World War Z (film)
From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
|World War Z|
|Directed by||Marc Forster|
|Based on||World War Z|
by Max Brooks
|Music by||Marco Beltrami|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$540.5 million|
World War Z is a 2013 American action horror film directed by Marc Forster, with a screenplay by Matthew Michael Carnahan, Drew Goddard, and Damon Lindelof, from a story by Carnahan and J. Michael Straczynski, based on the title of the 2006 novel of the same name by Max Brooks (the son of well-known actors Mel Brooks and Anne Bancroft). It stars Brad Pitt as Gerry Lane, a former United Nations investigator who travels the world seeking a solution for a sudden zombie apocalypse. The ensemble supporting cast includes Mireille Enos, Daniella Kertesz, James Badge Dale, Ludi Boeken, Matthew Fox, Fana Mokoena, David Morse, Elyes Gabel, Peter Capaldi, Pierfrancesco Favino, Ruth Negga, and Moritz Bleibtreu.
Pitt's Plan B Entertainment secured the film rights to Brooks' novel in 2007, and Straczynski was approached to write and Forster was approached to direct. In 2009, Carnahan was hired to rewrite the script. With a planned December 2012 release and a projected budget of $125 million, filming began in July 2011 in Malta, before moving to Glasgow in August and Budapest in October. The production suffered some setbacks, and, in June 2012, the release date was pushed back, and the crew returned to Budapest for seven weeks of additional shooting. Damon Lindelof was hired to rewrite the third act, but did not have time to finish the script, and Drew Goddard was hired to finish the rewrite. The reshoots took place between September and October 2012, ballooning the budget to a reported $190 million, although some publications have listed it as high as $269 million.
The film premiered in London on June 2, 2013, and was chosen to open the 35th Moscow International Film Festival. It premiered in New York and Los Angeles on June 14, and was released elsewhere in the United States on June 21, in 2D and RealD 3D. Reviews were mixed, being praised for Brad Pitt's performance and for the film as a realistic revival of the zombie genre, but criticism of what some felt was an anti-climax, outdated CGI, and a lack of faithfulness to the source material. The film was a commercial success, grossing over $540 million against a production budget of $190 million, making it the highest-grossing zombie film of all time. A sequel was announced shortly after the film's release, but in February 2019 plans for the sequel were cancelled, reportedly due to budget issues.
Former United Nations investigator Gerry Lane, his wife, Karin, and their two daughters, Rachel and Connie, are in heavy Philadelphia traffic when the city is overrun by zombies; Gerry discovers it takes 12 seconds for an infection to complete. As chaos spreads, the Lanes escape to Newark and take refuge in an apartment with a couple and their young son, Tommy. They are rescued by a helicopter sent by U.N. Deputy Secretary-General Thierry Umutoni, and bring Tommy with them after his parents were both infected due to their refusal to accompany them. The group is brought to a U.S. Navy vessel in the Atlantic Ocean, where scientists and military personnel are analyzing the outbreak. Andrew Fassbach, a virologist, insists the plague is a virus and the development of a vaccine depends on finding its origin, and Gerry, after his family are threatened with eviction from the safety of the vessel, agrees to help Fassbach in his search.
Gerry, Fassbach, and a Navy SEAL escort first fly to Camp Humphreys in South Korea where the first report of zombies occurred. Upon landing they are attacked by zombies causing Fassbach to panic and accidentally kill himself when he trips over and accidentally shoots himself in the head with his own gun. American soldiers at the camp rescue the team, and Gerry learns the infection was introduced to the base by its doctor. Gerry interviews an imprisoned CIA officer at the base who tells him to go to Israel, revealing Israeli Mossad were able to learn about the virus before the outbreak occurred and managed to build a safe zone. Karin attempts to contact Gerry by phone and the group is attacked by zombies attracted by the ringing, while only Gerry and the pilot escape.
In Jerusalem, Gerry meets Jurgen Warmbrunn, a high-ranking official in Mossad, who explains that they have intercepted the communications from armies of Indian troops fighting against the "rakshasa" (Zombies). With their knowledge, the country managed to quarantine itself by building a large wall, and allows a large number of refugees to enter the city. While Warmbrunn shows Gerry around, a loud celebratory singing from the refugees attracts zombies from the outside of the city and they breach the wall. As the city is quickly overrun, Warmbrunn orders Israeli soldiers to escort Gerry back to his plane, being provided air support from an Israeli Defence Force helicopter. On the way, Gerry notices zombies ignoring an old man and an emaciated boy. When one of the escorts, identifying herself only as "Segen", is bitten on the hand, Gerry quickly amputates the appendage, preventing further infection, and the pair are able to make it out of the city aboard a commercial airliner.
Musing on what he saw in Jerusalem, Gerry calls Thierry, and has him divert the plane to a World Health Organization medical research facility in Cardiff. On approach, a stowaway zombie is discovered, and the majority of passengers and the flight attendants are quickly infected. Gerry sets off a grenade to rupture the cabin and eject the zombies, but it also results in a crash landing.
Gerry and Segen survive the crash and make their way to the Cardiff facility where he faints from his injuries. Three days later, Gerry awakens and explains a theory – that the zombies ignore terminally ill or severely injured people as they are unsuitable hosts for the infection – to WHO employees. He suggests injecting themselves with a deadly pathogen to act as a "camouflage" against the zombies. However, the scientists point out their pathogens are located in a zombie infested portion of the facility. Gerry, Segen, and the head doctor battle their way through the lab, where Gerry finds himself in the room with the pathogen samples. Before he can leave, a lone zombie appears behind the door and blocks Gerry’s only means of escape; forcing him to inject himself with one of the pathogens to test his theory. When Gerry opens the door, his theory is proven correct; the zombie ignores him, allowing him to walk with the pathogen samples and safely bypass the rest of the zombies in the lab.
Gerry and Segen arrive at a safe zone in Freeport, Nova Scotia, where he is reunited with his family and Tommy. A vaccine is then developed which acts as a camouflage against the zombies, allowing survivors to safely escape zombie-infested areas, and even mount offensives against them, but the war goes on.
- Brad Pitt as Gerry Lane, a former United Nations investigator who agrees to investigate the zombie pandemic to protect his wife and children
- Mireille Enos as Karin Lane, Gerry's wife and Rachel and Connie's mother
- Daniella Kertesz as Segen, a soldier in the Israel Defense Forces who accompanies Gerry after Jerusalem falls ("Segen" is an IDF rank equivalent to a Lieutenant)
- James Badge Dale as Captain Speke, a U.S. Army Ranger stationed at Camp Humphreys in South Korea
- Ludi Boeken as Jurgen Warmbrunn, a high-ranking official in the Mossad
- Matthew Fox as Parajumper, who is sent to extract the Lane family from Newark and bring them to the U.N. vessel
- Fana Mokoena as Thierry Umutoni, the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, who used to be Gerry's boss and enlists Gerry to investigate the pandemic
- David Morse as Ex-CIA officer, who was imprisoned in South Korea for assisting North Korea's fight against the zombies
- Elyes Gabel as Andrew Fassbach, a young Harvard virologist who goes to South Korea with Gerry
- Peter Capaldi as W.H.O. Doctor (in Wales)
- Pierfrancesco Favino as W.H.O. Doctor (in Wales)
- Ruth Negga as W.H.O. Doctor (in Wales)
- Moritz Bleibtreu as W.H.O. Doctor (in Wales)
- Sterling Jerins as Constance "Connie" Lane, Gerry and Karin's youngest daughter and Rachel's younger sister
- Abigail Hargrove as Rachel Lane, Gerry and Karin's oldest daughter and Connie's older sister
- Fabrizio Zacharee Guido as Tomas, an orphaned Hispanic boy who is taken in by the Lane family after his parents were both infected
- David Andrews as Naval Commander Mullenaro, who is in charge of the U.N. vessel to which the Lane family is brought
- John Gordon Sinclair as a Navy SEAL Chief, who goes to South Korea with Gerry
- Grégory Fitoussi as C130 Pilot, who flies Gerry from South Korea to Israel
- Michiel Huisman as Ellis, a U.S. Army Ranger in Speke's unit
- Nikola Đuričko as Captain of "Belarus Airlines"
After a bidding war with Leonardo DiCaprio's production company Appian Way, Brad Pitt's Plan B Entertainment secured the screen rights to Max Brooks' novel in 2007. The first screenplay was written by Babylon 5 and Rising Stars creator J. Michael Straczynski, who identified the challenge in adapting the work as "creating a main character out of a book that reads as a UN report on the zombie wars." Marc Forster signed on to direct, and described the film as reminiscent of 1970s conspiracy thrillers like All the President's Men. Straczynski identified 2002 spy film The Bourne Identity as an appropriate comparison, and noted that the film would have a large international scope that maintained the political emphasis. When asked about his involvement with the film, author Max Brooks stated he had "zero control", but favored a role for Brad Pitt, and expressed approval for Straczynski as screenwriter. Brooks said: "I can't give it away, but Straczynski found a way to tie it all together. The last draft I read was amazing."
An early script was leaked onto the internet in March 2008, leading to a review by Ain't It Cool News that called it "[not] just a good adaptation of a difficult book [but] a genre-defining piece of work that could well see us all arguing about whether or not a zombie movie qualifies as 'Best Picture' material". The script was well-enough respected to find a place on the 2007 Black List of "most liked" screenplays not yet produced. The Ain't It Cool News review also noted the film appears stylistically similar to Children of Men, following Gerry Lane as he travels the post-war world and interviews survivors of the zombie war who are "starting to wonder if survival is a victory of any kind."
In December 2008, Straczynski said he hoped the film would begin production by the start of 2009, but, in March 2009, Forster said the script was still in development and he was not sure if World War Z would be his next film. Later in March, rumors surfaced that production offices were set up and the film was in early pre-production. Then, in June, Forster told an interviewer that the film would be delayed, stating that its script still needed a lot of development and was "still far from realization".
Brooks revealed that the script was being re-written by Matthew Michael Carnahan in July 2009. He said he believed this "show[ed] [the producer's] confidence in this project" because of the amount of money that was being invested in it. Paramount Pictures and UTV Motion Pictures announced at the 2010 Comic-Con that Forster was set as director, and Brad Pitt was confirmed to be playing the lead role. In March 2011, it was reported on Vulture that Paramount was searching for a co-financier, and would likely pull the plug on the adaptation without one. The article also stated that "an eleventh-hour effort is being made to court frequent Paramount co-financier David Ellison." A week later, it was reported that "hot and heavy talks are going on with David Ellison's Skydance and as many as two other financiers."
Pre-production began in April 2011, with Robert Richardson announced as the cinematographer and Nigel Phelps as production designer. In the same month, it was reported that filming locations would include Pinewood Studios and London, England. Also in April, Mireille Enos was cast as Gerry Lane's wife and mother of their two children.
In June, James Badge Dale entered negotiations to join the film as an American soldier who tries to alert authorities that the zombie threat is real. Matthew Fox and Ed Harris entered talks, and Julia Levy-Boeken was set to join the film. It was reported that filming would begin in Malta the next month and would encompass Valletta and The Three Cities. A few days later, it was reported that filming would also take place in Glasgow, Scotland, in August, the city doubling for Philadelphia, "with false shop fronts being constructed and American cars on the roads." Glasgow was reportedly chosen after "many months looking for the perfect city centre location to play an important part in the film." Philadelphia was passed on due to "uncertainties about state tax credits for filmmakers." Filming was originally planned to take place in Royal Tunbridge Wells, England before moving to Glasgow.
Later in June, visual effects house Cinesite announced that it would work on "a significant amount of shots". At the end of the month, it was reported that, despite previous reports, neither Fox nor Harris would be starring in the film; Fox had a scheduling conflict stemming from his prior commitment to star in Alex Cross with Tyler Perry at Summit Entertainment, though he was later spotted filming scenes for World War Z in Falmouth, Cornwall.
With a reported budget of over $125 million, World War Z began principal photography in July 2011 in Malta, with the first images of production being released a few days later. Filming was scheduled to move to Glasgow in August, with the production company looking to recruit 2,000 local extras for the shoot. At least 3,000 people showed up at a casting call in Glasgow on July 9, hoping for the opportunity to appear in a scene set in a financial district in Philadelphia. Scenes were also shot in Falmouth, Cornwall. Also in July, Game of Thrones actor Elyes Gabel was cast as a character named Fassbach. Despite opposition from residents, some scenes were shot on the Heygate Estate in South London.
In August, Bryan Cranston entered negotiations to join the film in a "small but flashy" role, but he ultimately had to drop out due to scheduling conflicts. Also in August, filming was set to take place along a road on the perimeter of the Grangemouth Refinery in Grangemouth, Scotland, the location chosen for the length of the road, which was crucial to the shot. A few days later, Paramount announced the film would be released on December 21, 2012. Later in the same month, filming began in Glasgow. The location manager for the film said Glasgow had been chosen because of its architecture, wide roads, and grid layout. Scenes were also filmed aboard the Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship RFA Argus, before the Glasgow shoot. The ship was turned into the "USS Madison", which involved stenciling a new pennant number on the funnel and adding some "Americanism" to the superstructure. Steven McMenemy, the Argus's navigator said: "The ship sailed and we were joined by four small catamarans which were being used as markers for the cameras, so that warships could be added in with CGI later." In October, David Morse was cast as a "prisoner living in an abandoned jail."
The filmmakers initially intended to film a climactic battle scene set in Russia, and the crew moved to Budapest to film it there. Filming in Budapest commenced on the evening of October 10. That morning, the Hungarian Counter Terrorism Centre raided the warehouse where guns had been delivered for use as filming props. The 85 assault rifles, sniper rifles, and handguns had been flown into Budapest overnight on a private aircraft, but the film's producers had failed to clear the delivery with Hungarian authorities, and, while the import documentation indicated the weapons had been disabled, all were found to be fully functional. On February 10, 2012, the charges were dropped after investigators were unable to identify exactly which "organization or person" had "ownership rights"; therefore they could not "establish which party was criminally liable".
Principal photography wrapped on November 4, 2011.
In June 2012, screenwriter Damon Lindelof was hired to rewrite the film's third act, with reshoots scheduled to begin that September or October. He was brought in as a new set of eyes not burdened by all the history of the script and said: "[Brad Pitt] took me through how excited he was when he read the book, what was exciting for him, the geopolitical aspect of it. But when we started working on the script, a lot of that stuff had to fall away for the story to come together." Lindelof explained that there were inefficiencies in the script in relation to the shooting that started before the script was finalized, making the ending "abrupt and incoherent", and that the film was missing a large chunk of footage. He presented two options to executives, who ultimately chose to shoot 30 to 40 minutes of additional footage to change the ending. However, Lindelof, who also reworked Prometheus and co-wrote Star Trek Into Darkness, did not have time to script the new ending, so in July Paramount hired his Lost partner Drew Goddard to finish the work. Goddard later told Creative Screenwriting: "To me the big lesson of World War Z was that Paramount, Plan B and Brad Pitt simply said, 'Let's take the time to make this movie the best version of the movie before we put it on the screen for audience.' [sic] That doesn't happen a lot. A lot of times they just throw the movie out there and say, 'We'll make all our money opening weekend and then the movie will go away.' I came away from it thinking, 'Why don't we do this on more movies?'"
The re-shoots, coupled with other overages, caused the film's budget to balloon to around $190 million, which shocked Paramount president Marc Evans. Several of the scenes shot in Budapest, including a large-scale battle with the zombies in Moscow's Red Square, were dropped from the final cut in order to water down the film's political undertones and steer it towards a more generally friendly summer blockbuster. The climactic battle scene in Russia, for which there was 12 minutes of footage, reportedly had Pitt's character fighting through zombies more like "a warrior hero" than "the sympathetic family man" of the earlier acts. The second-unit director, Simon Crane, said: "It wasn't character-driven anymore... [The filmmakers] really needed to think about what they wanted to do with the third act." Additional scenes were also filmed at the Pfizer building at Discovery Park in Sandwich, Kent, for scenes where Gerry tries to find a cure for the zombie pandemic.
In March 2013, it was reported that Paramount changed a scene in the film, in which the characters speculate that the zombie outbreak originated in mainland China, in hopes of landing a distribution deal in the country. An executive familiar with upcoming releases in China told TheWrap in June that a cut of the film was rejected by Chinese censors. A Paramount executive contended that he was "unaware of any rejection", explaining: "We have submitted one version and have yet to receive a response."
In December 2011, it was reported that Marco Beltrami had signed on to score World War Z. In May 2013, the British rock band Muse posted a video on their YouTube channel that hinted they would be contributing to the soundtrack of the film; the song "The 2nd Law: Isolated System" from their 2012 album The 2nd Law and the instrumental version of "Follow Me" produced by the electronic band Nero were used. On June 18, 2013, Warner Bros. Records released the soundtrack album for the film, which featured the original score composed by Beltrami.
|World War Z: Music from the Motion Picture|
|Soundtrack album by|
|Released||June 18, 2013|
|Label||Warner Bros. Records|
|2.||"The Lane Family"||2:47|
|4.||"Searching for Clues"||5:33|
|6.||"Zombies in Coach"||3:43|
|8.||"No Teeth No Bite"||3:25|
|9.||"The Salvation Gates"||4:24|
|11.||"Like a River Around a Rock"||5:08|
World War Z was initially scheduled for release by Paramount and Skydance on December 21, 2012, but in March 2012 it was pushed back to June 21, 2013, with Paramount electing to release Jack Reacher on the December 2012 date. Its world premiere was held at the Empire Cinema in Leicester Square, London, on June 2, 2013. On June 6, Brad Pitt attended screenings of the film in Atlanta, Philadelphia, Chicago, and Austin, all in the same day. The film was released at Glasgow's Grosvenor Cinema in Ashton Lane on June 19, two days before it was launched worldwide, and opened the 35th Moscow International Film Festival the next day. In all, Paramount spent $160 million marketing the film worldwide.
The film grossed $202.4 million in North America and $337.6 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $540 million. Variety called it a "bona-fide box office hit", although Deadline Hollywood later said it "barely broke even".
In North America, the film earned $25.2 million on its opening day, including $3.6 million from Thursday night and midnight shows. It went on to earn $66.4 million its opening weekend, finishing second to Monsters University at the box office. This was, at the time, the second-largest opening weekend for a film that did not debut in first place (behind The Day After Tomorrow (2004) with $85,807,341), the largest opening weekend for a film starring Brad Pitt, and the sixth-largest opening among films released in June.
In other territories, the film earned $5.7 million on its opening day (Thursday, June 20, 2013) and $45.8 million its opening weekend, ranking in third place.
On review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, World War Z has a 66% approval rating, based on 279 reviews, with an average rating of 6.2/10; the site's critical consensus reads: "It's uneven and diverges from the source book, but World War Z still brings smart, fast-moving thrills and a solid performance from Brad Pitt to the zombie genre." On Metacritic, it has a weighted average score of 63 out of 100, based on 46 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore gave the film a grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale.
Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film a 3.5 out of 4, saying: "It's entertaining as hell" and provides "nearly non-stop action". Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film a 3 out of 4, saying that "the suspense is killer". Henry Barnes of The Guardian considered the film an "attempt at large-scale seriousness" in the zombie genre that resulted in a "punchy, if conventional action thriller." Writing for Variety, Scott Foundas found the film a "surprisingly smart, gripping and imaginative addition to the zombie-movie canon", which shows "few visible signs of the massive rewrites, reshoots and other post-production patchwork." Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter opined that "Brad Pitt delivers a capable performance in an immersive apocalyptic spectacle about a global zombie uprising." A. O. Scott of The New York Times said, "[It] does not try to extend the boundaries of commercial entertainment but does what it can to find interesting ways to pass the time within them." Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times remarked that "World War Z plays a bit like a series of separate films and the juncture where the new final act was grafted onto the proceedings is unmistakable, but unless you knew about the film's troubled past, you'd never guess it existed."
In a negative review, Joe Neumaier of the New York Daily News said that World War Z "is no summer thriller. It's an anemic actioner that fosters excitement like dead limbs as it lumbers toward a conclusion." Robbie Collin of The Daily Telegraph thought the film had been affected by its troubled development, observing that "the final product has an elaborate uselessness about it", and the film has "no heart to be found amid the guts." Alonso Duralde of TheWrap said: "For all its effectiveness at portraying the horror of possible human extinction, the film's actual humans are so soulless that this could just as well be the movie version of the video game Plants vs. Zombies."
|2013||Fright Meter Awards||Best Special Effects||World War Z||Nominated|
|Golden Schmoes Awards||Best Horror Movie of the Year||World War Z||Nominated|
|Biggest Surprise of the Year||World War Z||Nominated|
|Golden Trailer Awards||Summer 2013 Blockbuster Trailer||World War Z||Nominated|
|Best Summer Block Buster 2013 TV Spot||World War Z||Nominated|
|Hollywood Film Awards||Hollywood Movie Award||Marc Forster||Nominated|
|IGN Summer Movie Awards||Best Horror Movie||World War Z||Nominated|
|Key Art Awards||Best Horror Movie||World War Z||Nominated|
|Rondo Hatton Classic Horror Awards||Best Audio/Visual Technique||Paramount Pictures, Big Picture Entertainment||Nominated|
|Satellite Awards||Best Visual Effects||Andrew R. Jones, Jessica Norman, Matt Johnson, Scott Farrar||Nominated|
|Teen Choice Awards||Choice Summer Movie: Action/Adventure||World War Z||Nominated|
|2014||40th Saturn Awards||Best Thriller Film||World War Z||Won|||
|35th Young Artist Awards||Best Leading Young Actress in a Feature Film||Abigail Hargrove||Nominated|||
The film was released on Blu-ray and DVD on September 24, 2013. The Blu-ray release includes an unrated alternate cut of the film that features seven minutes of additional footage, most of which consists of additional moments of violence and suspense in the action scenes.
A video game tie-in survival horror game, World War Z, was developed by Phosphor Games Studio and released for the iOS mobile platforms in May 2013. The game is a spin-off of the film, featuring an entirely different set of characters, and is set in New York, Tokyo, Moscow, Israel, and Paris.
In April 2019, Saber Interactive released a four-player video game, also titled World War Z, for PlayStation 4, Windows PC, and Xbox One, which includes missions set around the world.
According to a report in the Los Angeles Times in January 2012, at that time Marc Forster and Paramount Pictures both viewed "World War Z as a trilogy that would have the grounded, gun-metal realism of, say, Damon's Jason Bourne series tethered to the unsettling end-times vibe of AMC's The Walking Dead." Plans for future installments were shelved for a time due to the film's production troubles, but in June 2013, after the successful opening of the film, Paramount announced it was moving ahead with a sequel. In December, it was reported that J. A. Bayona had been chosen to direct the film, and in May 2014 Steven Knight was set to write the script. In May 2015, it was announced the sequel would be released on June 9, 2017, but in January 2016 Paramount announced director Bayona had left the project due to other commitments.
Variety reported in August 2016 that the sequel was not yet in production, but David Fincher had entered negotiations to be the director, and in April 2017 it was reported Fincher was close to a deal to sign on. On February 8, 2017, Paramount announced the sequel had still not started filming and would not be released until 2018, or possibly even 2019.
Fincher was confirmed by Paramount as the director of the sequel in June 2017, with Brad Pitt to play again the role of Gerry Lane. Filming was slated to start in fall of 2018, though this later changed due to Fincher's involvement in the television series Mindhunter. In October 2018, producer Dede Gardner confirmed the sequel would begin filming in June 2019, and there were several months of pre-production and staffing for principal photography in five countries, but, in February 2019, the film was cancelled. A source quoted by The Hollywood Reporter said the Chinese government's ban on films featuring zombies or ghosts was the single biggest reason that Paramount canceled the sequel.
- ^ Robert Richardson was initially hired for this role, but departed the production abruptly in order to film Django Unchained, leaving Newton Thomas Sigel as replacement to finish principal photography. Ben Seresin was later brought on for the extensive reshoots. At one point, Richardson was going to be given sole credit, but, upon learning that the film's color grading had been significantly altered, he asked for his name to be removed from the film, with Seresin receiving the final credit.
- ^ "Brad Pitt's Zombie Nightmare: Inside the Troubled 'World War Z' Production". The Hollywood Reporter. June 12, 2012. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- ^ "Someone Important Fought to Keep Their Name off of World War Z, Here's Why". February 4, 2016. Archived from the original on June 9, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
- ^ "Newton Thomas Sigel". Internet Encyclopedia of Cinematographers. Archived from the original on July 11, 2020. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- ^ Turner, Sheldon. "World War Z - Ben Seresin". Sheldon J. Turner. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- ^ "WORLD WAR Z (15)". British Board of Film Classification. June 5, 2013. Archived from the original on June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- ^ "World War Z (2013)". American Film Institute. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- ^ "World War Z (2013)". European Audiovisual Observatory. Archived from the original on May 15, 2018. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- ^ a b Smith, Grady (June 23, 2013). "Box office report: 'Monsters University' scares up $82 million". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 19, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
The zombie thriller, which reportedly cost over $200 million to produce (Paramount is admitting to $190 million)...
- ^ a b Grover, Ronald; Michaud, Chris (June 23, 2013). "'Monsters University' scares zombies to lead U.S. box office". Reuters. Archived from the original on July 20, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
Paramount said the film, which Pitt produced, cost $190 million to produce.
- ^ a b c Fleming, Mike Jr. (March 21, 2014). "2013 Most Valuable Blockbuster – #5 'The Hunger Games: Catching Fire' Vs. #12 'World War Z'; #4 'Hobbit: The Desolation Of Smaug' Vs. #13 'Oz The Great And Powerful'". Archived from the original on December 23, 2018. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- ^ a b "World War Z". Box Office Mojo. June 23, 2013. Archived from the original on July 27, 2019. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- ^ "WORLD WAR Z - British Board of Film Classification". www.bbfc.co.uk. Archived from the original on June 17, 2019. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- ^ Sharf, Zack (February 6, 2019). "David Fincher's 'World War Z' Sequel Shuts Down at Paramount Over Reported Budget Issues". IndieWire. Archived from the original on February 7, 2019. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- ^ LaPorte, Nicole; Fleming, Michael (June 14, 2006). "Par, Plan B raise 'Zombie'". Variety. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
- ^ Amaya, Erik (November 19, 2008). "J. Michael Straczynski: Origin of a Writer". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on June 17, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2008.
- ^ Fleming, Michael; Siegel, Tatiana (November 13, 2008). "Forster joins in Paramount's War". Variety. Archived from the original on September 29, 2010. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
- ^ a b Marshall, Rick (December 3, 2008). "J. Michael Straczynski On World War Z: "The Scale Of What We're Doing Here Is Phenomenal"". MTV Movie Blog. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2008.
- ^ "Exclusive interview: Max Brooks on World War Z". Eat My Brains!. October 20, 2006. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- ^ Ullrich, Chris (June 29, 2008). "WWC interview: World War Z writer Max Brooks". Comic Mix. Archived from the original on October 20, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2008.
- ^ "Max Brooks talks World War Z flick". FilmBuff Newsreel. June 1, 2008. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2008.
- ^ Timpone, Tony (November 19, 2008). "Max Brooks talks World War Z movie". Fangoria. Archived from the original on June 8, 2009. Retrieved November 21, 2008.
- ^ a b Moriarty (March 27, 2008). "Moriarty's One Thing I Love Today! JMS's World War Z Script!". Ain't It Cool News. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2009.
- ^ "2007 Black List" (PDF). Black List. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 21, 2013. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
- ^ Parfitt, Orlando (March 6, 2009). "World War Z Update". IGN. NewsCorp. Archived from the original on September 19, 2011. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
- ^ Rotten, Ryan (March 20, 2009). "The Undead Rule at Paramount". ShockTillYouDrop.com. Archived from the original on May 3, 2012. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
- ^ Franklin, Garth (June 16, 2009). "World War Z Feature Hits A Delay?". Dark Horizons. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved June 15, 2009.
- ^ Gingold, Michael (July 16, 2009). "New screenwriter takes on World War Z". Fangoria. Archived from the original on July 20, 2009. Retrieved July 17, 2009.
- ^ Marshall, Rick (July 22, 2010). "Exclusive: Brad Pitt to star in World War Z, Paramount options Zombie Survival Guide and Recorded Attacks". MTV. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- ^ a b Brodesser-Akner, Claude (March 21, 2011). "Brad Pitt's World War Z Could Be (Un)Dead If Paramount Can't Find a Partner". New York. Archived from the original on September 20, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- ^ Fleming, Mike (March 29, 2011). "World War Z With Brad Pitt And Marc Forster Regroups; Can It Beat Imminent Zombie Pic Infestation?". Deadline. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- ^ Connelly, Brendon (April 12, 2011). "SCOOP: World War Z Going Ahead, Cinematographer Prepping At Studio Right Now". BleedingCool.com. Archived from the original on November 5, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
- ^ Johnston, Rich (April 4, 2011). "World War Z To Film In London This Year". Bleeding Cool. Archived from the original on October 16, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
- ^ Kit, Borys (April 25, 2011). "'The Killing' Star in Talks to Play Brad Pitt's Wife in 'World War Z' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on September 3, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
- ^ "Brangelina land in Malta this afternoon". Variety. June 11, 2011. Archived from the original on September 1, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
- ^ Fleming, Mike (June 14, 2011). "Matthew Fox, Ed Harris In 'World War Z' Talks". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
- ^ "Brangelina land in Malta this afternoon". Malta Today. June 11, 2011. Archived from the original on September 1, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
- ^ a b "Brad Pitt to film horror movie in Glasgow city centre". BBC. June 17, 2011. Archived from the original on September 19, 2011. Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- ^ Crook, Lauren (June 12, 2011). "Big screen heart-throb Brad Pitt will jet into Scotland to film zombie epic". Daily Record. Archived from the original on August 21, 2011. Retrieved June 17, 2011.
- ^ Mucha, Peter (June 15, 2011). "We've lost a Pitt zombie flick". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 21, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- ^ Britcher, Chris (August 6, 2011). "Matthew Fox Films 'World War Z'". Your Tunbridge Wells. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- ^ Mitchell, Wendy (June 28, 2011). "Cinesite to do VFX for World War Z". Screen Daily. Archived from the original on September 3, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
- ^ "Matthew Fox and Ed Harris Are Out of World War Z". New York Magazine. June 30, 2011. Archived from the original on October 25, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
- ^ "Matthew Fox Films 'World War Z'". Zimbio. August 6, 2011. Archived from the original on January 18, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- ^ "Set Photos: Brad Pitt Filming World War Z in Malta". ComingSoon.net. June 16, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- ^ "Open casting for Brad Pitt zombie movie in Glasgow". BBC News. July 8, 2011. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- ^ "Thousands Attend World War Z Casting Call". zConnection. July 9, 2011. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- ^ "Brad Pitt's zombie film heading for Cornwall". GigWise.com. July 12, 2011. Archived from the original on August 16, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- ^ Miller, Daniel (July 22, 2011). "'Game of Thrones' Actor Cast in Brad Pitt's 'World War Z' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- ^ "South London housing estate residents say no to film-makers". BBC News. February 3, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
- ^ "Film star ready to roll into town". Falkirk Herald. August 4, 2011. Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- ^ a b Kit, Borys (August 9, 2011). "Box Office Smackdown: Brad Pitt's 'World War Z' to Open Against Johnny Depp's 'Lone Ranger'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- ^ "Filming starts in Glasgow for Brad Pitt zombie movie". BBC. August 14, 2011. Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
- ^ "Navy crew tell of working with Brad Pitt for World War Z". Coventry Telegraph. September 2, 2011. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- ^ "David Morse To Zombie Pic World War Z". Deadline Hollywood. October 6, 2011. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved October 9, 2011.
- ^ a b Holson, Laura M. (June 2013). "Brad's War". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on May 8, 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- ^ a b c "Counter-terrorism police seize World War Z machine guns". News.com.au. October 11, 2011. Archived from the original on October 11, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- ^ Johnson, Zach (October 10, 2011). "SWAT Team Raids Brad Pitt's World War Z Set". US Weekly. Archived from the original on October 11, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- ^ Grossberg, Josh (February 10, 2012). "Brad Pitt's Illegal Gun Cache: Is He Really in Serious Trouble?". E!. Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
- ^ Kit, Borys; Masters, Kim (June 6, 2012). "Damon Lindelof to Rewrite 'World War Z' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 10, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- ^ M. Holson, Laura (June 2013). "Brad's War". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on May 15, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (July 11, 2012). "Comic-Con: Drew Goddard Scripts New Ending To Brad Pitt's World War Z". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
- ^ McKittrick, Christopher (August 20, 2015). "Life Goes On: Drew Goddard on The Martian". Creative Screenwriting. Archived from the original on January 9, 2016. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
- ^ "Exclusive: The Making of Brad Pitt's World War Z, from Stunning Budget Overages and a Re-Shot Ending to Lots of On-Set Drama". Vanity Fair. April 30, 2013. Archived from the original on May 3, 2013. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
- ^ Cole, Jake (June 19, 2013). "Brad Pitt On 'World War Z': 'We Were Bored, Ourselves'". The Huffington Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- ^ "Brad Pitt: 'World War Z bogged down in politics'". The Press. March 29, 2013. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- ^ "Kent Film Office World War Z Film Focus". Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- ^ Shaw, Lucas (March 31, 2013). "Fearing Chinese Censors, Paramount Changes World War Z (Exclusive)". TheWrap. Archived from the original on April 2, 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- ^ Shaw, Lucas (June 3, 2013). "Insider: China Censors Rejected Brad Pitt's 'World War Z' (Exclusive)". TheWrap. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- ^ "Marco Beltrami to Score World War Z". Film Music Reporter. December 27, 2011. Archived from the original on January 5, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- ^ "Nero". musewiki.org. Archived from the original on June 29, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2015.
- ^ "The 2nd Law (album)". musewiki.org. Archived from the original on October 4, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2015.
- ^ Z (video). Official Muse Youtube channel. May 21, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013 – via YouTube.
- ^ "World War Z Soundtrack Details". Film Music Reporter. May 28, 2013. Archived from the original on June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- ^ McClintock, Pamela (March 13, 2012). "Paramount Release Shakeup: Tom Cruise's 'One Shot' to Christmas; Brad Pitt's 'World War Z' to Summer". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 15, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
- ^ Galuppo, Mia (June 3, 2013). "'World War Z' Premiere: The Zombie Apocalypse Starts in London". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- ^ Ford, Rebecca (June 7, 2013). "Brad Pitt Surprises Fans at Four 'World War Z' Screenings in One Day". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 25, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- ^ "Brad Pitt's World War Z gets early Glasgow showing".
- ^ "World War Z To Open 35th Moscow International Film Festival". Deadline Hollywood. May 18, 2013. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
- ^ "Box office summer 2013 record likely despite The Lone Ranger flop". Variety. August 11, 2013. Archived from the original on October 16, 2017. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- ^ Finke, Nikki (June 22, 2013). "World War Z Zombies Walk Tall For $25.5M Friday/$63M Weekend: Monsters University Huge #1 With $30.8M/$79M For Pixar's 2nd Biggest; Man Of Steel Now $346.5M Global". Archived from the original on June 23, 2013. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
- ^ a b McClintock, Pamela; Ford, Rebecca (June 21, 2013). "Box Office Report: Brad Pitt's 'World War Z' Opens to $3.6 Million Thursday Night". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- ^ a b c "Weekend Report: 'Monsters' and Zombies Both Win On Busy Weekend". Box Office Mojo. June 23, 2013. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- ^ "BIGGEST OPENING WEEKENDS NOT AT #1". Boxofficemojo.com. Archived from the original on October 2, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- ^ "Top June Opening Weekends". Boxofficemojo.com. Archived from the original on August 30, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- ^ "World War Z". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on February 5, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
- ^ "World War Z". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Archived from the original on June 27, 2013. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
- ^ Brueggemann, Tom (June 23, 2013). "'Monsters University' Beats 'World War Z' with Second-Best Pixar Opening Ever, 'Man of Steel' Shows Signs of Rust". IndieWire. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
- ^ Roeper, Richard. "World War Z". www.richardroeper.com. Archived from the original on October 29, 2018. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
- ^ Barnes, Henry (June 7, 2013). "World War Z – first look review". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on January 18, 2017. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
- ^ Foundas, Scott (June 4, 2013). "Film Review: 'World War Z'". Variety. Archived from the original on December 7, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
- ^ McCarthy, Todd (June 4, 2013). "World War Z: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
- ^ Scott, A. O. (June 20, 2013). "These Dead Don't Walk. They Run". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- ^ Turan, Kenneth (June 20, 2013). "Review: 'World War Z' gets a rise from the undead". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 21, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- ^ Neumaier, Joe (June 18, 2013). "'World War Z' review: Brad Pitt's pit against zombies, but star can't breathe life into predictable flick". The New York Daily News. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
- ^ Collin, Robbie (June 3, 2013). "World War Z, review". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on December 19, 2017. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- ^ Duralde, Alonso (June 18, 2013). "'World War Z' Review: Humanity Under Attack - and That's Just the Script (Video)". TheWrap. Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- ^ "The 40th Saturn Awards: And the Winners Are". Archived from the original on February 21, 2012. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- ^ "35th Annual Young Artist Awards". Young Artist Awards. Archived from the original on May 4, 2016. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
- ^ Wurm, Gerald. "World War Z - Unrated Cut Release in September - Director Forster Keeps his Promise". Movie-Censorship.com. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- ^ "App Review: There Is Nowhere To Hide When World War Z Goes Mobile | Kotaku Australia". Kotaku.com.au. May 31, 2013. Archived from the original on June 28, 2013. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- ^ McWhertor, Michael (December 7, 2017). "World War Z is becoming a video game". Polygon. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
- ^ "World War Z is a four-player co-op survival game, coming next year (Update)". pcgamer. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
- ^ Boucher, Geoff (January 3, 2012). "Brad Pitt's double play". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 7, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- ^ McClintock, Pamela (June 23, 2013). "Paramount, Brad Pitt Set Sights on 'World War Z' Sequel". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 26, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (December 10, 2013). "'World War Z' Sequel Digs Up A Director". IndieWire. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- ^ "Brad Pitt's 'World War Z' Sequel to Be Written by 'Locke' Director Steven Knight". thewrap.com. May 28, 2014. Archived from the original on November 13, 2019. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- ^ Stone, Natalie (May 21, 2015). "'World War Z' Sequel Gets 2017 Release Date". The Hollywood Reporter. (Prometheus Global Media). Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
- ^ Parker, Ryan; Kit, Borys (January 11, 2016). "Juan Antonio Bayona Out as 'World War Z' Sequel Director". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
- ^ Kroll, Justin (August 10, 2016). "Brad Pitt Courting David Fincher for 'World War Z' Sequel (EXCLUSIVE)". Archived from the original on October 17, 2016. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
- ^ Kroll, Justin (April 26, 2017). "David Fincher Close to Deal to Direct 'World War Z 2'". Variety. Archived from the original on April 27, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- ^ Guzmán, Rafer (February 8, 2017). "'World War Z 2' delayed, reports say". Newsday. Archived from the original on July 2, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- ^ Mithaiwala, Mansoor (June 22, 2017). "World War Z 2: Paramount Boss Confirms David Fincher & Brad Pitt". Screenrant. Archived from the original on June 15, 2018. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
- ^ Kroll, Justin [@krolljvar] (February 28, 2018). "On this one, don't know what this means for Cruise and this movie (likely means he passed) but had heard later this week that WWZ2 had pushed to the fall shoot leaving time for Pitt to squeeze in this pic" (Tweet). Retrieved August 7, 2018 – via Twitter.
- ^ Chitwood, Adam (April 19, 2018). "'World War Z 2' Won't Be Shooting This Year as Fincher Focuses on 'Mindhunter'". Collider. Archived from the original on May 9, 2018. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
- ^ "Director David Fincher will Reportedly Start Shooting WORLD WAR Z 2 in March". GeekTyrant. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- ^ Perez, Rodrigo (February 6, 2019). "Paramount Pulls The Plug On David Fincher's 'World War Z' Sequel". The Playlist. Archived from the original on February 8, 2019. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- ^ Siegel, Tatiana (May 18, 2019). "Zombie Films at Cannes: What's Up With All the Undead?". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 20, 2019. Retrieved May 22, 2019.