Bad Langensalza

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Bad Langensalza
The historical centre of Bad Langensalza
The historical centre of Bad Langensalza
Coat of arms of Bad Langensalza
Location of Bad Langensalza within Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis district
Bad LangensalzaBad LangensalzaBad LangensalzaBad TennstedtBallhausenBlankenburgBruchstedtGroßvargulaHaussömmernHerbslebenHornsömmernKammerforstKammerforstKirchheilingenKörnerKutzlebenMarolterodeMittelsömmernMühlhausenNottertal-Heilinger HöhenOppershausenOppershausenRodebergSchönstedtSüdeichsfeldSundhausenTottlebenUnstrut-HainichUnstruttalUrlebenVogtei
Bad Langensalza is located in Germany
Bad Langensalza
Bad Langensalza
Bad Langensalza is located in Thuringia
Bad Langensalza
Bad Langensalza
Coordinates: 51°6′29″N 10°38′48″E / 51.10806°N 10.64667°E / 51.10806; 10.64667
 • Mayor (2018–24) Matthias Reinz[1] (Ind.)
 • Total129.37 km2 (49.95 sq mi)
202 m (663 ft)
 • Total17,349
 • Density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes03603
Vehicle registrationUH, LSZ, MHL

Bad Langensalza (pronounced [baːt laŋn̩ˈzaltsaː]; until 1956: Langensalza) is a spa town of 17,500 inhabitants in the Unstrut-Hainich district, Thuringia, central Germany.



Bad Langensalza is located in the Thuringian Basin, the fertile lowlands along the Unstrut river. The river Salza flows through the town and joins the Unstrut about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of the town. Bad Langensalza lies in an unwooded, intensively farmed and largely flat landscape that rises to the west to the Hainich, to the north to the Heilinger Höhen (Heilinger Heights) and to the southeast to the Fahner Höhen (Fahner Heights). Due to this location, the climate in Bad Langensalza is relatively mild and, with annual precipitation of about 500 millimetres (20 in), very dry.

The town itself is divided into the relatively large old town centre, which is bounded by the historical town wall, and several areas of urban expansion dating from 1850 onwards. Initially, the town expanded southwards and south-eastwards towards the railway station. This is also where the first industrial areas were built. This was followed by expansion to the southwest, where the village of Ufhoven is located, which has since been incorporated into the core town. Since 1950, Bad Langensalza has expanded mainly to the north, where several residential and commercial areas have been built. Municipal reforms since the early 1990s have greatly enlarged the administrative urban area, which now stretches from the forests of the Hainich National Park to the eastern side of the Unstrut river.

Neighbouring towns[edit]

Neighbouring towns of Bad Langensalza are Mühlhausen, 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest, Eisenach, 30 kilometres (19 mi) southwest, Gotha, 20 kilometres (12 mi) south, Erfurt, 30 kilometres (19 mi) southeast, Sömmerda, 35 kilometres (22 mi) east and Sondershausen, 35 kilometres (22 mi) northeast. Neighbouring municipalities are (clockwise, starting in the west): Schönstedt, Unstrut-Hainich, Nottertal-Heilinger Höhen, Kirchheilingen, Sundhausen, Tottleben, Urleben and Großvargula in the Unstrut-Hainich district, Tonna and Nessetal in the Gotha district and Hörselberg-Hainich in the Wartburg district.

Administrative division[edit]

Bad Langensalza is divided into a total of 15 quarters (including the core town):

Quarter Population (31 Dec. 2020)[3] Date of incorporation
Core town 11532
Aschara 440 1994-01-01
Eckardtsleben 195 1992-01-01
Großwelsbach 253 1994-01-01
Grumbach 221 1993-04-01
Henningsleben 228 1993-04-01
Illeben 148 1992-01-01
Klettstedt 206 2019-01-01
Merxleben 431 1994-01-01
Nägelstedt 704 1993-07-01
Thamsbrück 940 1994-01-01
Ufhoven 1545 1950-07-01
Waldstedt 98 1992-07-01
Wiegleben 342 1993-09-01
Zimmern 308 1994-01-01


Langensalza in 1750

The town was first mentioned in historical records c. 932, as a village named "Salzaha". The town's name was changed to Langensalza c. 1578, and "Bad" ("Spa") added to the name in 1956.

In 1075, Langensalza was the site of a battle, in which Emperor Henry IV won over the rebelling Saxons and Thuringians.

The town was plundered and damaged by fires during the Thirty Years' War (c. 1632). Fires again destroyed large parts of the town in 1711, including complete destruction of the town hall, which was rebuilt between 1742 and 1752.

War again affected the town between 1756 and 1763, during the Seven Years' War; it was the scene of a battle in February 1761. In 1815 Langensalza became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony.

In 1866 it was again the site of a battle between Prussia and Hanover during the Austro-Prussian War.[4] This Battle of Langensalza is famous for being the last time intra-German forces have met in combat.

On April 5, 1945, Langensalza was occupied by American troops and handed over to the Red Army in early July. It became part of the Soviet (Russian) occupation zone and, from 1949 to 1990, was part of the German Democratic Republic.

Main sights[edit]

Langensalza is a popular tourist destination, with a well-preserved medieval old town, a number of themed public gardens and a thermal spa bath.[5] In 2011 it won the title "Most blooming town in Europe" as part of the Europe-wide horticultural competition Entente Florale.

Sulphur springs were discovered in 1811 and opened to the public as a curative bath in 1812. A new version of the public sulphur bath was opened in 1928. Salt and mineral water springs were discovered in 1996, which prompted the opening of many new curative facilities. Today a modern thermal bath attracts many visitors.

Bad Langensalza contains a Botanical Garden, along with a Rose Garden, a Magnolia Garden and an Arboretum. It is one of the few European towns with an authentic Japanese Garden. Bad Langensalza is also close to the Hainich National Park, Germany's oldest deciduous forest.

Every August, the town hosts a Middle Ages Festival (Mittelalterstadtfest) where townsfolk don traditional dress from the middle ages and visitors can experience medieval crafts, handwork, martial arts, food and music.

The town is on the German Timber-Frame Road (Fachwerkstraße) and is notable for the number of well-preserved medieval half-timbered (Fachwerk) houses.

Travertine stone has been mined in the town since medieval times, and is still carved there today. It forms the distinctive white stonework of the old town. Travertine from Langensalza was used in the building of the Brandenburg Gate and in one of the most famous works of modern architecture, the Barcelona Pavilion.


The then Augustinian friar Martin Luther visited Langensalza's (still preserved) Augustinian Cloister[6] in 1516 in his role as District Vicar. As a result, the town is now on the Luther Trail.[7] The poet Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock lived in Langensalza between 1748 and 1750, where he composed some of his most famous odes. His sumptuous house is still standing in the Salzstraße. The poet Novalis lived for a time in Langensalza in 1796 whilst studying chemistry under Johann Christian Wiegleb at his house in the Markstraße. Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland, the most eminent German physician of the 19th Century, was born in Langensalza. He is buried in the famous Dorotheenstadt Cemetery in Berlin.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Bad Langensalza is twinned with:[8]

Notable people[edit]

Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland


  1. ^ Gewählte Bürgermeister - aktuelle Landesübersicht, Freistaat Thüringen, accessed 14 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften in Thüringen Gebietsstand: 31.12.2022" (in German). Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik. June 2023.
  3. ^ "Wirtschaft – Standortinformationen" [Economy – location information] (in German). Stadt Bad Langensalza. 19 February 2020. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Langensalza" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 174.
  5. ^ "Bad Langensalza – Kur- und Rosenstadt". 9 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Stadtmuseum im Augustinerkloster – Bad Langensalza". Lutherweg (in German). Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  7. ^ "Stationen – Auf dem Lutherweg in Thüringen". Lutherweg (in German). Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  8. ^ "Partnerstädte" (in German). Bad Langensalza. 19 February 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2021.

External links[edit]