Tobaniviridae

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Tobaniviridae
Electron micrograph of virion and structure of bovine torovirus
Virus classification Edit this classification
(unranked): Virus
Realm: Riboviria
Kingdom: Orthornavirae
Phylum: Pisuviricota
Class: Pisoniviricetes
Order: Nidovirales
Suborder: Tornidovirineae
Family: Tobaniviridae
Subfamilies and genera[1]

See text

Tobaniviridae is a family of enveloped, positive-strand RNA viruses in the order Nidovirales which infect vertebrates.[1] The most common host organisms include mammals, fish, and snakes, with some infections observed in other reptiles.[2][3] The genome size of tobaniviruses ranges from 20 to 32 kilobases.[4] The family is the only member of the suborder Tornidovirineae.[5]

Taxonomy[edit]

Phylogenetic tree of family Tobaniviridae

The family Tobaniviridae has four subfamilies and eleven genera:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Virus Taxonomy: 2018 Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). October 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  2. ^ Hoon-Hanks, Laura; Stöhr, Anke; Anderson, Amanda; Evans, Dawn; Nevarez, Javier; Díaz, Raúl; Rodgers, Case; Cross, Shaun; Steiner, Halley; Parker, Roy; Stenglein, Mark (2020-11-19). "Serpentovirus (Nidovirus) and Orthoreovirus Coinfection in Captive Veiled Chameleons (Chamaeleo calyptratus) with Respiratory Disease". Viruses. 12 (11): 1329. doi:10.3390/v12111329. ISSN 1999-4915. PMC 7699425. PMID 33228135.
  3. ^ Hoon-Hanks, Laura; Stöhr, Anke; Anderson, Amanda; Evans, Dawn; Nevarez, Javier; Díaz, Raúl; Rodgers, Case; Cross, Shaun; Steiner, Halley; Parker, Roy; Stenglein, Mark (2020-11-19). "Serpentovirus (Nidovirus) and Orthoreovirus Coinfection in Captive Veiled Chameleons (Chamaeleo calyptratus) with Respiratory Disease". Viruses. 12 (11): 1329. doi:10.3390/v12111329. ISSN 1999-4915. PMC 7699425. PMID 33228135.
  4. ^ Ferron, François; Debat, Humberto J.; Shannon, Ashleigh; Decroly, Etienne; Canard, Bruno (2020-03-01). "A N7-guanine RNA cap methyltransferase signature-sequence as a genetic marker of large genome, non-mammalian Tobaniviridae". NAR Genomics and Bioinformatics. 2 (1): lqz022. doi:10.1093/nargab/lqz022. PMC 7107822. PMID 32289120.
  5. ^ a b "Tobaniviridae". viralzone.expasy.org. Retrieved 2024-04-15.