Process–architecture–optimization model

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Process–architecture–optimization is a development model for central processing units (CPUs) that Intel adopted in 2016. Under this three-phase (three-year) model, every microprocessor die shrink is followed by a microarchitecture change and then by one or more optimizations. It replaced the two-phase (two-year) tick–tock model that Intel adopted in 2006. The tick–tock model was no longer economically sustainable, according to Intel, because production of ever smaller dies becomes ever more costly.[1][2][3][4][5]

Roadmap[edit]

Wave[6] Process
(die shrink)
Architecture Optimizations Optional
backport[7][8]
1:
14 nm
2014:
Broadwell
(5th gen)
2015:
Skylake
(6th gen)
2016:
Kaby Lake
(7th gen)
2017:
Coffee Lake
(8th gen)
2018:
Coffee Lake Refresh
(9th gen)
2019:
Comet Lake
(10th gen)
2021:
Rocket Lake
(11th gen, Cypress Cove)
References:[1][3][6][9]
2:
10 nm
(Intel 7)
2018:[note 1]
Cannon Lake
(8th gen, Palm Cove)
2019:
Ice Lake
(10th gen, Sunny Cove)
2020:
Tiger Lake
(11th gen, Willow Cove)
2021:
Alder Lake
(12th gen, Golden Cove)
2022:
Raptor Lake
(13th gen)
2023:
Raptor Lake
(14th gen)
References:[1][10][9][11][12]
3:
Intel 4
2023:
Meteor Lake
(14th gen)
References:[13]
3:
Intel 20A
and
Intel 18A
2024:
Arrow Lake
(15th gen)
Lunar Lake
(16th gen)
References [14]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cannon Lake: only 1 CPU released, microarchitecture dumped 1.5 year later.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Tick Tock On The Rocks: Intel Delays 10nm, Adds 3rd Gen 14nm Core Product "Kaby Lake". AnandTech. 16 July 2015.
  2. ^ Cutress, Ian. "Intel's 'Tick-Tock' Seemingly Dead, Becomes 'Process-Architecture-Optimization'".
  3. ^ a b eTeknix.com (23 March 2016). "Intel Ditches 'Tick-Tock' for 'Process-Architecture-Optimization' - eTeknix".
  4. ^ "Intel Tick-Tock Processor Model Replaced With Process-Architecture-Optimization - Legit Reviews". 23 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Intel 7th Gen Core: Process Architecture Optimization". 30 August 2016.
  6. ^ a b Intel Launches 7th Generation Kaby Lake: 15W/28W with Iris, 35-91W Desktop and Mobile Xeon - 03 January 2017.
  7. ^ Cutress, Dr Ian. "Intel's Manufacturing Roadmap from 2019 to 2029: Back Porting, 7nm, 5nm, 3nm, 2nm, and 1.4 nm". www.anandtech.com. Retrieved 2021-03-15.
  8. ^ December 2019, Arne Verheyde 11 (11 December 2019). "Intel Process Roadmap Shows 1.4nm in 2029, Two-Year Cadence (Updated)". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 2021-03-15.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ a b Intel’s Path to 10nm: 2010 to 2019 - 25 January 2019
  10. ^ Intel's 10nm Cannon Lake and Core i3-8121U Deep Dive Review - 25 January 2019.
  11. ^ Intel Raptor Lake's rumoured 24 cores could crush multi-threaded applications - 11 June 2021.
  12. ^ Cutress, Ian (26 July 2021). "Intel's Process Roadmap to 2025: with 4nm, 3nm, 20A and 18A". www.anandtech.com.
  13. ^ Meteor Lake, Intel's first 7nm CPU, to tape in before July this year and release in 2023 - 23 March 2021.
  14. ^ "Intel Client & Server CPU Roadmap Updates: Meteor Lake In 2023, 20A & 18A Powered Xeons & Core Chips Beyond 2024". Wccftech. 17 February 2022. Retrieved 2022-02-17.