List of diplomatic missions of the United States

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Diplomatic missions of the United States of America
  Countries that host a United States embassy
  Interests section and other representations
  Countries that do not host United States missions
  The United States of America
U.S. Department of State Facilities and Areas of Jurisdictions

The United States has the second most active diplomatic posts of any country in the world after the People's Republic of China,[1] including 271 bilateral posts (embassies and consulates) in 173 countries as well as 11 permanent missions to international organizations and seven other posts (as of November 2023[2]). It maintains "interest sections" (in other states' embassies) in Afghanistan, Iran, North Korea, and Syria.

History[edit]

In December 1777, Morocco became the first nation to seek diplomatic relations with the United States and together they maintain the United States' longest unbroken treaty.[3] Benjamin Franklin established the first overseas mission of the United States in Paris in 1779. On April 19, 1782, John Adams was received by the States-General and the Dutch Republic as they were the first country, together with Morocco and France, to recognize the United States as an independent government. John Adams then became the first U.S. ambassador to the Netherlands[4][5][6][7] and the house that he had purchased there, at Fluwelen Burgwal 18 in The Hague, became the first U.S. embassy in the world.[8]

In the period following the American Revolution, George Washington sent a number of close advisers, including Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Francis Dana, and John Jay, to the courts of European potentates in order to garner recognition of U.S. independence, with mixed results.[9]

The first overseas consulate of the fledgling United States was founded in 1790 in Liverpool, Great Britain, by James Maury Jr., who was appointed by Washington. Maury held the post from 1790 to 1829. Liverpool was at the time Britain's leading port for transatlantic commerce and therefore of great economic importance to the United States.[citation needed] President George Washington, on November 19, 1792, nominated Benjamin Joy of Newbury Port as the first U.S. Consul to Kolkata (then Calcutta), India. Joy was not recognized as consul by the British East India Company but was permitted to "reside here as a Commercial Agent subject to the Civil and Criminal Jurisdiction of this Country."[10] The United States' first owned overseas property is the American Legation in Tangier, which was a gift of the Sultan of Morocco in 1821.[11][12] In general during the nineteenth century, the United States' diplomatic activities were done on a minimal budget.[additional citation(s) needed] The U.S. owned no property abroad and provided no official residences for its foreign envoys, paid them a minimal salary, and gave them the rank of ministers rather than ambassadors who represented the great powers—a position which the U.S. only achieved towards the end of the nineteenth century.[13]

In the latter half of the nineteenth century, the State Department was concerned with expanding commercial ties in Asia, establishing Liberia, foiling diplomatic recognition of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, and securing its presence in North America. The Confederacy had diplomatic missions in the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, the Papal States, Russia, Mexico, and Spain, and consular missions in Ireland, Canada, Cuba, Italy, Bermuda, and Nassau and New Providence.[14]

The United States' global prominence became evident in the twentieth century, and the State Department was required to invest in a large network of diplomatic missions to manage its bilateral and multilateral relations.[15] The wave of overseas construction began with the creation of the State Department's Foreign Service Buildings Commission in 1926.[13]

Current missions[edit]

Africa[edit]

The U.S. has embassies (or, in the case of Guinea-Bissau, a Liaison office) in all states it recognizes with the exceptions of the Comoros, Libya, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Sudan.

Host country Host city Mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Algeria Algiers Embassy [16][17]
[18][19]
[20][21]
 Angola Luanda Embassy [22][23]
[24][25]
 Benin Cotonou Embassy [26][27]
[28][29]
 Botswana Gaborone Embassy [30][31]
 Burkina Faso Ouagadougou Embassy [32][33]
[34][35]
 Burundi Bujumbura Embassy [36][37]
 Cameroon Yaoundé Embassy [38][39]
Douala Embassy Branch Office
 Cape Verde Praia Embassy [40][41]
[42][43]
 Central African Republic Bangui Embassy [44][45]
[46][47]
 Chad N'Djamena Embassy [48][49]
 Congo-Brazzaville Brazzaville Embassy [50][51]
[52][53]
 Congo-Kinshasa Kinshasa Embassy [54][55]
[56][57]
 Djibouti Djibouti Embassy [58][59]
 Egypt Cairo Embassy [60][61]
[62][63]
Alexandria Consulate General [64][65]
 Equatorial Guinea Malabo Embassy [66][67]
[68][69]
 Eritrea Asmara Embassy [70][71]
 Eswatini Mbabane Embassy [72][73]
 Ethiopia Addis Ababa Embassy [74][75]
 Gabon Libreville Embassy [76][77]
[78][79]
 Gambia Banjul Embassy [80][81]
 Ghana Accra Embassy [82][83]
 Guinea Conakry Embassy [84]
 Guinea-Bissau Bissau Liaison office
 Ivory Coast Abidjan Embassy [85][86]
 Kenya Nairobi Embassy [87]
 Lesotho Maseru Embassy [88][89]
 Liberia Monrovia Embassy [90][91]
 Madagascar Antananarivo Embassy
Countries:
[92][93]
[94][95]
 Malawi Lilongwe Embassy [96][97]
 Mali Bamako Embassy [98][99]
[100][101]
 Mauritania Nouakchott Embassy [102][103]
[104][105]
[106][107]
 Mauritius Port Louis Embassy [108][109]
 Mozambique Maputo Embassy [110][111]
[112][113]
 Morocco Rabat Embassy [114][115]
[116][117]
[118][119]
Casablanca Consulate General
 Namibia Windhoek Embassy [120][121]
 Niger Niamey Embassy [122][123]
 Nigeria Abuja Embassy [124][125]
Lagos Consulate General
 Rwanda Kigali Embassy [126][127]
 Senegal Dakar Embassy
Countries:
[128][129]
[130][131]
 Seychelles Victoria Embassy [132]
 Sierra Leone Freetown Embassy [133][134]
 Somalia Mogadishu Embassy [135]
 South Africa Pretoria Embassy [136][137]
Cape Town Consulate General
Durban Consulate General
Johannesburg Consulate General
 South Sudan Juba Embassy [138][139]
 Tanzania Dar es Salaam Embassy [140][141]
 Togo Lomé Embassy [142][143]
[144][145]
 Tunisia Tunis Embassy
Countries:
[146][147]
[148][149]
[150][151]
[152][153]
[154][155]
 Uganda Kampala Embassy [156][157]
 Zambia Lusaka Embassy [158]
 Zimbabwe Harare Embassy [159][160]

Americas[edit]

The U.S. has embassies (or, in the case of Antigua & Barbuda, a consular agency) in all states it recognizes with the exceptions of Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Venezuela.

Host country Host city Mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Antigua and Barbuda St. John's Consular Agency [161]
 Argentina Buenos Aires Embassy [162][163]
[164]
 Bahamas Nassau Embassy [165][166]
 Barbados Bridgetown Embassy [167][168]
 Belize Belmopan Embassy [169][170]
 Bolivia La Paz Embassy [171][172]
Santa Cruz de la Sierra Consular Agency
 Brazil Brasília Embassy [173][174]
[175]
[176][177]
Porto Alegre Consulate General
Recife Consulate General
Rio de Janeiro Consulate General
São Paulo Consulate General
Belo Horizonte Embassy Branch Office
Fortaleza Consular Agency
Manaus Consular Agency
Salvador Consular Agency
 Canada Ottawa Embassy [178][179]
[180][181]
Calgary Consulate General
Halifax Consulate General
Montreal Consulate General
Quebec City Consulate General
Toronto Consulate General
Vancouver Consulate General
Winnipeg Consulate
 Chile Santiago de Chile Embassy [182][183]
[184][185]
 Colombia Bogotá Embassy
Countries:
[186][187]
[188][189]
[190]
 Costa Rica San José Embassy [191][192]
[193][194]
 Cuba Havana Embassy [195][196]
[197][198]
 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Embassy [199][200]
Bávaro Consular Agency [201][202]
Puerto Plata Consular Agency
 Ecuador Quito Embassy [203][204]
[205][206]
Guayaquil Consulate General
 El Salvador San Salvador Embassy [207][208]
[209][210]
 Grenada St. George's Mission [167][168]
 Guatemala Guatemala City Embassy [211][212]
[213][214]
 Guyana Georgetown Embassy [215][216]
 Haiti Port-au-Prince Embassy [217][218]
 Honduras Tegucigalpa Embassy [219][220]
[221][222]
San Pedro Sula Consular Agency [223][224]
 Jamaica Kingston Embassy [225][226]
[227]
Montego Bay Consular Agency
 Mexico Mexico City Embassy [228][229]
Ciudad Juárez Consulate General
Guadalajara Consulate General
Hermosillo Consulate General
Matamoros Consulate General
Mérida Consulate General
Monterrey Consulate General
Nogales Consulate General
Nuevo Laredo Consulate General
Tijuana Consulate General
Acapulco Consular Agency [230]
Cabo San Lucas Consular Agency
Cancún Consular Agency
Mazatlán Consular Agency
Oaxaca City Consular Agency
Piedras Negras Consular Agency
Playa del Carmen Consular Agency
Puerto Vallarta Consular Agency
San Miguel de Allende Consular Agency
 Nicaragua Managua Embassy [231][232]
[233][234]
 Panama Panama City Embassy [235][236]
 Paraguay Asunción Embassy [237][238]
[239][240]
 Peru Lima Embassy [241][242]
[243][244]
Cusco Consular Agency [245][246]
 Suriname Paramaribo Embassy [247][248]
 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Embassy [249]
 Uruguay Montevideo Embassy [250][251]
[252][253]

Asia[edit]

The U.S. has embassies in all countries it recognizes apart from Afghanistan, Bhutan, Iran, North Korea, Syria, and Yemen. It has 'interests sections' in other nations' embassies in Afghanistan, Iran, North Korea, and Syria. It also has a de facto embassy in Taiwan.

Host country Host city Mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Afghanistan Kabul Interests Section[note 2] [254][255]
 Armenia Yerevan Embassy [256][257]
[258][259]
 Azerbaijan Baku Embassy [260][261]
[262][263]
 Bahrain Manama Embassy [264][265]
 Bangladesh Dhaka Embassy [266][267]
[268][269]
 Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Embassy [270][271]
 Cambodia Phnom Penh Embassy [272][273]
[274][275]
 China Beijing Embassy
Countries:
[276][277][278]
Guangzhou Consulate General
Shanghai Consulate General
Shenyang Consulate General
Wuhan Consulate General
Hong Kong Consulate General [279][280]
[281][282]
 Georgia Tbilisi Embassy
Countries:
[283][284]
[285][286]
 India New Delhi Embassy
Countries:
[287][288]
[289]
[290][291]
[292]
[293][294]
[295]
Chennai Consulate General
Hyderabad Consulate General
Kolkata Consulate General
Mumbai Consulate General
 Indonesia Jakarta Embassy [296][297]
[298][299]
Surabaya Consulate General
Medan Consulate
Denpasar Consular Agency
 Iran Tehran Interests Section[note 4] [300][301]
[302][303]
 Iraq Baghdad Embassy [304][305]
[306][307]
Erbil Consulate General
 Israel Jerusalem Embassy [308][309]
 Japan Tokyo Embassy [310][311]
Fukuoka Consulate
Nagoya Consulate
Naha Consulate General
Osaka Consulate General
Sapporo Consulate General
 Jordan Amman Embassy [312][313]
[314][315]
 Kazakhstan Astana Embassy [316][317]
[318][319]
[320][321]
Almaty Consulate General
 Kuwait Kuwait City Embassy [322][323]
[324][325]
 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Embassy [326][327]
[328][329]
[330][331]
 Laos Vientiane Embassy [332][333]
[334][335]
 Lebanon Beirut Embassy [336][337]
[338][339]
 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Embassy [340][341]
[342][343]
 Maldives Malé Mission [344]
 Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Embassy [345][346]
[347][348]
 Myanmar Yangon Embassy [349][350]
   Nepal Kathmandu Embassy [351][352]
 Oman Muscat Embassy [353][354]
[355][356]
 Pakistan Islamabad Embassy [357][358]
[359][360]
[361][362]
Karachi Consulate General
Lahore Consulate General
Peshawar Consulate General
 Philippines Manila Embassy [363]
Cebu City Consular Agency
 Qatar Doha Embassy [364][255]
 Saudi Arabia Riyadh Embassy
Countries:
[365][366]
[367][368][369][370][371]
Dhahran Consulate General
Jeddah Consulate General [372]
 Singapore Singapore Embassy [373]
 South Korea Seoul Embassy [374][375]
[376][377]
Busan Consulate
 Sri Lanka Colombo Embassy [378][379]
[380]
 Syria Damascus Interests Section[note 6] [381][382]
[383][384][385]
 Taiwan[note 7] Taipei American Institute [386][387][388][389]
Kaohsiung Branch Office
 Tajikistan Dushanbe Embassy [390][391]
[392][393]
[394][395]
 Thailand Bangkok Embassy [396][397]
[398][399]
Chiang Mai Consulate General
 Timor Leste Dili Embassy [400][401]
 Turkey Ankara Embassy [402][403]
[404][405]
Istanbul Consulate General
Adana Consulate
Izmir Consular Agency [406][407]
 Turkmenistan Ashgabat Embassy [408][409]
[410][411]
[412][413]
 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Embassy [414]
Dubai Consulate General
 Uzbekistan Tashkent Embassy [415][416]
[417][418]
[419][420]
 Vietnam Hanoi Embassy [421][422]
[423][424]
Ho Chi Minh City Consulate General

Europe[edit]

The U.S. has embassies in (or, in the case of Vatican City, near) all countries it recognizes apart from Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco, and San Marino.

Host country Host city Mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Albania Tirana Embassy [425][426]
[427][428]
 Austria Vienna Embassy [429][430]
[431][432]
 Belgium Brussels Embassy [433][434]
[435][436]
[437][438]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Embassy [439][440]
[441][442]
Banja Luka Embassy Branch Office
Mostar Embassy Branch Office
 Bulgaria Sofia Embassy [443][444]
[445][446]
 Croatia Zagreb Embassy [447][448]
[449][450]
 Cyprus Nicosia Embassy [451][452]
 Czech Republic Prague Embassy [453][454]
[455][456]
 Denmark Copenhagen Embassy [457][458]
[459][460]
Nuuk, Greenland Consulate
 Estonia Tallinn Embassy [461][462]
[463][464]
[465][466]
 Finland Helsinki Embassy [467][468]
 France Paris Embassy [469][470]
[471][472][473]
Bordeaux Consulate General
Lyon Consulate General
Marseille Consulate General
Countries:
Rennes Consulate General
Strasbourg Consulate General
Toulouse American Presence Post
 Germany Berlin Embassy [474][475]
Düsseldorf Consulate General
Frankfurt Consulate General
Hamburg Consulate General
Leipzig Consulate General
Munich Consulate General
 Greece Athens Embassy [476][477]
[478][479]
Thessaloniki Consulate General
 Holy See Rome Embassy [480][note 8]
 Hungary Budapest Embassy [481][482]
[483][484]
 Iceland Reykjavík Embassy [485][486]
 Ireland Dublin Embassy [487]
 Italy Rome Embassy
Countries:
[488][489]
[490][491]
[492][493]
[494][495]
Florence Consulate General
Milan Consulate General
Naples Consulate General
Genoa Consular agency [496]
Palermo Consular agency [497]
Venice Consular agency [498]
 Kosovo Pristina Embassy [499][500]
[501][502]
[503][504]
 Latvia Riga Embassy [505][506]
[507][508]
[509][510]
 Lithuania Vilnius Embassy [511][512]
[513][514]
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Embassy [515]
 Malta Attard Embassy [516][517]
 Moldova Chișinău Embassy [518][519]
[520][521]
[522][523]
 Montenegro Podgorica Embassy [524][525]
[526][527]
 Netherlands The Hague Embassy [528][529]
Amsterdam Consulate General
Willemstad, Curaçao Consulate General [530][531]
 North Macedonia Skopje Embassy [532][533]
[534][535]
[536][537]
 Norway Oslo Embassy [538][539]
Tromsø American Presence Post [540][541]
 Poland Warsaw Embassy [542][543]
[544][545]
Kraków Consulate General
Poznań Consular agency
 Portugal Lisbon Embassy [546][547]
[548][549]
Ponta Delgada Consulate
 Romania Bucharest Embassy [550][551]
[552][553]
 Russia Moscow Embassy [554][555]
[556][557]
 Serbia Belgrade Embassy [558][559]
[560][561]
 Slovakia Bratislava Embassy [562][563]
[564][565]
 Slovenia Ljubljana Embassy [566][567]
 Spain Madrid Embassy
Countries:
[568][569]
[570][571]
[572][573]
Barcelona Consulate General
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Consular agency [574]
Málaga Consular agency
Palma de Mallorca Consular agency
Seville Consular agency
Valencia Consular agency
 Sweden Stockholm Embassy [575][576]
  Switzerland Bern Embassy
Countries:
International Organizations:
[577][578]
Geneva Consular agency
Zürich Consular agency
 Ukraine Kyiv Embassy [579]
 United Kingdom London Embassy [580][581]
[582][583]
[584]
Belfast Consulate General
Edinburgh Consulate General
Hamilton, Bermuda Consulate General
George Town, Cayman Islands Consular agency

Oceania[edit]

The U.S. has embassies in all countries it recognizes apart from the Cook Islands, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. However, in Kiribati, an embassy is planned to open.[585]

Host country Host city Mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 Australia Canberra Embassy [586][587]
Melbourne Consulate General
Perth Consulate General
Sydney Consulate General
 Fiji Suva Embassy
Countries:
[588][589]
 Marshall Islands Majuro Embassy [590][591]
 New Zealand Wellington Embassy
Countries:
[592]
Auckland Consulate General
 Micronesia Kolonia Embassy [593]
 Palau Koror Embassy [594][595]
 Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Embassy
Countries:
[596]
 Samoa Apia Embassy [597][598]
 Solomon Islands Honiara Embassy [599]
 Tonga Nuku'alofa Embassy [600]

International organizations[edit]

Organization Host city Host country Mission Concurrent accreditation Ref.
 African Union Addis Ababa Ethiopia Delegation [601][602]
 ASEAN Jakarta Indonesia Mission [603][604]
Asian Development Bank Manila Philippines Delegation [605]
 European Union Brussels Belgium Mission [606]
ICAO Montreal Canada Delegation
 NATO Brussels Belgium Mission [607]
OECD Paris France Delegation [608]
 Organization of American States Washington, D.C. United States Delegation [609][610]
International Monetary Fund Washington, D.C. United States Permanent Mission
World Bank Washington, D.C. United States Permanent Mission
OSCE Vienna Austria Delegation [611][612]
[613][614]
Pacific Community Nouméa New Caledonia Permanent Mission
 United Nations New York City United States Permanent Mission [615][616]
[617]
[618][619]
[620][621]
[622]
Geneva Switzerland Delegation
Nairobi Kenya Permanent Mission
Rome Italy Delegations
Vienna Austria Delegations
 UNESCO Paris France Delegation

Closed missions[edit]

Africa[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Year closed Ref.
 Algeria Annaba Consulate 1944 [623][624]
Constantine Consulate 1972 [623][624]
Oran Consulate 1993 [624]
 Guinea-Bissau Bissau Embassy 1998
 Libya Tripoli Embassy 2014 [625]
Benghazi Consulate 2012
 Morocco Tangier Legation 1956
 Nigeria Kaduna Consulate 1956 [626]
 Sudan Khartoum Embassy 2023
 Zaire Bukavu Consulate Unknown [627]
Kisangani Consulate Unknown [627]
Lubumbashi Consulate 1995 [628][629]

Americas[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Year closed Ref.
 Antigua and Barbuda St. John's Embassy 1994
 Colombia Cartagena Consulate 1948 [630]
 Texas Austin Legation 1849
 Hawaiian Kingdom Honolulu Legation 1893
 Republic of Hawaii Honolulu Legation 1898
 Venezuela Caracas Embassy 2019 [631][632]
Maracaibo Consular Agency 2019

Asia[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Year closed Ref.
 Afghanistan Kabul Embassy 2021 [633][255]
 China Nanjing Embassy 1950
Qingdao Consulate-General 1950
 Republic of China Taipei Embassy 1979
 China Chengdu Consulate-General 2020 [634]
 Iraq Basra Consulate-General 2018 [635][636]
 Iran Tehran Embassy 1979
Tabriz Consulate-General 1979
 Israel Haifa Consular agency 2019 [637]
 Japan Yokohama Consulate 1973 [638]
 Philippines Cebu City Consulate Unknown [639]
Davao City Consulate Unknown [639]
 South Vietnam Saigon Embassy 1975
 South Yemen Aden Embassy 1969 [640]
 Syria Damascus Embassy 2012 [641]
 Yemen Sana'a Embassy 2015 [642]

Europe[edit]

Host country Host city Mission Year closed Ref.
 Belarus Minsk Embassy 2022 [643]
 Germany Bremen Consular agency 2018 [644]
 Italy Genoa Consulate-General 1993 [626][645]
Palermo Consulate 1994 [626]
 Norway Bergen Consulate 1953 [646]
 Portugal Porto Consulate 1966 [647]
 Soviet Union Odessa Consulate 1991
 Sweden Gothenburg Consulate 1988 [648]
 Russia Odessa Consulate 1918
Saint Petersburg Consulate-General 2018
Vladivostok Consulate-General 2020 [649][650]
Yekaterinburg Consulate-General 2020 [651][652]
 Ukraine Lviv Consular 2022 [653]
 United Kingdom Birmingham Consulate 1965 [654]
Bradford Consulate 1953 [654]
Bristol Consulate 1948 [654]
Cardiff Consulate 1963 [654]
Glasgow Consulate 1965 [654]
Kingston upon Hull Consulate 1948 [654]
Liverpool Consulate 1962 [654]
Manchester Consulate 1963 [654]
Newcastle-on-Tyne Consulate 1953 [654]
Plymouth Consulate 1948 [654]
Southampton Consulate 1948 [654]

Embassies to open[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ On 5 April 2019, the United States signed a protecting power agreement with Switzerland to represent its interests in Venezuela, however, the agreement is not yet operational as it has not been approved by Maduro's government due to the United States rejecting Maduro's government's proposal to have Turkey as its protecting power as the United States only recognizes Guaidó as interim president. In the meantime, a "Venezuela Affairs Unit" section at the U.S. Embassy in Bogota, Colombia serves as an interim diplomatic office to Venezuela.
  2. ^ Under the protecting power of Qatar.
  3. ^ The United States does not have diplomatic relations with North Korea, and as such has its interests represented Sweden, through its embassy in Pyongyang. Nonetheless, the US Embassy in Beijing attends to consular needs of US citizens in North Korea
  4. ^ Under the protecting power of Switzerland.
  5. ^ The U.S. Embassy in Sanaa suspended operations on February 11, 2015, in the midst of the Yemeni civil war; however, the United States did not sever diplomatic relations with Yemen. Working from the U.S. Embassy in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia under the authority of the U.S. Ambassador to Yemen, U.S. diplomats in the Yemen Affairs Unit maintained regular dialogue with the Republic of Yemen Government.
  6. ^ The embassy suspended operations and closed for normal consular services on February 6th, 2012. Since March 1st, 2013, a U.S. Interests Section operates in Damascus under the protecting power of Czechia. Only emergency services for U.S. citizens are available. Neither U.S. passports nor visas to the United States can be issued in Damascus.
  7. ^ The United States does not formally recognize the Republic of China on Taiwan. Unofficial relations are conducted through the AIT, a de facto embassy.
  8. ^ The U.S. embassy to the Holy See is located outside Vatican territory in Rome.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China beats United States to top 2024 Global Diplomacy Index | Lowy Institute". www.lowyinstitute.org. Retrieved 2024-02-25.
  2. ^ "Lowy Institute Global Diplomacy Index 2024". Lowy Institute. Retrieved 2024-02-25.
  3. ^ Morocco Country Study Guide. Washington, DC: International Business Publications, USA. April 1, 2006. p. 94. ISBN 9780739715147. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  4. ^ Speeches and editorials 2007 – U.S. Embassy The Hague, Netherlands Archived June 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Atlantic World – Collections – Memory of the Netherlands – Online ima…". 5 July 2015. Archived from the original on 27 January 2018.
  6. ^ "The Adams Timeline". The Massachusetts Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2011-08-06. Retrieved 2012-10-25.
  7. ^ The John Adams Institute, American culture and literature, Lectures(archive)
  8. ^ US embassy report on Dutch-American Friendship Day. (archive)
  9. ^ United States Department of State, Timeline of U.S. Diplomatic History, 1775–1783 Diplomacy and the American Revolution. Accessed 29 August 2008.
  10. ^ "U.S. Consulate General Kolkata". U.S. Embassy & Consulates in India. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  11. ^ "American History on Foreign Soil: The Tangier American Legation in Morocco | National Trust for Historic Preservation". savingplaces.org. Retrieved 2023-08-29.
  12. ^ Aitken, Lauren (2023-08-21). "Tangier Old Legation: America's First Diplomatic Property". The National Museum of American Diplomacy. Retrieved 2023-08-29.
  13. ^ a b Loeffler, Jane C. (1998). Architecture of Diplomacy: Building America. Princeton Architectural Press. p. 13.
  14. ^ "Confederate States of America records, 1854–1889". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-10-25.
  15. ^ United States Department of State, Websites of U.S. Embassies, Consulates, and Diplomatic Missions Archived 2008-12-05 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 29 August 2008.
  16. ^ "Homepage". U.S. Embassy in Algeria. Retrieved 2022-04-07.
  17. ^ "Embassy". U.S. Embassy in Algeria. Retrieved 2022-04-07.
  18. ^ "الصفحة الرئيسية". سفارة الولايات المتحدة في الجزائر (in Arabic). Retrieved 2022-04-07.
  19. ^ "السفارة". سفارة الولايات المتحدة في الجزائر (in Arabic). Retrieved 2022-04-07.
  20. ^ "Accueil". Ambassade des États-Unis en Algérie (in French). Retrieved 2022-04-07.
  21. ^ "Ambassade". Ambassade des États-Unis en Algérie (in French). Retrieved 2022-04-07.
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