Vinyl revival

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

A record store in Barcelona, 2016

The vinyl revival, also known as the vinyl resurgence, is the renewed interest and increased sales of vinyl records, or gramophone records, that has been taking place in the music industry. Beginning in 2007,[1][2] vinyl records experienced renewed popularity in the West[3][4][5] and in East Asia.[6][7]

The analogue format made of polyvinyl chloride had been the main vehicle for the commercial distribution of pop music from the 1950s until the 1980s and 1990s when it was largely replaced by the compact disc (CD). Since the turn of the millennium, CDs have been partially replaced by digital downloads and streaming services. However, in 2007, vinyl sales made a sudden small increase, starting its comeback, and by the early 2010s, it was growing at a very quick rate. In some territories, vinyl is now more popular than it has been since the late 1980s, though vinyl records still make up only a marginal percentage (less than 6%) of overall music sales.[8] In 2022 Taylor Swift's Midnights album became the first album to outsell on vinyl over CD's since 1987,[9][10] with over 80,000 sold in the UK and approximately 600,000 in the US at the time of the record occurring.[11]

Along with steadily increasing vinyl sales, the vinyl revival is also evident in the renewed interest in the record shop (as seen by the creation of the annual worldwide Record Store Day), the implementation of music charts dedicated solely to vinyl, and an increased output of films (largely independent) dedicated to the vinyl record and culture.[citation needed]


In June 2017, Sony Music announced that by March 2018 it would be producing vinyl records in-house for the first time since ceasing its production in 1989. The BBC reported that "Sony's move comes a few months after it equipped its Tokyo studio with a cutting lathe, used to produce the master discs needed for manufacturing vinyl records", but the company "is even struggling to find older engineers who know how to make records".[12]

In Germany[edit]

A second-hand record store in Flensburg, Germany (2012).

In Germany a revival of vinyl records already took place in the 1990s in conjunction with the rise of the rave and techno scene. In the mid-1990s, the rave culture had become a mass movement in the country, with raves having tens of thousands of attendees, youth magazines featuring styling tips, and television networks launching music magazines on house and techno music. In this context Der Spiegel in 1998 describes this "renaissance" of the LP format and declares that "LPs are in again". The CD format was regarded as "uncool", while vinyl records could be beatmatched into each other more easily and had more room for album cover art. Record bags were a common fashion accessory at that time.[13] In the early 2000s the mainstream rave movement declined, and by the end of the decade a majority of the so-called "techno record stores" and record store chains that had emerged in the 1990s had disappeared again.[14]

Around 2007 another revival of vinyl began, this time also concerning the collection of other genres such as pop music, and increasingly promoted by the music industry.[5]

In 2016 there were 476 record stores in Germany, and 3.1 million vinyl records were sold.[15] In 2020, sales of vinyl LPs in Germany increased to 4.2 million units sold.[16] Almost three quarters of the 20 most popular records of this year belong to the rock music genre.[17]

In Japan[edit]

Sales of music CDs in Japan began in 1982. By 1986, the compact disc began replacing the gramophone record as the primary means of music distribution in Japan.[18] As opposed to declining CD sales in Western markets, CDs remained a huge market in Japan, with sales of over 100 million each year from 1998 until 2018.[19] Beginning in the early 2000s decade, there was growing nostalgia for vinyl records, although CD sales were still strong.[20] Inspired by the Record Store Day event in the United States, Japanese record stores began promoting the revival of gramophone records in 2012.[21][20] Concurrently, popular musicians including Sakanakushon, AKB48, Perfume, and Masaharu Fukuyama began releasing their music for vinyl distribution.[20] In 2014, HMV Record Shop, a proponent in selling vinyl records, opened in Shibuya.[21] Technology brands such as Sony Electronics and Panasonic released revived models of gramophone record players, starting in 2016.[20]

From the mid-2010s decade, vinyl records have enjoyed renewed popularity, with specialized shops opening in Shibuya, Shinjuku, and Ginza.[21] From 2010 to 2020, vinyl sales in Japan increased tenfold, from 105,000 copies to 1,219,000 copies.[21] Although the 2020 figure did not match that of 2000 (when nearly two million vinyl records were sold), it was the best figure since 2004.[22] Popular artists such as Perfume and Back Number have led the way for vinyl revival, and CD sales have declined by 35% from 2008 to 2018.[22]

In the United Kingdom[edit]

Similarly in the United Kingdom, the compact disc surpassed the gramophone record in popularity in the late 1980s. This started a gradual decline in vinyl record sales throughout the 1990s. Sales of vinyl LP records in the UK increased every year between 2007 and 2014[4] In December 2011, BBC Radio 6 Music began an occasional Vinyl Revival series in which Peter Paphides met musicians who revealed, and played selections from, their vinyl record collections.[23] In November 2014, it was reported that over one million vinyl records had been sold in the UK since the beginning of the year. Sales had not reached this level since 1996. The British Phonographic Industry (BPI) predicted that Christmas sales would bring the total for the year to around 1.2 million. However, vinyl sales were still a very small proportion of total music sales. Pink Floyd's The Endless River became the fastest-selling UK vinyl release of 2014 – and the fastest-selling since 1997 – despite selling only 6,000 copies.[24] In 2016, 3.2 million vinyl records were sold in the UK, the best sale for a quarter of a century.[25]

As of 2016 the revival continued,[26] with UK vinyl sales exceeding streaming audio revenue for the year.[12] In January 2017, the BPI's 'Official UK recorded music market report for 2016', using Official Charts Company data, noted that "Though still niche in terms of its size within the overall recorded music market, vinyl enjoyed another stellar year, with over 3.2 million LPs sold – a 53 per cent rise on last year".[27] The BPI also reported that "The biggest-selling vinyl artist was David Bowie, with 5 albums posthumously featuring in the top-30 best-sellers, including his Mercury Prize shortlisted Blackstar, which was 2016's most popular vinyl recording ahead of Amy Winehouse's Back To Black, selling more than double the number of copies of 2015's best seller on vinyl – Adele's 25".[27]

BBC Radio 4's Front Row discussed the increase in coloured vinyl releases in October 2017 in the wake of recent albums in the format by Beck, Liam Gallagher, and St. Vincent.[28]

In December 2021, The Guardian reported:[29]

According to the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), more than 5m vinyl albums have been bought in the UK over the past 12 months, up 8% on sales in 2020 and the 14th consecutive year of growth since 2007.
By the end of the year, vinyl will have accounted for almost one in four album purchases – the highest proportion since 1990 – according to BPI estimates.

In the United States[edit]

In 1988, the compact disc surpassed the gramophone record in popularity. Vinyl records experienced a sudden decline in popularity between 1988 and 1991,[citation needed] when the major label distributors restricted their return policies, which retailers had been relying on to maintain and swap out stocks of relatively unpopular titles.[citation needed]

First, the distributors began charging retailers more for new product if they returned unsold vinyl, and then they stopped providing any credit at all for returns. Retailers, fearing they would be stuck with anything they ordered, only ordered proven, popular titles that they knew would sell, and devoted more shelf space to CDs and cassettes. Record companies also deleted many vinyl titles from production and distribution, further undermining the availability of the format and leading to the closure of pressing plants. This rapid decline in the availability of records accelerated the format's decline in popularity, and is seen by some as a deliberate ploy to make consumers switch to CDs, which were more profitable for the record companies.[30][31][32][33] But ever since 2007, the popularity of vinyl records has risen again. The largest online retailer of vinyl records in 2014 was Amazon with a 12.3% market share, while the largest physical retailer of vinyl records was Urban Outfitters with an 8.1% market share.[34]

US vinyl sales in units, 1995–2020

In its 'Shipment and Revenue Statistics' report for 2016, the Recording Industry Association of America noted that "Shipments of vinyl albums were up 4% to $430 million, and comprised 26% of total physical shipments at retail value – their highest share since 1985".[35] In 2019, Rolling Stone said that "Vinyl records earned $224.1 million (on 8.6 million units) in the first half of 2019, closing in on the $247.9 million (on 18.6 million units) generated by CD sales. Vinyl revenue grew by 12.8% in the second half of 2018 and 12.9% in the first six months of 2019, while the revenue from CDs barely budged. If these trends hold, records will soon be generating more money than compact discs".[36] Best Buy discontinued CDs in 2019, but as of January 2020 still sells vinyl. Target Corporation and Walmart still sell CDs, but use less shelf space for them and use more space for vinyl records, players, and accessories.[37]

By 2019, vinyl sales continued healthy growth at the expense of other physical media and despite the growing prominence of streaming,[3] presently the cheapest (legal) way to listen to music.[38] In the first half of 2020, vinyl recordings outsold CDs (in terms of revenue) in the US for the first time since the 1980s.[39] In 2020 vinyl recordings accounted only for 5.1% ($619.6m) of total US music revenues and CDs accounted for 4% ($483.3m) of revenues. Digital and streaming formats accounted for the remainder of the $12.2 billion in US music revenues, with paid subscriptions accounting for 57.7% of total revenue at $7.0 Billion.[40] Americans across age groups have been contributing to the preservation and revival of vinyl records.[41][38][42] According to a 2019 YouGov poll, 31% of the U.S. population is willing to pay for music on vinyl, including 36% of Baby boomers, 33% of Generation X, 28% of Millennials, and 26% of Generation Z.[42]

Taylor Swift's ninth studio album, Evermore (2020), sold 102,000 vinyl LPs in a single week in June 2021, breaking the record for the biggest vinyl sales week for an album since MRC Data began tracking sales in 1991.[43] In 2021, for the first time in the last 30 years, vinyl record sales exceeded CD sales; one of every 3 albums sold in the US was a vinyl LP. Indie retailers sold almost half of all vinyl LPs, while Taylor Swift was the format's top-selling artist, accounting for 2.6% of total sales.[44] As per the MRC Data mid-year report for 2021, sales of vinyl records in the US surpassed that of the CDs; 19.2 million vinyl albums were sold in the first six months of 2021, outpacing the 18.9 million CDs sold. This has been attributed to a phenomenon of listeners looking for tangible ways to consume music, especially the fanbases of various musicians.[45] In 2022, Swift's tenth studio album, Midnights, sold 945,000 vinyl LPs in the last two months of the year, garnering the largest vinyl sales year for an album in Luminate Data history. Swift sold 1.695 million vinyl LPs across her entire catalog in 2022, with one of every 25 vinyl LPs sold that year in the U.S. being a Swift album—a sum larger than the next two biggest-sellers of vinyl combined: Harry Styles with 719,000 and the Beatles with 553,000.[46]


Records are perceived as more durable, come in significantly larger packaging (allowing more detail in the album art to be visible), and may include bonus items absent from a CD copy of the same album (for example, a poster or clothing article, or exclusive liner notes). These factors can cause a CD to be seen as a poor value even if an LP is more expensive.[37][13][better source needed]

CDs are capable of more accurate sound reproduction and are effectively free of noise and sound artifacts,[47] but many listeners find records' imperfections more subjectively pleasant than digital audio.[37][26]

In spite of many record sales being modern artists or genres, records may be considered a part of retro style, benefiting from a general cultural interest in the technology and media of the past.[48]


NOTE: Many citations below include CD sales, not just vinyl sales[citation needed]. This chart should be reviewed and revised for accuracy.

Countries 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Global Trade Value $US
$55m $66m $73m $89m $116m[49] $171m $416m[26]
10,000 17,996[50] 10,000 19,608[51] 10,000 53,766[52] 13,677 39,644[53] 13,637 44,876[53] 21,623 77,934[54] 10,069 137,658[55] 277,767[56] 374,097[57] 655,301[58] 786,735[58]
400,000[59] 700,000[60] 1,200,000[60] 635,000
(LPs only)
(LPs only)[61][62]
1,000,000[63] 1,400,000[63] 1,800,000[63] 2,100,000[63] 3,100,000[63]
10,301 13,688 15,747 27,515 54,970 47,811 72,480 82,313[65]
2,974[66] 2,923[67] 3,763[68] 1,879[69] 8,873[70] 9,819[71] 14,719[72] 24,132[73]
324,000[74] 212,000[74] 102,000[74] 105,000[74] 210,000[74] 453,000[74] 268,000[74] 401,000[74] 662,000[74] 799,000[74] 1,063,000[74] 1,116,000[74] 1,219,000[74]
51,000 60,400 81,000[75] 115,000[76] 300,000± 650,000+[77] 1,000,000+[78]
40,000 106,000[79] 97,000 141,000[80] 135,000[81]
11,000 22,000 36,000 70,671 101,484 168,543 200,008
United Kingdom
1,843,000 205,000 740,000 209,000 332,000 219,000 219,000 234,000 186,000 337,000 389,000 780,000 - - 3.2 million[83] 4.2 million[84] - -
United States
988,000 1,880,000[85] 2,500,000[86] 2,800,000[87] 3,800,000[88] 4,600,000[89] 6,100,000[88] 9,200,000[88] 11,900,000[90] 13,000,000[91] 14,320,000[92] 16,800,000[93]
  • Australian single figures for 2007, 2008 and 2009 are estimated.
  • In reality German figures are considered to be "a lot higher" due to smaller shops and online communities in Germany not using scanner cash registers.[60] One German record pressing company stated that they alone produce 2 million LPs each year.[94]
  • In reality American figures are considered to be much higher, with one record store owner, in a New York Times article, estimating that Nielson SoundScan only tracks "about 15 percent" of total sales due to bar codes, concluding that sales could now be as high as 20 million.[95][96][97]
  • In New Zealand, independent record stores in Auckland were reporting a five-fold increase in vinyl sales from 2007 to 2011.[98]
  • In France, the SNEP said that LP sales were 200,000 in 2008, however independent record labels said that overall sales were probably 1 million.[99]
  • In United States, 67% of all vinyl album sales in 2012 were sold at independent music stores.[100]
  • Vinyl revenues were at the lowest point in its history in 2006, with a total trade value of $36 million. The 2011 figure of $116 million, is higher than the 2000 figure of $109 million, but is still less than the 1997, 1998 and 1999 figures which were all between $150–$170 million.[49]

Annual best selling LPs in the US[edit]

Year Album Artist Sales
2008 In Rainbows Radiohead 25,800[101]
2009 Abbey Road The Beatles 34,800[101]
2010 35,000[102]
2011 41,000[103]
2012 Blunderbuss Jack White 34,000[103]
2013 Random Access Memories Daft Punk 49,000[104]
2014 Lazaretto Jack White 87,000[104]
2015 25 Adele 116,000[90]
2016 Blackstar David Bowie 54,000[105]
2017 Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band The Beatles 72,000[92]
2018 Guardians of the Galaxy: Awesome Mix Vol. 1 Various Artists 84,000[106]
2019 Abbey Road The Beatles 246,000[107]
2020 Fine Line Harry Styles 232,000[108]
2021 30 Adele 318,000[109]
2022 Midnights Taylor Swift 945,000[46]


Vinyl in the media[edit]


Title Year Country Company
I Need That Record! The Death (Or Possible Survival) Of The Independent Record Store 2008 United States Unsatisfied Films[110]
Last Shop Standing 2012 United Kingdom Blue Hippo Media[111]
Sound It Out 2012 United Kingdom Dogwoof[112]
Vinylmania: When Life Runs At 33 Revolutions Per Minute 2012 Italy Pongofilms[113]
Vinyl Record strikes back 2013 Mexico CCFilms
Black Canyon – Faszination Vinyl 2014 Germany Jürgen Backhaus/Galileo Music Communication[114]


Title Year Country Company
The Joy Of The Single 2012 United Kingdom BBC[115]


Title Year Country Company
The 12 Inch Single 2012 United Kingdom BBC[116]
78 Revolutions 2011 United Kingdom BBC[117]

On New Year's Day 2012, British radio station BBC Radio 6 Music, solely broadcast music on the vinyl format, with records coming from the collections of presenters and DJs.[118]

Record Store Day[edit]

Most customers prefer to buy vinyl from small, independent record stores with a larger selection than department stores.[37] Record Store Day is an internationally celebrated day observed the third Saturday of April each year. Its purpose, as conceived by independent record store employee Chris Brown, is to celebrate the art of music.[119] The day brings together fans, artists, and thousands of independent record stores across the world.[120]

Record Store Day was officially founded in 2007[119] and is celebrated globally[119] with hundreds of recording and other artists participating in the day by making special appearances, performances, meet and greets with their fans, the holding of art exhibits, and the issuing of special vinyl and CD releases along with other promotional products to mark the occasion.

In 2013, for the week of Record Store Day in the United Kingdom, 68,936 records were sold (an 86.5% rise from 36,957 in 2012). This can be broken down into 1,249 7" albums, 25,100 12" albums, 27,042 7" singles and 15,545 12" singles.[121] From December 29, 2017 to June 28, 2018 there was a 19.2% increase in vinyl sales compared to the same period the previous year.[122] Vinyl sales hold over 18% of physical record sales in the United States, a 7% increase from previous years. [123]

UK Official Record Store Chart[edit]

The Official Record Store Chart is a weekly music chart based on physical sales of albums in almost 100 independent record stores in the United Kingdom.[124][125] It is compiled by the Official Charts Company (OCC), and each week's number one is first announced on Sunday evenings on the OCC's official website.

The chart's launch was first announced by the OCC on 17 April 2012[126] – at the time, British record stores were selling 4.5 million albums per year, and were contributing towards 95 per cent of the country's total vinyl sales.

Nomenclature debate[edit]

Arising within the renewed popularity of vinyl records, there is a small debate over the issue of how they should properly be referred to in English. While many refer to them as "records," sometimes a record is referred to as "vinyl" - an informal term derived from its material composition. The disagreement arises over how the word "vinyl" is used. Those who remember the vinyl records' original popularity in the 1980s and before, use the term "vinyl" in context such as "I have that album on vinyl", and also when using it in the plural, e.g. "I have a huge collection of vinyl". Those whose experience with records is only during the more recent revival, have developed a different way of using the word, referring to vinyl records in the plural as "vinyls", as well as using the indefinite article "a", such as saying "I need to go buy a vinyl". Arguments are made based on the rules of language, and whether "vinyls" could be a proper way of referring to records in the plural. On the "vinyls" side, a key argument is whether vinyl is a "mass noun": "These nouns — such as cheese, beer and wine — refer to stuff that comes in variable but conceptually undifferentiated quantities that are measured rather than counted."[127]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Back in the groove: young music fans ditch downloads and spark vinyl revival". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  2. ^ "Infographic: The LP is Back!". Statista. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b Solsman, Joan E. (28 February 2019). "US music fans throw more money at vinyl, CDs than iTunes downloads now". CNET. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Vinyl revival: LPs to get their own official chart". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b Wunder, Jörg (9 October 2008). "Vinyl lebt: Die Welt ist eine Scheibe" [Vinyl lives: The world is a disc]. Der Tagesspiegel. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  6. ^ St. Michel, Patrick (11 April 2017). "Hard-core vinyl fans are fueling a revival in obscure Japanese music from the 1980s". The Japan Times. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  7. ^ "The rise and charms of LP bars in South Korea". The Economist. Seoul. 18 February 2021. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  8. ^ "2014 Nielsen Music U.S. Report" (PDF). Nielsen Media Research. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  9. ^ Robinson, Ellie (28 December 2022). "Taylor Swift's 'Midnights' is the first album to sell better on vinyl than CD since the 1980s". NME. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  10. ^ McCafferty, Kenna (28 December 2022). "Taylor Swift is Bringing Vinyl Back". Paper. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  11. ^ Dartford, Katy (28 December 2022). "Taylor Swift's 'Midnights' rides the wave of vinyl revival". Euronews. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  12. ^ a b "Sony Music goes back to vinyl records". BBC News Online. BBC. 29 June 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Jung ist die Nacht: CLUB-TIPS" [Young is the night: club tips]. Spiegel Special. 1 August 1998. p. 6. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2019.(PDF version)
  14. ^ "Münchens letzter Techno-Plattenladen schliesst: Schade wenn das verloren geht!" [Munich's last techno record store closes: what a pity if that gets lost!] (PDF). Flashtimer. August 2008. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  15. ^ Mildbradt, Friederike (20 February 2017). "Deutschlandkarte:Schallplattenläden" [Germany map: record stores]. Die Zeit. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  16. ^ "Sales of music data carriers Germany 2020". Bundesverband Musikindustrie (in German). Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  17. ^ "Vinyl-Boom bleibt ungebrochen" [Vinyl boom remains unbroken]. Bundesverband Musikindustrie (in German). 9 June 2021. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  18. ^ レコードの歴史年表 [History of the gramophone record]. Niikappu (in Japanese). Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  19. ^ "Japan's CD album output fell 100 million for first time in 2018, industry data shows". The Japan Times. 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  20. ^ a b c d Ideguchi, Akinori (24 March 2021). アナログレコードの〈復活〉はどう語られてきたか – 1988 年から現在まで [The "revival" of the analog records: how is it told? From 1988 to present]. Journal of Applied Sociology. Rikkyo University (63): 1–16.
  21. ^ a b c d レコードの人気復活、10年で生産枚数10倍 [The revival of the gramophone, production increased tenfold over ten years]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 12 January 2021. Retrieved 30 October 2021.
  22. ^ a b レコード復権、若者つかむ 10年で生産枚数11倍に [The vinyl revival has caught on to the young generation: sales increased 11 times during 10 years]. The Nikkei. 16 July 2019. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
  23. ^ Presenter: Peter Paphides (4 December 2011). "Vinyl Revival: Damon Albarn: Series 1 Episode 1 of 8". Vinyl Reviva. BBC. BBC Radio 6 Music. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  24. ^ Lee, Dave (27 November 2014). "Vinyl record sales hit 18-year high". BBC News. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  25. ^ The Guardian, January 2017
  26. ^ a b c Morris, Chris. "Vinyl Sales Are Not Just a Hipster Thing Anymore". Fortune. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  27. ^ a b "BPI official UK recorded music market report for 2016". British Phonographic Institute. 3 January 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  28. ^ Presenters: Presenter: Stig Abell; Producer: Timothy Prosser (13 October 2017). "Kit Harington, Kele Okereke, Dynasty, Porridge". Front Row. 24:40 minutes in. BBC. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  29. ^ Gayle, Damien (29 December 2021). "Vinyl turns tables as UK sales take highest market share since 1990". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  30. ^ Browne, David (4 October 1991). "A Vinyl Farewell". Entertainment Weekly. No. 86.
  31. ^ Souvignier, Todd (2004). The World of DJs and the Turntable Culture. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 41–42. ISBN 978-0-634-05833-2.
  32. ^ Negativland. "Shiny, Aluminum, Plastic, and Digital". Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2008.
  33. ^ Plasketes, George (1992). "Romancing the Record: The Vinyl De-Evolution and Subcultural Evolution". Journal of Popular Culture. 26 (1): 110,112. doi:10.1111/j.0022-3840.1992.00109.x.
  34. ^ "Urban Outfitters Doesn't Sell the Most Vinyl". Billboard. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  35. ^ Friedlander, Joshua P. "News and Notes on 2016 RIAA Shipment and Revenue Statistics" (PDF). Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  36. ^ Leight, Elias (6 September 2019). "Vinyl Is Poised to Outsell CDs For the First Time Since 1986". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  37. ^ a b c d Deffes, Olivia (30 January 2020). "Repeat performance: Music lovers warming up to vinyl -- again". The Advocate. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  38. ^ a b Eckersley, Marina (3 November 2019). "Gen Xers, millennials and even some Gen Zs choose vinyl & drive record sales up". The Conversation. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  39. ^ Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (14 September 2020). "Vinyl records outsell CDs in US for first time since 1980s". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  40. ^ "U.S. Sales Database". RIAA. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  41. ^ Jensen, Erin (18 November 2019). "Hold your heads high, millennials and Gen Z! There are (at least) 6 things you haven't ruined". Life. USA Today. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  42. ^ a b Ballard, Jamie (12 April 2021). "How many Americans are still buying vinyl records?". YouGov. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  43. ^ Caulfield, Keith (6 June 2021). "Taylor Swift's 'Evermore' Returns to No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  44. ^ Caulfield, Keith (13 January 2022). "1 Out of Every 3 Albums Sold in the US in 2021 Were Vinyl LPs". Billboard. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  45. ^ Whitten, Sarah (13 July 2021). "Music fans pushed sales of vinyl albums higher, outpacing CDs, even as pandemic sidelined stadium tours". CNBC. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  46. ^ a b Caulfield, Keith (11 January 2023). "Bad Bunny's 'Un Verano Sin Ti' Is Luminate's Top Album of 2022 in U.S." Billboard. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  47. ^ "Does music sound better on vinyl records than on CDs?". Tufts Now. 7 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  48. ^ "Your turntable's not dead". 13 July 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  49. ^ a b "CD: The indestructible music format that REFUSES TO DIE". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  50. ^ "ARIA releases 2007 wholesale music sales figures". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  51. ^ "ARIA – 2009 Sales" (PDF). Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  52. ^ "ARIA – 2009/2010 Sales" (PDF). Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  53. ^ a b "ARIA releases wholesale figures for 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  54. ^ "ARIA – 2012 Sales" (PDF). Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  55. ^ "ARIA - 2013 Sales" (PDF). Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  56. ^ "ARIA - 2014 Sales" (PDF). Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  57. ^ "ARIA - 2015 Sale" (PDF). Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  58. ^ a b Australian Recording Industry Association Limited (16 April 2018). "ARIA 2017 MUSIC INDUSTRY FIGURES SHOW 10.5% GROWTH". ARIA Charts. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  59. ^ "Musikindustrie – BVMI official figures" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  60. ^ a b c "German Biz Eyes Growth In 2011, Hopes To Top U.K." Billboard. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  61. ^ "Musikindustrie: Online-Dienste wachsen, CD-Verkauf schrumpft mäßig". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  62. ^ "Miz – Musikwirtschaft" (PDF). Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  63. ^ a b c d e "Absatz". Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  64. ^ "Musiikkituottajat - Tilastot - Äänitteiden vuosimyynti". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  65. ^ "Musiikkituottajat - Tilastot - Äänitteiden vuosimyynti - 2014". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  66. ^ "MAHASZ – 2007 Sales". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  67. ^ "MAHASZ – 2008 Sales". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  68. ^ "MAHASZ – 2009 Sales". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  69. ^ "MAHASZ – 2010 Sales". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  70. ^ "MAHASZ – 2011 Sales". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  71. ^ "MAHASZ – 2012 Sales". Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  72. ^ "MAHASZ – 2013 Sales". Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  73. ^ "MAHASZ – 2014 Sales". Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  74. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "The Recording Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ)". Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  75. ^ "Marktinformatie audio 2014 en voorgaande jaren - NVPI". Archived from the original on 17 July 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  76. ^ "3voor12 - Verkoopstijging vinyl grotendeels te danken aan Record Store Day". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  77. ^ "FD - Vinylplatenmarkt in één jaar verdubbeld". Retrieved 23 June 2018. English: Vinyl record market doubled in one years time.
  78. ^ "NOS - Muziekbusiness in Nederland bloeit, dankzij streaming en vinyl". Retrieved 23 June 2018. This figure is for all sales of vinyl media in the Netherlands LP, SP, single etc., not CD's or other physical media.
  79. ^ "Promusicae – 2008/2009 Figures" (PDF). Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  80. ^ "Promusicae – 2010/2011 Figures" (PDF). Promusicae.e. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  81. ^ "DE LA MUSICA 2012_WEB_ok.pdf Promusicae – 2011/2012 Figures". Promusicae.e. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  82. ^ Andersson, Aron (7 May 2014). "Så har vinylförsäljningen fått nytt liv". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  83. ^ "UK vinyl sales reach 25-year high". BBC. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  84. ^ Savage, Mark (3 January 2019). "Is this the end of owning music?". BBC. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  85. ^ "Radiohead, Neutral Milk Hotel Help Vinyl Sales Almost Double In 2008". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  86. ^ "Vinyl LP Sales Up 33% In 2009". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  87. ^ "Vinyl Sales Increase Despite Industry Slump". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  88. ^ a b c "HITS Daily Double : Rumor Mill - THE FALL & RISE OF THE VINYL ALBUM". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  89. ^ "Digital Music News". Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  90. ^ a b "2015 NIELSEN MUSIC U.S. REPORT" (PDF). Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  91. ^ "Nielsen Releases 2016 U.S. Year-End Music Report". Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  92. ^ a b Caulfield, Keith (3 January 2018). "U.S. Vinyl Album Sales Hit Nielsen Music-Era Record High in 2017". Billboard. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  93. ^ "Nielsen Music's Top Album Of 2018 In US Is Drake's 'Scorpion'". Billboard. Archived from the original on 15 April 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  94. ^ "Revival on the Black Market: Editorial". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  95. ^ "Building a House of Wax in Cleveland". The New York Times. 23 October 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  96. ^ "U.S. Vinyl Record Sales May Be 6X Higher Than Soundscan Reports". 25 October 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  97. ^ "SoundScan may be under reporting US vinyl sales - Complete Music Update". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  98. ^ "Increase in vinyl sales helps independent music stores". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  99. ^ Champeau, Guillaume (9 January 2009). "Face au CD en déclin, le disque vinyle fait un retour en force - Business - Numerama". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  100. ^ "Despite Pandora & Spotify, total U.S. music sales grew in 2012". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  101. ^ a b "'Abbey Road' Is Top-Selling Vinyl Album for Third Year". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  102. ^ Gray, Chris (6 January 2011). "Music Sales Down 2.5 Percent In 2010". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  103. ^ a b "Adele's '21' 2012's Best Selling Album; Gotye Has Top Song". Billboard. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  104. ^ a b "Vinyl Album Sales Hit Historic High in 2014, Again". Billboard. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  105. ^ "The Official Top 40 biggest selling vinyl albums and singles of 2016". Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  106. ^ "THE TOP-SELLING VINYL RECORDS OF 2018". Billboard. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  107. ^ "Top-selling vinyl albums in the U.S. 2019". Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  108. ^ "YEAR-END REPORT U.S. 2020" (PDF). Musicbusinessworldwide. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  109. ^ "Adele's '30' Was The Bestselling Vinyl Album Of 2021, Taylor Swift Rules With Several Bestsellers". Forbes. Retrieved 28 October 2022.
  110. ^ "I Need That Record!". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  111. ^ "Last Shop Standing - The Rise, Fall and Rebirth of the Independent Record Shop". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  112. ^ "Sound It Out – A documentary by Jeanie Finlay". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  113. ^ "". Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  114. ^ "Black Canyon - Faszination Vinyl". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  115. ^ "The Joy of the Single - BBC Four". BBC. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  116. ^ "The 12 Inch Single - BBC Radio 4". BBC. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  117. ^ "78 Revolutions - BBC Radio 4". BBC. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  118. ^ "BBC Radio 6 Music goes vinyl-only on New Year's Day". The Guardian. 26 December 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  119. ^ a b c "Record Store Day - About Us". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  120. ^ Passey, Brian (26 February 2011). "Vinyl records spin back into vogue". USA Today. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  121. ^ "Record Store Day vinyl sales leap 87% year-on-year - News - Music Week". Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  122. ^ Helfet, Gabrielle (9 July 2018). "Over 7.6 million vinyl LPs were sold in the US during the first half of 2018". the vinyl factory. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  123. ^ Helfet, Gabrielle (9 July 2018). "Over 7.6 million vinyl LPs were sold in the US during the first half of 2018". the vinyl factory. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  124. ^ "New chart for record shop sales". The Independent. Independent News & Media. 18 April 2012. ISSN 0951-9467. OCLC 185201487. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  125. ^ "Independent record store chart launched in the UK". BBC News. London. 17 April 2012. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  126. ^ Kreisler, Laura (17 April 2012). "The new Official Record Store Chart is go!". London: Official Charts Company. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  127. ^ "Okay, fine. Call them 'vinyls.'". The Washington Post. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2022.

External links[edit]