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Schlagwortkatalog 1926–1993 in the University Library of Graz

The German so called Schlagwortkatalog or SWK (English: Keyword catalog) is a library catalog, which lists the publications according to descriptor keywords and thus allows selective thematic searches for literature. A keyword is understood to be a natural language expression that reproduces the content of the publication as briefly but precisely as possible. Complex content can be described using a syntactical keyword chain, a combination of several individual keywords (example: Uganda / child / soldier / experience report).[1] The sub-keywords are not only used for targeted research, but also allow the catalog user to see whether the document found is relevant to him. While earlier keyword catalogs were kept as an independent card catalog, the search option for keywords is integrated in modern OPACs.

Rules for keyword cataloging[edit]

The Regeln für die Schlagwortkatalogisierung (English: Rules for subject headings cataloging) (RSWK), up to the third edition in 2016 still called Regeln für den Schlagwortkatalog (English: Rules for the subject headings catalog),[2][1] are used in universal academic libraries and public libraries, and with restrictions also in special libraries in Germany, Austria, and in German-speaking parts of Switzerland and Italy (South Tyrol) for verbal subject cataloguing of bibliographical contents. In addition, there is an index of the keywords available, the Schlagwortnormdatei (SWD), which has been incorporated into the Gemeinsame Normdatei (GND) in 2012.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Expertengruppe Sacherschließung on behalf of the Standardisierungsausschuss (March 2017). Scheven, Esther; Nadj-Guttandin, Julijana (eds.). Regeln für die Schlagwortkatalogisierung - RSWK [Rules for keyword cataloging - RSWK] (in German) (4th, completely revised ed.). Leipzig & Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Arbeitsstelle für Standardisierung (AfS), Deutsche Nationalbibliothek. pp. 2–3. ISBN 978-3-941113-47-3. urn:nbn:de:101-2017011305. Archived from the original on 2021-07-25. Retrieved 2017-03-21. (272 pages)
  2. ^ Wiesenmüller, Heidrun (January 2018). "RSWK reloaded - Verbale Sacherschließung im Jahr 2018" (PDF). Schwerpunkt Sacherschliessung. BuB - Forum Bibliothek und Information [de] - Fachzeitschrift des BIB (in German). Vol. 70, no. 1. Reutlingen, Germany: Berufsverband Information Bibliothek e.V. [de] (BIB). pp. 26–29. ISSN 1869-1137. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-07-17. Retrieved 2021-07-29. (4 of 72 pages)

Further reading[edit]