The Wolf of Wall Street (2013 film)

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

The Wolf of Wall Street
Leonardo DiCaprio in a tuxedo stands smiling, holding his hands together while it appears his office is either celebrating, going wild, or both. "The Wolf of Wall Street" (no quotes) is shown with black text on a yellow card above DiCaprio.
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMartin Scorsese
Screenplay byTerence Winter
Based onThe Wolf of Wall Street
by Jordan Belfort
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyRodrigo Prieto
Edited byThelma Schoonmaker
Production
companies
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release dates
  • December 17, 2013 (2013-12-17) (Ziegfeld Theatre)
  • December 25, 2013 (2013-12-25) (United States)
Running time
180 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$100 million[2]
Box office$406.9 million[2]

The Wolf of Wall Street is a 2013 American biographical black comedy film co-produced and directed by Martin Scorsese and written by Terence Winter, based on Jordan Belfort's 2007 memoir of the same name. It recounts Belfort's career as a stockbroker in New York City and how his firm, Stratton Oakmont, engaged in rampant corruption and fraud on Wall Street, leading to his downfall. The film stars Leonardo DiCaprio as Belfort, Jonah Hill as his business partner and friend, Donnie Azoff, Margot Robbie as his second wife, Naomi Lapaglia, Matthew McConaughey as his mentor and former boss Mark Hanna, and Kyle Chandler as FBI agent Patrick Denham. It is DiCaprio's fifth collaboration with Scorsese.

DiCaprio and Warner Bros. acquired the rights to Belfort's memoir in 2007, but production was halted due to content restrictions. It was later produced by the independent Red Granite Pictures. The film was shot in New York in late 2012, using mostly 35mm film stock.

The film premiered in New York City on December 17, 2013, and was released in the United States on December 25, 2013, by Paramount Pictures. It was the first major American film to be released exclusively through digital distribution.[3] It was a major commercial success, grossing $406.9 million worldwide during its theatrical run, becoming Scorsese's highest-grossing film.[4] However, the film initially received considerable controversy for its moral ambiguity and lack of sympathy for victims, as well as its explicit, graphic sexual content, extreme profanity (with at least 500 uses of the swear word "fuck"), depiction of hard drug use, and use of animals during production. The film was initially rated NC-17 by the Motion Picture Association of America, but it was shortly appealed for an R rating after Scorsese made slight editorial changes to the film. It set a Guinness World Record for the most instances of swearing in a film.

The film's financing became implicated in the 1Malaysia Development Berhad corruption scandal; the U.S. Department of Justice and the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission investigated Red Granite Pictures, and producer Riza Aziz was arrested in 2019. He was discharged in May 2020 on a 1,000,000 Malaysian Ringgit (US$240,000) bail.[5]

The film received positive reviews (and some moral censure) from critics and appeared on several "best of the year" lists. It was nominated for several awards, including five at the 86th Academy Awards ceremony: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Actor (for DiCaprio) and Best Supporting Actor (for Hill). DiCaprio won Best Actor – Musical or Comedy at the 71st Golden Globe Awards, where the film was also nominated for Best Picture – Musical or Comedy.

Plot[edit]

In 1987, 22-year-old Jordan Belfort lands a job as a Wall Street stockbroker for L.F. Rothschild, employed under Mark Hanna. He is quickly enticed by the drug-fueled stockbroker culture and Hanna's belief that a broker's only goal is to make money for himself. Jordan loses his job following Black Monday, the largest one-day stock market drop in history after the 1929 stock market crash, and takes a job at Investor's Center, a boiler room brokerage firm on Long Island that specializes in penny stocks. He makes a small fortune thanks to his aggressive pitching style and high commissions.

Jordan befriends his neighbor Donnie Azoff, and the two start their own boiler room-styled brokerage company. They recruit Jordan's childhood friends Robbie Feinberg, Alden Kupferburg, Nicky Koskoff, Chester Ming, and Toby Welch, as well as local drug pusher Brad Bonick, all of whom Jordan trains in the art of the "hard sell," and set up the company in an abandoned auto repair shop. Jordan's tactics and salesmanship largely contribute to the success of his pump and dump scheme, in which misleading, positive statements inflate a stock's price so it can be sold at an artificially high price. When the scheme's perpetrators sell their overvalued securities, the price plummets, and those who were conned into buying at the inflated price are left with stock that is suddenly worth much less than they paid for it. To cloak this, Jordan gives the firm the respectable-sounding name of Stratton Oakmont in 1989.

Soon after, the company becomes immensely successful, moving out of the auto repair shop into a bigger office. An exposé in Forbes, which dubs Jordan "The Wolf of Wall Street" – "a sort of twisted Robin Hood who takes from the rich and gives to himself and his merry band of brokers" – causes hundreds of ambitious young financiers to flock to the company, thus causing them to move into even bigger offices.

As all this is happening, Jordan becomes immensely successful, and slides into a decadent lifestyle of prostitutes and drugs. He has an affair with buxome blonde lingerie designer Naomi Lapaglia, and when his wife Teresa finds out about this, Jordan divorces her and marries Naomi in 1991. Meanwhile, the SEC and the FBI begin investigating Stratton Oakmont.

In 1993, Jordan illegally makes $22 million in three hours after securing the IPO of Donnie's childhood friend and women's shoes designer Steve Madden, bringing him and his firm further FBI attention. To hide his money, Jordan opens a Swiss bank account with corrupt banker Jean-Jacques Saurel in the name of Naomi's aunt Emma, who lives in London and thus remains outside the immediate reach of American authorities. He uses Brad's Swiss-Slovenian wife Chantalle and her family, who have European passports, to smuggle the cash into Switzerland.

Donnie and Brad soon get into a heated argument in public during a money exchange, resulting in Brad's arrest as Donnie escapes. Jordan learns from his private investigator Bo Dietl that the FBI is wiretapping his phones. Fearing for his son, Jordan's father Max advises him to leave Stratton Oakmont and lie low while Jordan's lawyer negotiates a deal to keep him out of prison. In the midst of his farewell speech, Jordan cannot bear to quit and talks himself into staying, to the immense support of his friends and employees.

In 1996, Jordan, Donnie, and their wives are on a yacht trip to Italy, when they learn that Emma has died of a heart attack. Jordan proceeds to Switzerland to forge her name and save the account before going to London for the funeral. To bypass the border patrols, he orders his yacht captain Ted to sail to Monaco, but their ship capsizes in a storm. After their rescue, the plane sent to take them to Geneva is destroyed when a seagull flies into the engine; Jordan takes this as a sign from God to address his worsening drug addiction and attempts to sober up.

In 1998, Saurel and Koskoff are arrested for an unrelated crime, the former informing the FBI about Jordan as a plea bargain. Since the evidence against him is overwhelming, Jordan agrees to gather evidence from the rest of his colleagues in exchange for leniency. After having sex for the last time, Naomi tells Jordan that she is divorcing him and wants full custody of their daughter and infant son. In a cocaine-fueled rage, Jordan punches Naomi and tries to drive away with his daughter, but crashes his car in the driveway.

Later, Jordan wears a wire to work and slips a note to Donnie, warning his old partner. However, Donnie betrays Jordan by giving his note to the FBI, who arrest Jordan, before they raid and shut down Stratton Oakmont. Despite breaching his deal, Jordan receives a reduced sentence of 36 months in a minimum security prison for his testimony, and is released in 2000 after serving 22 months. After his release, Jordan makes a living hosting seminars on sales techniques.

Cast[edit]

In addition, cameos and smaller roles include Bo Dietl as himself, the real Jordan Belfort as the Auckland Straight Line host at the end of the film, Thomas Middleditch as a Stratton broker whose goldfish is eaten by Donnie for slacking off, Jake Hoffman as Steve Madden, Fran Lebowitz as The Honorary [sic] Samantha Stogel, Edward Herrmann as the voice over the Stratton Oakmont commercial at the beginning of the film, and an uncredited Spike Jonze as Dwayne, the head of the Long Island brokerage firm who introduces Belfort to the world of penny stocks.[6]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Martin Scorsese, the director of the film, in 2010

In 2007, DiCaprio and Warner Bros. won a bidding war for the rights to Belfort's memoir The Wolf of Wall Street, with Belfort making $1 million off the deal.[7][8] Having worked on the film's script, Scorsese was considered to direct the film but abandoned the project to work on Shutter Island (2010).[9] He has said he "wasted five months of [his] life" without getting a green light on production dates from Warner Bros.[8] In 2010, Warner Bros. offered the directorial role to Ridley Scott, with Brad Pitt playing Belfort,[10] but the studio eventually abandoned the project.[11]

In 2012, the independent company Red Granite Pictures greenlit the project without content restrictions. Soon after, Scorsese came back on board.[12] Red Granite Pictures also asked Paramount Pictures to distribute the film;[13] Paramount agreed to do so in North America and Japan, but passed on the rest of the international market, with Universal Pictures acquiring the film's international distribution rights.[14][15]

According to Belfort,[16] Random House asked him to tone down or excise the depictions of debauchery in his memoir before publication, especially those relating to his bachelor party, which featured zoophilia, and rampant use of drugs like nitrous oxide; neither the published memoir nor the film contains references to this.[17][failed verification]

In the film, most of the real-life characters' names have been changed from Belfort's original memoir. Donnie Azoff is based on Danny Porush. The name was changed after Porush threatened to sue the filmmakers. Porush maintains that much of the film is fictional and that Azoff is not an accurate depiction of him.[18][19] Former Donna Karan Jeanswear CEO Elliot Lavigne does not appear in the film, but an incident recounted in the book, in which Belfort gives Lavigne mouth-to-mouth resuscitation to save him from choking to death, is similar to a scene in the film involving Donnie. The FBI agent Patrick Denham is the stand-in for real-life Gregory Coleman,[20] and lawyer Manny Riskin is based on Ira Sorkin.[21] Belfort's first wife, Denise Lombardo, is renamed Teresa Petrillo, and his second wife, Nadine Caridi, is Naomi Lapaglia on-screen. In contrast, Mark Hanna's name remains the same as the LF Rothschild stockbroker who, like Belfort, was convicted of fraud and served time in prison.[22][23] Belfort's parents Max and Leah Belfort's names remained the same for the film.[24] The role of Aunt Emma was initially offered to Julie Andrews, who declined as she was recovering from an ankle injury, and was replaced by Joanna Lumley.[25] Olivia Wilde auditioned for the role of Naomi, but she was rejected as she was deemed "too old" for the role despite DiCaprio being a decade older than her; the role eventually went to Margot Robbie.[26] In January 2014, Jonah Hill revealed in an interview with Howard Stern that he had made only $60,000 on the film (the lowest possible SAG-AFTRA rate for his amount of work), while DiCaprio (who also produced) received $10 million.[27][28][29]

Filming[edit]

Filming began on August 8, 2012, in New York City.[30] Hill announced on Twitter that his first day of shooting was September 4, 2012.[31] Filming also took place in Closter, New Jersey, and Harrison, New York.[32][33] Vitamin D powder was used as the fake substance for cocaine in the film; Hill was hospitalized with bronchitis due to snorting large quantities during filming.[34]

Scorsese's longtime editor Thelma Schoonmaker, who has received seven Academy Award nominations (as well as one win) for Best Film Editing, said the film would be shot digitally instead of on film.[35] Scorsese had been a proponent of shooting on film, but decided to shoot Hugo digitally because it was being photographed in 3D. Despite being filmed in 2D, The Wolf of Wall Street was originally planned to be shot digitally.[36] Schoonmaker expressed her disappointment with the decision: "It would appear that we've lost the battle. I think Marty just feels it's unfortunately over, and there's been no bigger champion of film than him."[35] After extensive comparison tests during pre-production, eventually the majority of the film was shot on film stock, while scenes that used green screen effects or low light (mainly the nighttime scenes) were shot with the digital Arri Alexa camera system.[36] The film contains 400 to 450 VFX shots.[37]

Profanity[edit]

The film set a Guinness World Record for the most instances of swearing in a motion picture.[38] It uses the word "fuck" 506 times, "cunt" three times, "twat" twice, "fuckface" once, and "prick" four times, averaging 2.81 profanities per minute.[39][40][41] The previous record holders were Scorsese's previous gangster films Goodfellas (1990) and Casino (1995), which had respectively had 300 and 422 uses of the word; the 1993 film Menace II Society, which had 305 uses; the 1997 British film Nil by Mouth, which had 428; and the 1999 film Summer of Sam at 435.[38] The record has since been broken by Swearnet: The Movie, which uses the word 935 times, but it still holds the record for a major theatrical release.[42]

The film's distributor in the United Arab Emirates cut 45 minutes of scenes of swearing, religious profanity, drug use, sex, and nudity, and "muted" dialogue containing expletives. The National reported that filmgoers in the UAE believed the film should not have been shown rather than being edited so heavily.[43]

Release[edit]

Theatrical[edit]

The Wolf of Wall Street premiered at the Ziegfeld Theatre in New York City on December 17, 2013,[44] followed by a wide release on December 25. Its original release date of November 15 was pushed back after cuts were made to reduce the runtime.[45] On October 22, it was reported that the film was set for release that Christmas.[46] On October 29, Paramount officially confirmed that the film would release on Christmas Day, with a runtime of 165 minutes.[47][48] This was changed to 180 minutes on November 25.[49] It was officially rated R by the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) for "sequences of strong sexual content, graphic nudity, drug use and language throughout, and for some violence".[50] In the United Kingdom, the film received an 18 certificate from the British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) for "very strong language, strong sex [and] hard drug use".[1]

The film is banned in Kenya, Malaysia, Nepal, and Zimbabwe because of its scenes depicting sex and drugs and excessive profanity, and additional scenes have been cut in the versions playing in India. In Singapore, after cuts were made to a gay orgy scene as well as some religiously profane or denigrating language, the film was passed R21.[51][52]

The release of The Wolf of Wall Street marked a shift in cinema history when Paramount became the first major studio to distribute movies to theaters exclusively in a digital format, eliminating 35mm film entirely. Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues was the last Paramount production to include a 35mm film version to be shown in theaters.[53][54]

Home media[edit]

The Wolf of Wall Street was released on DVD and Blu-ray on March 25, 2014.[55] On January 27, 2014, it was announced that a four-hour director's cut would be attached to the home release.[56] Paramount later announced that the home release would feature only the original theatrical version.[57] A 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray was released on December 14, 2021.[58]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

The Wolf of Wall Street grossed $116.9 million in the United States and Canada, and $289 million internationally, for a worldwide total of $406.9 million;[2] it is Scorsese's highest-grossing film.[59]

In the United States, the film finished in fifth place in its first weekend with $19.4 million from 3,387 theaters, for a five-day total of $34.2 million.[60] The film made $13.2 million (a drop of just 27.9%) and $8.8 million (33%) in its second and third weekends, finishing in fourth place both times.[61][62]

In Australia, it is the highest grossing R-rated film, earning $12.96 million.[63]

Critical response[edit]

The performances of Leonardo DiCaprio and Jonah Hill garnered critical acclaim, earning them Academy Award nominations for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor respectively.

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, 80% of 289 critics' reviews are positive, with an average rating of 7.8/10. The website's consensus reads: "Funny, self-referential, and irreverent to a fault, The Wolf of Wall Street finds Martin Scorsese and Leonardo DiCaprio at their most infectiously dynamic."[64] Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 75 out of 100, based on 47 critics, indicating "generally favorable" reviews.[65]

Peter Travers of Rolling Stone magazine named The Wolf of Wall Street the third-best movie of 2013, behind 12 Years a Slave and Gravity.[66] Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle wrote, "it is the best and most enjoyable American film to be released this year."[67] Richard Brody of The New Yorker called the film "Olympian", saying that if it was Scorsese's last film it "would rank among the most harshly awe-inspiring farewells of the cinema."[68] The Chicago Sun-Times's Richard Roeper gave the film a B+, calling it "good, not great Scorsese".[69]

Dana Stevens of Slate was more critical, calling the film "epic in size, claustrophobically narrow in scope."[70] Marshall Fine of The Huffington Post argued that the story "wants us to be interested in characters who are dull people to start with, made duller by their delusions of being interesting because they are high".[71] Some critics viewed the film as an irresponsible glorification of Belfort and his associates rather than a satirical takedown. DiCaprio defended the film, arguing that it does not glorify the excessive lifestyle it depicts.[72][73]

In 2016, the film was ranked #78 on the BBC's 100 Greatest Films of the 21st Century list.[74] In 2017, Richard Brody named The Wolf of Wall Street the second-best film of the 21st century so far, behind Jean-Luc Godard's In Praise of Love.[75] In 2019, Brody named The Wolf of Wall Street the best film of the 2010s.[76]

Audience response[edit]

The film received an average grade of C on an A+ to F scale from audiences surveyed by CinemaScore,[77] the lowest rating of any film opening that week.[78] The Los Angeles Times suggested that the film's marketing may have attracted conservative viewers who expected a more moralistic tone than the film presents.[79]

Christina McDowell, daughter of Tom Prousalis, who worked closely with Belfort at Stratton Oakmont, wrote an open letter to Scorsese, DiCaprio, and Belfort, criticizing the film for insufficiently portraying the victims of Stratton Oakmont's financial crimes, disregarding the damage done to her family as a result, and giving celebrity status to people (Belfort and his partners, including her father) who do not deserve it.[80]

Steven Perlberg of Business Insider saw an advance screening of the film at a Regal Cinemas near the Goldman Sachs building with an audience of finance workers. Perlberg reported cheers from the audience at what he considered all the wrong moments, writing, "When Belfort—a drug addict attempting to remain sober—rips up a couch cushion to get to his secret coke stash, there were cheers."[81]

Former Assistant United States Attorney Joel M. Cohen, who prosecuted Belfort, criticized both the film and the book on which it is based. He said that he believes some of Belfort's claims were "invented": for instance, Belfort "aggrandized his importance and reverence for him by others at his firm." He strongly criticized the film for not depicting the "thousands of victims who lost hundreds of millions of dollars", not accepting the filmmakers' argument that it would have diverted attention from the wrongdoers. He deplored the ending—"beyond an insult" to Belfort's victims—in which the real Belfort appears, while showing "a large sign advertising the name of Mr. Belfort's real motivational speaking company", and a positive depiction of Belfort uttering "variants of the same falsehoods he trained others to use against his victims".[82]

Top ten lists[edit]

The Wolf of Wall Street was listed on many critics' top ten lists for films released in 2013,[83] and was chosen as one of the top ten films of the year by the American Film Institute.[84] Metacritic analysis found the film was the ninth-most mentioned film on "best of the year" film rankings[85] and the 22nd-most mentioned on "best of the decade" film rankings.[86]













Controversies[edit]

Use of animals[edit]

The Wolf of Wall Street uses animals, including a chimpanzee, a lion, a snake, a fish, and dogs.[89] The chimpanzee and the lion were provided by the Big Cat Habitat wildlife sanctuary in Sarasota County, Florida. The four-year-old chimpanzee Chance spent time with DiCaprio and learned to roller skate in three weeks. The sanctuary also provided a lion named Handsome because the trading company depicted in the film used a lion as its symbol.[90] Danny Porush denied that there were any animals in the office, although he admitted to eating an employee's goldfish.[91]

In December 2013, before the film premiered, the organization Friends of Animals criticized the use of the chimpanzee and organized a boycott of the film. Variety reported, "Friends of Animals thinks the chimp ... suffered irreversible psychological damage after being forced to act."[92] The Guardian commented on the increasing criticism of Hollywood's use of animals, writing, "The Wolf of Wall Street's use of a chimpanzee arrives as Hollywood comes under ever-increasing scrutiny for its employment of animals on screen". PETA also launched a campaign to highlight mistreatment of ape "actors" and to petition for DiCaprio not to work with great apes.[91]

1MDB scandal[edit]

Producer Riza Aziz was arrested in 2019 and faces trial over allegations that Wolf of Wall Street's financing is connected to the 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal. The scandal also implicated his stepfather Najib Razak, former Prime Minister of Malaysia.

In 2015, Red Granite Pictures and the film's financing became implicated in the 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal, a major international corruption scandal that began in Malaysia.[93] The Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) alleged the film was financed by money producer Riza Aziz stole from the Malaysian 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) sovereign wealth fund. Aziz is the stepson of then-Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak. Aziz was arrested in connection with the scandal and pleaded not guilty to money laundering charges in July 2019.[94] According to court filings, a company owned by fugitive businessman Jho Low gave the film's producers a $9 million advance.[95] Low was given a "special thanks" in the film's credits.[93]

The film is part of a broader investigation into these illicit monetary movements, and in 2016 was named in a series of civil complaints the United States Department of Justice filed "for having provided a trust account through which hundreds of millions of dollars belonging to the 1MDB fund were illicitly siphoned".[96][97][98] To settle the civil lawsuit, Red Granite Pictures agreed to pay the U.S. government $60 million with no "admission of wrongdoing or liability on the part of Red Granite".[99] This settlement was part of a more expansive U.S. effort to seize approximately $1.7 billion in assets allegedly purchased with funds embezzled from 1MDB.[99] In January 2020, Belfort sued Red Granite for $300 million, also wishing to void his rights deal; he said that he would never have sold the rights to Red Granite if he had known how the film was being financed.[100][101] Aziz was discharged in May 2020 on a 1,000,000 Malaysian Ringgit (US$240,000) bail.[5]

Thematic controversy and debate[edit]

Various people have criticized the film as materialistic, encouraging greedy behavior, extreme wealth, and advocating for the infamous individuals portrayed in the film.[who?] Christina McDowell, whose father, Tom Prousalis, worked in association with Belfort, accused the filmmakers of "exacerbating our national obsession with wealth and status and glorifying greed and psychopathic behavior". She emphasized the gravity and significance of Belfort's crimes, saying that Wolf of Wall Street is a "reckless attempt at continuing to pretend that these sorts of schemes are entertaining, even as the country is reeling from yet another round of Wall Street scandals".[102]

After DiCaprio defended himself from criticism, Variety journalist Whitney Friedlander called the film "three hours of cash, drugs, hookers, repeat" and argued that the film is a "celebration of this lifestyle" and implies that short-lived extreme wealth and extraordinary experiences are superior to normal behavior.[103]

Nikole TenBrink, vice president of marketing and membership at Risk and Insurance Management Society, has said the film is a "cautionary tale of what can happen when fraud is left unchecked". She describes Belfort's business acumen, his talent in communicating and selling his ideas, and his ability to motivate others as offering "valuable lessons for risk professionals as they seek to avoid similar pitfalls".[104]

Belfort's reaction[edit]

Belfort said of the film's depiction of himself and Stratton Oakmont that it did an excellent job at describing the "overall feeling" of those years, adding, "the camaraderie, the insanity, that was accurate". Of his drug use, Belfort said that his actual habits were "much worse" than is depicted in the film and that he was "on 22 different drugs at the end".[105]

Belfort also analyzed the inaccuracies in the film's oversimplification of Stratton Oakmont's gradual transition from advocating for "speculative stocks" in order to "help build America" to committing crimes. He said he "didn't like hearing" overly simplified and blunt depictions of his crimes because "it made me look like I was just trying to rip people off". But Belfort did acknowledge the cinematic benefits of these oversimplifications as "a very easy way in three hours" to "move the audience emotionally".[105]

Nadine Macaluso's reaction[edit]

On September 28, 2022, Nadine Macaluso, Belfort's ex-wife on whom the character Naomi was based, said that the depiction of Belfort and their relationship was accurate and that she hopes to educate people on signs of domestic abuse and toxic relationships.[106]

Accolades[edit]

The film was nominated for five Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director for Scorsese, Best Adapted Screenplay for Winter, Best Actor for DiCaprio, and Best Supporting Actor for Hill.[107] It was also nominated for four BAFTAs, including Best Director, Best Actor and Best Adapted Screenplay, and two Golden Globe Awards, including Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy.[108] DiCaprio won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.[109]

Soundtrack[edit]

The film's soundtrack features both original and preexisting music tracks. It was released on December 17, 2013, for digital download.[110][111] More than 60 songs are used in the film, but only 16 are on the official soundtrack. Among the notable exceptions are original compositions by Theodore Shapiro.[112]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Wolf of Wall Street (18)". British Board of Film Classification. December 12, 2013. Archived from the original on October 17, 2014. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c "The Wolf of Wall Street (2013)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Archived from the original on March 23, 2021. Retrieved March 13, 2023.
  3. ^ "The Triumph of Digital Will Be the Death of Many Movies - History". The New Republic. newrepublic.com. September 12, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
  4. ^ "2013 Yearly Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on December 5, 2015. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Ellis-Petersen, Hannah; correspondent, south-east Asia (July 5, 2019). "1MDB: Wolf of Wall Street producer charged with embezzling millions". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 3, 2024.
  6. ^ Buchanan, Kyle (December 26, 2013). "How Spike Jonze Ended Up in The Wolf of Wall Street". Vulture. Archived from the original on December 29, 2013. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  7. ^ Charlie Gasparino (March 12, 2013). "'Wolf of Wall Street' Gets $1M Pay Day for Movie Rights". Fox Business. Archived from the original on February 17, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  8. ^ a b Saravia, Jerry (June 5, 2013). "Raging Bull of Cinema Part II". Archived from the original on October 3, 2013. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
  9. ^ Pamela McClintock (March 25, 2007). "Scorsese, DiCaprio cry 'Wolf'". Variety. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  10. ^ Fleming, Mike. "Ridley Scott Eyeing Reteam With Leo DiCaprio On 'The Wolf Of Wall Street'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  11. ^ Fleming, Mike. "Cannes: Red Granite Acquires Leonardo DiCaprio Pic 'The Wolf Of Wall Street'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  12. ^ Schilling, Mary Kaye (August 25, 2013). "Leonardo DiCaprio and Martin Scorsese Explore the Funny Side of Financial Depravity in The Wolf of Wall Street". Vulture. Archived from the original on December 1, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  13. ^ "OSCARS Q&A: 'Wolf Of Wall Street' Producer Emma Tillinger Koskoff On 'Sexy, Scary, Infuriating' Pic". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on February 9, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  14. ^ Cieply, Michael; Barnes, Brooks. "Strong Profit Margin at Paramount Pictures Underlines a Hollywood Shift". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 15, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
  15. ^ "'The Wolf of Wall Street' Secures Overseas Distribution in Multiple Territories Through Universal". TheWrap. November 8, 2012. Archived from the original on December 15, 2019. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  16. ^ "The Untold Stories of The WOLF OF WALL STREET, Jordan Belfort – IMPAULSIVE EP. 81". May 29, 2019. Archived from the original on May 19, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020 – via YouTube.
  17. ^ Belfort, Jordan (October 24, 2016). The Wolf of Wall Street Collection: The Wolf of Wall Street & Catching the Wolf of Wall Street. John Murray Press. ISBN 9781473657311. Archived from the original on November 21, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  18. ^ "Real 'Wolf of Wall Street' exec's son slams movie's 'inaccurate' characterization of his father". New York Daily News. December 19, 2013. Archived from the original on March 1, 2014. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
  19. ^ Dockterman, Eliana (December 26, 2013). "The Wolf of Wall Street: The True Story". Time. Archived from the original on October 5, 2016. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
  20. ^ Napier, Jim (May 10, 2012). "Kyle Chandler Joins Martin Scorsese's THE WOLF OF WALL STREET". GeekTyrant. Geektyrant Industries LLC. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
  21. ^ Paur, Joey (July 25, 2012). "Jon Favreau Joins Martin Scorsese's THE WOLF OF WALL STREET". GeekTyrant. Geektyrant Industries LLC. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
  22. ^ "Excerpt of 'The Wolf of Wall Street'". USA Today. October 12, 2007. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
  23. ^ Dungan, Isabelle (December 20, 2013). "The Real Wolf of Wall Street". YouTube. Archived from the original on November 21, 2020. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
  24. ^ Peyser, Andrea (December 9, 2013). "'Wolf of Wall Street' can't shake Queens roots". New York Post. Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  25. ^ "Ankle injury made Julie Andrews miss Wolf Of Wall Street". The Times of India. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  26. ^ "Ugh: Olivia Wilde Says She Was Considered "Too Old" for Leonardo DiCaprio in The Wolf of Wall Street". Glamour. March 16, 2016. Archived from the original on May 17, 2023. Retrieved May 17, 2023.
  27. ^ Thompson, Arienne (January 22, 2014). "Jonah Hill made just $60K for 'Wolf of Wall Street'". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 23, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  28. ^ Lewis, Hilary (January 22, 2014). "Jonah Hill Says He Was Paid $60K for 'The Wolf of Wall Street' (Audio)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 24, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  29. ^ Cavan Sieczkowski (January 22, 2014). "Jonah Hill Paid Paltry $60,000 For 'Wolf Of Wall Street'". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on January 25, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  30. ^ Berov, David (August 7, 2012). "Screenwriter Terence Winter Talks The Wolf Of Wall Street". After the Cut. Archived from the original on September 6, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
  31. ^ Hill, Jonah (September 4, 2012). "Jonah Hill announces completion of first day of shooting Wolf of Wall Street". Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
  32. ^ Simone, Stephanie (September 13, 2012). "Leo and crew converge on Closter for latest Martin Scorsese film". North Jersey Media Group. Archived from the original on October 3, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  33. ^ Doughherty, Mike (October 30, 2020). "NY country club used to shoot 'The Wolf of Wall Street' and 'Red Oaks' could be taken by eminent domain". Golfweek. Archived from the original on March 24, 2021. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  34. ^ "Jonah Hill 'hospitalised' after snorting so much fake cocaine on Wolf of Wall Street". independent.co.uk. May 31, 2019. Archived from the original on May 7, 2022.
  35. ^ a b de Semlyen, Phil (June 27, 2012). "Scorsese Goes Digital, Abandons Film". Empire. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  36. ^ a b Goldman, Michael (December 2013). "Rodrigo Prieto, ASC, AMC and Martin Scorsese discuss their approach to The Wolf of Wall Street, the true story of a stockbrocker (sic) run amok". American Society of Cinematographers. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
  37. ^ Bennett, Neil (September 20, 2013). "Interview: The Wolf of Wall Street's VFX producer". Digital Arts. Digitalartsonline.co.uk. Archived from the original on December 17, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
  38. ^ a b Thorne, Dan (January 16, 2014). "How The Wolf of Wall Street broke movie swearing record". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on August 21, 2019. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
  39. ^ Forrest Wickman (January 7, 2014). "Is Wolf of Wall Street Really the Sweariest Movie of All Time? A Slate Investigation". Slate. Archived from the original on January 8, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  40. ^ "The Wolf of Wall Street Breaks Profanity Record". Junkie Monkeys. December 29, 2013. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  41. ^ Adam Holz (January 12, 2014). "Review: The Wolf of Wall Street". Plugged In (publication). Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. a handful more than 525 are f-words
  42. ^ Goldstein, Gary (September 25, 2014). "Review: 'Swearnet: The Movie'". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 20, 2015. Retrieved March 24, 2021. The f-bomb is unleashed a reported 935 times
  43. ^ Sinclair, Kyle (January 12, 2014). "Cinema fans question whether Scorsese movie should have been screened". The National. Archived from the original on August 21, 2019. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
  44. ^ Morfoot, Addie (December 18, 2013). "Terence Winter: Leo 'Brave Enough' for Candle Scene in 'Wolf of Wall Street'". Variety. Archived from the original on March 26, 2014. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
  45. ^ McClintock, Pamela (November 27, 2013). "Wolf of Wall Street Avoids NC-17 After Sex Cuts". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 9, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  46. ^ Brevet, Brad (October 22, 2013). "Scorsese's 'Wolf of Wall Street' Will Open on Christmas Day". Rope of Silicon. Archived from the original on October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
  47. ^ McClintock, Pamela (October 28, 2013). "It's Official: Martin Scorsese's 'Wolf of Wall Street' Gets Holiday Release". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 31, 2013. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
  48. ^ Labrecque, Jeff (October 29, 2013). "Scorsese's 'Wolf of Wall Street' Will Open on Christmas Day". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 30, 2013. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
  49. ^ Goldberg, Matt (November 25, 2013). "THE WOLF OF WALL STREET Could Be Martin Scorsese's Longest Film Yet at 180 Minutes; 3 New Posters Released". Collider. Archived from the original on November 28, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  50. ^ "The Wolf of Wall Street Official Trailer". Paramount Pictures. YouTube. June 16, 2013. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
  51. ^ "Gay Orgy, Gone! 'Wolf of Wall Street' Censored, Banned Overseas". MovieThatMatters. Archived from the original on January 30, 2014.
  52. ^ Capital lifestyle (January 16, 2014). "Martin Scorsese's 'The Wolf of Wall Street' banned in Kenya". Capital Lifestyle. Archived from the original on January 18, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
  53. ^ Geuss, Megan (January 18, 2014). "Anchorman 2 was Paramount's final release on 35 mm film". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on January 21, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
  54. ^ Verrier, Richard (January 17, 2014). "End of film: Paramount first studio to stop distributing film prints". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 21, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  55. ^ "The Wolf of Wall Street Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  56. ^ Lee, Ann (January 28, 2014). "The Wolf of Wall Street DVD will be 4 hours long with more sex and swearing". Metro. Archived from the original on February 14, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  57. ^ Goldberg, Matt (January 29, 2014). "THE WOLF OF WALL STREET Blu-ray/DVD May Include an Extended Cut with an Extra Hour of Sex and Swearing [UPDATED]". Collider. Archived from the original on February 17, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  58. ^ "The Wolf of Wall Street 4K Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. September 13, 2021. Archived from the original on February 14, 2023. Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  59. ^ "Box-Office Milestone: 'Wolf of Wall Street' Becomes Martin Scorsese's Top-Grossing Film". The Hollywood Reporter. February 11, 2014. Archived from the original on January 24, 2015. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  60. ^ "Weekend Box Office Results for December 27–29, 2013". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 22, 2015. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  61. ^ "Domestic 2014 Weekend 1". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved September 18, 2023.
  62. ^ "Domestic 2014 Weekend 2". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved September 18, 2023.
  63. ^ "The Wolf of Wall Street sets Australian record for an R-rated film". Smh.com.au. February 6, 2014. Archived from the original on June 7, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  64. ^ "The Wolf of Wall Street". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on June 9, 2023. Retrieved July 20, 2023. Edit this at Wikidata
  65. ^ "The Wolf of Wall Street". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Archived from the original on June 9, 2023. Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  66. ^ Travers, Peter (December 10, 2013). "10 Best Movies of 2013". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on November 24, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  67. ^ Mick LaSalle (December 24, 2013). "'Wolf of Wall Street' review: Scorsese right on the money". SFGate. Archived from the original on February 6, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  68. ^ "The Wild, Brilliant 'Wolf of Wall Street'". The New Yorker. December 24, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
  69. ^ "The Wolf of Wall Street". RichardRoeper.com. Archived from the original on December 3, 2017. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  70. ^ Stevens, Dana (December 23, 2013). "The Wolf of Wall Street". Slate. Archived from the original on March 11, 2015. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  71. ^ Fine, Marshall (December 22, 2013). "Movie Review: The Wolf of Wall Street". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on January 18, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  72. ^ "Leonardo DiCaprio Defends 'Wolf of Wall Street' Amid Controversy". MovieThatMatters.com. December 31, 2013. Archived from the original on January 15, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  73. ^ Zagano, Phyllis (January 1, 2014). "The 'culture of prosperity'". National Catholic Reporter. Archived from the original on January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  74. ^ "The 21st Century's 100 greatest films". BBC. August 23, 2016. Archived from the original on January 31, 2017. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  75. ^ Brody, Richard (June 12, 2017). "My Twenty-Five Best Films of the Century So Far". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  76. ^ Brody, Richard (November 26, 2019). "The Twenty-Seven Best Movies of the 2010s". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on May 17, 2020. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
  77. ^ "3 Obvious Reasons Why Audiences Hate The Wolf Of Wall Street". CinemaBlend. December 27, 2013. Archived from the original on January 8, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  78. ^ Katey Rich (December 26, 2013). "The Wolf of Wall Street Is Enraging Moviegoers, Thrilling Bankers, And Making Tons Of Cash". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on January 8, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  79. ^ Steven Zeitchik (December 26, 2013). "'The Wolf of Wall Street:' Is it too polarizing for the mainstream? (2013)". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 28, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
  80. ^ McDowell, Christina (December 26, 2013). "An Open Letter to the Makers of The Wolf of Wall Street, and the Wolf Himself". LA Weekly. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2013.
  81. ^ Perlburg, Steven (December 19, 2013). "Banker Pros Cheer At Wolf Of Wall Street". Business Insider. Archived from the original on February 10, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  82. ^ Cohen, Joel M. (January 7, 2014). "The Real Belfort Story Missing From 'Wolf' Movie". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 22, 2015. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  83. ^ "2013 Film Critics Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. December 8, 2013. Archived from the original on April 1, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  84. ^ "American Film Institute names top 10 films of 2013 ahead of Oscars". TheGuardian.com. December 10, 2013. Archived from the original on June 8, 2022. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
  85. ^ "2013 FILM CRITIC TOP TEN LISTS". Metacritic. December 8, 2013. Archived from the original on December 11, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2022.
  86. ^ "BEST MOVIES OF THE DECADE (2010-19)". Metacritic. November 18, 2019. Archived from the original on January 1, 2020. Retrieved June 9, 2022.
  87. ^ James, Caryn (December 20, 2013). "Best Films of 2013". Indiewire. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  88. ^ "Top Ten Lists of 2013 From Our Contributors". RogerEbert.com. January 1, 2014. Archived from the original on September 27, 2021. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  89. ^ Tadeo, Maria (December 16, 2013). "Chimpanzee dressed in a suit roller-skating through prostitutes and dwarves in Wolf of Wall Street prompts boycott calls". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  90. ^ Cummings, Ian (December 26, 2013). "Sarasota chimp and lion have roles in 'Wolf of Wall Street'". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  91. ^ a b Child, Ben (December 16, 2013). "Scorsese's The Wolf of Wall Street: animal rights group calls for boycott". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 14, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  92. ^ Khatchatourian, Maane (December 13, 2013). "Animal Rights Group Boycotting 'Wolf of Wall Street'". Variety. Archived from the original on January 17, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  93. ^ a b Ritman, Alex (July 22, 2016). "Follow the Money: 'The Wolf of Wall Street' Corruption Timeline". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 21, 2022. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  94. ^ "Najib's stepson Riza Aziz charged with laundering $248m 1MDB money". Malay Mail. July 6, 2019. Archived from the original on July 20, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  95. ^ Scott, Mathew (October 1, 2019). "1MDB Scandal: Document Reveals Cash Link to 'Wolf of Wall Street' Producers". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 13, 2022. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  96. ^ Busch, Anita; Hipes, Patrick (September 15, 2017). "Red Granite Settles With U.S. Government Over 2 Films As Part Of 1MDB Case". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on March 2, 2018. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  97. ^ Hope, Bradley; Emshwiller, John R.; Fritz, Ben (April 1, 2016). "The Secret Money Behind 'The Wolf of Wall Street'". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on June 26, 2017. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  98. ^ Pagliery, Jose (July 20, 2016). "Feds want 'Wolf of Wall Street' profits as part of $3.5 billion fraud allegations". CNN Money. Archived from the original on June 19, 2017. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
  99. ^ a b "'The Wolf of Wall Street' producers to pay $60 million to U.S. in..." Reuters. March 7, 2018. Archived from the original on November 2, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  100. ^ El-Mahmond, Sarah (January 23, 2020). "The Wolf Of Wall Street Just Can't Catch A Break On Lawsuits". CinemaBlend. Archived from the original on March 24, 2021. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  101. ^ Cullins, Ashley (January 23, 2020). "'Wolf of Wall Street' Inspiration Jordan Belfort Files $300M Fraud Lawsuit Against Red Granite". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 4, 2021. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  102. ^ Child, Ben (December 30, 2013). "The Wolf of Wall Street criticised for 'glorifying psychopathic behaviour'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on December 31, 2019. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  103. ^ Friedlander, Whitney (December 31, 2013). "Does 'Wolf of Wall Street' Glorify Criminals? Yes". Variety. Archived from the original on December 16, 2019. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  104. ^ TenBrink, Nikole (March 2014). "Learning from the Wolf of Wall Street". Risk Management. 61 (2): 16. ProQuest 1506142048.
  105. ^ a b WHAT WAS REAL VS FICTION IN THE MOVIE WOLF OF WALL STREET – Jordan Belfort | London Real. Retrieved December 15, 2019 – via YouTube.
  106. ^ Leighton, Mara. "The 'Wolf of Wall Street's' ex-wife is a therapist, and she's using details of their marriage to get people talking about abusive relationships on TikTok". Insider. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  107. ^ "2014 Oscar Nominees". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 24, 2021. Archived from the original on October 14, 2014. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  108. ^ "Bafta Film Awards 2014: Full list of nominees". BBC News. January 8, 2014. Archived from the original on May 23, 2014. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  109. ^ "Golden Globes 2014: Leonardo DiCaprio wins Best Actor for The Wolf of". The Independent. January 13, 2014. Archived from the original on March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  110. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (December 11, 2013). "'The Wolf Of Wall Street' Soundtrack Features The Lemonheads, Billy Joel & More Plus 2 New TV Spots And Poster". IndieWire. Archived from the original on March 24, 2021. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  111. ^ Appelo, Tim (December 25, 2013). "Scorsese's Music Man on 'Wolf of Wall Street' Soundtrack Album: 'Marty is Fearless'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 24, 2021. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  112. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin. "All The Songs In 'The Wolf Of Wall Street' Including Devo, Cypress Hill, Foo Fighters & More". Indiewire. Archived from the original on April 8, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2014.

External links[edit]