Wikibooks

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Wikibooks
Wikibooks logo from 2009 to the present
Screenshot
Detail of the Wikibooks main page. All major Wikibooks projects are listed by number of articles.
Screenshot of wikibooks.org home page
Type of site
Textbooks wiki
Available inMultilingual (77 active)[1]
OwnerWikimedia Foundation
Created byUser Karl Wick and the Wikimedia Community
URLwikibooks.org
CommercialNo
RegistrationOptional
LaunchedJuly 10, 2003; 20 years ago (2003-07-10)
Current statusActive
Growth of the eight largest Wikibooks sites (by language), July 2003–January 2010

Wikibooks (previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks) is a wiki-based Wikimedia project hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation for the creation of free content digital textbooks and annotated texts that anyone can edit.

Initially, the project was created solely in English in July 2003; a later expansion to include additional languages was started in July 2004.[2] As of May 2024, there are Wikibooks sites active for 77 languages[1] comprising a total of 377,374 articles and 1,357 recently active editors.[3]

History[edit]

The wikibooks.org domain was registered on July 19, 2003.[4] It was launched to host and build free textbooks on subjects such as organic chemistry and physics, in response to a request by Wikipedia contributor Karl Wick.[5][6] Two major sub-projects, Wikijunior and Wikiversity, were created within Wikibooks before its official policy was later changed so that future incubator-type projects are started according to the Wikimedia Foundation's new project policy.[clarification needed]

In August 2006, Wikiversity became an independent Wikimedia Foundation project.[7]

Since 2008, Wikibooks has been included in BASE.[8]

In June 2016, Compete.com estimated that Wikibooks had 1,478,812 unique visitors.[9]

Wikijunior[edit]

Wikijunior is a subproject of Wikibooks that specializes in books for children. The project consists of both a magazine and a website, and is currently being developed in English, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, Arabic and Bangla. It is funded by a grant from the Beck Foundation.[citation needed]

Book content[edit]

Visualization of the development in the German Wikibook project Mathe für Nicht-Freaks

While some books are original, others began as text copied over from other sources of free content textbooks found on the Internet. All of the site's content is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike license (or a compatible license). This means that, as with its sister project, Wikipedia, contributions remain copyrighted to their creators, while the licensing ensures that it can be freely distributed and reused subject to certain conditions.

How English Wikibooks is structured

Wikibooks differs from Wikisource in that Wikisource collects exact copies and original translations of existing free content works, such as the original text of Shakespearean plays, while Wikibooks is dedicated either to original works, significantly altered versions of existing works, or annotations to original works.

Multilingual statistics[edit]

As of May 2024, there are Wikibooks sites for 121 languages of which 77 are active and 44 are closed.[1] The active sites have 377,374 articles and the closed sites have 671 articles.[3] There are 4,703,677 registered users of which 1,357 are recently active.[3]

The top ten Wikibooks language projects by mainspace article count:[3]

No. Language Wiki Good Total Edits Admins Users Active users Files
1 English en 98,182 290,734 4,249,436 10 3,464,688 376 2,689
2 Vietnamese vi 49,898 90,618 509,741 2 18,327 14 1,009
3 Hungarian hu 41,594 99,969 469,988 3 14,921 15 21,358
4 German de 31,446 77,837 1,029,738 8 111,962 70 7,825
5 French fr 20,054 57,533 717,629 7 117,973 46 169
6 Italian it 17,379 38,320 453,676 3 51,072 102 774
7 Japanese ja 14,737 28,251 248,621 4 83,161 49 430
8 Portuguese pt 13,637 80,462 493,784 3 69,263 33 1,031
9 Spanish es 9,282 39,110 415,460 9 123,677 63 0
10 Dutch nl 9,090 29,447 387,709 8 28,363 27 21

For a complete list with totals, see Wikimedia Statistics.[10]

Reception[edit]

Meng-Fen et al suggested that while there isn't much social connection between contributors of wikibooks, the contributors had no major issues coordinating to write books.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wikimedia's MediaWiki API:Sitematrix. Retrieved May 2024 from Data:Wikipedia statistics/meta.tab
  2. ^ "Wikibooks Statistics - Article count (official)". Wikimedia. Archived from the original on 14 April 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Wikimedia's MediaWiki API:Siteinfo. Retrieved May 2024 from Data:Wikipedia statistics/data.tab
  4. ^ "Wikibooks.org Whois Record". DomainTools, LLC. Archived from the original on 23 January 2022. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Talk:Science Hypertextbook project". Wikimedia Meta-Wiki. Wikimedia Foundation. June 23, 2003. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  6. ^ Wick, Karl (June 17, 2003). "a spot for WP textbook devel". wikien-l@lists.wikimedia.org (Mailing list). Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  7. ^ "Wikipedia, now serving K-12 and over". Mental Floss. 2006-08-04. Archived from the original on 2019-09-28. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  8. ^ Wikibooks: Viquillibres: Portada. Archived from the original on 28 November 2022. Retrieved 15 January 2018. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)
  9. ^ "Site Profile for wikibooks.org". compete. Archived from the original on 2010-06-08. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
  10. ^ "Wikibooks Statistics". Meta.Wikimedia.org. Archived from the original on 13 September 2020. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  11. ^ Lin, Meng-Fen Grace; Sajjapanroj, Suthiporn; Bonk, Curtis J. (October 2011). "Wikibooks and Wikibookians: Loosely Coupled Community or a Choice for Future Textbooks?". IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies. 4 (4): 327–339. doi:10.1109/TLT.2011.12. Retrieved 2024-03-14.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]