The Last Great American Dynasty

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"The Last Great American Dynasty"
Song by Taylor Swift
from the album Folklore
ReleasedJuly 24, 2020 (2020-07-24)
  • Kitty Committee Studio (Los Angeles)
  • Long Pond (Hudson Valley)
  • Sterling Studio (New York City)
Producer(s)Aaron Dessner
Folklore track listing
17 tracks
  1. "The 1"
  2. "Cardigan"
  3. "The Last Great American Dynasty"
  4. "Exile" (featuring Bon Iver)
  5. "My Tears Ricochet"
  6. "Mirrorball"
  7. "Seven"
  8. "August"
  9. "This Is Me Trying"
  10. "Illicit Affairs"
  11. "Invisible String"
  12. "Mad Woman"
  13. "Epiphany"
  14. "Betty"
  15. "Peace"
  16. "Hoax"

Deluxe edition bonus track

  1. "The Lakes"
Lyric video
"The Last Great American Dynasty" on YouTube

"The Last Great American Dynasty" (stylized in all lowercase) is a song recorded by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, as the third track on her eighth studio album, Folklore, released on July 24, 2020 through Republic Records. It was written by Swift and Aaron Dessner, and produced by the latter. "The Last Great American Dynasty" is an alternative, indie pop tune propelled by an uptempo arrangement of percussions, slide guitar, strings and glitchy production elements. Sung from a third-person perspective, the song provides an anecdote of American socialite Rebekah Harkness, one of the wealthiest women in United States history, who previously owned Swift's Rhode Island estate, and draws parallels between the singer's and Harkness's lives.

Upon release, the song received acclaim from music critics, who praised Swift's storytelling prowess and the song's eccentric inspiration, calling it a standout on Folklore. "The Last Great American Dynasty" entered the top-ten in Australia, Malaysia and Singapore, and number 13 in Canada, New Zealand, and the United States—one of the five Billboard Hot 100 top-20 hits from the album.

Background and composition[edit]

It's almost like a song would come out like a lightning bolt. It's exhilarating. The shared focus, the clarity of her [Swift's] ideas, and the way she structures things, it's all there. But I think she works really hard when she's working, and then she tweaks. She keeps going, so sometimes things would evolve or change. By the time she actually sings it, she's really inside of it. She doesn't do very many vocal takes before she nails it.

— Dessner on Swift's songwriting, Vulture[1]

Aiming for an uptempo and enticing sound, Dessner composed the instrumentals of "The Last Great American Dynasty" inspired by the electric guitars in Radiohead's 2007 album, In Rainbows. He sent the music sample to Swift, who was isolating herself due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic; she liked the sound, and wrote the lyrics to it in under the time Dessner would go out for a run and return. "The Last Great American Dynasty" is an indie pop tune that embraces a glitchy, alternative production, that makes use of classical instruments like slide guitar, viola, violins and drums.[1][2] Swift's vocal range in the song spans between E3 to B4.[3] The song is written in the key of G major and has a fast tempo of 148 beats per minute.[4]


The song chronicles the life of Rebekah Harkness (pictured above), heiress to Standard Oil, founder of Harkness Ballet and the former inhabitant of Swift's Watch Hill residence.

"The Last Great American Dynasty" narrates the story and satirizes the vilification of American socialite and composer Rebekah Harkness, who previously resided in Swift's Rhode Island mansion—the Holiday House,[5][6] written in a townsfolk third-person narrative. It details the following: Rebekah West, a middle-class divorcée from St. Louis, married William "Bill" Harkness in 1947, who was the heir to Standard Oil, an oil-refining company that was the 19th-century's first and largest multinational corporation in the world. The couple bought a seaside estate in Watch Hill, Rhode Island, and nicknamed it "Holiday House". Bill died of heart attack in 1954, for which Rebekah was blamed by the town. After her then-husband's death, Rebekah inherited his enormous wealth and became one of the wealthiest women in the US.[7][8][9][10]

Rebekah invited "big names" and her "bitch pack"—a group of female city friends—to the house, and spent the new money by throwing numerous high-class events and "outrageous" parties; Watch Hill scorned her for causing the downfall of the Harkness family, calling her the maddest and the "most shameless" woman in the town's history. Pursuing her passion for arts, Rebekah founded a professional ballet company in 1964, called the Harkness Ballet. Further details narrated in the song include how she gambled with Spanish surrealist artist Salvador Dalí, "filled" her swimming pool with champagne, when in fact, she used champagne only to clean the pool, and stole a neighbor's dog and dyed it lime green because of a feud, whereas in reality, it was a cat instead of a dog, which implies the inaccuracy of gossips—one of many lyrical motifs present in Folklore. The lyric "she had a marvelous time ruining everything" refers to the hate she received from the town and tabloids, and how Rebekah is infamous for "not fitting in".[1][7][9][10]

In the song's bridge, Swift reveals her purchase of the Holiday House after 50 years of its vacancy, and in the final chorus, she shifts to first-person narrative, proclaiming herself "the loudest woman" the town has ever seen, and correlates between her celebrity life and Rebekah's controversies. Swift resonates her highly criticized moves with elements of Rebekah's story, and concludes the song with an outro of "I had a marvelous time ruining everything". Mainstream media has linked several moments of Swift's unfavorable press to that of Rebekah's, including the scrutiny the singer faces because of her highly publicized romantic life, her friends "squad" of popular celebrities, the Fourth of July parties she threw at the Holiday House, Watch Hill residents' concerns about the attention Swift brings to the community, and the governor of Rhode Island, Gina Raimondo, suggesting a tax on secondary homes costlier than $1 million, which was famously dubbed "the Taylor Swift tax".[9][7] "The Last Great American Dynasty" is thematically feminist,[11] and thus considered to be a prequel to the twelfth Folklore track, "Mad Woman".[12][13]

Critical reception[edit]

Hannah Mylrea of NME lauded "The Last Great American Dynasty" for its brooding instrumentals, Swift's peculiar vocals, and storytelling style reminiscent of works by Mary Chapin Carpenter and Bob Dylan, and pitted it as "a contender for the best Taylor Swift song ever written".[14] Noting its historical details, Americana imagery and "Fitzgerald-esque" lines, Pitchfork writer Julian Mapes hailed the song as "the all-timer, the instant classic" that celebrates society-defying women, and stated that the lyrics "play out in your mind like a storybook", but successfully point out society's reception of assertive women. Mapes also hailed the production as "textural and tastefully majestic".[12] Finding the song's lyricism as the most impressive storytelling from all of Folklore, Mikael Wood of The Los Angeles Times named the song the most humorous of all tracks, ranking it the album's third best song. Wood described it "a detailed portrait of the real-life woman who owned Swift's Rhode Island mansion—and evidently scandalized the town's gentry—decades before the singer did".[15] PopMatters critic Michael Sumsion labelled the song a shrewd comparison that upgrades a small-town tale into a "towering myth".[16]

Callie Ahlgrim of Insider asserted the twist in the song's bridge as "poetic genius". She further compared the final chorus tuning back to the present, underlining the parallels between Rebekah and Swift, to the bridge of Swift's 2008 hit, "Love Story", where Romeo proposes.[17] Chris Willman of Variety opined that Swift has "a grand old time" identifying herself with women who lived decades before her.[13] In congruence, Rob Sheffield of Rolling Stone wrote that the song satirizes the upper-class environment of "Starlight", the fifteenth track on Swift's 2012 album Red, and matched the similarities between the songs—the usage of the word "marvelous" and the muses being people who lived decades before Swift's birth.[5] Uproxx writer Philip Cosores regarded "The Last Great American Dynasty" as entrenched in Swift's trademark "melodic warmth" and "vivid details", and complimented Dessner's slow-burning production.[18] Olivia Ovenden of Esquire picked the song as the album's highlight, and commended it for "seamlessly" blending indie sounds with Swift's pop prowess.[2]

Jon Caramanica of The New York Times commented that the subject of the song, Harkness, is "a classic Swift heroine", who is purposeful, disruptive and misunderstood.[19] Jonathan Keefe, writing for Slant, thought the song highlights how Swift's "widening worldview" has enchanced her songwriting skills.[20] Caleb Campbell, writing for Under The Radar, found Swift seeing herself in the misogynistic tabloid gossip that afflicted Harkness, but shunning out the "diaristic, reputation-obsessed" semblance of her older catalogue.[21] Katie Moulton, writing for Consequence of Sound, summarized that the song is a result of Swift's imagination expanding, as she is "consciously trying to write from perspectives not her own".[22] Nick Levine of The Telegraph pondered whether Swift is only acknowledging tensions with Watch Hill locals in the song, or if she is designating herself the successor to Harkness, and picked "The Last Great American Dynasty" as an album standout for exemplifying why Swift is one of the great songwriters of her generation.[23]

Billboard listed "The Last Great American Dynasty" as one of its 20 picks for 2020 Song of the Summer, and remarked that the song gives-off "a more summery vibe" despite the generally "chillier" atmosphere of Folklore.[24] In her list ranking all 161 songs by Swift yet, Hannah Mylrea of NME placed the song at number two, only behind "All Too Well" (2012), impressed by how "The Last Great American Dynasty" manages to communicate a huge portion of Harkness's life in under few minutes, topping it off with a "banging" chorus.[25]

Commercial performance[edit]

Upon release of Folklore, "The Last Great American Dynasty" reached top-20 in many countries worldwide. In the US, all of the album's sixteen tracks debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 simultaneously, with "The Last Great American Dynasty" at number 13—the fourth highest-peaking song from the album, behind "Cardigan" (number 1), "The 1" (number 4) and "Exile" (number 6), and one of its five top-20 hits.[26] The song further debuted at number 42 on the Billboard Digital Song Sales chart.[27] In Canada and New Zealand, the song peaked at number 13 on both of the Canadian Hot 100 and New Zealand Top 40 Singles charts, respectively.

In Australia, the song debuted at number 7 on the ARIA Singles Chart; along with four other tracks from Folklore that landed in the top-10, giving the album five top-10 hits in the country.[28] The album spawned five top-ten debuts in Malaysia as well, where "The Last Great American Dynasty" peaked at number 10 on the RIM Singles chart.[29] On the Singapore Top 30 Digital Streaming chart, "The Last Great American Dynasty" peaked at number 9, marking the fourth top-10 hit from Folklore in the country. The song further arrived at numbers 56, 81 and 89 on Ö3 Austria Top 40, Portugal's AFP Top 200 Singles and Sweden's Sverigetopplistan, respectively.


The song ignited a phenomenon of viral memes on the internet, with the phrase "there goes the last great American dynasty" being applied to several fictional families or friends that appear in films and television shows, such as the The Twilight Saga, High School Musical, Succession, Gilmore Girls, Schitt's Creek, This Is Us and Jersey Shore, Disney Channel releases like Hannah Montana, Wizards of Waverly Place, and Camp Rock, food chains like Taco Bell and California Pizza Kitchen, and video game arcade Blockbuster.[30][31][32]

On September 8, 2020, a fan on Twitter proposed the idea for a film inspired by "The Last Great American Dynasty", with a cast featuring Blake Lively as Rebekah, Ryan Reynolds as Bill and Jesse Tyler Ferguson as the neighbor, to which the three actors responded affirmatively. Swift extended her support to the idea, along with Gigi Hadid.[33][34][35]

Credits and personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from the album's liner notes.[36]

  • Taylor Swift – vocals, songwriter
  • Aaron Dessner – producer, songwriter, recording engineer, drum programming, keyboards, percussion, piano, synthesizer, bass, electric guitar, slide guitar
  • Bryce Dessner - orchestration
  • Rob Moose – orchestration, violin, viola
  • J.T. Bates – drums
  • Jonathan Low – mixing, recording engineer
  • Laura Sisk – vocal engineer
  • Randy Merrill – mastering engineer


Chart (2020) Peak
Australia (ARIA)[37] 7
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[38] 56
Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[39] 13
Malaysia (RIM)[40] 10
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[41] 13
Portugal (AFP)[42] 81
Singapore (RIAS)[43] 9
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[44] 87
US Billboard Hot 100[45] 13
US Rolling Stone Top 100[46] 6

Release history[edit]

Release dates and formats for "The Last Great American Dynasty"
Region Date Format Label Ref.
Various July 24, 2020 Republic [47]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Gerber, Brady (July 27, 2020). "The Story Behind Every Song on Taylor Swift's folklore". Vulture. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  2. ^ a b Ovenden, Olivia (August 3, 2020). "Dance Away The Bad News with the Best Albums Of 2020 (So Far)". Esquire. Archived from the original on May 27, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  3. ^ "Taylor Swift "the last great american dynasty" Sheet Music in G major". July 24, 2020. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  4. ^ "Key & BPM for the last great american dynasty by Taylor Swift". TuneBat. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Sheffield, Rob (July 24, 2020). "Taylor Swift Leaves Her Comfort Zones Behind on the Head-Spinning, Heartbreaking 'Folklore'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on July 24, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  6. ^ Sumsion, Michael (July 29, 2020). "Taylor Swift Abandons Stadium-Pop for a New Tonal Approach on 'Folklore'". PopMatters. Archived from the original on July 31, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Mamo, Heran (July 27, 2020). "6 Things to Know About Rebekah Harkness, the Muse Behind Taylor Swift's 'The Last Great American Dynasty'". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 30, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  8. ^ Bruner, Raisa (July 24, 2020). "Let's Break Down Taylor Swift's Tender New Album Folklore". Time. Archived from the original on July 31, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  9. ^ a b c Walsh, Savannah (July 24, 2020). "Taylor Swift's 'The Last Great American Dynasty' Explained". Elle. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  10. ^ a b Huff, Lauren (July 24, 2020). "The wild true story behind Taylor Swift's 'The Last Great American Dynasty'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  11. ^ Kornhaber, Spencer (July 28, 2020). "Taylor Swift Is No Longer Living in the Present". The Atlantic. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  12. ^ a b Mapes, Jillian (July 27, 2020). "Taylor Swift: folklore". Pitchfork. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  13. ^ a b Willman, Chris (July 24, 2020). "Taylor Swift's 'Folklore': Album Review". Variety. Archived from the original on July 24, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  14. ^ Mylrea, Hannah (August 6, 2020). "Taylor Swift – 'The Lakes': the 'Folklore' bonus song decoded". NME. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  15. ^ Wood, Mikael (July 26, 2020). "Taylor Swift's 'Folklore': All 16 songs, ranked". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  16. ^ Sumsion, Michael (July 29, 2020). "Taylor Swift Abandons Stadium-Pop for a New Tonal Approach on 'Folklore'". PopMatters. Archived from the original on July 31, 2020. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  17. ^ Ahlgrim, Callie; Courteney, Larocca (July 25, 2020). "Taylor Swift's 'Folklore' might be the best album of her entire career". Insider. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  18. ^ Cosores, Philip (July 27, 2020). "Taylor Swift's 'Folklore' Burns Bright in Dark Times". Uproxx. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  19. ^ Caramanica, Jon (July 26, 2020). "Taylor Swift, a Pop Star Done With Pop". The New York Times. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  20. ^ Keefe, Jonathan (July 27, 2020). "Review: With Folklore, Taylor Swift Mines Pathos from a Widening Worldview". Slant. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  21. ^ Campbell, Caleb (July 29, 2020). "Folklore". Under the Radar. Archived from the original on August 9, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  22. ^ Moulton, Katie (July 24, 2020). "Taylor Swift's folklore Dismantles Her Own Self-Mythologizing: Review". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  23. ^ Levine, Nick (July 26, 2020). "The Last Great American Dynasty: how Taylor Swift found her spirit animal in the eccentric heiress Rebekah Harkness". The Telegraph. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  24. ^ "Songs of the Summer 2020: Staff Picks". Billboard. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  25. ^ Mylrea, Hannah (September 8, 2020). "Every Taylor Swift song ranked in order of greatness". NME. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  26. ^ Trust, Gary (August 3, 2020). "Taylor Swift Charts 16 Songs From 'Folklore' on Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  27. ^ "Taylor Swift – Billboard Digital Song Sales Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  28. ^ "CARDIGAN LANDS TAYLOR SWIFT SIXTH #1 SINGLE". Australian Recording Industry Association. August 1, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  29. ^ "Top 20 Singles". Recording Industry Association of Malaysia. Recording Industry Association of Malaysia. August 8, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  30. ^ Song, Sandea (August 1, 2020). "Taylor Swift Inspires 'The Last Great American Dynasty' Memes". Paper. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  31. ^ Garafano, Lauren (July 31, 2020). "24 "Last Great American Dynasty" Jokes That Even Taylor Swift Would Laugh At". BuzzFeed. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  32. ^ Gallucci, Nicole (July 31, 2020). "Taylor Swift meme honors all the last great American dynasties". Mashable. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  33. ^ Landford, Jackson (September 14, 2020). "Taylor Swift "loves" fan's idea for film based on 'The Last Great American Dynasty' | NME". NME Music News, Reviews, Videos, Galleries, Tickets and Blogs | NME.COM. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  34. ^ Morin, Natalie (September 15, 2020). "Taylor Swift & Blake Lively Are Plotting A "folklore"-Inspired Movie Together". Refinery29. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  35. ^ Iasimone, Ashley (September 12, 2020). "Taylor Swift Endorses a 'The Last Great American Dynasty' Film Starring Blake Lively & Ryan Reynolds". Billboard. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  36. ^ Folklore (booklet). Taylor Swift. United States: Republic Records. 2020. B003271102.CS1 maint: others (link)
  37. ^ " – Taylor Swift – The Last Great American Dynasty". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  38. ^ " – Taylor Swift – The Last Great American Dynasty" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  39. ^ "Taylor Swift Chart History (Canadian Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  40. ^ "Top 20 Most Streamed International & Domestic Singles in Malaysia". Recording Industry Association of Malaysia. Recording Industry Association of Malaysia. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  41. ^ " – Taylor Swift – The Last Great American Dynasty". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  42. ^ " – Taylor Swift – The Last Great American Dynasty". AFP Top 100 Singles. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  43. ^ "RIAS International Top Charts Week 31". Recording Industry Association (Singapore). Archived from the original on September 10, 2020.
  44. ^ " – Taylor Swift – The Last Great American Dynasty". Singles Top 100. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  45. ^ "Taylor Swift Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  46. ^ "Top 100 Songs, July 24, 2020 - July 30, 2020". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  47. ^ Kaufman, Gil (August 18, 2020). "Listen to a Delightful Bonus Song From the Deluxe Edition of Taylor Swift's 'Folklore'". Billboard. Retrieved September 10, 2020.