Wesley Snipes

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Wesley Snipes
Snipes in 2018
Born
Wesley Trent Snipes

(1962-07-31) July 31, 1962 (age 61)
EducationState University of New York at Purchase (BFA)
Occupations
  • Actor
  • producer
  • martial artist
Years active1985–present
WorksFull list
Spouses
April Dubois
(m. 1985; div. 1990)
Nakyung Park[1]
(m. 2003)
Children6[1]

Wesley Trent Snipes (born July 31, 1962) is an American actor and martial artist. Snipes has made films in a variety of genres, such as numerous thrillers, dramatic feature films, and comedies, though he is best known for his action films.[2] He was nominated for the Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male for his work in The Waterdance (1992) and won the Volpi Cup for Best Actor for his performance in the film One Night Stand (1997).

Born in Florida, Snipes started his acting career in the 1980s with a one episode appearance on the soap opera All My Children (1984). His first film roles were both in 1986 in Wildcats and Streets of Gold. He had prominent roles in the 1990s, starring in the films New Jack City with Ice-T (1991), White Men Can't Jump with Woody Harrelson (1992), Passenger 57 with Bruce Payne (1992), Rising Sun with Sean Connery (1993), Demolition Man with Sylvester Stallone (1993), To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar with Patrick Swayze and John Leguizamo (1995), and U.S. Marshals with Tommy Lee Jones (1998). Also in 1998, he was cast as Eric Brooks / Blade in the superhero horror film Blade, based on the Marvel Comics superhero of the same name, a role he went on to reprise in Blade II (2002) and Blade: Trinity (2004).

Snipes had smaller roles during the 2000s, most of them being direct-to-video before returning to the theatrical release, cast as Doctor "Doc" Death in the 2014 action film The Expendables 3 where he was reunited working with Sylvester Stallone. His television work includes multiple episodes in drama series H.E.L.P. (1990), action thriller crime drama series The Player (2015), and drama limited series True Story (2021), opposite Kevin Hart.

He formed a production company, Amen-Ra Films, in 1991, and a subsidiary, Black Dot Media, to develop projects for film and television.[3][4] Snipes has been training in martial arts since the age of 12, earning a 5th dan black belt in Shotokan Karate and 2nd dan black belt in Hapkido.[5] Many of his action films have featured martial arts.[2] In 2017, Snipes made his debut as a novelist with the urban fantasy supernatural adventure Talon of God.[6][7][8]

Early life[edit]

Snipes was born in Orlando, Florida, the son of Marian (née Long), a teacher's assistant, and Wesley Rudolph Snipes, an aircraft engineer.[9][10] He grew up in the Bronx, New York. He attended the High School of Performing Arts of Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts but moved back to Florida before he could graduate. After graduating from Jones High School in Orlando, Snipes returned to New York and attended the State University of New York at Purchase, from which he received a bachelor's degree in fine arts. Snipes also attended Southwestern College in California.

Career[edit]

Acting[edit]

Snipes signing autographs at Comic Con International in 2010

At the age of 23, Snipes was discovered by an agent while performing in a competition. He made his film debut in the 1986 Goldie Hawn vehicle Wildcats. Later that year, he appeared on the TV show Miami Vice as a drug-dealing pimp in the episode "Streetwise" (first aired December 5, 1986). In 1987, he appeared as Michael Jackson's nemesis in the Martin Scorsese–directed music video "Bad" and the feature film Streets of Gold. That same year, Snipes was also considered for the role of Geordi La Forge in the TV series Star Trek: The Next Generation, but the role eventually went to LeVar Burton.[11] Snipes auditioned and lobbied hard for the role of Leroy Green in the 1985 cult classic movie The Last Dragon, but the role was given to Taimak instead.

Snipes's performance in the music video "Bad" caught the eye of director Spike Lee. Snipes turned down a small role in Lee's Do the Right Thing for the larger part of Willie Mays Hayes in Major League, beginning a succession of box-office hits for Snipes. Lee would later cast Snipes as the jazz saxophonist Shadow Henderson in Mo' Better Blues and as the lead in the interracial romance drama Jungle Fever. After the success of Jungle Fever, The Washington Post described Snipes as "the most celebrated new actor of the season".[12] He then played Thomas Flanagan in King of New York opposite Christopher Walken. He played the drug lord Nino Brown in New Jack City, which was written specifically for him by Barry Michael Cooper. He also played a drug dealer in the 1994 film Sugar Hill.

Snipes has played a number of roles in action films, including Passenger 57, Rising Sun, Demolition Man (with Sylvester Stallone), Drop Zone, Money Train, The Fan, U.S. Marshals and The Art of War, as well as comedies like White Men Can't Jump, and To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar where he played a drag queen. Snipes has appeared in additional dramas, such as The Waterdance and Disappearing Acts.[13]

In 1997, Snipes won the Best Actor Volpi Cup at the 54th Venice Film Festival for his performance in New Line Cinema's One Night Stand. In 1998, Snipes had his largest commercial success with Blade, appearing in the title role, based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. Blade has grossed over $150 million worldwide. The film spawned a franchise. He also received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and an honorary doctorate in humanities and fine arts from his alma mater, SUNY/Purchase.[14] In 2004, Snipes reprised his role in the third film, Blade: Trinity, which he also produced. In 2005, Snipes sued New Line Cinema and David S. Goyer, the film's studio and director, respectively. He claimed that the studio did not pay his full salary, that he was intentionally cut out of casting decisions, and that his character's screen time was reduced in favor of co-stars Ryan Reynolds and Jessica Biel. The suit was later settled, but no details were released.[15]

Snipes with Ethan Hawke during the 66th Venice International Film Festival

Snipes later appeared in The Contractor, filmed in Bulgaria and the UK, Gallowwalkers, released in 2012, and Game of Death. Snipes was originally slated to play one of the four leads in Spike Lee's 2008 war film Miracle at St. Anna but had to leave the film due to tax problems; his role eventually went to Derek Luke.[16][17]

Snipes in 2014, at the French premiere of The Expendables 3

Snipes made a comeback performance in Brooklyn's Finest as Casanova "Caz" Phillips, a supporting character, it was his first theatrical release film since 2004. He also had to turn down the part of Hale Caesar in The Expendables because he was not allowed to leave the United States without the court's approval.[18] In 2014, he appeared in the sequel The Expendables 3. His comedic role-playing D'Urville Martin in Dolemite Is My Name has earned him positive reviews and a number of award nominations.

Other ventures[edit]

In the late 1990s, Snipes and his brother started a security firm called the Royal Guard of Amen-Ra, dedicated to providing VIPs with bodyguards trained in law enforcement and martial arts. Amen-Ra is also the name of his film company. In 1996, the first film produced by Amen-Ra was A Great And Mighty Walk – Dr. John Henrik Clarke.[19]

In 2000, the business was investigated for alleged ties to the United Nuwaubian Nation of Moors. It emerged that Snipes had spotted 200 acres (0.81 km2) of land near their Tama-Re compound in Putnam County, Georgia, intending to buy and use it for his business academy. Both Snipes's business and the groups used Egyptian motifs as their symbols.[19] Ultimately, Snipes and his brother did not buy the land, instead establishing their company in Florida, Antigua, and Africa.[19]

In 2005, Snipes entered into negotiations to fight Fear Factor host Joe Rogan on Ultimate Fighting Match, but the deal fell through.[20][21]

In 2010, Snipes co-created the sci-fi comics After Dark with Antoine Fuqua.[22][23][24] In 2017, he made his debut as a novelist with the urban fantasy supernatural adventure Talon of God.[25][7][8] In 2022, he returned to comics with The Exiled.[26]

Personal life[edit]

Snipes with wife Nikki Park in 2009

Snipes began training in martial arts when he was 12 years old. He has a 5th degree black belt in Shotokan karate and a 2nd degree black belt in Hapkido. He has also trained in Capoeira[5] under Mestre Jelon Vieira and in a number of other disciplines including Kung Fu at the USA Shaolin Temple[27] and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu[5] and Kickboxing.[28] During his time in New York, Snipes was trained in fighting by his friend and mentor Brooke Ellis.[29]

Snipes has been married twice, first to April Snipes (née Dubois), with whom he has a son Jelani, who had a cameo role in Snipes' 1990 film Mo' Better Blues. In 2003, Snipes married painter Nakyung "Nikki" Park Snipes, with whom he has four children. Snipes also has a son who resides in British Columbia, Canada.[30]

Snipes, who was raised a Christian, converted to Islam in 1978, but left Islam in 1988. During a 1991 interview, Snipes said "Islam made me more conscious of what African people have accomplished, of my self-worth, and gave me some self-dignity".[31]

Snipes' apartment in New York City was destroyed by the collapse of the World Trade Center's Twin Towers during the September 11 attacks. He was on the West Coast at the time.[29]

Income tax conviction[edit]

In 2008, Snipes was convicted on misdemeanor charges of willful failure to file federal income tax returns, and was sentenced to three years' imprisonment. After an unsuccessful appeal, he served 28 months in federal prison. He was released in April 2013.[32][33]

Charges[edit]

On October 12, 2006, Snipes, Eddie Ray Kahn, and Douglas P. Rosile were charged conspiring to defraud the United States and knowingly making or aiding and abetting the making of a false and fraudulent claim for payment against the US. Snipes was also charged with willfully failing to file timely federal income tax returns.[34] The conspiracy charge against Snipes alleged that he agreed with Kahn and Rosile to file false amended returns for 1996 and 1997, including false tax refund claims totaling over $11.3 million for the two years. The government alleged that Snipes, on Kahn's advice and with Rosile's assistance, attempted to obtain fraudulent tax refunds using a tax protester theory called the "861 argument" (an argument that the domestic income of US citizens and residents is not taxable). The government alleged that Snipes sent three fictitious "bills of exchange" for $14 million to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).[35]

The indictment also charged that Snipes failed to file tax returns for any of the years 1999 through 2004. Snipes responded to his indictment in a letter on December 4, 2006, declaring himself to be "a non-resident alien" of the United States; in reality, Snipes is a birthright U.S. citizen.[36] Such tactics are common of the "Freemen", "Sovereign Citizen", or "OPCA" (Organized Pseudolegal Commercial Argument) category of litigation strategy.[37]

Trial and sentencing[edit]

Following a jury trial, Snipes was acquitted on February 1, 2008, of the felony count of conspiracy to defraud the US and on the felony count of filing a false claim with the government. He was found guilty on three misdemeanor counts of failing to file federal income tax returns, and acquitted on three other failure-to-file charges. His co-defendants, Douglas P. Rosile and Eddie Ray Kahn, were convicted on the conspiracy and false claim charges.[38][39]

On April 24, 2008, Snipes was sentenced by Judge William Terrell Hodges to the maximum allowable term of three years in prison for the three misdemeanors counts.[40][41] Kahn was sentenced to ten years in prison and Rosile was sentenced to four and a half years in prison.[42] The US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit affirmed Snipes's convictions in a 35-page decision issued on July 16, 2010.[43][44]

Snipes reported to federal prison on December 9, 2010 to begin his three-year sentence,[45] and was held at McKean Federal Correctional Institution, a federal prison in Pennsylvania.[46][47][48] On June 6, 2011, the US Supreme Court declined to hear Snipes's appeal, which had challenged the venue for the counts of failure to file returns.[49][50][51] Snipes was released from federal prison on April 2, 2013 after serving 28 months,[32] finishing his period of house arrest on July 19, 2013.[32][33]

On November 1, 2018, the United States Tax Court ruled that the IRS did not abuse its discretion in rejecting an offer in compromise made by Snipes and in sustaining the filing of a notice of federal tax lien in connection with approximately $23.5 million in Federal tax liabilities for tax year 2001 and years 2003 through 2006.[52]

Filmography[edit]

Publications[edit]

  • Talon of God (co-written with Ray Norman) (July 25, 2017)[53]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Award Category Title Result
CableACE Awards Best Actor in a Dramatic Series Vietnam War Story Won
MTV Movie Awards Best Villain New Jack City Nominated
Image Awards Outstanding Lead Actor in a Motion Picture New Jack City Won
Gold Special Jury Award Best Actors (shared with Eric Stoltz and William Forsythe) The Waterdance Won
Independent Spirit Awards Best Supporting Actor The Waterdance Nominated
MTV Movie Awards Best Screen Duo (shared with Woody Harrelson) White Men Can't Jump Nominated
MTV Movie Awards Best Villain Demolition Man Nominated
Image Awards Outstanding Lead Actor in a Television Movie or Mini-Series America's Dream Won
Venice Film Festival Best Actor (Volpi Cup) One Night Stand Won
Blockbuster Entertainment Awards Favorite Duo – Action/Adventure (shared with Tommy Lee Jones) U.S. Marshals Nominated
Blockbuster Entertainment Awards Favorite Actor – Horror Blade Won
MTV Movie Awards Best Fight Blade Nominated
Hollywood Walk of Fame Motion pictures star All film work Won
Black Reel Awards Network/Cable – Best Actor Disappearing Acts Nominated
Black Reel Awards Best Actor (Motion Picture) Undisputed Nominated
Black Reel Awards Best Supporting Actor Brooklyn's Finest Won
Image Awards Outstanding Actor in a Drama Series The Player Nominated
DFCS Awards Best Supporting Actor Dolemite Is My Name Nominated
SDFCS Awards Best Comedic Performance Dolemite Is My Name Won
SDFCS Awards Best Supporting Actor Dolemite Is My Name Nominated
SLFCA Awards Best Supporting Actor Dolemite Is My Name Nominated
Black Reel Awards Outstanding Supporting Actor Dolemite Is My Name Won

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b James Howard (December 31, 2019). "Full Detail on Wesley Snipes' Wife Nakyung Park!". Medium. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Wesley Snipes | Biography, Movies, & Facts | Britannica". September 5, 2023.
  3. ^ "Wesley Snipes". Hollywood Walk of Fame. October 25, 2019. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  4. ^ Adam James (January 15, 2019). "Why Hollywood won't cast Wesley Snipes anymore". Looper. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "Wesley Snipes: Action man courts a new beginning". The Independent. London. June 4, 2010. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
  6. ^ https://talonofgod.com/
  7. ^ a b "Wesley Snipes is coming to Denver to promote his book and screen "Blade II"". June 15, 2017.
  8. ^ a b "Wesley Snipes fights evil with his pen in exciting 'Talon of God'".
  9. ^ LaVelle, Alisa; Buzgon, Michelle (August 9, 2000). "1ST PERSON: Meet Wesley Snipes". Knight Ridder/Tribune.
  10. ^ "USA vs Wesley Trent Snipes, Eddie Ray Kahn and Douglas P. Rosile" (PDF). Fraudsandscams.com. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  11. ^ "Letters of Note: STAR TREK/Casting". Retrieved March 25, 2010.
  12. ^ Mathews, Jay (June 7, 1991). "AN ACTOR'S HUE AND CRY". Washington Post.
  13. ^ "Wesley Snipes". Biography.com. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  14. ^ Blue, R.; Naden, C.J. (2001). Wesley Snipes. New York, NY, USA: Chelsea House Publishers. p. 36. ISBN 9780791058008. Wesley Snipes doctor Fine Arts SUNY.
  15. ^ "Wesley Snipes talks about his tax trouble and new movie, 'Brooklyn's Finest'". Al.com. The Birmingham News. February 27, 2010. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  16. ^ Fleming, Michael (October 2, 2007). "Luke replaces Snipes in 'Anna'". Variety. Snipes withdrew because it became too difficult for him to leave the U.S. and shoot in Italy while he fights federal tax-fraud charges.
  17. ^ Collis, Clark. "Fall Movie Summer Preview, September: Miracle at St. Anna." Entertainment Weekly, Iss. #1007/1008, August 22/29, 2008, pg. 42–45.
  18. ^ Norman, Tony (December 3, 2010). "Dear Wesley Snipes: Next Time, Try Wall Street". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on January 4, 2011.
  19. ^ a b c Nashawaty, Chris (December 21, 2007). "The Trials of Wesley Snipes". Entertainment Weekly, pp. 45–51.
  20. ^ "Joe Rogan vs. Wesley Snipes in Ultimate Fighting Match". Hiphopmusic.com. November 16, 2005. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  21. ^ Bradley, Jonathan (November 1, 2016). "That time Joe Rogan almost fought Wesley Snipes in the UFC". New York Post.
  22. ^ "COMIC-CON 2010: Wesley Snipes and Antoine Fuqua delve into comics with 'After Dark'". Los Angeles Times. July 25, 2010.
  23. ^ Friday 2 (June 25, 2010). "Wesley Snipes's After Dark comic out in August News – Total Sci-Fi". Totalscifionline.com. Archived from the original on October 22, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ "Artistic License: Wesley Snipes Teams with Radical for 'After Dark' | Airlock Alpha".
  25. ^ https://talonofgod.com/
  26. ^ "Wesley Snipes Returning to Comics with 'The Exiled'". April 4, 2022.
  27. ^ Ritter, Peter (May 14, 2006). "Neighborhood Report: Greenwich Village; This Monk Is a Boldface Name". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 24, 2018. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  28. ^ "Wesley Snipes Archives". Martial Mania.
  29. ^ a b "Interview with the Sports Junkies". 106.7 The Fan. February 19, 2010.[dead link]
  30. ^ "Wesley Snipes' Wife Nikki Nakyung Park". BallerWives.com. August 8, 2009.
  31. ^ "Wesley Snipes, Hollywood's hottest new star talks about: his divorce, his days on the streets and why he does not have 'jungle fever'." Ebony Magazine. September 1991 by Laura B. Randolph Archived August 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ a b c "Wesley Snipes -- Released from Prison". TMZ. April 5, 2013.
  33. ^ a b "Find an inmate". Federal Bureau of Prisons. BOP Register Number 43355-018.
  34. ^ "FindLaw: U.S. v. Wesley Snipes: Hollywood Actor Wesley Snipes Indicted on Tax Fraud Charges". News.findlaw.com. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  35. ^ Superseding Indictment, October 12, 2006, United States v. Wesley Trent Snipes, entry 6, page 8, paragraphs 29 & 30 and page 9, paragraph 39, case no. 5:06-cr-00022-WTH-GRJ, United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida (Ocala Div.).
  36. ^ "Feds: Snipes Declared Himself Alien, Warned Against Past Tax Prosecution", Foxnews.com, January 25, 2008.
  37. ^ "Meads v. Meads, 2012 ABQB 571 (CanLII), par. 68, retrieved on 2018-03-26".
  38. ^ "Wesley Snipes acquitted of federal tax fraud - today > entertainment - today > entertainment > celebs - TODAY.com". Today.com. October 4, 2015. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  39. ^ Associated Press. "Snipes acquitted of tax fraud, conspiracy". CNN. Archived from the original on February 25, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  40. ^ "Snipes Sentenced To 36 Months". Orlando: WESH. April 24, 2008. Archived from the original on April 25, 2008. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
  41. ^ Stephen Hudak (April 24, 2008). "Wesley Snipes sentenced to three years in federal tax case". OrlandoSentinel.com. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008.
  42. ^ "Wesley Snipes to serve 3 years in prison for tax convictions". AP Online. April 25, 2008. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
  43. ^ "Movies Fever".
  44. ^ United States v. Wesley Trent Snipes, July 16, 2010, case no. 08-12402, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit.
  45. ^ "Actor Snipes begins serving sentence at Pa. Prison - Yahoo! News". Archived from the original on December 14, 2010. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  46. ^ "Wesley Trent Snipes, inmate # 43355-018". Federal Bureau of Prisons. United States Department of Justice.
  47. ^ Martinez, Michael (December 9, 2010). "Actor Wesley Snipes reports to prison to begin sentence". CNN.
  48. ^ "Wesley Snipes Leaves Pa. Prison After Tax Sentence". ABC News. April 6, 2013. Archived from the original on April 9, 2013.
  49. ^ Order List, p. 2, certiorari denied, Wesley T. Snipes v. United States, case no. 10-1075, United States Supreme Court (June 6, 2011).
  50. ^ "Supreme Court Won't Hear Wesley Snipes Tax Evasion Appeal". Fox News. June 6, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  51. ^ Bill Mears. "High court dismisses actor's appeal on tax evasion conviction". CNN.com. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  52. ^ Snipes v. Commissioner, case no. 027902-15L, T.C. Memo 2018-184, U.S. Tax Court (November 1, 2018).
  53. ^ "Talon of God". Amazon. Retrieved December 11, 2017.

External links[edit]