C+C Music Factory

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C+C Music Factory
Also known as
OriginNew York City, New York, U.S.
Years active
  • 1989–1996
  • 2010–2011
Past members

C+C Music Factory was an American musical group formed in 1989 by David Cole and Robert Clivillés. The group is best known for their five hit singles: "Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)", "Here We Go (Let's Rock & Roll)", "Things That Make You Go Hmmm...", "Just a Touch of Love", and "Keep It Comin'". The band stopped recording in 1996, following Cole's death.[1] In 2010, C+C Music Factory reformed with Eric Kupper replacing Cole.[2] Original member Freedom Williams acquired trademark rights to the name in 2003 and still tours under that moniker.[3]

C+C Music Factory have earned 35 music industry awards, including five Billboard Music Awards, five American Music Awards, and two MTV Video Music Awards. In December 2016, Billboard magazine ranked them as the 44th most successful dance artist of all time.[4]


1987–1989: Early beginnings and the 28th Street Crew[edit]

David Cole and Robert Clivillés became friends when they both performed at the Better Days club (Clivillés as DJ and Cole as keyboardist) in the late 1980s.[5] In 1987, Clivillés and Cole formed a short-lived house music group called 2 Puerto Ricans, a Blackman and a Dominican. The group also included David Morales (who, like Clivillés, was a resident DJ at Better Days[5]) and Chep Nuñez. They released two minor hit singles, "Do It Properly" (1987) and "So Many Ways (Do It Properly Part II)" (1988).[6][7] In 1989, they released their final single, "Scandalous", before disbanding.[8]

Following the breakup of their previous group, Clivillés and Cole continued to record music together under the name the 28th Street Crew. In mid-1989, the duo released an album titled I Need a Rhythm. The album's title track and lead single, peaked at number three on Billboard's Dance chart. In September 1989, female group Seduction released their debut album Nothing Matters Without Love, which was entirely produced by Clivillés and Cole. Under the brief management of Clivillés and Cole, the group's album became certified gold-status in the United States.[9]

1989–1993: C+C Music Factory and Gonna Make You Sweat[edit]

Martha Wash (pictured), uncredited female singer of "Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)"

In 1989, Clivillés and Cole formed a new group known as C+C Music Factory. The group included Clivillés and Cole, in addition to rapper Freedom Williams and Liberian singer/dancer Zelma Davis.[1] In December 1990, C+C Music Factory released their debut album Gonna Make You Sweat, which peaked at number two on Billboard's Top 200 Albums chart.[10] The album's lead single, "Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)", which featured rap vocals by Freedom Williams and uncredited lead vocals by Martha Wash, became an international hit and peaked at number one on Billboard's Hot 100.[10] The single went on to sell over a million copies in the United States, becoming certified platinum-status.[11] Additionally, the single became number-one in five other countries. The success of the single also bolstered its parent album's sales, helping it achieve multi-platinum status for sales exceeding five million copies in the United States.[12]

In 1991, the group released two top-ten singles, "Here We Go (Let's Rock & Roll)" and "Things That Make You Go Hmmm..." (inspired by a phrase uttered periodically by late-night talk show host Arsenio Hall),[10] both of which became certified gold-status in the United States.[12] In August 1991, the album's final single, "Just a Touch of Love", which featured vocals by Davis, was released and earned the group their fourth number-one dance hit.[10] The song was also featured on the soundtrack of the musical comedy film Sister Act. In the same year, C+C Music Factory embarked on their first international tour. During certain legs of the tour, Deborah Cooper, a backing vocalist from their album, was hired as a lead vocalist for specific concert venues as Zelma Davis was awaiting green card clearance. In 1992, the group released the single "Keep It Comin' (Dance Till You Can't Dance No More)", featuring Cooper and rapper Q-Unique on vocals. The single became their fifth song to top the Billboard dance chart.[10] The song was also featured on the soundtrack of the comedy horror film Buffy the Vampire Slayer. By the end of 1992, the group had earned a total of four American Music Awards, including an award for "Favorite Pop/Rock Band/Duo/Group".[13]

1994–1996: Subsequent releases and hiatus[edit]

In 1994, C+C Music Factory experienced a lineup change. Wash, who had just settled a lawsuit with the group, was asked to join as a full-time vocalist. Williams left the group to pursue a solo career and was replaced by the vocal trio Trilogy.[14] In August 1994, the group released their second album, titled Anything Goes!, which performed poorly on the Billboard's Top 200 Albums chart. The lead single, "Do You Wanna Get Funky", which featured vocals from Davis, Wash, and Trilogy, became a success on the Billboard charts and earned the group their sixth number-one dance hit. The album also featured two minor hits, "Take a Toke" and "I Found Love".

On January 24, 1995, David Cole died from spinal meningitis.[15][16] Despite the death of one of their core members, C+C Music Factory embarked on another international tour. In November 1995, they released their self-titled third album. The record was released by Robert Clivillés using the C+C Music Factory name, though it did not feature any musical contributions from Cole, Davis, or Wash, but retained the vocal contributions of Trilogy. The album's lead single, "I'll Always Be Around", became their seventh number-one dance hit. The second single, "Don't Stop the Remix", was the group's final release before disbanding.

In October 1996, Clivillés released an album of new material under the name Robi-Rob's Clubworld. That same year, a compilation album titled Robi Rob's Clubworld – House of Sound presents Clubworld Shut Up and Dance was released exclusively in Japan.[17] The album contains past singles and unreleased material recorded by C+C Music Factory.

2010–2011: Comeback[edit]

C+C Music Factory reformed in 2010 with Eric Kupper replacing Cole. They released the song "Live Your Life", which featured singer Scarlett Santana, in early 2010, on a Bill Coleman's Remixxer Compilation album.[2] In August 2011, Santana released the single "Rain", which was produced by C+C Music Factory (composed of Clivillés and Kupper credited as "CnC Music Factory").[18]


As of 1995, C+C Music Factory have accumulated a total of seven number-one dance songs. "Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)" was included in the top-ten VH1's "100 Greatest Dance Songs".[19]

In 2003, Freedom Williams acquired the federal trademark to use the name "C and C Music Factory" for live performances.[20] Williams toured under that name until renewing his trademark to "C & C Music Factory" in 2014.[21][14][22] As of 2014, Williams has owned the trademark rights for the name for all related efforts, not just live performances.[23] Founding producer Clivillés has labeled this "the biggest insult in the world".[14][3]


In 1990, The Crew, a group composed of Clivillés, Cole, and Freedom Williams, released the single "Get Dumb! (Free Your Body)". The song featured an unauthorized sample of Boyd Jarvis' 1983 song "The Music Got Me". Jarvis filed a lawsuit against Cole and Clivillés as well as A&M Records.[24] The court ruled in favor of Jarvis.[25]

Following the release of "Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)" in November 1990, C+C Music Factory was hit with a lawsuit by Martha Wash, whose vocals were uncredited on the chorus. The song used an edited compilation of vocal parts that Wash recorded in June 1990 for an unrelated demo tape.[26] After discovering that the group was using Zelma Davis in the music video, Wash attempted to negotiate with Clivillés and Cole for sleeve credits and royalties, which ultimately proved unsuccessful. On December 11, 1991, Wash filed a lawsuit in the Los Angeles Superior Court against Robert Clivillés and David Cole, charging the producers and their record company, Sony Music Entertainment, with fraud, deceptive packaging, and commercial appropriation.[26] The case was eventually settled in 1994 and as a result of the settlement, Sony made an unprecedented request to MTV to add a disclaimer that credited Wash for vocals and Zelma Davis (who lip-synched Wash's vocals in the official music video) for "visualization" to the "Gonna Make You Sweat" music video.[27]


Studio albums[edit]

Year Album details Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales threshold)
1990 Gonna Make You Sweat
  • First studio album
  • Release date: December 13, 1990
  • Label: Columbia
2 11 7 26 59 3 30 13 8
1994 Anything Goes!
  • Second studio album
  • Release date: August 9, 1994
  • Label: Columbia
106 39 36 63 25 46
1995 C+C Music Factory
  • Third studio album
  • Release date: December 5, 1995
  • Label: MCA
"—" denotes releases that did not chart


Year Album details Peak chart positions
1995 Ultimate
  • Compilation
  • Release date: 1995
  • Label: Columbia


Year Single Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)

1990 "Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)"
(featuring Martha Wash and Freedom Williams)
1 1 3 1 1 2 5 1 3 Gonna Make You Sweat
1991 "Here We Go (Let's Rock & Roll)"
(featuring Zelma Davis and Freedom Williams)
3 1 20 14 15 9 33 11 20
"Things That Make You Go Hmmm..."
(featuring Zelma Davis and Freedom Williams)
4 1 6 27 19 2 14 15 4
"Just a Touch of Love"
(featuring Zelma Davis)
50 1 26 47 21 21 31
1992 "Keep It Comin' (Dance Till You Can't Dance No More)"
(featuring Q-Unique and Deborah Cooper)
83 1 46 30 17 34 Buffy the Vampire Slayer - OST
1994 "Do You Wanna Get Funky"
(featuring Martha Wash, Zelma Davis, and Trilogy)
40 1 11 41 18 2 37 27 Anything Goes!
"Take a Toke"[A] 23 88 26
1995 "I Found Love"
(featuring Zelma Davis)[A]
13 26
"I'll Always Be Around" 1 38 51 42 C+C Music Factory
1996 "Don't Stop the Remix"
"—" denotes releases that did not chart



  • A ^"I Found Love" and "Take a Toke" were released as a double A-side in the UK, charting at number 26 in February 1995.[40]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "C+C Music Factory/Full Biography". MTV. Archived from the original on September 25, 2010.
  2. ^ a b Remixxer: Bill Coleman (Continuous Mix), iTunes (June 1, 2010)
  3. ^ a b The Depressing Story of America's Favorite Pump-Up Jam, VICE (October 4, 2016)
  4. ^ "Greatest of All Time Top Dance Club Artists : Page 1". Billboard.
  5. ^ a b Tantum, Bruce (November 2010). "Nightclubbing: New York City's Better Days". Red Bull Music Academy. Archived from the original on April 25, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  6. ^ 2 Puerto Ricans, A Blackman And A Dominican, Discogs
  7. ^ Brat Pack, The – So Many Ways (Do It Properly Part II), Discogs
  8. ^ Syncopate (2), Discogs
  9. ^ "US Certifications > Seduction". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g C+C Music Factory | Billboard Chart History Archived April 29, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. Billboard. Retrieved on February 1, 2019
  11. ^ "Gonna Make You Sweat" searchable database. RIAA. Retrieved on February 1, 2019
  12. ^ a b c d e f "C&C Music Factory" searchable database. RIAA. Retrieved on April 19, 2019
  13. ^ Winners Database|American Music Awards. American Music Awards. Retrieved on June 11, 2017
  14. ^ a b c "Robert Clivilles Interview (Part 2)". About.com. Archived from the original on October 1, 2009.
  15. ^ "David Cole Is Dead". The New York Times. January 27, 1995. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  16. ^ "C+C's David Cole dies at 32" Archived July 3, 2010, at the Wayback MachineNY Daily News, January 25, 1995
  17. ^ HOUSE OF SOUND presents Clubworld SHUT UP AND DANCE. Rakuten. Retrieved on July 21, 2019
  18. ^ "CnC Music Factory on Apple Music". Apple Music.
  19. ^ "Rock on the Net: VH1: 100 Greatest Dance Songs". Rockonthenet.com.
  20. ^ US Trademark Office, Serial Number 78341052, Registration Number 2951551
  21. ^ US Trademark Office, Serial Number 86438725, Registration Number 4775972
  22. ^ "Dallas Dance Music - Dallas nightlife, music, tickets, and more > The Chill Room > Party Reviews". Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved November 28, 2008.
  23. ^ US Trademark Office: Serial Number 86438725, Registration Number 4775972
  24. ^ Jarvis v. A & M Records 827 F. Supp. 282 (D.N.J. 1993) UCLA Archived April 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ Boyd Jarvis: Remembering the Architect of House Music. Village Voice. Retrieved on April 19, 2019
  26. ^ a b "Read Her Lips : R&B Singer Says Hot Dance Hit Is Lip-Synced – Los Angeles Times". articles.latimes.com. 1991. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
  27. ^ Martha Wash: The Most Famous Unknown Singer of the '90s Speaks Out. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on May 17, 2017
  28. ^ a b c d e f Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010 (pdf ed.). Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing. p. 47.
  29. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 88. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  30. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1991 Albums" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved November 27, 2021.
  31. ^ Award Trackers for Candc Music Factory "Gonna Make You Sweat". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved on October 31, 2019
  32. ^ Gold/Platinum searchable database for "C&C Music Factory". Music Canada. Retrieved on October 31, 2019
  33. ^ "Australian peaks". Australian-charts.com.
  34. ^ "Suchen nach "C & C Music Factory" – Offizielle Deutsche Charts". Officialcharts.de.
  35. ^ "Dutch peaks". Dutchcharts.nl.
  36. ^ "New Zealand charts portal". Charts.org.nz.
  37. ^ Hung, Steffen. "swedishcharts.com – Swedish Charts Portal". Swedishcharts.com.
  38. ^ "Die Offizielle Schweizer Hitparade und Music Community". Hitparade.ch.
  39. ^ "BPI Certified Awards". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved April 15, 2023.
  40. ^ "C&C MUSIC FACTORY | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". OfficialCharts.com.

External links[edit]