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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1561 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1561
Ab urbe condita2314
Armenian calendar1010
Assyrian calendar6311
Balinese saka calendar1482–1483
Bengali calendar968
Berber calendar2511
English Regnal yearEliz. 1 – 4 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2105
Burmese calendar923
Byzantine calendar7069–7070
Chinese calendar庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
4258 or 4051
    — to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
4259 or 4052
Coptic calendar1277–1278
Discordian calendar2727
Ethiopian calendar1553–1554
Hebrew calendar5321–5322
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1617–1618
 - Shaka Samvat1482–1483
 - Kali Yuga4661–4662
Holocene calendar11561
Igbo calendar561–562
Iranian calendar939–940
Islamic calendar968–969
Japanese calendarEiroku 4
Javanese calendar1480–1481
Julian calendar1561
Korean calendar3894
Minguo calendar351 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar93
Thai solar calendar2103–2104
Tibetan calendar阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
1687 or 1306 or 534
    — to —
(female Iron-Rooster)
1688 or 1307 or 535

May 8: Madrid is the new capital of Spain.

Year 1561 (MDLXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


October 18: Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima.
Map of New Spain in 1561



Date unknown[edit]


Francis Bacon
Fujiwara Seika


Ridolfo Ghirlandaio


  1. ^ "Himmelserscheinung über Nürnberg" [Celestial phenomenon over Nuremberg]. NEBIS (in German). Zurich Library. April 14, 1561. (2 pages).
  2. ^ Claudia Winn Sieber (1985). The Invention of a Capital: Philip II and the First Reform of Madrid. Johns Hopkins University. p. 59.
  3. ^ Caroline Allen; Edward Earl of Wessex (1999). Edward Wessex's Crown and Country: A Personal Guide to Royal London. HarperCollins. p. 62. ISBN 978-0-00-414071-1.
  4. ^ "BBC History Magazine vol 12 no 6 (June 2011), p13". Archived from the original on November 9, 2014. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  5. ^ A. R. MacDonald, 'The Triumph of Protestantism: the burgh council of Edinburgh and the entry of Mary Queen of Scots', Innes Review, 48:1 (Spring 1997), pp. 73-82.
  6. ^ "Timeline Of Merchant Taylors' Company". The Merchant Taylors' Company. Archived from the original on June 10, 2007. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  7. ^ "All People That on Earth Do Dwell". The Cyber Hymnal. Archived from the original on July 3, 2011. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
  8. ^ Ringler, William A.; Flachmann, Michael, eds. (1988). "Preface". Beware the Cat. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library.
  9. ^ "Francis Bacon | Biography, Philosophy, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  10. ^ "Thomas Howard, 1st earl of Suffolk | English commander | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  11. ^ Mary Sidney Pembroke (comtesse de).); Mary Sidney Herbert Countess of Pembroke; Mary Sidney Herbert (1998). The Collected Works of Mary Sidney Herbert, Countess of Pembroke: Poems, translations, and correspondence. Clarendon Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-19-811280-8.
  12. ^ Vella, Horatio C. R. (2003). "Jean Quintin's Insulae Melitae Descriptio (1536) : an anniversary and a discussion on its sources" (PDF). Humanitas: Journal of the Faculty of Arts. University of Malta. 2: 155–171. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 19, 2020.