From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
Shane Brandon McMahon
January 15, 1970
|Alma mater||Boston University|
|Occupation||professional wrestler, businessman|
|Title||Founder and executive chairman of Ideanomics|
|Ring name(s)||Shane McMahon|
|Billed height||6 ft 2 in (188 cm)|
|Billed weight||230 lb (104 kg)|
|Billed from||Greenwich, Connecticut|
New York City
|Trained by||Tom Prichard|
Shane Brandon McMahon (//; born January 15, 1970) is an American businessman and professional wrestler. He is best known for his tenure in WWE, where he was a wrestler, producer and minority owner. He is the founder and executive chairman of Ideanomics, formerly Seven Stars Cloud Group.
The son of Vince McMahon, he is a fourth-generation wrestling promoter as a member of the McMahon family. He began working in WWE at age 15, starting in their warehouse, where he filled merchandise orders. McMahon was also a referee, producer, announcer, and eventually a wrestler, while also becoming WWE's Executive Vice President of Global Media behind the scenes. As a wrestler, he has won the European Championship once, the Hardcore Championship once, the SmackDown Tag Team Championship once, and the WWE World Cup in 2018.
On January 1, 2010, McMahon announced his resignation from WWE. Later that year, he became CEO of entertainment service company YOU On Demand. On July 12, 2013, McMahon stepped down as CEO of YOU On Demand and appointed Weicheng Liu as his successor, while remaining the company's principal executive officer and Vice Chairman of the Board until 2021, when McMahon was promoted to Executive Chairman. In 2016, he returned to WWE and appeared as a prominent figure for the next four years. From 2020, McMahon appeared and wrestled sporadically on television until his departure from WWE on February 2, 2022.
Shane Brandon McMahon was born on January 15, 1970 in Gaithersburg, Maryland to Vince and Linda McMahon. He has one younger sister, Stephanie McMahon. After graduating from Greenwich High School in 1987, he attended Boston University and in 1993 earned a degree in communications.
Professional wrestling career
World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment
Early years (1988−1997)
McMahon began his on-screen career as a referee named Shane Stevens. As Shane Stevens, McMahon refereed during the inaugural 1988 Royal Rumble match, and in 1990 he was the first performer to walk out to greet the audience at WrestleMania VI. McMahon soon left behind his refereeing duties and took on the role of a backstage official at WrestleMania VIII in an attempt to break up a storyline brawl between Randy Savage and Ric Flair. McMahon would then mainly work behind the scenes, launching WWF.com in 1997.
The Corporation (1998–2000)
Shane McMahon made his first appearances as a regular on-air character in early 1998, when he was one of the main WWF executives negotiating with Mike Tyson during Tyson's heavily-hyped involvement in WrestleMania. He became a recurring part of his father's on-air feud with Stone Cold Steve Austin. In the early days of that angle, McMahon offered support for his father in cameo roles, but he did not become an enforcer like Gerald Brisco and Pat Patterson. McMahon was a color commentator on Sunday Night Heat alongside Jim Cornette and later Kevin Kelly, and announced with Jerry Lawler on the 1999 videogame WWF Attitude. Concurrently with this, Shane took on the role as a regular character, turning on his father by signing Austin to a contract after Vince demoted him to the position of referee. Yet at Survivor Series, Shane turned heel by turning on Austin and became an official member of The Corporation.[unreliable source?]
In February 1999, McMahon moved away from the commentary role on Heat and became a key component in the Corporation angle, winning the European Championship from X-Pac. The two met in a rematch at WrestleMania XV; McMahon got help from his childhood friends the Mean Street Posse and Triple H, who turned on X-Pac during the match, to retain the championship.[unreliable source?] McMahon then retired the title, wanting to retire as an "undefeated champion". McMahon later gave the title to Mideon, who found it in McMahon's duffel bag, thus reactivating it.
After WrestleMania, Vince briefly made his second face run and Shane took control of the Corporation. With wrestlers such as Triple H in this new faction, Shane feuded with his father and a new faction made up of former Corporation members, The Union. On the UPN pilot for SmackDown!, Shane joined forces with The Undertaker and the Ministry of Darkness to form the Corporate Ministry. Eventually, Vince was revealed to be the mastermind behind this faction, and his face turn was explained to be a plot to get the WWF Championship off Austin. Austin then met Shane and Vince in a ladder match at the King of the Ring for ownership of the WWF, as in the storyline, Austin had 50%, which was assigned to him by Linda and Stephanie McMahon, upset by Vince and Shane's complicity in the storyline kidnapping of Stephanie by the Corporate Ministry, while Vince and Shane each had 25%. Shane and Vince won the match when a mystery associate raised the briefcase out of Austin's reach when he climbed the ladder, allowing Vince and Shane to grab the case and regain 100% ownership of the WWF.[unreliable source?] In 1999, McMahon was awarded the Pro Wrestling Illustrated Rookie of the Year award but he declined to accept it stating “These are for the boys, not me”.
With his ownership reinstated, McMahon shifted his sights to, then babyface, Test, who was kayfabe dating Shane's sister, Stephanie. Shane disapproved of the relationship, feeling Stephanie was dating "beneath the family's standards", and wound up feuding with Test. With help from the Mean Street Posse, McMahon made Test's life a living hell. At SummerSlam, McMahon met Test in a "Love Her or Leave Her" match, with the stipulation being that if McMahon won the match, Test and Stephanie could no longer see each other, and if he lost, McMahon would give his blessings to the pair. Test was able to get the win, and McMahon eventually settled his differences with Test, thus making his second face run by becoming his ally. As his father, Vince, then feuded with Triple H, Shane was attacked in early December 1999 by Triple H and D-Generation X (D-X). He was thrown off the stage in a gang-style attack, in which Billy Gunn and Road Dogg prevented members of the Corporation from saving Shane. Later in the year, Stephanie turned heel, siding with her new kayfabe husband then-heel, Triple H (the two began their off-screen relationship around this time, but did not marry in real life until 2003). With that, the McMahon-Helmsley Faction began, and all of the other McMahons disappeared from television.
At No Way Out, Shane made his return as a heel again by trying to help Big Show defeat The Rock; these efforts failed as Vince returned the next Monday night on Raw Is War, when the Rock got a rematch against Big Show and helped The Rock win the match. This started the road to WrestleMania 2000, wherein the four-way main event each wrestler had a McMahon in his corner. The Rock had Vince, Big Show had Shane, Triple H had Stephanie, and Mick Foley had Shane's mother, Linda McMahon. Big Show was the first man eliminated, and soon after he and Shane went their separate ways. This led to a match between the two at Judgment Day, which McMahon won after receiving help from Test and Albert, amongst others. Over the course of the next several months, McMahon allied himself with other heel wrestlers, specially Chris Benoit in his feud over the WWF Championship with The Rock.[unreliable source?] He was also aligned with Edge and Christian, who helped him win the Hardcore Championship from Steve Blackman. McMahon met Blackman in a rematch at SummerSlam, losing the title after falling 50 feet (15 m) through the stage. McMahon climbed up the set and tried to run away from Blackman, who gave chase and hit Shane with a Singapore cane, knocking him off. McMahon then disappeared from television, making occasional cameo appearances.
The Alliance (2001–2002)
In 2001, Shane made his third face run by once again feuding with his father, Vince. The feud with Vince was due to the elder McMahon's (kayfabe) affair with Trish Stratus and Vince's spite and demand to divorce Linda McMahon. As fate would have it, rival World Championship Wrestling (WCW) was sold to the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) one week before the Father versus Son match at WrestleMania X-Seven. In terms of the storyline, Vince demanded that Ted Turner sign the contract at WrestleMania X-Seven. With Vince's ego getting the best of him, Shane was able to seize the opportunity and purchase WCW himself, to the shock of Vince. McMahon defeated his father at WrestleMania X-Seven, in a Street Fight. At Backlash, McMahon debuted his theme song "Here Comes The Money" and was in a Last Man Standing match against Big Show. McMahon performed the Leap of Faith (from the top of the scaffolding), knocking himself and Show out. Test helped McMahon to his feet, causing McMahon to get the victory.
McMahon then began a feud with Kurt Angle. By the King of the Ring, on June 24, McMahon's feud with Angle had culminated. After already participating in two tournament matches that night, Angle wrestled McMahon in a Street Fight. After a suplex on the hard floor, Angle was thought to have cracked his tailbone. Angle also delivered an overhead belly to belly suplex through the plated glass stage set, but McMahon did not break through on the first attempt, causing him to fall head-first onto the concrete floor. After a successful second attempt, Angle was to put him through a second plate back out to the stage and again failed two more times. Angle proceeded to bodily hurl him through the plate glass. The match also had Shane missing a shooting star press and landing on a trash can, and ended with Angle performing the Angle Slam off the top rope before scoring the victory over a bloodied McMahon.[unreliable source?]
McMahon then began to lead his WCW wrestlers against his father and the WWF wrestlers, eventually turning heel by joining forces with Paul Heyman and his brand of Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) wrestlers, along with their new owner, McMahon's sister Stephanie McMahon-Helmsley. Calling themselves The Alliance, they pledged to finally run the WWF (and specifically their father) out of business. Ultimately, The Invasion came to a head at Survivor Series in a match to determine which power would ultimately have control. The team, each respectively representing The Alliance and the WWF, of McMahon, Stone Cold Steve Austin, Kurt Angle, Rob Van Dam, and Booker T lost to the team of The Rock, Chris Jericho, The Undertaker, Kane, and Big Show.[unreliable source?] The following night on Raw, Vince publicly fired both Shane and Stephanie, which Shane took in stride, admitting that he lost to the better man, while Stephanie pleaded with her father before being forcefully removed from the arena. Aside from a brief appearance on the July 15, 2002 episode of Raw, McMahon would not be seen on television for almost two years.
Feud with Kane and hiatus (2003–2005)
McMahon made his first on-screen appearance in two years on an episode of SmackDown! before WrestleMania XIX, watching his father's training in the gym to prepare his match against Hulk Hogan. At WrestleMania XIX, he went to check on his father's welfare following a Street Fight with Hulk Hogan, with Hogan welcoming Shane in the ring and then walking out.[unreliable source?] He returned as a face in the summer of 2003 by getting involved in a feud with Eric Bischoff, who had made improper remarks and gestures to Shane's mother Linda. He defeated Bischoff in a Falls Count Anywhere match at SummerSlam. McMahon also got involved in a bitter rivalry with Kane after Kane gave Linda a Tombstone Piledriver because she did not name him the number one contender to the World Heavyweight Championship. Their feud culminated in McMahon losing a Last Man Standing match at Unforgiven and an Ambulance match at Survivor Series.
After Survivor Series, McMahon left Raw to focus his attention on the executive creative staff and his new family. At WrestleMania XX, McMahon appeared briefly on camera during the opening of the event with Vince and his newborn son, Declan. On a special 3-hour episode of Raw in October 2005, billed as WWE Homecoming, all four members of the McMahon family were given a Stone Cold Stunner by Stone Cold Steve Austin. The following week, Vince demanded an apology from ringside commentators for not coming to his family's aid, which developed into a new feud. McMahon also appeared at Survivor Series, though he did not appear on television. He can be seen on the DVD extra backstage talking to Theodore Long, when The Boogeyman tried to scare off McMahon, who made no deal about it.
Feud with D-Generation X and Bobby Lashley (2006–2007)
McMahon returned in 2006 as a heel by again siding with his father to help in the feud with Shawn Michaels. At the 2006 Royal Rumble, Shane (despite not competing in the match) eliminated Michaels from the Royal Rumble match by throwing him over the top rope.[unreliable source?] After weeks of attacks from behind by Shane, one of which saw him force an unconscious Michaels to kiss Vince's rear end, Shane and Michaels faced each other in a Street Fight on the March 18, 2006 Saturday Night's Main Event XXXII. In a fashion similar to the real-life Montreal Screwjob, Shane put Michaels in the Sharpshooter as Vince called for the bell and gave Shane the victory. The McMahons' feud with Michaels took a religious turn after WrestleMania 22, where Michaels defeated Vince McMahon. Vince claimed that Michaels's victory was a result of "divine intervention" and booked himself and his son in a match at Backlash against Michaels and his tag team partner "God". Around this time, Vince began to act strangely and at one point considered himself a god. Shane, who at this time was referred to by Vince as "the product of his semen", teamed with Vince to defeat Michaels and "God" at Backlash, due to help from the Spirit Squad.[unreliable source?]
This feud later enveloped Triple H, who the McMahons had enlisted to take out Michaels. Triple H was getting frustrated with this, as it was distracting from his quest to regain the WWE Championship. Triple H wound up bashing Shane with his signature weapon, the sledgehammer, in what was considered to be an accident that put Shane out of the ring for a while. Vince (and later Shane, who had recovered) sought to humble Triple H and get some retribution. Triple H then began a feud with the McMahons shortly after, leading to his siding with Shawn Michaels and the reformation of D-Generation X. At SummerSlam, the McMahons were defeated by D-X. About a month later at Unforgiven, The McMahons and then ECW World Champion Big Show faced D-X in a Hell in a Cell match. Shane was injured after Michaels' elbow dropped a chair which was around Shane's neck. D-X emerged victorious at Unforgiven, and Shane disappeared from television.
On the March 5 episode of Raw, McMahon came back to inform his father, Vince, about the "guest referee" for the "Battle of the Billionaires." He told him that their opponents on the Board of Directors had won the vote, 5–4. The McMahons had intended for Shane to be the referee. Instead, the guest referee turned out to be the McMahons' old rival, the Texas rattlesnake Stone Cold Steve Austin. During the "Battle of the Billionaires" match at WrestleMania 23, Shane's attempt to interfere on his father's behalf was stopped by Austin. During the match, Shane was able to hit the Coast to Coast dive with a trash can into Bobby Lashley's face. On April 9, Shane officially joined the Vince/Umaga/Lashley feud when he faced Lashley for the ECW World Championship in a Title vs. Hair match which ended in Shane getting disqualified on purpose by punching the referee. After the match, Umaga, Vince, and Shane all attacked Lashley. At Backlash in a handicap match for the ECW World Championship, Shane along with Vince and Umaga defeated Lashley for the title.[unreliable source?] Vince gained the pin making him the ECW World Champion. At Judgment Day, Lashley faced Shane, Vince, and Umaga again, in a rematch for the ECW World Championship. This time, Lashley won the match, but since he pinned Shane rather than Vince, Vince remained the champion.[unreliable source?] At One Night Stand, Shane and Umaga tried to help Vince retain the ECW World Championship against Lashley, but failed when Lashley speared Vince and pinned him for the win.
On the taped episode of Raw that aired on September 3, Shane, along with his mother Linda and his sister Stephanie, made appearances to confront Vince about his illegitimate child. Shane then returned at Survivor Series to accompany Hornswoggle, alongside his father, in his match against The Great Khali. After that, he was only seen on WWE's pay per view, No Way Out in 2008 talking to Big Show after the latter had his nose legitimately broken going by the plan to push Mayweather's speed by Floyd Mayweather Jr. before again not being seen until June 2008.
Feud with The Legacy and departure (2008–2010)
After the severe injury that Vince McMahon sustained on the June 23 episode of Raw when a sign fell on top of him during his hosting of the "Million Dollar Mania" sweepstakes, Shane requested for the Raw roster to stand together during what was a turbulent time. Shane's plea, however, was ignored and subsequently, Shane and his sister Stephanie urged the roster to show solidarity. On the July 28 episode of Raw, Shane made an appearance to announce Mike Adamle as his and Stephanie's choice to be the new Raw general manager. After Adamle stepped down as general manager, he and Stephanie became the interim on-screen authority figures for the Raw program. On the November 24 episode of Raw, Shane and Stephanie argued over who was in charge, leading to Stephanie telling him that Raw is her show. After being slapped by Stephanie, Shane finished the segment by telling her that from that day onwards, he was going to watch Stephanie run Raw "right into the ground".
At the start of 2009, Randy Orton began a feud with the McMahon family. On the January 19 episode of Raw, Orton punted Mr. McMahon in the head, after he had tried to fire Orton from the company for previous comments made about Stephanie. The following week, Shane returned to television and attacked Orton for his actions, turning face for the first time since 2006. On the February 2 episode of Raw, it was revealed that Orton challenged Shane to a No Holds Barred match at No Way Out, to which he accepted, but was defeated by Orton in the match. The following night on Raw, Shane challenged Orton to a match for that episode's main event. The match ended with Orton punting Shane in the head, as well as performing an RKO on Stephanie McMahon.
Shane returned on the March 30 episode of Raw, alongside Triple H and his father Vince McMahon, to confront and attack The Legacy (Randy Orton, Ted DiBiase, and Cody Rhodes). On the April 6 episode of Raw, it was announced that Shane would compete in a six-man tag team match against The Legacy at Backlash alongside Triple H and Batista, the latter of whom had returned from injury, where the stipulation was that if any member of Orton's team pinned any member of Triple H's team, Orton would win Triple H's WWE Championship; however, if any member of Orton's team was counted out or disqualified, Triple H would retain the title. On the May 4 episode of Raw, Shane's character suffered a broken leg and ankle at the hands of Orton and Legacy as a way to write him out of the story. On January 1, 2010, Shane announced his resignation from WWE.
Return to WWE (2016–2022)
Commissioner of Smackdown and various feuds (2016-2017)
On the February 22, 2016 episode of Raw, Shane returned to WWE as a face for the first time in nearly seven years, interrupting his sister, Stephanie McMahon, receiving the "Vincent J. McMahon Legacy of Excellence" Award from their father, Vince McMahon. Shane announced that the reason he had returned was that he wanted control of Raw, leading to Vince placing Shane in a Hell in a Cell match at WrestleMania 32 against The Undertaker, adding the stipulation that Shane would get control of Raw and Undertaker would no longer be a participant in future WrestleMania events if Shane were to win the match. At WrestleMania, Shane attempted a Leap of Faith off the top of the cell, but Undertaker moved out of the way, and Shane fell through an announce table. Shane was defeated by Undertaker soon after.
Despite losing at WrestleMania, Shane controlled Raw for a month, firstly by his father, Vince, on the Raw after WrestleMania, then for the following three weeks after "popular demand on social media". This led to Stephanie confronting Shane, telling him that their father will decide who will control Raw at Payback, where Vince announced that both Shane and Stephanie would be Co-general managers and have joint control of WWE.
In July, after the announcement of the return of the brand extension with SmackDown moving to Tuesday, Vince appointed Shane as the storyline commissioner of the SmackDown brand and Stephanie as the commissioner of Raw before tasking them to name a general manager for their respective shows. Shane appointed Daniel Bryan as the general manager of SmackDown. At SummerSlam on August 21, Brock Lesnar won his match against Randy Orton by technical knockout and continued to assault Orton as he was being tended to. Shane then confronted Lesnar, which resulted in Shane being attacked by Lesnar with an F-5. On the November 8 episode of SmackDown, Shane agreed to replace an injured Baron Corbin in the traditional Survivor Series tag team elimination match between the two brands. At Survivor Series, Team SmackDown defeated Team Raw. McMahon suffered a legitimate concussion following a spear from Roman Reigns, resulting in his elimination. In December, McMahon would take over host duties for Talking Smack with Daniel Bryan taking time off for family reasons.
On the February 21, 2017 episode of SmackDown, after AJ Styles and Luke Harper simultaneously eliminated each other in a number one contender's battle royal as the final two entrants, McMahon made singles match between the two for the February 28 episode of SmackDown with the winner going on to face Bray Wyatt for the WWE Championship at WrestleMania 33. Styles would originally go on to win the match before McMahon would restart the contest due to Harper having his foot on the rope during the pinfall. After McMahon accidentally distracted Harper, Styles would capitalize and pin Harper once again. That same week, after Randy Orton turned on Wyatt and cashed in his Royal Rumble winning opportunity, McMahon would go on to book a number one contender's match and the now even more infuriated Styles lost to Orton on the March 7 episode of SmackDown. After losing the match, Styles would confront McMahon in the Gorilla position with things getting physical between the pair. The following week, Styles attacked McMahon inside the parking lot, which caused McMahon to be busted open and suffer a storyline concussion. Due to this, Styles was (kayfabe) "fired" from SmackDown. However, as McMahon was about to leave, he went back to the arena and announced that he will face Styles at WrestleMania 33. On April 2, at WrestleMania 33, McMahon lost to AJ Styles in a singles match. On April 4, the first episode of SmackDown after WrestleMania, McMahon, and Styles shook hands.
Feud with Kevin Owens and Sami Zayn (2017–2018)
On the August 1 episode of SmackDown, McMahon had a serious argument with Kevin Owens due to losing to AJ Styles for the United States Championship. Owens demanded a competent referee, so Daniel Bryan chose McMahon to become the special guest referee. The following week on SmackDown, McMahon was accidentally attacked by Styles during a brawl between Styles and Owens. Following the incident, on the August 15 episode of SmackDown, McMahon warned Styles that if he puts his hands on him, he will put his hands on Styles. The warning later came to Owens after he accidentally attacked McMahon. At SummerSlam, McMahon was about to count the pin and declare Owens the winner, however after seeing Styles' foot on the bottom rope, McMahon continued the match. A frustrated Owens pushed McMahon, causing McMahon to push Owens back. This caused a distraction for Styles to win back the United States Championship. On the August 22 episode of SmackDown, McMahon allowed a rematch between Styles and Owens. During the match, McMahon made himself referee after seeing the poor officiating from guest referee Baron Corbin, which caused a confrontation from Owens. This allowed Styles to take advantage and pin Owens to retain the championship. On the September 5 episode of SmackDown, after a brief confrontation with Owens, McMahon proceeded to beat down Owens after warning him not to talk about his family. Soon after, Daniel Bryan then came out to announce that Shane had been "suspended indefinitely" by Vince McMahon, who would be returning to SmackDown next week. On the September 12 episode of SmackDown, CEO and Chairman of WWE, Vince announced that Shane would be facing Owens at Hell in a Cell, in a Hell in a Cell match. At Hell in a Cell, Owens won after being saved by Sami Zayn from McMahon's Leap of Faith from the top of the cell to the announcer's table, then was dragged by Zayn to pin McMahon.
On the October 23 episode of Raw, McMahon fired the first shot in the build of the SmackDown-Raw feud for Survivor Series when he appeared with most of the SmackDown roster to attack the Raw roster, after initially being friendly with Kurt Angle earlier on in the same night. They proceeded to beat up wrestlers part of the Raw roster and bring Angle back to the ring. Then, McMahon told Angle to bring his gold medal and the remains of the roster to Survivor Series and that at Survivor Series, they would finish what they started. However, several weeks later, on the November 14 edition of SmackDown, during the main event between The New Day vs Kevin Owens and Sami Zayn, The Shield announced their presence and came down to the ring to face The New Day in payback for The New Day's distraction on the November 6 episode of Raw costing Seth Rollins and Dean Ambrose the WWE Raw Tag Team Championship. Worse was to come, as when The Usos tried to help, they were attacked by Cesaro and Sheamus, the Raw women's locker room attacked the SmackDown women's locker room, and when the rest of the SmackDown male roster came down with McMahon to the ring to help, they were attacked in turn by the rest of the Raw male roster, including Angle and Braun Strowman. Shane was given two triple powerbombs by The Shield, and an Angle Slam by Angle, as retribution for the trouble the SmackDown roster pulled on Raw the last couple of weeks, and to prove that come to the pay-per-view, Team Raw would be victorious over Team SmackDown. At Survivor Series, Shane was the last man to be eliminated by Triple H, meaning Team SmackDown lost.
On March 11, 2018, at Fastlane, Shane McMahon pulled the referee out of the ring when Kevin Owens covered Dolph Ziggler and pulled Sami Zayn out of the ring when he covered Kevin Owens. On the March 13 episode of SmackDown, Shane McMahon announced his indefinite leave of absence as SmackDown's commissioner. Kevin Owens and Sami Zayn then proceeded to attack Shane McMahon in the ring and behind the entrance. Shane (kayfabe) suffered a laryngeal contusion, trapezius, and rhomboid strains. He was then taken to a local medical facility. On March 26, 2018, WWE.com reported that Shane legitimately had acute diverticulitis while resting with his family in the Caribbean on March 14, and was hospitalized in Antigua for a few days before he was moved to a hospital in New York where doctors also found that Shane has an umbilical hernia that required surgery once the infection was eradicated. McMahon posted the below message to his Instagram account: "Thank you, everyone, for the get well wishes. It truly helps. I'm healing up, and I have the best medicine in the world with me." It was later announced that Shane would team up with Daniel Bryan against Owens and Zayn at WrestleMania 34. McMahon returned on the April 3 episode of SmackDown, to address his WrestleMania match, saying that Owens and Zayn would never be seen in a SmackDown arena again. At WrestleMania, Bryan and McMahon defeated Zayn and Owens.
He then competed at the Greatest Royal Rumble, where he entered the namesake match at #47 before being eliminated after getting choke slammed off the top rope through a table by Braun Strowman. Then, he took time off to heal from the injuries he suffered two months prior, returning on the 1000th edition of SmackDown on October 16 alongside Stephanie McMahon and Vince McMahon on the Truth TV segment hosted by R-Truth and Carmella. Following TLC: Tables, Ladders, & Chairs in December, The McMahon Family (Vince, Stephanie, Shane, and Triple H) appeared on Raw and announced that they would be running both Raw and SmackDown as a group with no general managers.
Best in the World (2018–2019)
At the Crown Jewel event in November, he replaced The Miz after the latter suffered a (kayfabe) injury in the finals of the WWE World Cup, and won by defeating Dolph Ziggler in under three minutes, winning the tournament. The Miz then began a pursuit to form a tag team with Shane, who finally agreed, and the duo faced SmackDown Tag Team Champions The Bar (Cesaro and Sheamus) at the Royal Rumble pay-per-view, winning the titles. At Elimination Chamber the following month, however, they lost the titles to The Usos (Jey Uso and Jimmy Uso), and failed to regain them at Fastlane, after which, McMahon attacking The Miz and taunting Miz's father, turning heel for the first time since 2009. McMahon then began proclaiming himself as the "Best in the World" and scheduled a match between himself and Miz at WrestleMania 35, which Miz requested to be a Falls Count Anywhere match, and Shane agreed. At WrestleMania, McMahon narrowly defeated Miz after being superplexed off a 15-foot platform and landing on top of Miz for the 3 counts although both men were unconscious. On the April 29 edition of Raw, McMahon helped Bobby Lashley defeat Miz, who was drafted to Raw, and then McMahon attacked Miz. Later that night, Miz challenged McMahon to a Steel Cage Match at Money in the Bank, which Shane accepted.
While simultaneously feuding with Miz on Raw, over on SmackDown, Elias and Roman Reigns were drafted to the brand. Shane's father Vince introduced Elias as SmackDown's biggest acquisition on the April 16 episode of SmackDown. The two were confronted by Reigns, who attacked Elias and attacked Vince with the Superman Punch. The following week, Shane called out Reigns for a fight for attacking his father, but Reigns was attacked from behind by Elias, who was assisted by Shane, allying Elias and Shane. Shane then forced Reigns to face The B-Team (Bo Dallas and Curtis Axel) in a handicap match with Elias as the special referee enforcer that Reigns won. The following week on SmackDown, Shane teamed with Elias, Daniel Bryan, and Rowan in a seven-man handicap match and defeated the team of Reigns and The Usos. At Money In The Bank, Shane once again defeated The Miz this time by escaping the cage ending their feud. The following night on RAW, Shane confronted Roman Reigns with Reigns challenging Shane to a match at Super ShowDown which Shane accepted. At Super ShowDown, Shane defeated Roman Reigns after interference from Drew McIntyre. Shane and McIntyre lost to Reigns and The Undertaker in a No Holds Barred tag team match at Extreme Rules.
Following this, McMahon re-ignited his feud with Kevin Owens, after Owens stated his distaste in McMahon's constant dominance on television and began to hit him with the Stunner on countless occasions. McMahon lost to Owens at SummerSlam where had Owens lost he would have quit WWE. McMahon later replaced an injured Elias in a semi-final match against Chad Gable for the 2019 King of the Ring tournament, and Owens was made the referee, and despite McMahon's promise to consider dropping a fine for Owens damaging expensive equipment, Owens allowed Gable to win, and Owens was hereby fired. However, Owens continued to appear on television to issue legal threats, until October 4's WWE SmackDown's 20th Anniversary episode, where McMahon was fired after losing a ladder match against Owens.
Sporadic appearances and departure (2020–2022)
After a ten-month hiatus from television, McMahon returned, as a face, on the August 3, 2020, episode of Raw as the host of Raw Underground, a segment presented as an unsanctioned fight club. It was canceled after the September 21 episode. McMahon then transitioned into the role of backstage producer. On November 22, 2020, he made an appearance at Survivor Series during The Undertaker's retirement ceremony.
In February, incensed at being left out of Raw's Elimination Chamber match, Braun Strowman started to take issue with McMahon. After a failed attempt to rectify things with Strowman, McMahon then began to insult Strowman's intelligence, thus turning heel in the process. Strowman then challenged McMahon to a match on the March 15 episode of Raw, in which McMahon won. Strowman then challenged McMahon to a Steel Cage match at WrestleMania 37 and McMahon accepted. At the event, McMahon was defeated by Strowman.
McMahon returned at the 2022 Royal Rumble event in the namesake match at number 28, lasting until the final three, but was eliminated by the eventual winner Brock Lesnar. McMahon received intense criticism by fans, critics, and employees for his role in and the booking of the rumble match. On February 2, McMahon had been quietly "let go" by the company. The way he put the recent Men's Royal Rumble match together, which had "a lot of changes", which included booking himself to look strong over full time wrestlers, led to bitterness backstage and his departure from the company.[need quotation to verify][need quotation to verify] Prior to his departure, McMahon had been reportedly scheduled to appear at WWE's Elimination Chamber event in Saudi Arabia, according to Sports Illustrated.
Professional wrestling style and persona
McMahon uses a move named "Coast to Coast", where he jumps from the top rope and cross the ring, delivering a kick to an opponent with a trash can. He started using the move after Paul Heyman showed him a video of Rob Van Dam performing the move.
Shane McMahon began working in WWE at age 15, starting in their warehouse, where he filled merchandise orders. McMahon was also a referee, producer, announcer, and eventually a wrestler on-screen, while also becoming WWE's Executive Vice President of Global Media behind the scenes. In 1992, McMahon was already backstage official and working behind the scenes for the company. In 1997, McMahon helped launch WWE's official website. By the turn of the millennium, McMahon was very much a part of the decision process in WWE, and that included creative.
On October 21, 2006, McMahon attended Pride 32 at the Thomas & Mack Center in Paradise, Nevada resulting in speculation that WWE were considering promoting MMA events. On November 17, 2006, WWE and Dream Stage Entertainment officials, the parent company of Pride Fighting Championships, held a meeting at WWE global headquarters in Stamford, Connecticut. The meeting focused on the possibility of the two groups doing some form of business together in the future. Yet on March 27, 2007, Nobuyuki Sakakibara, president of DSE, announced that Station Casinos, Inc. magnate Lorenzo Fertitta, also one of the co-owners of Zuffa, the parent company of the Ultimate Fighting Championship, had made a deal to acquire all the assets of Pride FC from DSE after Pride 34 in a deal worth about US$70 million, thereby ceasing any prospective business between Pride and WWE.
Later in November 2006, McMahon and WWE Canada President Carl De Marco traveled to South America to finalize a major TV deal in Brazil, which allowed their television station to air Raw and SmackDown.
In September 2008, McMahon finalized another major TV deal, this time in Mexico, which allowed WWE programming to air on Mexico's two biggest television networks, Raw on Televisa and SmackDown on TV Azteca.
On October 16, 2009, WWE published a statement from Shane McMahon announcing his resignation from his position as WWE's Executive Vice President of Global Media, and also issued an official press release stating that the resignation was tendered effective January 1, 2010. No specific reason was given for the resignation. McMahon stated in the WWE press release, "Having been associated with this organization for the majority of my life, I feel this is the opportune time in my career to pursue outside ventures." thus ending his 20-year stint with the company on January 1, 2010. McMahon's resignation left only two original members of the McMahon family activities within the company; his father Vince, and his sister, Stephanie.
In May 2020, it was revealed that the reasons for Shane McMahon's resignation from his role as Executive Vice President of WWE in 2009, was because "he realized that his father Vince, saw his sister Stephanie and her husband Triple H as the heirs to the throne" and "was tired of his father Vince, overlooking his ideas" for what he envisioned for the company. In 2022, however, It was reported that despite having a part time WWE contract and no major production role with his family's company, McMahon had in fact had a history with booking Royal Rumble matches, with Sean Ross Sapp of Fightful even stating following the controversy surrounding the 2022 Royal Rumble that "Though he wasn't listed as a producer internally for the Royal Rumble, he helped put the match together, which he's done before in the past."
Other business ventures
Outside of his WWE business ventures, McMahon founded a financial technology company called China Broadband Inc, on October 19, 2004 On August 3, 2010, McMahon became the CEO of China Broadband Inc., a provider of cable broadband services, as well as other digital and analog related services, in Shandong province of China. The company is based in Boulder County, Colorado. Also in 2010, McMahon became the CEO of You On Demand, the first video-on-demand and pay-per-view service in China. In July 2013, McMahon stepped down as CEO of You On Demand. McMahon then remained Executive Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of the company until August 2, 2021, when McMahon was promoted to Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors of the company, which has undergone several name changes since that time, including Wecast Holdings Inc., Seven Stars Cloud Group, Inc., and ultimately, Ideanomics. The company is headquartered in New York City.
McMahon is married to Marissa Mazzola. They have three sons. His sons appeared at WrestleMania 32, accompanying him to the ring in his match against The Undertaker; they have also been seen in the crowd for some of his more recent matches.
McMahon usually wears baseball jerseys for his matches, with the front saying "Shane O Mac" and the back reserved for "McMahon", the name of the pay-per-view in which he's participating, or some other phrase relating to the match and/or his opponent. When his father, Vince, was interviewed in Playboy, he mentioned that although Shane is right-handed, he often throws left-handed punches. McMahon's football jersey number was 61, the same as his father. On July 19, 2017, McMahon was involved in a helicopter crash, but was relatively unharmed.
|1999||Beyond The Mat||Himself||Documentary|
|2002||Rollerball||American Media Mogul||Cameo appearance|
|2019||NCIS: Los Angeles||US Army CID Special Agent Steve Evans||2 episodes|
|1999||WWF Attitude||Voice Only|
|WWF WrestleMania 2000|
|2000||WWF No Mercy|
|WWF SmackDown! 2: Know Your Role|
|2001||WWF SmackDown! Just Bring It|
|2002||WWF WrestleMania X8|
|2006||WWE SmackDown vs. Raw 2007|
|2007||WWE SmackDown vs. Raw 2008|
|2008||WWE SmackDown vs. Raw 2009||Non-Playable Character|
|2009||WWE SmackDown vs. Raw 2010||Non-Playable Character|
|2014||WWE SuperCard||Latest card:|
|2020||WWE 2K Battlegrounds|
Championships and accomplishments
- The Baltimore Sun
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter
- WWE/World Wrestling Entertainment/Federation
- Leiker, Ken; Vancil, Mark, eds. (2003). WWE Unscripted. Pocket Books. p. 201. ISBN 978-0-7434-7761-1.
- "Ideanomics". ideanomics.gcs-web.com. Archived from the original on June 4, 2020. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
- "Shane McMahon's WWE bio". WWE. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
- "WWE". Archived from the original on April 30, 2007. Retrieved June 15, 2007.
- "WrestleMania X8 Shane McMahon FAQ – IGN FAQs". IGN.com. Retrieved August 6, 2007.
- McAdams, Deborah D. (January 8, 2001). "Queen of the ring". Broadcasting & Cable. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved November 28, 2008.
- "Amazing But True..." November 2007.
- WWE Magazine (November 2007). "Shane McMahon in pinstripes". Things you never knew: 96.
- "Survivor Series 1998 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved August 22, 2007.
- "Shane McMahon's European Title History". WWE.com. Retrieved July 18, 2007.
- "WrestleMania XV Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved August 22, 2007.
- "King of the Rings 1999 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved August 22, 2007.
- "Here Comes to the Money: The Career of Shane McMahon". February 28, 2016.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 104.
- "No Way Out 2000 Results". World Wrestling Entertainment. Archived from the original on December 13, 2007. Retrieved October 9, 2008.
- "WWF Judgement Day 2000". Cagematch.net. Retrieved September 22, 2020.
- "Raw is War – July 10, 2000 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- "Shane McMahon's Hardcore Title History". WWE.com. Retrieved July 18, 2007.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 106.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 107.
- "Backlash 2001 Results". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "King of the Ring 2001 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved August 22, 2007.
- "Survivor Series 2001 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved August 22, 2007.
- "WrestleMania XIX Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved August 22, 2007.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. pp. 113–114.
- Martin, Finn (October 22, 2003). "Power Slam Magazine, issue 112". Goldberg grabs gold (Unforgiven 2003). SW Publishing. pp. 22–23.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing Group. 2007. p. 114.
- WrestleMania XX (DVD). WWE Home Video. 2004.
- Survivor Series 2005 (DVD). WWE Home Video. 2005.
- "Royal Rumble 2006 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved August 14, 2007.
- Power Slam Staff (April 20, 2006). "Power Slam Magazine, issue 142". Looking at WWE: SNMW (March 18, 2006). SW Publishing. p. 25.
- "Backlash 2006 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved August 6, 2007.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. pp. 121–122.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing Group. 2007. p. 122.
- McElvaney, Kevin (June 2007). "WrestleMania 23". Pro Wrestling Illustrated. No. July 2007. Kappa Publishing Group. pp. 74–101.
- "Backlash 2007 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved August 14, 2007.
- "Judgment Day 2007 Results". PWWEW.net. Retrieved August 14, 2007.
- Difino, Lennie (November 18, 2007). "Friends in low places?". WWE. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
- Sitterson, Aubrey (June 23, 2008). "A Draft disaster". WWE. Retrieved October 26, 2008.
- Sitterson, Aubrey (June 30, 2008). "Heavyweight Championship comes home". WWE. Retrieved October 26, 2008.
- Sitterson, Aubrey (July 7, 2008). "Rough Night in the Big Easy". WWE. Retrieved October 25, 2008.
- Sitterson, Aubrey (July 14, 2008). "Anarchy in the NC". WWE. Retrieved October 25, 2008.
- Sitterson, Aubrey (July 28, 2008). "That's "Mr. Adamle" to you". WWE. Retrieved October 26, 2008.
- Adkins, Greg (February 2, 2009). "Blistering Son". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved February 3, 2009.
- Sitterson, Aubrey. "Results: Legacy of Brutality". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved February 15, 2009.
- Sitterson, Aubrey (April 6, 2009). "Results:Bringing in the big guns". Retrieved April 25, 2009.
- Tedesco, Mike. "WWE RAW Results - 2/22/16 (Live results from Detroit)". wrestleview.com. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- Wortman, James. "Shane McMahon will return to run Raw for the third consecutive week". WWE. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
- Clapp, John. "Mr. McMahon will announce who controls Raw at WWE Payback". WWE. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Meltzer, Dave (May 2016). "WWE Payback live results: Roman Reigns vs. AJ Styles; Kevin Owens vs. Sami Zayn". f4wonline.com. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
- Pruett, Will (May 2, 2016). "Pruett's Pause: WWE Payback 2016". Prowrestling.net. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
- "Brock Lesnar F5's Shane McMahon at Summerslam". WWE. August 22, 2016. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
- "AJ Styles Teases Babyface Turn At Post-WrestleMania 33 Edition Of SD! Live | EWrestling". ewrestling.com. April 5, 2017. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
- "Shane McMahon suspended indefinitely". WWE. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
- Benigno, Anthony. "Shane McMahon vs. Kevin Owens (Hell in a Cell Match)". WWE. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
- "Shane McMahon hospitalized with diverticulitis". WWE. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- "Shane McMahon (@shanemcmahonwwe)". Instagram. Archived from the original on December 23, 2021.
- "WWE SmackDown results, recap, grades: WrestleMania season comes to an eventful conclusion". CBSSports.com. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
- Chiari, Mike. "The Usos Stun Miz, Shane McMahon, Win Tag Team Title at WWE Elimination Chamber". Bleacher Report. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
- Chiari, Mike. "Video: Shane McMahon Attacks Miz After Losing to The Usos at WWE Fastlane 2019". Bleacher Report. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
- James Wortman. "WWE Super Showdown Results: "The Best in the World" Shane McMahon def. Roman Reigns". WWE.com. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
- Benigno, Anthony. "The Undertaker & Roman Reigns def. Shane McMahon & Drew McIntyre (No Holds Barred Match)". WWE. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
- "Kevin Owens tears into Shane McMahon in shocking rant" – via www.wwe.com.
- Powell, Jason (October 4, 2019). "10/04 WWE Friday Night Smackdown results: Powell's review of The Rock's return, Kofi Kingston vs. Brock Lesnar for the WWE Championship, Kevin Owens vs. Shane McMahon in a career vs. career ladder match, Becky Lynch and Charlotte Flair vs. Sasha Banks and Bayley". Pro Wrestling Dot Net. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
- "WWE SmackDown results, recap, grades: Stunning debut, The Rock, title change highlight Fox premiere". CBS Sports. October 5, 2019.
- Powell, Jason (August 3, 2020). "8/3 WWE Raw Results: Powell's live review of Shane McMahon returns, Apollo Crews vs. MVP for the U.S. Championship, Drew McIntyre and Randy Orton meet face to face, the arrival of a new faction, the SummerSlam build continues". Pro Wrestling Dot Net. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
- "Shane McMahon On What It Is Like To Produce Vince McMahon Segments". September 21, 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2021.
- Reichlin, Michael (November 22, 2020). "The Rock, The McMahons, HBK, Ric Flair & More Pay Tribute to The Undertaker". SEScoops. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Powell, Jason (March 29, 2021). "3/29 WWE Raw Results: Powell's live review of the Asuka vs. Rhea Ripley contract signing for the Raw Women's Championship match at WrestleMania, U.S. Champion Riddle vs. Sheamus in a non-title match, the penultimate edition of Raw heading into WrestleMania 37". Prowrestling.net. Retrieved March 30, 2021.
- "411MANIA". Shane McMahon Rumored to Have Booked Men’s Royal Rumble Match, Receiving Heat Backstage.
- "Shane McMahon gone from WWE, backstage news and notes from his sudden departure". February 2, 2022.
- "Shane McMahon has been quietly let go by WWE". RingsideNews.com. February 2, 2022.
- Mahjouri, Shakiel (February 2, 2022). "Shane McMahon released by WWE days after Royal Rumble appearance, per reports". CBS Sports. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
- Nation, Josh (February 2, 2022). "Shane McMahon out of WWE, no longer booked for future shows". Wrestling Observer/Figure Four Online. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
- Gonzales, Garrett. "Wrestling Observer Radio: Shane McMahon, WWE financials, AEW Dynamite ratings". WON/F4W - WWE news, Pro Wrestling News, WWE Results, AEW News, AEW results.
- "VIP AUDIO 2/2 – Keller's Focus On WWE: Lots of details on Shane McMahon situation in WWE, what the final straw was, what the Vince-Shane dynamic has been, plus other news (16 min.)". PWTorch.com (Podcast). February 2, 2022.
- Currier, Joseph. "Reports: Shane McMahon No Longer With WWE, Plans for Upcoming Appearances Scrapped". Sports Illustrated.
- "Van Terminator vs. Coast to Coast: Rob van Dam opina sobre su imitación de Shane McMahon en WWE". April 3, 2021.
- "THE THRONE Vince McMahon drove his own son, Shane, out of WWE in 2009 after attempting to buy UFC". Talksport.com. May 7, 2020. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
- "THE THRONE Vince McMahon drove his own son, Shane, out of WWE in 2009 after attempting to buy UFC". Talksport.com. May 7, 2020. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
- "Showbiz and MMA – Dave Doyle's FOXSports.com MMA Blog – FOX Sports Blogs". Archived from the original on November 6, 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "FightOpinion.com – Your Global Connection to the Fight Industry". Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "Update on PRIDE – WWE meeting". Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- ""Japanese Magazine "Kamipro" Interview with DSE President Nobuyuki Sakakibara". Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "WWE to announce another TV deal". Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "Shane McMahon resigns". World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. Retrieved October 16, 2009.
- "Shane McMahon to depart WWE". World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. Retrieved October 16, 2009.
- "Ideanomics Inc". February 17, 2021. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Martin, Adam (August 3, 2010). "Shane McMahon new CEO of China Broadband Inc". Wrestle View. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- Flint, Joe (June 18, 2011). "Shane McMahon looking to make his mark with China venture". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Bragg, Chris (February 17, 2013). "Shane McMahon goes to China". crainsnewyork.com. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- "YOU On Demand Announces Appointment of Weicheng Liu as CEO; Shane McMahon Remains Chairman". Cision PR Newswire. New York City. Cision PR Newswire. July 12, 2013. Archived from the original on September 6, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
- "Shane McMahon Appointed Executive Chairman of Ideanomics". August 2, 2021. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
- "Seven Stars Cloud Group, Inc.: Private Company Information - Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
- "Seven Stars Cloud Group Inc SSC Fundamental Data | Intrinio". Intrinio Fintech Marketplace. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
- "McIlroy parts company with Chandler and ISM". ESPN Sports Media Ltd. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- Staff, Inked (April 19, 2016). "Question Everything". Inked. Archived from the original on August 27, 2016. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
- Oliver, Greg. "Shane McMahon aiming for respect". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
- Werner, Barry (April 3, 2016). "Shane McMahon makes WrestleMania 32 entrance with his three sons". Foxsports.com. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
- TMZ staff (July 19, 2017). "WWE'S SHANE MCMAHONHELICOPTER CRASHES... Escapes Uninjured". TMZ. Los Angeles: Time Warner. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
- Shane McMahon, Pilot Rescued After Helicopter Crash Lands In Waters Off Gilgo Beach. CBS New York (www.youtube.com). July 20, 2017. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
- Michael Stets (March 25, 2016). "Renzo Gracie training Shane McMahon, insists WWE superstar 'in the best shape of his life'". MMA Mania.
- "The Power 50: Details Article on men.style.com". Detail Magazine. October 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 17, 2007.
- Oster, Aaron (December 31, 2016). "WWE 2016 end-of-year awards". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
- "PWI Awards". Pro Wrestling Illustrated. Kappa Publishing Group. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated (PWI) 500 for 1999". Pro Wrestling Illustrated. The Internet Wrestling Database. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- Frisch, Ian (December 12, 2016). "Breaking Kayfabe: An Inside Look at WWE's Unlikely Business Empire". Sports. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
- "WWE Crown Jewel results, Nov. 2, 2018: DX topples The Brothers of Destruction in epic Crown Jewel finale". WWE.
- Shawn Michaels and Aaron Feigenbaum (November 22, 2005). Heartbreak And Triumph: The Shawn Michaels Story. World Wrestling Entertainment. pp. 352 pages. ISBN 978-0-7434-9380-2.
- Shaun Assael and Mike Mooneyham (2002). Sex, Lies, and Headlocks: The Real Story of Vince McMahon and World Wrestling Entertainment. Crown. pp. 258 pages. ISBN 1-4000-5143-6.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007.