Wikibooks

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Wikibooks
Wikibooks logo from 2009 to the present
Screenshot
Detail of the Wikibooks main page. All major Wikibooks projects are listed by number of articles.
Screenshot of wikibooks.org home page
Type of site
Textbooks wiki
Available inMultilingual (76 active)[1]
OwnerWikimedia Foundation
Created byUser Karl Wick and the Wikimedia Community
URLwww.wikibooks.org
CommercialNo
RegistrationOptional
LaunchedJuly 10, 2003; 18 years ago (2003-07-10)
Current statusActive
Growth of the eight largest Wikibooks sites (by language), July 2003–January 2010

Wikibooks (previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks) is a wiki-based Wikimedia project hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation for the creation of free content digital textbooks and annotated texts that anyone can edit.

Initially, the project was created solely in English in July 2003; a later expansion to include additional languages was started in July 2004.[2] As of July 2022, there are Wikibooks sites active for 76 languages[1] comprising a total of 314,683 articles and 1,434 recently active editors.[3]

History[edit]

The wikibooks.org domain was registered on July 19, 2003 (2003-07-19).[4] It was launched to host and build free textbooks on subjects such as organic chemistry and physics. Two major sub-projects, Wikijunior and Wikiversity, were created within Wikibooks before its official policy was later changed so that future incubator-type projects are started according to the Wikimedia Foundation's new project policy.[clarification needed]

In August 2006, Wikiversity became an independent Wikimedia Foundation project.[5]

Since 2008, Wikibooks has been included in BASE.[6]

In June 2016, Compete.com estimated that Wikibooks had 1,478,812 unique visitors.[7]

Wikijunior[edit]

Wikijunior is a subproject of Wikibooks that specializes in books for children. The project consists of both a magazine and a website, and is currently being developed in English, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, Arabic and Bangla. It is funded by a grant from the Beck Foundation.

Book content[edit]

Visualization of the development in the German Wikibook project Mathe für Nicht-Freaks

While some books are original, others began as text copied over from other sources of free content textbooks found on the Internet. All of the site's content is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike license (or a compatible license). This means that, as with its sister project, Wikipedia, contributions remain copyrighted to their creators, while the licensing ensures that it can be freely distributed and reused subject to certain conditions.

Wikibooks differs from Wikisource in that Wikisource collects exact copies and original translations of existing free content works, such as the original text of Shakespearean plays, while Wikibooks is dedicated either to original works, significantly altered versions of existing works, or annotations to original works.

Multilingual statistics[edit]

As of July 2022, there are Wikibooks sites for 120 languages of which 76 are active and 44 are closed.[1] The active sites have 314,683 articles and the closed sites have 671 articles.[3] There are 4,520,520 registered users of which 1,434 are recently active.[3]

The top ten Wikibooks language projects by mainspace article count:[3]

Language Wiki Good Total Edits Admins Users Active users Files
1 English en 94,620 279,018 4,036,151 10 3,387,799 336 2,711
2 Hungarian hu 34,171 87,470 421,844 3 13,140 20 21,149
3 German de 30,497 75,940 995,413 8 106,514 86 7,695
4 French fr 18,379 55,309 680,275 7 110,108 51 169
5 Italian it 15,846 35,567 429,684 4 47,174 43 771
6 Japanese ja 13,387 24,947 203,663 4 69,054 61 397
7 Portuguese pt 13,274 79,503 478,692 3 64,040 39 1,031
8 Vietnamese vi 10,442 22,552 390,619 3 16,378 12 991
9 Spanish es 9,299 38,198 403,959 10 118,438 62 0
10 Dutch nl 8,682 28,248 362,940 10 26,246 21 20

For a complete list with totals, see Wikimedia Statistics.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wikimedia's MediaWiki API:Sitematrix. Retrieved July 2022 from Data:Wikipedia statistics/meta.tab
  2. ^ "Wikibooks Statistics - Article count (official)". Wikimedia. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Wikimedia's MediaWiki API:Siteinfo. Retrieved July 2022 from Data:Wikipedia statistics/data.tab
  4. ^ "Wikibooks.org Whois Record". DomainTools, LLC. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Wikipedia, now serving K-12 and over". mentalfloss.com. 2006-08-04. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  6. ^ Suchmaschine BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine): Wikibooks: Viquillibres : Portada. www.base-search.net. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Site Profile for wikibooks.org" Archived 2010-06-08 at the Wayback Machine, compete, retrieved July 19, 2016
  8. ^ "Wikibooks Statistics". Meta.Wikimedia.org. Retrieved 11 September 2020.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]