Fyodor Khitruk

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Fyodor Khitruk
Fyodor Savelyevich Khitruk

(1917-05-01)1 May 1917
Died3 December 2012(2012-12-03) (aged 95)
Occupation(s)Animator, director

Fyodor Savelyevich Khitruk (Russian: Фёдор Савельевич Хитрук; 1 May 1917 – 3 December 2012) was a Soviet and Russian animator and animation director.[1][2]


Khitruk was born in Tver (Russian Empire), into a Jewish family.[3][4] He came to Moscow to study graphic design at the OGIS College for Applied Arts. He graduated in 1936 and started to work with Soyuzmultfilm in 1938 as an animator. From 1962 onwards, he worked as a director. His first film The Story of a Crime was an immense success. Today, this film is seen as the beginning of a renaissance of Soviet animation after a two-decade-long life in the shadows of Socialist realism.[5]

Diverging from the “naturalistic” Disney-like canons that were reigning in the 1950-60s in Soviet animated cartoons, he created his own style, which was laconic yet multi-level, non-trivial and vivid.

He is the director of outstanding animated short films including such classics as his social satire of bureaucrats, Chelovek v ramke (The Man in the Frame) (1966), the philosophic parable, Ostrov (Island) (1973) about the loneliness of a man in modern society, the biographical film Ein Junger Mann namens Engels - Ein Portrait in Briefen (1970), based on drawings and letters of young Engels, the parody Film, Film, Film (1968), and the anti-war film, Lev i byk (The Lion and the Bull) (1984).

In April 1993, Khitruk and three other leading animators (Yuri Norstein, Andrei Khrzhanovsky, and Eduard Nazarov) founded SHAR Studio, an animation school and studio in Russia. The Russian Cinema Committee is among the share-holders in the studio.

In 2008, he released a two-volume book titled The Profession of Animation (Russian: Профессия – аниматор). He is the grandfather of violin virtuoso Anastasia Khitruk.

Khitruk lived in Moscow, where he died in 2012, aged 95.


  • The Snow Queen (Снежная королева, 1957) (as animator)
  • The Story of a Crime (История одного преступления, 1962)
  • Stompy (Топтыжка, 1964)
  • Boniface's Holiday (Каникулы Бонифация, 1965)
  • The Man in the Frame (Человек в рамке, 1966)
  • Othello 67 (Отелло-67, 1967)
  • Film, Film, Film (Фильм, фильм, фильм, 1968)
  • Winnie-the-Pooh (Винни-Пух, 1969)
  • The Young Friedrich Engels (Юноша Фридрих Энгельс, 1970)
  • Winnie-the-Pooh Pays a Visit (Винни-Пух идет в гости, 1971)
  • Winnie-the-Pooh and a Busy Day (Винни-Пух и день забот, 1972)
  • Island (Остров, 1973)
  • I Grant You A Star (Дарю тебе звезду, 1974)
  • Icarus and the Wise Men (Икар и мудрецы, 1976)
  • O Sport, You Are Peace! (О спорт, ты - мир!, 1981)
  • Olympians (Олимпионики, 1982)
  • The Lion and the Bull (Лев и бык, 1983)

DVD collection - Animatikc vol 3: Fyodor Khitruk (2017) French release

Honours and awards[edit]

Russian postal card with Fyodor Khitruk stamp

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Peter Rollberg (2009). Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Cinema. US: Rowman / Littlefield. pp. 342–344. ISBN 978-0-8108-6072-8.
  2. ^ "Fyodor Khitruk obituary". TheGuardian.com. 10 December 2012.
  3. ^ Interview with Fyodor Khitruk (2008)
  4. ^ William Moritz, The Spirit Of Genius: Feodor Khitruk
  5. ^ "Владимир Плетинский. "Фёдор Хитрук и все, все, все…"" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2014-11-04.

External links[edit]