Canada Place

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Canada Place
Canada Place
General information
Location999 Canada Place
Vancouver, British Columbia
V6C 3T4
Coordinates49°17′19″N 123°06′40″W / 49.288635°N 123.111119°W / 49.288635; -123.111119
Current tenants
Construction startedMarch 9, 1983
CompletedDecember 1985
OpenedMay 2, 1986
CostCA$400 million
Renovation costCA$21 million
OwnerPort Metro Vancouver
Height81.5 metres (267 ft)
Technical details
Floor count23
Design and construction
Architect(s)Eberhard Zeidler / Barry Downs
Architecture firmJoint venture: Zeidler Roberts Partnership, MCMP & DA Architects + Planners
Structural engineerGeiger Engineers
Renovating team
Renovating firmLedcor Group of Companies

Canada Place, co-named Komagata Maru Place,[4][5][6][7] is a building situated on the Burrard Inlet in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.[8] It is home to the Vancouver Convention Centre, the Pan Pacific Vancouver Hotel, the Vancouver World Trade Centre, and the virtual flight experience Flyover in Vancouver.[9] The building's exterior is covered by fabric roofs resembling sails.[10] It is also the main cruise ship passenger terminal for the region, where cruises to Alaska originate. The building was designed by architects Zeidler Roberts Partnership in joint venture with Musson Cattell Mackey Partnership and DA Architects + Planners.

Canada Place is accessed via West Cordova Street and near Waterfront Station, a major transit hub with SkyTrain, SeaBus, and West Coast Express connections.

The structure was expanded in 2001 to accommodate another cruise ship berth. During the 2010 Winter Olympics, Canada Place served as the Main Press Centre.[11]


Panorama view of Canada Place's sails with the North Shore in the background.
Canada Place with Downtown Vancouver

Canada Place was built on the land which was originally the Canadian Pacific Railway's Pier B–C. Built in 1927, its primary purpose was to serve CPR and other shipping lines trading across the Pacific Ocean.[2]

In 1978 Federal, Provincial and Municipal governments commenced planning for development of convention, cruise ship and hotel facilities. Four years later, the Government of Canada created a crown corporation, the Canada Harbour Place Corporation (known as Canada Place Corporation until 2012), to develop the Canada Place project on the Pier B–C site. Construction began when Queen Elizabeth II arrived on the Royal Yacht Britannia with Pierre Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada and William R. Bennett, Premier of BC to initiate the first concrete pour.[12]

During Expo 86, the Canada Pavilion at Canada Place was opened by Prince Charles and Brian Mulroney, Prime Minister of Canada. Among the largest and most elaborate pavilions presented by any nation at any World's Fair, the Canada Pavilion hosted more than 5 million visitors prior to the October 13, 1986 closing date.

Canada Place Corporation (CPC), a Crown agent, continues to act as the coordinating landlord for Canada Place facilities.[13]

In 2024, Canada Place was co-named Komagata Maru Place in honor of a 1914 incident when the Komagata Maru steamship (also known as the Guru Nanak Jahaaz) brought 376 Punjabis (337 Sikhs, 27 Muslims and 12 Hindus) to Vancouver, most of whom were denied entry, detained for two months with a lack of medical aid, food or water, and then forced to return back to India, where many were killed by British authorities.[4][5][6][7]


Throughout the year many community events are held at and hosted by Canada Place.[14]

Pan Pacific Vancouver[edit]

The Pan Pacific Vancouver opened in January 1986 and has 503 rooms and suites, two restaurants, and a lounge.

The hotel is operated by Pan Pacific Hotels and Resorts.

Heritage Horns[edit]

Touch play to hear horns

The Heritage Horns, formerly known as the 12 O'clock Horn, sound the first four notes of O Canada every day at noon and can be heard throughout Downtown Vancouver and beyond. The ten horns have five facing north and five facing east on the roof of the Pan Pacific hotel and have an output of 115 Decibels. They were originally on the roof of the BC Hydro building (now The Electra) and were silent when the headquarters was converted to condominiums in the early 1990s. The horns started sounding again on November 8, 1994 after being acquired, refurbished, and relocated to Canada Place. Due to complaints, the timer was changed from mechanical to electrical soon after to make them accurate.[15] They sounded 26 times during the 2010 Olympics, once for each medal won by Canada. The first was at 7:30pm on February 13 for a silver won by Jennifer Heil.[16] The Heritage Horns were also sounding at 7:00 p.m. each evening from March 26 to April 16, 2020 in support of essential service workers across Canada.[17] Another notable time signal in the area is the 9 O'Clock Gun across the harbour in Stanley Park.

The north five of the ten Heritage Horns.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Our History". Canada Place Corporation. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
  2. ^ a b "Canada Place". Pacific Northwest Architecture. Artefaqs Corporation. Archived from the original on 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
  3. ^ "Federal stimulus fund to cover cost of Canada Place roof upgrade". The Vancouver Sun. CanWest. November 30, 2009. Archived from the original on January 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
  4. ^ a b "Prominent Vancouver street given 2nd name in honour of Komagata Maru ship". CBC. 2024-02-09. Retrieved 2024-02-10.
  5. ^ a b "Vancouver unveils street signs for Komagata Maru Place". Vancouver Sun. 2024-02-09. Retrieved 2024-02-10.
  6. ^ a b "Canada Place given secondary name and signage honouring Komagata Maru passengers". Global News. 2024-02-09. Retrieved 2024-02-10.
  7. ^ a b "Honorary Komagata Maru street signs unveiled near Vancouver Harbour". CTV News. 2024-02-09. Retrieved 2024-02-10.
  8. ^ "Canada Place". Canada Place |. 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  9. ^ "Flyover in Vancouver | Canada Place". 2 October 2015.
  10. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside.
  11. ^ "Highlights of the week". International Olympic Committee. January 15, 2010. Retrieved 2011-06-24.
  12. ^ "History | Canada Place". Canada Place |. 2015-10-02. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  13. ^ "About Us | Canada Place". Canada Place |. 2015-09-22. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  14. ^ "Events | Canada Place". Canada Place |. 2015-09-22. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  15. ^ Heritage Horns Archived 2013-04-03 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
  17. ^ "Heritage Horns | Canada Place". 2 October 2015.

External links[edit]