The Mummy (franchise)

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The Mummy is a horror-adventure media franchise based on films by Universal Pictures about a mummified ancient Egyptian priest who is accidentally resurrected, bringing with him a powerful curse, and the ensuing efforts of heroic archaeologists to stop him. The franchise was created by Nina Wilcox Putnam and Richard Schayer.

Original series (1932–1955)[edit]

The original series of films consisted of six installments, which starred iconic horror actors such as Boris Karloff (only in the original one, as Imhotep); Tom Tyler and Lon Chaney Jr. as Kharis; and lastly Eddie Parker, who played Klaris, a cousin of Kharis. The series of films is part of the larger Universal Classic Monsters series.

Year Film The Mummy actor
1932 The Mummy Boris Karloff
1940 The Mummy's Hand Tom Tyler
1942 The Mummy's Tomb
Lon Chaney Jr.
1944 The Mummy's Ghost
The Mummy's Curse
1955 Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy Eddie Parker

The Mummy (1932)[edit]

The Mummy's Hand (1940)[edit]

The Mummy's Tomb (1942)[edit]

The Mummy's Ghost (1944)[edit]

The Mummy's Curse (1944)[edit]

Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy (1955)[edit]

Hammer series (1959–1967)[edit]

In 1959, the franchise was rebooted, starring Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee. Though the title suggests Universal Pictures' 1932 film of the same title, the film actually derives its plot and characters entirely from two 1940s Universal films, The Mummy's Handand The Mummy's Tomb, with the climax borrowed directly from The Mummy's Ghost. The character name Joseph Whemple, the use of a sacred scroll, and a few minor plot elements are the only connections with the 1932 version.

The Mummy (1959)[edit]

The Curse of the Mummy's Tomb (1964)[edit]

The Mummy's Shroud (1966)[edit]

Blood from the Mummy's Tomb (1967)[edit]

Stephen Sommers series (1999–2008)[edit]

The Mummy
The Mummy Trilogy Blu-ray Boxset.jpg
Trilogy box set cover
Directed by
Produced bySean Daniel
James Jacks
Screenplay by
Music byJerry Goldsmith (1)
Alan Silvestri (2)
Randy Edelman
John Debney (additional music, uncredited) (3)
Edited byBob Ducsay
Ray Bushey III
Kelly Matsumoto
Joel Negron
Distributed byUniversal Pictures
Release date
Running time
368 minutes
CountryUnited States
Budget$323 million
Box office$1.415 billion

Originally a proposed remake of The Mummy would have been directed by horror filmmaker/writer Clive Barker. Barker's vision for the film was violent, with the story revolving around the head of a contemporary art museum who turns out to be a cultist trying to reanimate mummies.[1][2] Barker's take was "dark, sexual and filled with mysticism",[3] and that, "it would have been a great low-budget movie".[1]

In 1999, Stephen Sommers wrote and directed a remake of The Mummy, loosely based on the original film of 1932. This film switches genres from the emphasis on horror to adventure, concentrating more on action sequences, special effects, comedy, and a higher element of Egyptian lore. The film became a box office success spawning two sequels, several video games, a spin-off series, and an animated television series. The first two films received mixed to positive reviews, while the third one received mostly negative reviews.

Critical and public response[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
The Mummy 61% (101 reviews)[4] 48 (34 reviews)[5] B[6]
The Mummy Returns 47% (141 reviews)[7] 48 (31 reviews)[8] A-[6]
The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor 12% (177 reviews)[9] 31 (33 reviews)[10] B-[6]

The Mummy (1999)[edit]

It is the year 1923 and Richard “Rick” O'Connell, an American explorer, has discovered Hamunaptra, the city of the dead. Three years later, he meets with a beautiful librarian, Evelyn "Evy" Carnahan and her brother, Jonathan. When Evy accidentally revives the mummified corpse of an Egyptian priest, Imhotep, the pair must find a way to kill him before he rises back into power and destroys the world.

The Mummy Returns (2001)[edit]

In 1933, Rick O'Connell and Evelyn Carnahan are married with an 8-year-old son, Alex. When Alex triggers a curse and Imhotep is resurrected, Rick and Evy must once again try to save the world and fight both the mummy and the Scorpion King.

The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor (2008)[edit]

Set in 1946, the film continues the adventures of Rick O'Connell, his wife Evy, and his son Alex against a different mummy, the Dragon Emperor (Jet Li) of China.

After Tomb of the Dragon Emperor was released, actress Maria Bello stated that another Mummy film will "absolutely" be made, and that she had already signed on.[11] Actor Luke Ford was signed on for three films as well.[12] But in 2012, Universal Pictures announced that they had cancelled the film and were focusing on a reboot.

The Scorpion King spin-off series (2002–2018)[edit]

This spin-off series follows the adventures of Mathayus, who would later be known as the Scorpion King and, eventually, become a foe in The Mummy Returns. The films are as follows:

The Scorpion King (2002)[edit]

A 2002 film.

The Scorpion King 2: Rise of a Warrior (2008)[edit]

A 2008 prequel (direct-to-video) film.

The Scorpion King 3: Battle for Redemption (2012)[edit]

A 2012 sequel (direct-to-video) film.

The Scorpion King 4: Quest for Power (2015)[edit]

A 2015 sequel (direct-to-video) film.

The Scorpion King: Book of Souls (2018)[edit]

A 2018 sequel (direct-to-video) film.

Dark Universe[edit]

The Mummy (2017)[edit]

In April 2012, Universal Studios announced they were developing a reboot of the series with writer Jon Spaihts, and with Sean Daniel returning as producer.[13] In May 2012, Universal also signed a two-year deal to produce the film with K/O Paper Products.[14] In September 2012, Universal announced it hired Len Wiseman to direct the film.[15] In December 2012, it was reported the film would use different mythology and would be set in the present.[16] In February 2013, Universal asked The Hunger Games' writer Billy Ray to write a competing draft against Spaihts written script.[17] July of 2013, Wiseman left the film project due to schedule conflicts.[18] In September 2013, news reported that Mama's director Andrés Muschietti was in talks to direct the film.[19]

In October 2013, Orci hinted that both The Mummy and Van Helsing reboots would have a shared universe.[20] November of 2013, Universal set the film to release on April 22, 2016.[21] On May 6, 2014, director Muschetti left the film due to creative differences.[22] On July 16, 2014, Universal announced that they had tapped Alex Kurtzman and Chris Morgan to develop all classic movie monsters which include Frankenstein, Dracula, The Wolf Man, Creature from the Black Lagoon, The Invisible Man, Bride of Frankenstein, and The Mummy.[23] The first film they developed together was The Mummy, for which they had begun the meetings.[23] So on July 30, Kurtzman was set to direct the film.[24] Next day, the film's release date was pushed back to March 27, 2017, when Universal announced the April 22 for its new film The Huntsman. The film's plot is set in Iraq and follows a Navy SEAL and his team that battle mummies led by Ashurbanipal.[25]

On October 14, 2015, The Hollywood Reporter reported that Kurtzman and Spaihts has two scripts with a male and a female mummy villain.[26] On November 24, 2015, Variety reports that Tom Cruise is in talks to star in the film. Variety also reports that Cruise was not expected to produce, but he will play a major part in development.[27] On December 8, 2015, The Hollywood Reporter has reported that Sofia Boutella is in talks for the female Mummy role in the reboot.[28] It was announced that Cruise and Boutella will star in the reboot with a June 9, 2017, release date.[29] In March 2016, Variety and The Hollywood Reporter has reported that Annabelle Wallis and Jake Johnson are in talks for a role of an archaeologist and a member of the military respectively.[30][31] The film began production in April 2016 located in Oxford, England.

The film became a critical and commercial failure, causing all the future planned films in the Dark Universe to be cancelled.

Feature films[edit]

Number Title Release date Director Continuity
1 The Mummy December 22, 1932 Karl Freund Universal Classic Monsters
2 The Mummy's Hand September 20, 1940 Christy Cabanne
3 The Mummy's Tomb October 23, 1942 Harold Young
4 The Mummy's Ghost July 7, 1944 Reginald Le Borg
5 The Mummy's Curse December 22, 1944 Leslie Goodwins
6 Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy June 23, 1955 Charles Lamont
7 The Mummy May 7, 1999 Stephen Sommers Stephen Sommers series
8 The Mummy Returns May 4, 2001
9 The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor August 1, 2008 Rob Cohen
10 The Mummy June 9, 2017 Alex Kurtzman Dark Universe

Cast and crew[edit]


List indicator(s)
  • A dark grey cell indicates the character was not in the film.
  • A P indicates the character was shown in a photograph.
  • A U indicates an uncredited role.
  • A V indicates a voice-only role.
  • A C indicates a cameo appearance.
  • A L indicates an appearance wherein an actor's facial features were digitally imprinted upon another actor's face.
  • A Y indicates an appearance as a younger version of a pre-existing character.
  • An A indicates an appearance through archival footage, audio or stills.
Character Universal Classic Monsters Stephen Sommers series Dark Universe
The Mummy The Mummy's Hand The Mummy's Tomb The Mummy's Ghost The Mummy's Curse The Mummy The Mummy Returns The Mummy:
Tomb of the Dragon Emperor
The Mummy
Animated Television Series
The Mummy
1932 1940 1942 1944 1999 2001 2008 2001-2003 2017
The Mummy
Boris Karloff Boris KarloffA  
Arnold Vosloo   Jim Cummings  
Ardeth Bay   Oded Fehr   Nicholas Guest  
Ankh-es-en-Amon / Anck-su-namun
Helen Grosvenor / Meela Nais
Zita Johann  
Patricia Velásquez   Lenore Zann  
Frank Whemple David Manners  
Sir Joseph Whemple Arthur Byron  
Ralph Norton Bramwell Fletcher  
Dr. Muller Edward Van Sloan  
The Mummy
Tom Tyler Lon Chaney Jr.  
Steve Banning   Dick Foran  
Babe Hanson (née Jenson)   Wallace Ford  
Professor Andoheb / The High Priest   George Zucco  
Dr. Charles Petrie   Charles Trowbridge  
Marta Solvani   Peggy Moran  
The Great Solvani   Cecil Kellaway  
Mehemet Bey   Turhan Bey  
Dr. John Banning   John Hubbard  
Isobel Banning (née Evans)   Elyse Knox  
Professor Norman   Frank Reicher  
Yousef Bey   John Carradine  
Tom Hervey   Robert Lowery  
Princess Ananka
Amina Mansori
Ramsay Ames Virginia Christine  
Inspector Walgreen   Barton MacLane  
Sheriff Elwood   Harry Shannon  
Dr. James Halsey
Dr. Jenny Halsey
  Dennis Moore   Annabelle Wallis
Betty Walsh   Kay Harding  
Pat Walsh   Addison Richards  
Dr. Ilzor Zandaab   Peter Coe  
Ragheb   Martin Kosleck  
Cajun Joe   Kurt Katch  
Rick O'Connell   Brendan Fraser John Schneider  
Evelyn O'Connell (née Carnahan)
Princess Nefertiri
Rachel Weisz Maria Bello Grey DeLisle  
Jonathan Carnahan   John Hannah Tom Kenny  
Pharaoh Seti I   Aharon Ipalé  
Beni Gabor   Kevin J. O'Connor  
Dr. Allen Chamberlain   Jonathan Hyde  
Dr. Terrance Bey   Erick Avari  
Isaac Henderson   Stephen Dunham  
David Daniels   Corey Johnson  
Bernard Burns   Tuc Watkins  
Warden Gad Hassan   Omid Djalili  
Captain Winston Havlock   Bernard Fox  
Alexander "Alex" Rupert O'Connell   Freddie Boath Luke Ford Chris Marquette  
The Scorpion King
  Dwayne Johnson  
Baltus Hafez   Alun Armstrong  
Lock-Nah   Adewale
Izzy Buttons   Shaun Parkes  
Red Willits   Bruce Byron  
Jacques Clemons   Joe Dixon  
Jacob Spivey   Tom Fisher  
The Dragon Emperor /
The Mummy
  Jet Li  
General Yang   Anthony Wong  
Lin   Isabella Leong  
Mad Dog Maguire   Liam Cunningham  
Professor Roger Wilson   David Calder  
General Ming Guo   Russell Wong  
Zi-Yuan   Michelle Yeoh  
Sgt. Nick Morton
Set / The Mummy
  Tom Cruise
Princess Ahmanet
The Mummy
  Sofia Boutella
Cpl. Chris Vail   Jake Johnson
Dr. Henry Jekyll
Mr. Eddie Hyde
  Russell Crowe
Col. Gideon Greenway   Courtney B. Vance


Crew/detail Film
Universal Classic Monsters Stephen Sommers series Dark Universe
The Mummy
The Mummy's Hand
The Mummy's Tomb
The Mummy's Ghost
The Mummy's Curse
The Mummy
The Mummy Returns
The Mummy:
Tomb of the Dragon Emperor

The Mummy
Director(s) Karl Freund Christy Cabanne Harold Young Reginald Le Borg Leslie Goodwins Stephen Sommers Rob Cohen Alex Kurtzman
Producer(s) Carl Laemmle, Jr. Ben Pivar Oliver Drake
Ben Pivar
Sean Daniel
James Jacks
Sean Daniel
James Jacks
Bob Ducsay
Stephen Sommers
Sean Daniel
Alex Kurtzman
Roberto Orci
Chris Morgan
Writer(s) Screenplay:
John L. Balderston
Nina Wilcox Putnam & Richard Schayer
Griffen Jay
Maxwell Shane
Neil P. Varnick
Griffin Jay
Henry Sucher
Leon Abrams
Dwight V. Babcock
Stephen Sommers
Stephen Sommers, Lloyd Fonvielle & Kevin Jarre
Stephen Sommers Alfred Gough
Miles Millar
Jon Spaihts
Composer(s) James Dietrich Frank Skinner
William Lava
Paul Sawtell
Jerry Goldsmith Alan Silvestri Randy Edelman Brian Tyler
Editor(s) Milton Carruth Philip Cahn Milton Carruth Saul A. Goodkind Fred R. Feltshans Jr. Bob Ducsay Bob Ducsay
Kelly Matsumoto
Joel Negron
Kelly Matsumoto
Paul Hirsch
Cinematographer Charles Stumar Elwood Bredell George Robinson William A. Sickner Virgil Miller Adrian Biddle Simon Duggan Ben Seresin
Production companies Alphaville Films Relativity Media
The Sommers Company
Alphaville Films
K/O Paper Products
Sean Daniel Company
Distributor(s) Universal Pictures
Runtime 73 minutes 67 minutes 61 minutes 62 minutes 125 minutes 130 minutes 111 minutes 110 minutes
Release date December 22, 1932 September 20, 1940 October 23, 1942 July 7, 1944 December 22, 1944 May 7, 1999 May 4, 2001 August 1, 2008 June 9, 2017

Other media[edit]

Video games[edit]

Two video game adaptations of The Mummy (1999) were developed by Rebellion Developments and published by Konami in 2000: an action-adventure game for the PlayStation and PC[32] as well as a Game Boy Color puzzle game.[33] Dreamcast version was announced but later cancelled in the late 2000. The Mummy Returns was released in late 2001 for the PlayStation 2 and developed by Blitz Games and the Game Boy Color version was developed by GameBrains; both versions were published by Universal Interactive. The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor was released in 2008, developed by Eurocom for the PlayStation 2 and the Wii, the Nintendo DS released was developed by A2M, all versions were published by Sierra Entertainment. In March 2012, a massive multiplayer online game known as The Mummy Online was released.

Comic books[edit]

In May 2001, Chaos! Comics released the first of a three-issue series inspired by the film, titled The Mummy: Valley of the Gods.[34] The plot was supposed to take place between the first film and The Mummy Returns. Rick and Evelyn are on their honeymoon in Egypt and end up embarking on yet another adventure where they must unravel the mysteries of the Orb of Destiny and discover the location of the Valley of the Gods hidden beneath the sands. However, the second and third issues were never published.[35] This was most likely due to Chaos later filing bankruptcy in 2002 and selling the rights to all their titles at that time. Years later in 2008, another Mummy comic series was released by IDW Publishing, spanning four issues. This series was titled The Mummy: The Rise and Fall of Xango's Ax. Unlike the preceding comic series, all of the planned issues were published.[36]


From 2001 until 2003, an animated series simply titled The Mummy was made by Universal Animation Studios where it was based on the Stephen Sommers series of films. The series was later renamed in the second season as The Mummy: Secrets of the Medjai.

Theme park rides[edit]

The film also inspired a roller coaster ride named Revenge of the Mummy: The Ride in Universal Studios Theme Parks, Florida.[37] Similar rides can also be found in Hollywood and Singapore.[38]


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  2. ^ The Mummy That Wasn't", Cinescape (May 3, 1999).
  3. ^ Hobson, Louis B (May 1, 1999). "Universal rolls out new, improved Mummy", Calgary Sun.
  4. ^ "The Mummy (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  5. ^ "The Mummy (1999) Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on November 20, 2010.
  6. ^ a b c "Cinemascore". CinemaScore. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  7. ^ "The Mummy Returns (2001)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  8. ^ "The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor Returns Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
  9. ^ "The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor (2008)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  10. ^ "The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
  11. ^ Adler, Shawn (March 10, 2008). "'Mummy 3' Star Maria Bello Talks About Taking Over For Rachel Weisz, Fighting An Invisible Baddie". MTV. Retrieved April 9, 2008.
  12. ^ Miska, Brad (July 16, 2008). "Luke Ford Signed For Three 'Mummy' Films". Bloody Disgusting. The Collective. Retrieved July 20, 2008.
  13. ^ Gallagher, Brian (April 4, 2012). "'The Mummy' Gets Reboot from 'Prometheus' Writer Jon Spaihts". MovieWeb. Watchr Media. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
  14. ^ "Universal Signs Kurtzman And Orci; Pair Takes On 'The Mummy' And 'Van Helsing'". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. May 1, 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  15. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (September 24, 2012). "Len Wiseman Wrapping Up Deal To Helm Universal Reboot Of 'The Mummy'". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  16. ^ Orange, B. Alan (December 13, 2012). "The Mummy Remake to Be an Epic Horror Movie Set in Present Day America". MovieWeb. Watchr Media. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  17. ^ Brodesser-Akner, Claude (February 14, 2013). "Starving for Mummy Reboot, Universal Hires Hunger Games Screenwriter to Pen Competing Script". Vulture. New York Media, LLC. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  18. ^ Sneider, Jeff (31 July 2013). "Director Len Wiseman Exits 'The Mummy' Reboot at Universal". TheWrap. The Wrap News Inc. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  19. ^ Kit, Borys (September 13, 2013). "'Mama' Director in Talks to Helm 'Mummy' Reboot for Universal". The Hollywood Reporter. Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  20. ^ Tilly, Chris (18 October 2013). "Bob Orci Discusses Van Helsing Reboot". Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  21. ^ "Universal Dates 'The Mummy' Reboot For April 2016, Pushes 'Warcraft' Out Of 'Star Wars' Slot". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. November 27, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  22. ^ Sneider, Jeff (6 May 2014). "'Mummy' Reboot Loses 'Mama' Director Andy Muschetti". TheWrap. The Wrap News Inc. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  23. ^ a b Fleming Jr, Mike (July 16, 2014). "Universal Taps Alex Kurtzman, Chris Morgan To Relaunch Classic Movie Monster Franchises". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  24. ^ Kit, Borys (July 30, 2014). "Alex Kurtzman to Direct 'The Mummy' Reboot". The Hollywood Reporter. Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  25. ^ Williams, Celeb (October 22, 2014). "EXCLUSIVE: First Plot Details on Alex Kurtzman's 'The Mummy' Reboot". Superhero Movies News. Archived from the original on October 26, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
  26. ^ Ford, Rebecca (October 14, 2015). "New Mummy in Universal's Monster Might Be Female". The Hollywood Reporter. Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group.
  27. ^ Kroll, Justin (November 24, 2015). "Tom Cruise in Talks to Star in 'The Mummy' Reboot (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety.
  28. ^ Kit, Borys; Ford, Rebecca (December 8, 2015). "'Kingsman' Actress Sofia Boutella in Talks to Star in 'The Mummy' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group.
  29. ^ Kroll, Justin (January 21, 2016). "Tom Cruise's 'The Mummy' Gets New Release Date". Variety.
  30. ^ Kroll, Justin (March 7, 2016). "Tom Cruise's 'Mummy' Reboot Casts Annabelle Wallis". Variety.
  31. ^ Kit, Borys (March 8, 2016). "'New Girl' Star Jake Johnson Joins Tom Cruise in 'The Mummy' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group.
  32. ^ "The Mummy (PSX)". IGN. Ziff Davis. Retrieved February 21, 2008.
  33. ^ "The Mummy (GBC)". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Retrieved February 21, 2008.
  34. ^ "The Mummy Valley of the Gods (Issue List)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
  35. ^ "The Mummy Valley of the Gods (Issue #2)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
  36. ^ "The Mummy: the Rise and Fall of Xango's Ax (Issue List)". Comic Collector Live Database. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
  37. ^ "Universal Studios Hollywood - Revenge of the Mummy - the Ride". Archived from the original on October 18, 2008.
  38. ^ "Revenge of the Mummy: The Ride at Universal Orlando Resort".