Rustrela virus

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Rubivirus strelense
Virus classification Edit this classification
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Kingdom: Orthornavirae
Phylum: Kitrinoviricota
Class: Alsuviricetes
Order: Hepelivirales
Family: Matonaviridae
Genus: Rubivirus
Rubivirus strelense
  • Rustrela virus

Rustrela virus, scientific name Rubivirus strelense, is a species of virus in the genus Rubivirus.


Scientists discovered Rustrela in acutely encephalitic placental and marsupial mammals – a donkey, a capybara, and a wallaby – in a zoo in Germany, and in wild yellow-necked field mice in and around the zoo.[2] The virus can jump between species and interestingly infects both placental and marsupial animals.


The Rustrela virus has the same genomic structure as the Rubella virus. Rustrela has a few amino acid differences in the protein which binds to host cells.[3] There are four putative B cell epitopes in the fusion (E1) protein of rustrela that are highly conserved with Rubella virus and Ruhugu virus.[2]


  1. ^ Bennett AJ, Paskey AC, Ebinger A, Kuhn JH, Bishop-Lilly KA, Beer M, Goldberg TL (31 July 2020). "Create two new species and rename one species in genus Rubivirus (Hepelivirales: Matonaviridae)" (docx). International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b Bennett, Andrew; Paskey, Adrian (2020). "Relatives of rubella virus in diverse mammals". Nature. 586 (7829): 424–428. Bibcode:2020Natur.586..424B. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2812-9. PMC 7572621. PMID 33029010. – See also article correction: Bennett, Andrew J.; Paskey, Adrian C.; Ebinger, Arnt; Pfaff, Florian; Priemer, Grit; Höper, Dirk; Breithaupt, Angele; Heuser, Elisa; Ulrich, Rainer G.; Kuhn, Jens H.; Bishop-Lilly, Kimberly A.; Beer, Martin; Goldberg, Tony L. (3 December 2020). "Author Correction: Relatives of rubella virus in diverse mammals". Nature. 588 (7836): E2. Bibcode:2020Natur.588E...2B. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2897-1. PMID 33199919. S2CID 226991151.
  3. ^ Tyrrell, Kelly. "First relatives of rubella virus discovered in bats in Uganda and mice in Germany". University of Wisconsin-Madison. Retrieved 16 November 2020.