The Invisible Avenger

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Tomei Ningen
Tomei ningen poster.jpg
1954 Japanese film poster
Directed byMotoyoshi Oda
Screenplay byShigeaki Hidaka[1]
Produced byTakeo Kita[1]
Starring
CinematographyEiji Tsuburaya[1]
Edited byShuichi Orihara[1]
Music byKyosuke Kami[1]
Production
company
Distributed byToho
Release date
  • 29 December 1954 (1954-12-29) (Japan)
Running time
70 minutes[1]
CountryJapan
LanguageJapanese

The Invisible Avenger (透明人間, Tomei Ningen, lit. Invisible Man) is a 1954 Japanese science fiction film directed by Motoyoshi Oda, with special effects by Eiji Tsuburaya. The film is a loose adaptation of the 1897 H.G. Wells story The Invisible Man.

Plot[edit]

In Ginza, the dead body of an invisible man is discovered, alongside a suicide note. The note reveals that there is at least one other invisible man still alive. An ex-army commander reveals that during the war, Dr. Nishizaki discovered by chance a particle that, when properly utilized, turns any object invisible. At the end of the Pacific War, a special attack corps made up of invisible men crashed on Saipan Island, and were presumed dead, however, two survived. The effects of the invisibility particle cannot be undone.

Soon, there are robberies across Tokyo from a gang calling themselves the Invisible Men. Meanwhile Nanjo, a clown who works at the cabaret Kurofune befriends a young blind girl, Mariko, who lives in the same apartment. Komatsu, a newspaper reporter who witnessed the death of the invisible man, is investigating the phenomenon and spots Nanjo while visiting a robbed jewelry store. In a fake deal to gather money to cure Mariko's blindness, her grandfather is killed by the gang that has been terrorizing the town.

Soon after, Komatsu, who has been following Nanjo, finds himself alone in a room with him and discovers that Nanjo is, in fact, the other invisible man. He dresses as a clown with face makeup, gloves and so on so as to appear visible and lead a relatively normal life. Nanjo and Komatsu decide to work together to investigate and reveal the identity of the gang that is terrorizing the town and who murdered Mariko's grandfather, while also trying to save Michiyo, a singer who is stuck within the gang and cannot escape. They discover that the gang is led by the same people who own Kurofune, and in an ensuing battle and chase, Nanjo, using his invisibility to his advantage, saves Michiyo and kills Yajima, the gang boss. However, he is also fatally wounded in the fight and becomes visible again. He asks Michiyo to take good care of Mariko in his last breath.

Cast[edit]

[1]

Production[edit]

Writing[edit]

Rushed into production in late 1954 after the success of Godzilla, this Japanese take on the Invisible Man the was pitched by a Toho production designer named Tako Kita. Submitted on October 21 and by the 25th by Shigeaki Hidaka and Hiroshi Beppu, the production was greenlit to be a December 1954 New Year’s release. Although the script’s developmental process was shot (the film would begin shooting in November, there are some differences in the three drafts. In the first draft, the invisible man’s love interest, Michiyo, was the daughter of a flower shop owner rather than a nightclub performer. Also, she and the invisible man’s blossoming romance was reportedly better handled in the first two scrips and was not as abrupt as it was in the finished film.

Actor Yoshio Tsuchiya volunteered to join the production. However, he originally wanted to play the Invisible Man rather than the reporter he ended up cast as.

Filming[edit]

Tomei Ningen was shot in black-and-white at academy ratio.[2] The special effects were directed by Eiji Tsuburaya.[1] David Kalat noted that Tsuburaya's special effects were "clever but sparingly used."[3] Tomei Ningen was a primary influence on Toho's Mutant Series, a trilogy of science-fiction films produced from 1958 to 1960 (The H-Man, The Secret of the Telegian and The Human Vapor).

Special effects[edit]

The scene where Nanjo scrubs off his clown makeup, revealing his invisibility was achieved with Kawazu gradually covering his face with black greasepaint; when combined with a separately photographed background, the dark shades became see-through, and the actor seemed to wipe away his very being.

For scenes where Nanjo throws things or moves the around, piano wire was used to simulate the invisible man holding these objects.

Release[edit]

Tomei Ningen was released in Japan by Toho on December 29, 1954.[1] Any release of the film in the United States is undetermined. No evidence exists that it was ever dubbed in English.[1]

Daiei Film produced two similar films featuring invisibility, The Invisible Man Appears in 1949, and The Invisible Man vs. The Human Fly in 1957.[4]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Galbraith IV 2008, p. 107.
  2. ^ Galbraith IV 1994, p. 373.
  3. ^ Kalat 1997, p. 37.
  4. ^ Galbraith IV 1994, p. 312.

Sources[edit]

  • Galbraith IV, Stuart (1994). Japanese Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films. McFarland. ISBN 0-89950-853-7.
  • Ryfle, Steve (1998). Japan's Favorite Mon-Star: The Unauthorized Biography of the Big G. ECW Press. ISBN 1550223488.
  • Galbraith IV, Stuart (2008). The Toho Studios Story: A History and Complete Filmography. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-1461673743. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
  • Kalat, David (1997). A Critical History and Filmography of Toho's Godzilla Series. McFarland. ISBN 0786403004.

External links[edit]