From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
|Birth name||Adam King Feeney|
|Also known as||Frank Dukes|
|Born||September 12, 1983|
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Adam King Feeney (born September 12, 1983), professionally known as Frank Dukes, is a Canadian record producer, songwriter, and DJ. A prolific producer, he has worked with artists including Camila Cabello ("Havana," "Never Be The Same"), Post Malone ("Congratulations," "Better Now," Circles") and The Weeknd ("Call Out My Name"). Dukes came to prominence in the 2010s as a composer and beatmaker whose work was utilized by prominent record producers to sample in their own productions; many of his samples have been used in songs for major artists including Drake, Travis Scott, Taylor Swift, and Kanye West, with some drawing from the Kingsway Music Library, a prolific sample library which he has run since 2013.
Among other awards and nominations, Dukes' work has been nominated for the Grammy Award for Album of the Year six times since 2017. He is considered one of Canada's top producers, having been awarded Songwriter of the Year by SOCAN every year since 2018 along with similar honors from BMI and the Juno Awards.
Adam King Feeney was born on September 12, 1983, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and was raised in the city's northern suburb of Thornhill. His first exposure to creating music was piano lessons at age five; however, he quit lessons after three years due to losing interest in it. He later taught himself to play guitar, bass and drums.
As a teenager, he spent a lot of time skateboarding and gained more interest in music, becoming a DJ. In 1999, at age 16, Dukes began collecting records from the 1960s and 1970s in an effort to understand how they were made. This habit got him into record production and he bought an MPC the following year. He graduated from St. Robert Catholic High School in Thornhill in 2001. Dukes has stated that he had no intention to make music his profession.
2000s: Early career and first placements
Dukes began producing music seriously in the early 2000s. He chose the stage name Frank Dukes as a teenager, inspired by the character of Frank Dux in the martial arts film Bloodsport. Dukes sold his first beat for $250 to a local Canadian hip hop recording artist from Toronto named General Too Smooth. In 2005, he connected with Toronto-based music manager Mo' Jointz who found Duke placements with Toronto and New York-area hip hop artists, most notably with the American hip hop group G-Unit; Dukes would produce a number of tracks for rappers Lloyd Banks and 50 Cent. A few of these would be released years later including his first paid placement for a major artist, the song "Sooner or Later (Die 1 Day)" on Banks' third studio album H.F.M. 2 (The Hunger for More 2), for which Dukes was $5,000 paid in 2008. During this period, Dukes produced songs and beats inspired by East Coast hip hop but his style became slower and more moody overtime like that of the nascent New Toronto sound. Dukes was one of the first producers to work with Drake, producing the track "Money" off his debut mixtape Room for Improvement, released in 2006. Dukes relationship with producer Boi-1da, who would become one of the in-house producer's for Drake's OVO Sound label, has led to many collaborations for Drake since this time.
2010s: Sample innovator and acclaim
Creative relationships and album producer
At the end of the 2000s, Dukes connected with Wu-Tang member Ghostface Killah, producing three tracks for his 2010 album Apollo Kids. The two met after Dukes won the Red Bull Big Tune championship in 2009; Dukes had also given Ghost a beat tape the previous year. Dukes would later perform as his and Cappadonna's tour DJ. This led to a series of Wu-Tang-related collaborations over the following five years, including producing more than half the tracks for the RZA-produced The Man with the Iron Fists album in 2012. During the same period, Dukes met the Canadian hip hop/jazz group BADBADNOTGOOD at their first live show in 2011. Dukes and the group became close collaborators, even sharing a studio for many years; the band members play on many of the samples Dukes produced during the decade and, in turn, Dukes produced their first original album III, released in 2014. Dukes' work with Ghostface and BBNG culminated in their shared 2015 record, Sour Soul.
Kingsway Music Library and sample composition
During the first half of the decade, Dukes began writing music that he could use and manipulate as samples in his own work, much like the traditional record sampling he took part in as a hip hop producer. Inspired in part by his experiences working with the Menahan Street Band, a contemporary funk and soul ensemble that employ vintage recording techniques (and achieve the 1960s/1970s sound and style so often sought after in hip hop samples), Dukes began recording his compositions similarly, using vintage and analog equipment. Observing the sample clearance issues he experienced while working with 50 Cent and Ghostface, Dukes had the idea of using his body of work as samples for other record producers to use, much like the traditional library music model, and began sharing his work with the likes of Vinylz and Boi-1da; beginning in 2013, he packaged a portion of his compositions into various volumes for a collection titled Kingsway Music Library which he sells with the clearance of his samples guaranteed.
This sample production work created acclaim for Dukes in 2014 when a composition he wrote with musician Chester Hansen of BBNG was given to Boi-1da and flipped into the Drake single "0 to 100." As a credited producer, Dukes was awarded a Grammy nomination. From this point forward, he was inspired to grow Kingsway Music Library into an established platform for original music for sampling. He continues to distribute a limited amount of his music this way and invites up-and-coming musicians to collaborate or contribute whole volumes to his platform. As of 2021, Dukes has released thirteen volumes of music through Kingsway.
His compositions, including those designated for Kingsway Music, have led to him working with record producers such as Boi-1da, Metro Boomin, Vinylz, DJ Dahi, Tae Beast and more, landing him prominent placements for Kanye West, Drake, Eminem, Travis Scott, Danny Brown, Jeremih, Tory Lanez and Rihanna, among others.
In the second half of the 2010s, Dukes began working more often with major artists in the studio. He met producer Louis Bell and Post Malone in 2015-2016 and worked on tracks for Post Malone's debut album Stoney. Dukes also worked extensively on Post's 2019 album Hollywood's Bleeding. Dukes met singer Camila Cabello in November 2016, beginning what would be her debut album. Notably, be produced her wildly successful single "Havana." During this time, he also produced multiple tracks for artists Amine, Frank Ocean, Drake, Lorde, Travis Scott, and The Weeknd, among others. He was also named or nominated as Songwriter of the Year my multiple music industry organizations including BMI, SOCAN, the Juno Awards, and the iHeartRadio Music Awards. In 2019, he spearheaded a collaboration between Kingsway Music Library and Toronto's Regent Park School of Music. Called Parkscapes, all tracks are performed by students of the music program and all proceeds, including licensing and royalty payments, help fund the school’s programs.
In total, Dukes was a credited producer or songwriter on over 300 tracks during the decade.
Dukes is known for achieving his sound through live instrumentation and analog equipment. To achieve this, he often collaborates with an informal group of Toronto-based musicians and songwriters which includes Mustafa Ahmed, Kaan Güneşberk, and the members of instrumental group BADBADNOTGOOD; Dukes and the band shared an analog recording studio in Toronto for much of the 2010s. At times, he has also written music for other artists with fellow Torontonians Daniel Caeser, River Tiber, and Charlotte Day Wilson, as well as with New York-based retro soul musician Thomas Brenneck.
SPIN noted that Dukes' production aesthetic is informed by 'shimmering pop nostalgia' and the 'luxurious hollows' of the New Toronto sound and inspired by disparate genres. On his writing style, Ryan Tedder observed, "Frank Dukes likes weird chord progressions. He doesn’t like anything to sound clean or normal."
Notable production credits
Singles charting in the US Billboard Hot 100 Top 10
- Rihanna – "Needed Me" (2016)
- Drake – "Fake Love" (2017)
- Post Malone – "Congratulations" (featuring Quavo) (2017)
- The Weeknd – "Call Out My Name" (2018)
- Camila Cabello – "Havana" (featuring Young Thug) (2018); peaked at #1
- Camila Cabello – "Never Be The Same" (2018)
- Post Malone – "Better Now" (2018)
- Jonas Brothers – "Sucker" (2019); peaked at #1
- Post Malone – "Wow" (2019)
- Post Malone – "Circles" (2019); peaked at #1
- Shawn Mendes – "Monster" (feat. Justin Bieber) (2020)
Albums executive produced
- BADBADNOTGOOD & Ghostface Killah – Sour Soul (2015)
- Camila Cabello – Camila (2018); peaked at #1 (US Billboard 200)
- The Weeknd – My Dear Melancholy (2018); peaked at #1 (US Billboard 200)
- Matty (of BADBADNOTGOOD) – Déjàvu (2018)
Kingsway Music Library
Since 2013, he has composed the following volumes of original music (credits adapted from The Drum Broker),
- Kingsway Music Library, Vol. 1 (2013)
- Kingsway Music Library, Vol. 2 (2013)
- Kingsway Music Library, Vol. 3 (2014)
- Kingsway Music Library, Vol. 4 (2014)
- Kingsway Music Library, Vol. 5 (2015)
- Kingsway Music Library, Vol. 6 (2015)
- Kingsway Music Library, Vol. 7 (2015)
- Kingsway Music Library – Colors (2017) (released as LP)
- Kingsway Music Library, Vol. 8 (2018)
- Kingsway Music Library, Frank Dukes X Allen Ritter (2018)
- Kingsway Music Library, Vol. 9 (2018)
- Kingsway Music Library, Vol. 10 (2019)
- Kingsway Music Library – Parkscapes (2019)
Awards and nominations
ASCAP hosts a series of annual awards which honor achievement in American songwriting, composition, and publishing. Dukes has received honors at ASCAP's Pop Music, Latin, and Rhythm & Soul Awards ceremonies.
|2015||Rhythm & Soul Awards||Award Winning R&B/Hip-Hop Songss||"0 to 100 / The Catch Up" (Drake)||Won|||
|2016||“Planez” (Jeremih Featuring J. Cole)||Won|||
|2017||Pop Music Awards||Award Winning Songs||"Needed Me" (Rihanna)||Won|||
|Rhythm & Soul Awards||Top R&B/Hip-Hop Song||Won|||
|2018||Award Winning R&B/Hip-Hop Songs||Won|||
|"Sex with Me" (Rihanna)||Won|
|"Fake Love" (Drake)||Won|
|Award Winning Rap Songs||Won|
|Pop Music Awards||Award Winning Songs||Won|||
|2019||Rhythm & Soul Awards||Award Winning R&B/Hip-Hop Songs||"Broken Clocks" (SZA)||Won|||
|2020||Latin Music Awards||Award Winning Songs||“Yo X Ti, Tú X Mi” (Rosalía)||Won|||
BMI hosts a series of annual awards which honor achievements by songwriters, composers, and publishers, based on tracks performance time. Dukes has received honors at ASCAP's Pop, R&B/Hip-Hop, and London Awards ceremonies.
|2018||R&B/Hip-Hop Awards||Award Winning Songs||"Congratulations" (Post Malone)||Won|||
|2019||Pop Awards||Songwriter of the Year||Won||Shared four ways|||
|Award Winning Songs||"Havana" (Camila Cabello)||Won|
|"Never Be the Same" (Camila Cabello)||Won|
|"Better Now" (Post Malone)||Won|
|"Be Careful" (Cardi B)||Won|
|"Pray for Me" (The Weeknd & Kendrick Lamar)||Won|
|2020||Pop Awards||"Sucker" (Jonas Brothers)||Won|||
|"Wow." (Post Malone)||Won|
|London Awards||"Never Be the Same" (Camila Cabello)||Won|||
|Song of the Year||Won|
Dukes' work has been included in the Grammy Award nominations every year since 2015. From 22 nominations, he has won three awards with three pending; both of his wins are for singular production credits on an awarded album. The following works are for his role as producer unless otherwise noted.
|2015||Best Rap Album||The Marshall Mathers LP 2||Won||Produced "Groundhog Day"|
|Oxymoron||Nominated||Co-produced "Grooveline Pt. 2"|
|Best Rap Song||"0 to 100 / The Catch Up"||Nominated||Producer|
|2016||Best Rap Album||If You're Reading This It's Too Late||Nominated||Produced 3 tracks[a]|
|2017||Best Urban Contemporary Album||ANTI||Nominated||Produced 2 tracks[a]|
|Album of the Year||Views||Nominated||Produced track "Pop Style"[a]|||
|Best Rap Album||Nominated|
|The Life of Pablo||Nominated||Produced track "Real Friends"[a]|
|Major Key||Nominated||Produced track "Work For It"[a]|
|Blank Face LP||Nominated||Produced track "Overtime"|
|2018||Album of the Year||Melodrama||Nominated||Produced 6 tracks[a]|
|Best Urban Contemporary Album||Starboy||Won||Produced track "Attention"[a]|
|2019||Album of the Year||Beerbongs & Bentleys||Nominated||Produced 3 tracks[a]|
|Black Panther||Nominated||Produced 2 tracks[a]|
|Invasion of Privacy||Nominated||Produced track "Be Careful"[a]|
|Best Rap Album||Won|
|Astroworld||Nominated||Produced 3 tracks|
|Best Pop Vocal Album||Camila||Nominated||Album producer|
|2020||Lover||Nominated||Produced 3 tracks[a]|
|2021||Album of the Year||Hollywood's Bleeding||Pending||Album producer, songwriter|||
|Song of the Year||"Circles"||Pending||Songwriter|
|Record of the Year||Pending||Producer|
iHeartRadio Music Awards
The iHeartRadio Music Awards is an annual awards that honors music played across American radio.
|2019||Producer of the Year||Nominated|
|Songwriter of the Year||Won|
|2020||Songwriter of the Year||Nominated|
The Juno Awards are Canada's most popular music industry awards. As per Juno regulations, performing producers and songwriters do not receive honors for their nominated work. As such, Dukes has one nomination.
|2019||Songwriter of the Year||Nominated||"Be Careful", "Better Now", "Call Out My Name"|||
Latin Grammy Awards
Dukes has received two nominations and one award at the Latin Grammy Awards. Both are for his work with Rosalía.
|2019||Best Urban Song||"Con Altura" (as a songwriter)||Won|||
|2020||Best Pop/Rock Song||"Dolerme" (as a songwriter)||Nominated|||
Red Bull Big Tune
The Red Bull Big Tune competition is an annual series in which hip hop producers battle head-to-head, much like DJ competitions. Dukes competed from 2007 to 2009, at which point he was crowned the national champion.
- 2008: Red Bull Big Tune – Detroit Runner Up
- 2008: Red Bull Big Tune Finals Runner Up
- 2009: Red Bull Big Tune – Detroit Runner Up
- 2009: Red Bull Big Tune Finals Champion
Secret Genius Awards
The Secret Genius Awards were honors awarded by Spotify in 2017 and 2018 to the most influential songwriters, producers, and engineers.
|2017||Secret Genius: Hip-Hop||Nominated||“Fake Love”, “Congratulations”|
|2018||Producer of the Year||Nominated||“Havana”, “Never Be The Same”, “Better Now”|||
|Secret Genius: Social Message||“Pray For Me" (The Weeknd & Kendrick Lamar)||Nominated||Shared with Doc McKinney|
Soul Train Music Awards
The Soul Train Music Awards is an annual awards ceremony honoring African-American music and entertainment. The Ashford & Simpson Songwriter's Award, also referred to as Record of the Year, is the sole award which honors songwriters.
|2016||The Ashford And Simpson Songwriter's Award||"Needed Me" (Rihanna)||Nominated||Shared with songwriting team|
|2018||"Broken Clocks" (SZA)||Nominated||Shared with songwriting team|
The SOCAN Awards are Canadian music industry awards, honoring achievement of its members in songwriting, composing, and publishing. Dukes has thrice been awarded Songwriter of the Year.
|2018||Songwriter of the Year – Producer||Won|||
|Rap Music Awards||"Fake Love" (Drake)||Won|
|"Congratulations" (Post Malone)||Won|
|Pop Music Awards||"Havana" (Camila Cabello)||Won|
|2019||Songwriter of the Year – Producer||Won|
|Pop Music Awards||"Better Now" (Post Malone)||Won|
|"Pray for Me" (The Weeknd & Kendrick Lamar)||Won|
|2020||Songwriter of the Year – Producer||Won|||
|Pop Music Awards||"Sucker" (Jonas Brothers)||Won|
|"Wow." (Post Malone)||Won|
|2018||Black Reel Awards||Best Original or Adapted Song||"Pray for Me" (Black Panther)||Nominated|
|2019||APRA Awards||International Work of the Year||"Havana" (Camila Cabello)||Nominated|
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I think I was one of the first people to start working with Drake. I worked with him on his first mixtape, Room For Improvement.... the first Drake song I’ve ever heard ever was produced by Frank Dukes.
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I just sample my friends type shit... My boy Frank Dukes in Toronto, he’s one of the dopest. That’s my boy, but he send me samples all the time. You know what I’m saying?
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