Graham Budd

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Graham E. Budd
Born7 September 1968 (1968-09-07) (age 55)
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge
Known forEarly bilateral "Savannah" hypothesis
AwardsHodson Fund of the Palaeontological Association President's Medal of the Palaeontological Association Nathorst Prize of the Geologiska Foreningen
Scientific career
InstitutionsUppsala University
Doctoral advisorSimon Conway Morris
John Peel[1]

Graham Edward Budd is a British palaeontologist. He is Professor and head of palaeobiology at Uppsala University.[2][3]

Budd's research focuses on the Cambrian explosion and on the evolution and development, anatomy, and patterns of diversification of the Ecdysozoa, a group of animals that include arthropods.[1]

Life and work[edit]

Budd was born on 7 September 1968 in Colchester (Essex). He obtained his undergraduate degree at the University of Cambridge and remained there, in the Department of Earth Sciences, to continue his studies at a doctoral level by investigating the Sirius Passet fossil lagerstätte from the Cambrian of North Greenland.[1] He finished his doctorate in 1994, with one of the findings being a new species of lobopodian, Kerygmachela.[4] Budd then moved to Sweden as a postdoc along with his PhD supervisor John Peel.[1]

Together with Sören Jensen he reintroduced the concepts of stem and crown groups to phylogenetics[5] and is a major critic of molecular clocks current usage in determining the origin of animal and plant groups.[6][7]

He has edited Acta Zoologica together with Lennart Olsson; he has also edited the Geological Magazine.


Selected publications[edit]

  • G. E. Budd. 2002. A palaeontological solution to the arthropod head problem. Nature 417: 271-275.
  • G. E. Budd. 2006. On the origin and evolution of major morphological characters. Biological Reviews 81: 609-628.
  • G. E. Budd. 2017. The origin of the animals and a ‘Savannah’ hypothesis for early bilaterian evolution. Biological Reviews 92(1), 446-473

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Graham E. Budd". 11 July 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  2. ^ "Graham E Budd". Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  3. ^ "About us". Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  4. ^ Budd, Graham (1993), "A Cambrian gilled lobopod from Greenland", Nature, 364 (6439): 709–711, doi:10.1038/364709a0, S2CID 4341971
  5. ^ Budd, G.E.; Jensen, S. (2000), "A critical reappraisal of the fossil record of the bilaterian phyla", Biological Reviews, 75 (2): 253–295, doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1999.tb00046.x, PMID 10881389, S2CID 39772232
  6. ^ Budd, Graham E.; Mann, Richard P. (2020), "Survival and selection biases in early animal evolution and a source of systematic overestimation in molecular clocks", Interface Focus, 10 (4): 20190110, doi:10.1098/rsfs.2019.0110, PMC 7333906, PMID 32637066
  7. ^ Budd, Graham E.; Mann, Richard P.; Doyle, James A.; Coiro, Mario; Hilton, Jason (2021), "Fossil data do not support a long pre-Cretaceous history of flowering plants" (PDF), bioRxiv, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory: 1–9, doi:10.1101/2021.02.16.431478, S2CID 231981357
  8. ^ Graham Budd tilldelas Geologiska Föreningens Nathorstpris, 2021-11-08

External links[edit]