Song H, Liu Y, et al. (June 2020). "A Novel Bat Coronavirus Closely Related to SARS-CoV-2 Contains Natural Insertions at the S1/S2 Cleavage Site of the Spike Protein". Current Biology. 30 (11): 2196–2203.e3. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2020.05.023. PMC 7211627. PMID 32416074.
  10. ^ Mallapaty, Smriti (2021-09-24). "Closest known relatives of virus behind COVID-19 found in Laos". Nature. 597 (7878): 603–603. doi:10.1038/d41586-021-02596-2.
  11. ^ "Two new studies suggest the coronavirus did not originate in China". www.medicalnewstoday.com. 2021-10-01. Retrieved 2021-10-03.