Paul Thomas Anderson

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Paul Thomas Anderson
Anderson in 2022
Born (1970-06-26) June 26, 1970 (age 53)
OccupationFilmmaker
Years active1988–present
WorksFull list
PartnerMaya Rudolph (2001–present)
Children4
Parent
AwardsFull list

Paul Thomas Anderson (born June 26, 1970), also known by his initials PTA, is an American filmmaker. His accolades include a BAFTA Award, and nominations for eleven Academy Awards and three Golden Globe Awards. He has also won Best Director at the Cannes Film Festival, the Silver Lion at the Venice Film Festival, and both the Silver and Golden Bear at the Berlin Film Festival.

Anderson's films are often psychological dramas characterized by depictions of flawed, desperate characters; explorations of dysfunctional families, alienation, loneliness, and redemption; and a bold visual style that uses constantly-moving camera shots and long takes. After his directorial debut, Hard Eight (1996), he had critical and commercial success with Boogie Nights (1997), and received further accolades with Magnolia (1999) and Punch-Drunk Love (2002). His fifth film, There Will Be Blood (2007), is often cited as one of the greatest of the 21st century. It was followed by The Master (2012), Inherent Vice (2014), Phantom Thread (2017) and Licorice Pizza (2021).

Anderson is noted for his collaborations with the cinematographer Robert Elswit, the costume designer Mark Bridges, the composers Jon Brion and Jonny Greenwood, and several actors. He has directed music videos for artists such as Brion, Fiona Apple, Haim, Aimee Mann, Joanna Newsom, Michael Penn, Radiohead and the Smile. He also directed the documentary Junun (2015) and the short music film Anima (2019).

Early life[edit]

Anderson was born in the Studio City neighborhood of Los Angeles on June 26, 1970,[1][2] the son of Edwina (née Gough) and actor Ernie Anderson (1923–1997).[3][4] His father was the voice of ABC and played a Cleveland late-night horror host known as Ghoulardi, after whom Anderson would later name his production company.[3][4] Anderson has three siblings, as well as five older half-siblings from his father's first marriage.[5][6][7] He grew up in the San Fernando Valley[8] and was raised as a Roman Catholic.[9] He had a troubled relationship with his mother, but was close with his father, who encouraged him to become a writer or director.[10] He attended The Buckley School, John Thomas Dye School, Campbell Hall School, Cushing Academy, and Montclair College Preparatory School.[7]

Anderson was involved in filmmaking from a young age,[11][12] and never had an alternative plan to directing films.[13] He made his first film when he was eight years old,[6] and started making films on a Betamax video camera that his father bought in 1982.[12] He later started using 8 mm film, but realized that video was easier.[11] As a teenager, he began writing and experimenting with a Bolex 16 mm camera.[11][14] After years of experimenting with "standard fare", he wrote and filmed his first real production as a senior at Montclair Prep, using money he earned cleaning cages at a pet store.[12][15] The film was a 30-minute mockumentary about a porn star called The Dirk Diggler Story (1988), with a story inspired by John Holmes, who also served as a major inspiration for Boogie Nights (1997), the feature-length adaptation of The Dirk Diggler Story.[7][10][11][14]

Career[edit]

1990s[edit]

Anderson attended Santa Monica College,[16] before having two semesters as an English major at Emerson College, where he was taught by David Foster Wallace. Anderson spent two days at New York University before he began his career as a production assistant on television, films, music videos, and game shows in Los Angeles and New York City.[7][17][18] Feeling that the material shown to him at film school turned the experience into "homework or a chore",[19] Anderson decided to make a 20-minute film that would be his "college".[17]

For a budget of $10,000 (which was made up of gambling winnings, his girlfriend's credit card, and the money his father set aside for him for college),[17] Anderson made Cigarettes & Coffee (1993), a short film connecting multiple storylines with a $20 bill.[7][14][20] The film was screened at the 1993 Sundance Festival Shorts Program.[14] He planned to expand the film to feature-length, and was invited to the 1994 Sundance Feature Film Program.[7][14][20] Michael Caton-Jones served as Anderson's mentor. He saw him as someone with "talent and a fully formed creative voice, but not much hands-on experience", and gave him some hard and practical lessons.[12]

While at Sundance, Anderson had a deal with Rysher Entertainment to direct his first full-length feature film, Sydney, which was retitled Hard Eight.[10][12] After completing the film, Rysher re-edited it.[12] He had the workprint of the original cut and submitted the film to the 1996 Cannes Film Festival,[14] where it was shown at the Un Certain Regard section.[21][22] He had the version released, but only after he retitled the film, and raised the $200,000 necessary to finish it. Anderson, Philip Baker Hall, John C. Reilly and Gwyneth Paltrow contributed to the final funding.[12][14] The version that was released was Anderson's and the acclaim from the film launched his career.[14][7] The film follows the life of a senior gambler and a homeless man. Philip Seymour Hoffman worked with Anderson on five films.[23] In his review of the film, Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert wrote, "Movies like Hard Eight remind me of what original, compelling characters the movies can sometimes give us."[24]

Anderson worked on the script for his second film while working on the first one,[12] and completed it in 1995.[14] The result was his breakout film Boogie Nights,[25][26][27] which is based on his short film The Dirk Diggler Story and is set in the Golden Age of Porn. The film follows a nightclub dishwasher who becomes a pornographic actor under his stage name.[7][14][28] The script was noticed by New Line Cinema's president, Michael De Luca, who felt "totally gaga" reading it.[12] It was released on October 10, 1997, and was a critical and commercial success.[10] The film revived the career of Burt Reynolds,[29][30] and provided breakout roles for Mark Wahlberg and Julianne Moore.[31][32][33] After the film's production, Reynolds refused to star in Anderson's third film, Magnolia.[34] At the 70th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for three awards, including for Best Supporting Actor (Reynolds), Best Supporting Actress (Moore) and Best Original Screenplay.[35]

After the success of Boogie Nights, New Line told Anderson that he could do whatever he wanted for his next film and granted him creative control.[10] Though Anderson initially wanted to make a film that was "intimate and small-scale", the script "kept blossoming". The result was the ensemble piece Magnolia (1999), which tells the story of the peculiar interaction of several individuals in San Fernando Valley.[36][37] It was inspired by the music of the singer-songwriter Aimee Mann,[38] who wrote songs for its soundtrack.[39] At the 72nd Academy Awards, Magnolia was nominated for three awards, including for Best Supporting Actor (Tom Cruise), Best Original Song for "Save Me" by Mann, and Best Original Screenplay.[40] After its release, Anderson said that "Magnolia is, for better or worse, the best movie I'll ever make".[41]

2000s[edit]

Adam Sandler, Anderson, Emily Watson and Philip Seymour Hoffman at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival

After the success of Magnolia, Anderson stated that he would make his next film around 90 minutes and would be working with Adam Sandler.[26][36] The romance film is named Punch-Drunk Love (2002).[42] It follows a beleaguered entrepreneur in love with his sister's co-worker. The film's main character for the subplot was inspired by real-life civil engineer David Phillips.[42] Sandler received critical praise for his first dramatic role in the film.[43][44] At the 2002 Cannes Film Festival, Anderson won the Best Director Award and was nominated for the Palme d'Or.[45] Time Out included it among the Best films of the 21st century. Karina Longworth wrote, "Paul Thomas Anderson's cracked ode to the transformative power of love in a world that actively mocks sensitivity is perhaps his most original work."[46]

Anderson with Daniel Day-Lewis in 2007

There Will Be Blood (2007) was loosely based on Upton Sinclair's novel Oil!.[47] It follows a ruthless oil prospector exploiting the Southern California oil boom in the early 20th century.[48] Against a budget of $25 million, the film earned $76.1 million worldwide.[49] At the 80th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for eight awards, tying with No Country for Old Men.[50] Anderson was nominated for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay, losing all three to the Coen Brothers for No Country for Old Men.[51] Daniel Day-Lewis won the Oscar for Best Actor and Robert Elswit won the prize for Best Cinematography.[51] Paul Dano received a BAFTA nomination for Best Supporting Actor.[52] Anderson was nominated for Best Director from the Directors Guild of America.[53] There Will Be Blood was regarded by some critics as one of the greatest films of the decade, with some parties further declaring it one of the most accomplished American films of the modern era. David Denby of The New Yorker wrote, "the young writer-director Paul Thomas Anderson has now done work that bears comparison to the greatest achievements of Griffith and Ford", while Richard Schickel proclaimed it "one of the most wholly original American movies ever made."[54] In 2017, New York Times film critics A. O. Scott and Manohla Dargis named it the "Best Film of the 21st Century So Far".[55]

2010s[edit]

In December 2009, Anderson worked on a new film about a "charismatic intellectual" starting a new religion in the 1950s.[56] An associate of Anderson's stated that the idea for the film had been in his mind for twelve years.[57] The Master was released on September 14, 2012, in North America[58] to critical acclaim.[59][60] The film follows an alcoholic World War II veteran, who meets the leader of a religious organization. Though the film makes no reference to the movement, it has "long been widely assumed to be based on Scientology."[61] At the 85th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for three awards, including for Best Actor (Joaquin Phoenix), Best Supporting Actor (Hoffman) and Best Supporting Actress (Amy Adams).[62]

Production of the film adaptation for Thomas Pynchon's novel Inherent Vice began in May and ended in August 2013.[63] The film marked the first time that Pynchon allowed his work to be adapted for the screen,[64][65] and had Anderson work with Phoenix for a second time.[66][67] The supporting cast includes Owen Wilson, Reese Witherspoon, Jena Malone, Martin Short, Benicio Del Toro, Katherine Waterston and Josh Brolin. Following its release in December 2014, the film was nominated for two awards at the 87th Academy Awards, including for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Costume Design.[68]

Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, where Junun was filmed

Anderson directed Junun, a 2015 documentary about the making of the album by the composer and Radiohead guitarist Jonny Greenwood, the Radiohead producer Nigel Godrich, the Israeli composer Shye Ben Tzur, and a group of Indian musicians.[69] Most of the performances were recorded at the 15th-century Mehrangarh Fort in Rajasthan.[70] Junun premiered at the 2015 New York Film Festival.[71]

Anderson's eighth film, Phantom Thread, set in the London fashion industry, was released in December 2017.[72] Day-Lewis starred in his final film role to date, after his penultimate film Lincoln.[73] The cast includes Lesley Manville and Vicky Krieps.[72] Focus Features distributed the film in the United States, with Universal Pictures handling international distribution.[74] Principal photography began in January 2017. Elswit was absent during production,[75] and despite claims of Anderson acting as a cinematographer on the film, no official credit was given.[76] On February 16, 2019, Elswit said he would not work with Anderson on his next films.[77] Phantom Thread was nominated for six awards at the 90th Academy Awards, winning one for Best Costume Design.[78]

In 2019, Anderson directed the short music film Anima, starring the Radiohead singer Thom Yorke and featuring music from Yorke's album Anima.[79] It was screened in select IMAX theatres on June 26 and released on Netflix on June 27.[79] It was nominated for Best Music Film at the 2020 Grammy Awards.[80]

2020s[edit]

Anderson's ninth film, Licorice Pizza, was released in December 2021.[81][82][83] The film was nominated for three awards at the 94th Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Original Screenplay. It follows a teenage actor in love with a photography assistant.[84]

On January 10, 2024, it was announced that Anderson had cast Leonardo DiCaprio, Regina Hall and Sean Penn, as part of the ensemble cast of an untitled film based at Warner Bros. Pictures. Production began in California later that month with a reported $100 million budget.[85] In February 2024, it was subsequently reported that Licorice Pizza star Alana Haim and singer Teyana Taylor had joined the cast for the film.[86]

Other work[edit]

In 2000, Anderson wrote and directed a segment for Saturday Night Live with Ben Affleck, "SNL FANatic", based on the MTV series FANatic.[87] He was a standby director during the 2005 filming of Robert Altman's A Prairie Home Companion for insurance purposes, as Altman was 80 years old at the time.[88] In 2008, Anderson co-wrote and directed a 70-minute play at the Largo Theatre, comprising a series of vignettes starring Maya Rudolph and Fred Armisen, with a live score by Jon Brion.[89]

Anderson has directed music videos for artists, including Fiona Apple, Radiohead, Haim, Joanna Newsom, Aimee Mann, Jon Brion and Michael Penn.[90][91][92] Anderson directed a short film for Haim in 2017, Valentine, featuring three musical performances from the band.[93] In 2023, Anderson collaborated with Yorke and Greenwood again on the videos for "Wall of Eyes" and "Friend of a Friend", by their band the Smile.[94]

Influences and style[edit]

Influences[edit]

Anderson attended film school for two days, preferring instead to learn by watching the films of directors he liked along with the accompanying director's audio commentary.[8][13][14] He has cited Robert Altman, Jonathan Demme, Robert Downey, Sr., Alfred Hitchcock, John Huston, Stanley Kubrick, Akira Kurosawa, Mike Leigh, David Mamet, Anthony Mann, Vincente Minnelli, Max Ophüls, Martin Scorsese, Steven Spielberg, Frank Tashlin, François Truffaut, Orson Welles and Billy Wilder as influences.[11][27][95][96][97]

Themes and style[edit]

Anderson is known for films set in the San Fernando Valley with realistically flawed and desperate characters.[13][98] Among the themes dealt with in the films are dysfunctional families,[27][96][99] alienation,[96] surrogate families,[100] regret,[96] loneliness,[27] destiny,[7] the power of forgiveness,[6] and ghosts of the past.[27] Anderson makes frequent use of repetition to build emphasis and thematic consistency. In Boogie Nights, Magnolia, Punch Drunk Love, and The Master, the phrase "I didn't do anything" is used at least once, developing themes of responsibility and denial.[101][102][103][104] Anderson's films are known for their bold visual style[98] which includes stylistic trademarks, such as constantly moving camera shots,[41][98] steadicam-based long takes,[25][27][105] memorable use of music,[25][41][98] and multilayered audiovisual imagery.[25][105] Anderson tends to reference the Book of Exodus, either explicitly or subtly, such as in recurring references to Exodus 8:2 in Magnolia,[106] which chronicles the plague of frogs, culminating with the literal raining of frogs in the film's climax, or the title and themes in There Will Be Blood, a phrase in Exodus 7:19, which details the plague of blood.[107][108]

Within his first three films, Hard Eight, Boogie Nights and Magnolia, Anderson explored themes of dysfunctional families, alienation, and loneliness.[27][96] Boogie Nights and Magnolia were noted for their large ensemble casts,[26][98] which Anderson returned to in Inherent Vice.[109][110] In Punch-Drunk Love, Anderson explored similar themes, but expressed a different visual style, shedding the influences and references of his earlier films, being more surreal and having a heightened sense of reality.[96][105] It was also short, compared to his previous two films, at 90 minutes.[26]

There Will Be Blood stood apart from his first four films, but shared similar themes and style, such as flawed characters, moving camera, memorable music and a lengthy running time.[98] The film was more overtly engaged with politics than his previous films had been,[26] examining capitalism and themes such as savagery, optimism and obsession.[111] The Master dealt with "ideas about American personality, success, rootlessness, master-disciple dynamics, and father-son mutually assured destruction."[112] All of his films deal with American themes, with business versus art in Boogie Nights, ambition in There Will Be Blood, and self-reinvention in The Master.[113]

Collaborators[edit]

Philip Seymour Hoffman appeared in five of Anderson's films.

Anderson frequently collaborates with many actors and crew, carrying them over on each film.[114] He has referred to regular actors as "my little rep company", including John C. Reilly, Philip Baker Hall, Julianne Moore, William H. Macy, Melora Walters and Philip Seymour Hoffman.[115] Luis Guzmán is also considered an Anderson regular.[116] Hoffman acted in Anderson's first four films[117] as well as The Master.[57] Except for Paul F. Tompkins, Kevin Breznahan and Jim Meskimen, who all had equally minor roles in Magnolia,[118] There Will Be Blood had an entirely new cast. Anderson is one of three directors – the others being Jim Sheridan and Martin Scorsese – with whom Daniel Day-Lewis has collaborated more than once.[119] Robert Elswit served as a cinematographer for Anderson's films, except The Master which was shot by Mihai Mălaimare Jr.[120] and Phantom Thread which has no credited cinematographer. Jon Brion served as a composer for Hard Eight, Magnolia and Punch-Drunk Love,[121] and Jonny Greenwood of Radiohead for every film since.[122] Dylan Tichenor edited Boogie Nights, Magnolia, There Will Be Blood and Phantom Thread.[123][124] Anderson regularly works with producers, JoAnne Sellar, Scott Rudin, Michael De Luca and Daniel Lupi,[125] and casting director Cassandra Kulukundis.[57]

Frequent collaborators with Paul Thomas Anderson
Collaborator Role Hard Eight Boogie Nights Magnolia Punch-Drunk Love There Will Be Blood The Master Inherent Vice Phantom Thread Licorice Pizza Total
Jon Brion Composer YesY YesY YesY 3
Mark Bridges Costume designer YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 9
Robert Elswit Cinematographer YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 6
Jonny Greenwood Composer YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 5
Luis Guzmán Actor YesY YesY YesY 3
Philip Baker Hall Actor YesY YesY YesY 3
Philip Seymour Hoffman Actor YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 5
Leslie Jones Editor YesY YesY YesY 3
Cassandra Kulukundis Casting YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 8
Daniel Lupi Producer YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 9
John C. Reilly Actor YesY YesY YesY YesY 4
JoAnne Sellar Producer YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 8
Dylan Tichenor Editor YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 5
Melora Walters Actress YesY YesY YesY YesY 4

Filmography[edit]

Directed features
Year Title Distributor
1996 Hard Eight Rysher Entertainment / The Samuel Goldwyn Company
1997 Boogie Nights New Line Cinema
1999 Magnolia
2002 Punch-Drunk Love Columbia Pictures (through Sony Pictures Releasing)
2007 There Will Be Blood Paramount Vantage / Miramax
2012 The Master The Weinstein Company
2014 Inherent Vice Warner Bros. Pictures
2017 Phantom Thread Focus Features / Universal Pictures
2021 Licorice Pizza Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (through United Artists Releasing) / Universal Pictures
2025 Untitled film Warner Bros. Pictures

Personal life[edit]

Anderson is a vegan.[126]

He dated musician Fiona Apple from 1997 to 2000. Apple said in 2020 that he had anger issues during their relationship, and once threw a chair across the room and another time shoved her out of his car. Apple said that aspects of the relationship had made her feel "fearful and numb".[127]

Anderson has been in a relationship with actress and comedian Maya Rudolph since November 2001.[a][129][130] They live in the San Fernando Valley with their four children.[6][57]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Anderson has been called "one of the most exciting talents to come along in years"[131] and "among the supreme talents of today."[132] After the release of Boogie Nights and Magnolia, Anderson was praised as a "wunderkind".[133] In 2007, the American Film Institute regarded him as "one of American film's modern masters."[111] In 2012, The Guardian ranked him number one on its list of "The 23 Best Film Directors in the World," writing "his dedication to his craft has intensified, with his disdain for PR and celebrity marking him out as the most devout filmmaker of his generation."[134] In 2013, Entertainment Weekly named him the eighth-greatest working director, calling him "one of the most dynamic directors to emerge in the last 20 years."[135] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone wrote that "The Master, the sixth film from the 42-year-old writer-director, affirms his position as the foremost filmmaking talent of his generation. Anderson is a rock star, the artist who knows no limits."[136]

Other directors have also praised him. In an interview with Jan Aghed, Ingmar Bergman referenced Magnolia as an example of the strength of American cinema.[137] Sam Mendes referred to Anderson as "a true auteur – and there are very few of those who I would classify as geniuses".[138] In his acceptance speech for the Golden Globe Award for Best Director, Ben Affleck compared Anderson to Orson Welles.[139]

As of 2024, Anderson is the only person to win all three director prizes from the three major international film festivals (Cannes, Berlin, Venice).[140]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ehrlich, David (December 21, 2017). "Paul Thomas Anderson Movies Ranked from Worst to Best". IndieWire. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  2. ^ Silman, Anna (February 7, 2018). "Paul Thomas Anderson and Maya Rudolph Are the Greatest Celebrity Couple". The Cut. New York Media, LLC. Archived from the original on August 6, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3. Archived from the original on June 23, 2016. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  4. ^ a b Luttermoser, John (April 5, 2008). "'There Will Be Blood' comes out on video Tuesday". Cleveland.com. Cleveland Live, Inc. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
  5. ^ "Anderson, Ernie". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Archived from the original on January 16, 2015. Retrieved December 9, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d Hirschberg, Lynn (June 5, 2013). "The Master Director: Paul Thomas Anderson". PORT Magazine. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Richardson, John H. (September 22, 2008). "The Secret History of Paul Thomas Anderson". Esquire.com. Hearst Communications, Inc. Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  8. ^ a b Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. pp. xii, xiii. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3. Archived from the original on May 11, 2016. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  9. ^ Hirschberg, Lynn (December 19, 1999). "His Way". New York Times. Archived from the original on July 22, 2023. Retrieved February 17, 2024.
  10. ^ a b c d e Hirshberg, Lynn (December 19, 1999). "His Way". NYTimes.com. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Transcript: Paul Thomas Anderson 12/16/99". Time.com. December 16, 1999. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Rochlin, Margy (October 12, 1997). "FILM; The Innocent Approach to an Adult Opus". NYTimes.com. Archived from the original on May 15, 2013. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
  13. ^ a b c Johnston, Robert K. (2004). Useless Beauty: Ecclesiastes Through The Lens Of Contemporary Film. Baker Academic. pp. 73–74. ISBN 978-0-8010-2785-7. paul thomas anderson close encounters.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k McKenna, Kristine (October 12, 1997). "Knows It When He Sees It". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 29, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  15. ^ "The Minor Works of Paul Thomas Anderson". Slate. Graham Holdings Company. September 13, 2012. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  16. ^ Marc Maron (January 5, 2015). "Episode 565 - Paul Thomas Anderson". WTF with Marc Maron (Podcast). Event occurs at 37:12. Archived from the original on May 2, 2017. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
  17. ^ a b c Ebert, Roger (October 19, 1997). "Director's talent makes 'Boogie' fever infectious". rogerebert.com. Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  18. ^ Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3.
  19. ^ Paul Thomas Anderson Q&A – The Master (YouTube). Astor Theatre, Melbourne. November 14, 2012. Archived from the original on October 28, 2021.
  20. ^ a b Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3.
  21. ^ Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3.
  22. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Hard Eight". Festival-Cannes.com. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012. Retrieved September 20, 2009.
  23. ^ Gilbey, Ryan (February 3, 2014). "Philip Seymour Hoffman obituary". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 29, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  24. ^ Ebert, Roger (February 27, 1997). "Hard Eight". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on July 14, 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
  25. ^ a b c d Lim, Dennis (December 24, 2007). "Bigger, Louder, More Frogs". Slate.com. Washington Post.Newsweek Interactive Co. LLC. Archived from the original on February 20, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  26. ^ a b c d e Pilkington, Ed (January 4, 2008). "Tell the story! Tell the story!". guardian.co.uk. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2011.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g Allon, Yoram; Cullen, Del; Patterson, Hannah (2002). Contemporary North American film directors: a Wallflower critical guide. Wallflower Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 1-903364-52-3. Contemporary North American Film Directors.
  28. ^ Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3.
  29. ^ Kennedy, Helen (January 19, 1998). "'TITANIC' FLOATS THEIR BOATS WINS GOLDEN GLOBES FOR DRAMA, DIRECTOR". NYDailyNews.com. Retrieved August 23, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  30. ^ Corliss, Richard (December 17, 2008). "Burt Reynolds, Boogie Nights". Time.com. Archived from the original on February 6, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  31. ^ Travers, Peter (October 10, 1997). "Boogie Nights". RollingStone.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  32. ^ Reid, Joe (March 1, 2010). "Julianne Moore Returning to As the World Turns". SOAPnet.com. SOAPnet. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  33. ^ Warner, Rick (March 28, 2010). "Moore searches for motives in marriage". The Journal Gazette. Archived from the original on August 11, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  34. ^ Hainey, Michael (December 1, 2015). "Burt Reynolds On Toupees, Trump, and Why He'd Never Work with Paul Thomas Anderson Again". GQ. Retrieved December 23, 2023.
  35. ^ "Oscars Ceremonies 1998". Oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. October 5, 2014. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  36. ^ a b Patterson, John (March 10, 2000). "Magnolia Maniac". guardian.co.uk. Archived from the original on August 27, 2012. Retrieved April 12, 2010.
  37. ^ Schickel, Richard (December 27, 1999). "Cinema: Magnolia". Time.com. Archived from the original on February 21, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  38. ^ Bessman, Jim (December 16, 1999). "Music blossomed into film ; Magnolia director was inspired by Aimee Mann's work". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  39. ^ Nichols, Natalie (January 2000). "The Mann Act". Los Angeles Magazine. Hour Media Group. p. 22. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
  40. ^ "Oscars Ceremonies 2000". Oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  41. ^ a b c Patterson, John (February 1, 2003). "Boogie knight". The Guardian. Archived from the original on September 10, 2014. Retrieved February 17, 2011.
  42. ^ a b Puig, Claudia (October 7, 2002). "The proof of 'Punch-Drunk Love' is in the pudding". USA Today. Gannett Co. Inc. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  43. ^ Rovzar, Chris (March 11, 2007). "Comic takes on 9/11". NYDailyNews.com. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  44. ^ Hartlaub, Peter (March 12, 2007). "Hey, it's Adam Sandler! But what's this? A drama?". SFGate.com. Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on March 28, 2007. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  45. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Punch-Drunk Love". Festival-Cannes.com. Cannes Film Festival. Archived from the original on January 18, 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2009.
  46. ^ "The 100 best movies of the 21st century so far". Time Out. February 6, 2022. Retrieved August 20, 2023.
  47. ^ Goodwin, Christopher (November 25, 2007). "Daniel Day-Lewis Gives Blood, Sweat and Tears". The Sunday Times. Archived from the original on May 17, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2009.
  48. ^ "'Oil!' and the History of Southern California". The New York Times. February 22, 2008. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  49. ^ "There Will Be Blood (2007) — Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved April 8, 2008.
  50. ^ Barnes, Brooks; Carr, David (January 23, 2008). "'No Country' and 'Blood' Lead Oscar Nominations". NYTimes.com. Archived from the original on June 25, 2018. Retrieved February 17, 2011.
  51. ^ a b "Oscars Ceremonies 2008". Oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. October 7, 2014. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  52. ^ "BAFTA Film Award Winners in 2008". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Archived from the original on February 13, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
  53. ^ "Directors Guild announces nominations". Rope of Silicon. RopeofSilicon.com LLC. December 20, 2007. Archived from the original on February 13, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
  54. ^ "There Will Be Blood Wins the Decade— there will be blood". Gawker.com. Gawker Media. December 18, 2009. Archived from the original on May 21, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2010.
  55. ^ "The 25 Best Films of the 21st Century So Far". The New York Times. June 9, 2017. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 20, 2018. Retrieved June 12, 2017.
  56. ^ Fleming, Michael (December 2, 2009). "Anderson working on 'Master'". Variety. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on November 8, 2012. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  57. ^ a b c d Cieply, Michael (April 18, 2012). "Filmmaker's Newest Work Is About ... Something". NYTimes.com. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
  58. ^ Sneider, Jeff (July 27, 2012). "Plemons joins P.T. Anderson drama". Variety. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2012.
  59. ^ "The Master". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  60. ^ "The Master". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  61. ^ Pilkington, Ed (April 26, 2011). "Church of Scientology snaps up Hollywood film studio". guardian.co.uk. Archived from the original on May 12, 2019. Retrieved March 9, 2011.
  62. ^ "Oscars Ceremonies 2013". Oscars. October 7, 2014. Archived from the original on October 14, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  63. ^ McNary, Dave (June 11, 2013). "Joaquin Phoenix's 'Inherent Vice' Starting to Boost L.A. Production". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Archived from the original on August 9, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  64. ^ Brodesser-Akner, Claude (February 10, 2011). "Paul Thomas Anderson's Scientology Movie and Inherent Vice Adaptation Close to Finding Financing". Vulture. Archived from the original on September 5, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  65. ^ Foundas, Scott (September 5, 2012). "Paul Thomas Anderson, The Master's Master". Village Voice. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  66. ^ Lim, Dennis (December 27, 2012). "A Director Continues His Quest". NYTimes.com. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  67. ^ Brooks, Brian (August 24, 2014). "New York Film Festival to Debut 30 Features in 2014 Main Slate". Film Society of Lincoln Center. Archived from the original on September 8, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  68. ^ "Oscars Ceremonies 2015". Oscars. Archived from the original on March 10, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  69. ^ Perez, Rodrigo (October 2015). "NYFF Review: Paul Thomas Anderson's Doc 'Junun' Featuring Shye Ben Tzur, Jonny Greenwood & The Rajasthan Express". Indiewire. Archived from the original on June 1, 2016. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  70. ^ Plaugic, Lizzie (August 21, 2015). "Paul Thomas Anderson is making a documentary about Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 22, 2016. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  71. ^ "Junun". Film Society of Lincoln Center. Archived from the original on May 29, 2016. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  72. ^ a b Sharf, Zack (March 30, 2017). "Paul Thomas Anderson and Daniel Day-Lewis' Fashion Drama Sets Christmas Release Date". Indiewire. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  73. ^ Vincent, Alice (June 21, 2017). "Phantom Thread: everything you need to know about Daniel Day-Lewis's final film". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on June 23, 2018. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  74. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (September 8, 2016). "Focus Wins WW Rights Auction For Paul Thomas Anderson Pic; Daniel Day-Lewis Stars". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on November 16, 2018. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  75. ^ Chitwood, Adam (June 29, 2017). "Yes, Paul Thomas Anderson Is Serving as His Own Cinematographer on 'Phantom Thread'". Collider. Archived from the original on October 16, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  76. ^ Sullivan, Kevin P. (November 2, 2017). "Paul Thomas Anderson opens up about Phantom Thread for the first time". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 15, 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  77. ^ Nordine, Michael (February 16, 2019). "Paul Thomas Anderson's Longtime Cinematographer Says They Probably Won't Work Together Again". Indie Wire. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  78. ^ "Oscars Ceremonies 2018". Oscars. Archived from the original on March 5, 2018. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  79. ^ a b Blistein, Jon (June 20, 2019). "Thom Yorke Details New Solo Album 'Anima'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 29, 2019. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  80. ^ "Grammy Nominations 2020: See the Full List of Nominees Here". Pitchfork. November 20, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  81. ^ Raup, Jordan (April 20, 2021). "Paul Thomas Anderson's Next Film Set for Fall 2021 Release". The Film Stage. Archived from the original on April 20, 2021. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
  82. ^ Bubp, Ashley (April 20, 2021). "Paul Thomas Anderson's Latest Film Announces Holiday Release Date". Collider. Archived from the original on April 21, 2021. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
  83. ^ "Paul Thomas Anderson's Latest Film Announces Holiday Release Date". Collider. April 20, 2021.
  84. ^ "Paul Thomas Anderson Sets 1970s High School Movie for 2020 Production". The Hollywood Reporter. November 12, 2019. Archived from the original on August 27, 2020. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  85. ^ Lang, Brett (January 10, 2024). "Leonardo DiCaprio, Regina Hall, Sean Penn Starring in Paul Thomas Anderson's Next Movie". Variety. Retrieved January 11, 2024.
  86. ^ Galuppo, Mia (February 2, 2024). "Teyana Taylor, Alana Haim to Star in Paul Thomas Anderson's Latest Movie (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 23, 2024.
  87. ^ Hollwedel, Zach (January 22, 2015). "Watch: 'Saturday Night Live' Sketch 'Fanatic' Written & Directed By Paul Thomas Anderson and Starring Ben Affleck". IndieWire. (Penske Media Corporation). Archived from the original on August 14, 2016. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  88. ^ Carr, David (July 23, 2005). "Lake Wobegon Goes Hollywood (or Is It Vice Versa?), With a Pretty Good Cast". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  89. ^ "Paul Thomas Anderson's Top-Secret Play Revealed". Vulture. August 8, 2008. Archived from the original on October 4, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  90. ^ Kaufman, Gil (May 9, 2012). "Paul Thomas Anderson's Music Videos: 11 Clips From Radiohead, Fiona Apple, Joanna Newsom & More". Billboard. (Prometheus Global Media). Archived from the original on June 12, 2016. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  91. ^ Winfrey, Graham (July 18, 2017). "Paul Thomas Anderson's New Short Film 'Valentine' Is an Exquisite Rock Opera". Indiewire. Archived from the original on July 18, 2017. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  92. ^ Reed, Ryan (October 2, 2017). "Watch Haim Lead Exuberant Dance in 'Little of Your Love' Video". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 3, 2017. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  93. ^ Sharf, Zack (September 25, 2017). "Paul Thomas Anderson and Haim's 'Valentine' Short Film is 14 Minutes of 35mm Heaven — Watch". Indiewire. Archived from the original on September 27, 2017. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  94. ^ Lindert, Hattie (November 13, 2023). "The Smile Announce New Album Wall of Eyes, Share Video for New Song Directed by Paul Thomas Anderson". Pitchfork. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  95. ^ Maron, Marc (January 5, 2015). "Episode 565 - Paul Thomas Anderson". WTF with Marc Maron Podcast. Archived from the original on May 2, 2017. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
  96. ^ a b c d e f King, Cubie (2005). "Punch Drunk Love: The Budding of an Auteur". Senses of Cinema. No. 35. Archived from the original on April 11, 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
  97. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin. "Paul Thomas Anderson Says 'Call Me By Your Name' Is His Favorite Film Of 2017 & More". The Playlist. Archived from the original on November 13, 2020. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  98. ^ a b c d e f Coyle, Jake (February 2, 2008). "Director ignored instinct in 'Blood'". Dispatch.com. The Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
  99. ^ Deacy, Christopher (2005). Faith in film: religious themes in contemporary cinema. Ashgate Publishing. p. 29. ISBN 0-7546-5158-4.
  100. ^ Berra, John (2010). Directory of World Cinema: American Independent. Intellect Books. pp. 92–93. ISBN 978-1-84150-368-4.
  101. ^ "Master, The Script at IMSDb". Archived from the original on March 22, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  102. ^ "Magnolia Script at IMSDb". Archived from the original on November 30, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  103. ^ "PUNCH-DRUNK LOVE by Paul Thomas Anderson". Archived from the original on September 26, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  104. ^ "Boogie Nights Script at IMSDb". Archived from the original on November 29, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  105. ^ a b c Crous, André (November 25, 2007). "Paul Thomas Anderson: Tracking through a Fantastic Reality". SensesofCinema.com (45). Senses of Cinema. Archived from the original on October 27, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
  106. ^ Reeling | The number 82 in "Magnolia" Archived May 30, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. Miamiherald.typepad.com (January 12, 2008). Retrieved on May 22, 2014.
  107. ^ Noah, Timothy (January 3, 2008). "What's Wrong With There Will Be Blood". Slate. Graham Holdings Company. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  108. ^ "There Will Be Blood". AFI.com. American Film Institute. Archived from the original on April 2, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
  109. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin. "Josh Brolin Joins Growing Ensemble Cast of Paul Thomas Anderson's 'Inherent Vice'". SnagFilms. indieWire. Archived from the original on September 22, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  110. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (March 29, 2014). "Josh Brolin Says 'Inherent Vice' Goes "In A Direction That The Book Doesn't Necessarily Go"". SnagFilms. indieWire. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  111. ^ a b "AFI AWARDS 2007". AFI.com. American Film Institute. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  112. ^ Schwarzbaum, Lisa (September 19, 2012). "'The Master' Review". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  113. ^ "What Inherent Vice tells us about modern America". guardian.co.uk. December 12, 2014. Archived from the original on February 14, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  114. ^ Mayshark, Jesse Fox (2007). Post-pop cinema: the search for meaning in new American film. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-275-99080-0.
  115. ^ Butler, Robert W. (January 10, 2000). "'Magnolia' director still aiming high". Knight Ridder. The Free Lance-Star Publishing Co. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  116. ^ Fuchs, Cynthia (January 10, 2000). "Punch-Drunk Love (2002)". PopMatters.com. PopMatters. Archived from the original on February 11, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  117. ^ Johnston, Robert K. (2004). Useless Beauty: Ecclesiastes Through The Lens Of Contemporary Film. Baker Academic. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-8010-2785-7. paul thomas anderson close encounters.
  118. ^ Heisler, Steve; Wolinsky, David (March 12, 2009). "Who the hell is Paul F. Tompkins?". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on January 12, 2011. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  119. ^ Ledford, Colton (September 19, 2016). "Paul Thomas Anderson & Daniel Day-Lewis Will Be Reunited and It Feels So Good". Film School Rejects. Archived from the original on October 3, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  120. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (May 1, 2013). "Paul Thomas Anderson's 'Inherent Vice' Starts Shooting This Month, WB Backing Picture & Robert Elswit To Lens". SnagFilms. indieWire. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  121. ^ "Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind: A Focus Features Film: Jon Brion Bio". NBCUniversal. FocusFeatures.com. Archived from the original on May 19, 2012. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  122. ^ Kreps, Daniel (February 1, 2017). "Jonny Greenwood to Score New Paul Thomas Anderson Film". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  123. ^ "Dylan Tichenor profile". AllMovie. Archived from the original on April 21, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  124. ^ Morrison, Angela (February 3, 2017). "Together Again: Jonny Greenwood, Paul Thomas Anderson, and Daniel Day-Lewis". Film School Rejects. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  125. ^ Hernandez, Eugene (December 24, 2009). "Decade: Paul Thomas Anderson on "There Will Be Blood"". indieWire.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
  126. ^ Anderson, Paul (March 4, 2022). "Paul Thomas Anderson Red Carpet Interview for Outstanding Directors of the Year Award | SBIFF" (video). youtube.com. LRM Online.
  127. ^ Nussbaum, Emily (March 16, 2020). "Fiona Apple's Art of Radical Sensitivity". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on March 16, 2020. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  128. ^ Marine, Brooke (September 14, 2018). "Maya Rudolph Reveals Why She Calls Paul Thomas Anderson Her "Husband" Even Though They Are Not Married". W. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on February 6, 2020. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  129. ^ Stanhope, Kate (July 19, 2011). "It's a Boy for Maya Rudolph and Paul Thomas Anderson". TV Guide. Archived from the original on September 23, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  130. ^ "Maya Rudolph Shares Her Excitement Over Third Pregnancy". Access Hollywood. NBCUniversal. May 1, 2011. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
  131. ^ Flint Marx, Rebecca (2007). "Paul Thomas Anderson – Biography – Movies & TV". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 15, 2007. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
  132. ^ "Sight & Sound – The Best Films of 2008" (PDF). BFI.org. 19 (1). British Film Institute: 64. January 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 20, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2010.
  133. ^ Laurent, Joseph (January 28, 2003). "BBC – Films – interview – Paul Thomas Anderson". BBC Online. BBC. Archived from the original on May 31, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  134. ^ Catterall, Ali; Lyne, Charlie; Mumford, Gwilym; Wise, Damon (August 31, 2012). "The 23 best film directors in the world today". guardian.co.uk. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  135. ^ Stack, Tom (February 22, 2011). "25 Greatest Working Directors". EW.com. Archived from the original on August 29, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  136. ^ Travers, Peter (September 10, 2012). "The Master". RollingStone.com. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  137. ^ "Sydsvenska Dagbladet Interview". IMDb. May 2002. Archived from the original on August 5, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  138. ^ Andrew Noakes (November 28, 2012). "Sam Mendes: Skyfall". KCRW.com (Podcast). KCRW. Event occurs at 20:24. Archived from the original on August 10, 2014. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  139. ^ Best Director - Motion Picture: Ben Affleck - Golden Globe Awards Archived August 1, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. YouTube (January 13, 2013). Retrieved on May 22, 2014.
  140. ^ "Day-Lewis's final cut is the deepest". Henley Standard. Retrieved February 10, 2022.
  1. ^ Rudolph refers to Anderson as her husband, although they are not married.[128]

External links[edit]