Terminator 2: Judgment Day

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Terminator 2: Judgment Day
A human-like figure wearing sunglasses holds a shotgun while on a motorcycle. The tagline reads "It's nothing personal." followed by the film's title and credits and rating at the bottom.
Theatrical release poster
Directed byJames Cameron
Written by
Produced byJames Cameron
Starring
CinematographyAdam Greenberg
Edited by
Music byBrad Fiedel
Production
companies
Distributed byTri-Star Pictures
Release dates
  • July 1, 1991 (1991-07-01) (Century City)
  • July 3, 1991 (1991-07-03) (United States)
Running time
137 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$94–102 million
Box office$519–520.9 million

Terminator 2: Judgment Day[a] is a 1991 American science fiction action film directed by James Cameron, who co-wrote the script with William Wisher. Starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton and Robert Patrick, it is the sequel to The Terminator (1984) and is the second installment in the Terminator franchise. In the film, the malevolent artificial intelligence Skynet sends a Terminator—a highly advanced killing machine—back in time to 1995 to kill the future leader of the human resistance John Connor when he is a child. The resistance sends back a less advanced, reprogrammed Terminator to protect Connor and ensure the future of humanity.

The Terminator was considered a significant success, enhancing Schwarzenegger's and Cameron's careers, but work on a sequel stalled because of animosity between the pair and Hemdale Film Corporation, which partially owned the film's rights. In 1990, Schwarzenegger and Cameron persuaded Carolco Pictures to purchase the rights from The Terminator producer Gale Anne Hurd and Hemdale, which was financially struggling. A release date was set for the following year, leaving Cameron and Wisher seven weeks to write the script. Principal photography lasted from October 1990 to March 1991, taking place in and around Los Angeles on an estimated $94–102 million budget, making it the most expensive film made at the time. The advanced visual effects by Industrial Light & Magic (ILM), which include the first use of a computer-generated main character in a blockbuster film, resulted in a schedule overrun. Theatrical prints were not delivered to theaters until the night before the picture's release on July 3, 1991.

Terminator 2 was a critical and commercial success, grossing $519–520.9 million at the box office to become the highest-grossing film of 1991 worldwide and the third-highest-grossing film of its time. The film won several accolades, including Saturn, BAFTA, and Academy awards. Terminator 2 merchandise includes video games, comic books, novels, and T2-3D: Battle Across Time, a live-action attraction.

Terminator 2 is considered one of the best science fiction, action, and sequel films ever made. It is also seen as a major influence on visual effects in films, helping usher in the transition from practical effects to reliance on computer-generated imagery. The United States Library of Congress selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry in 2023. Although Cameron intended for Terminator 2 to be the end of the franchise, it was followed by a series of sequels, including Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003), Terminator Salvation (2009), Terminator Genisys (2015), and Terminator: Dark Fate (2019), as well as a 2008 television series.

Plot[edit]

In 2029, Earth has been ravaged by the war between the malevolent artificial intelligence Skynet and the human resistance. Skynet sends the T-1000—an advanced, shape-shifting prototype Terminator made of virtually indestructible liquid metal—back in time to kill resistance leader John Connor when he is a child. To protect Connor, the resistance sends back a reprogrammed T-800 Terminator, a less advanced metal endoskeleton covered in synthetic flesh.

In 1995 Los Angeles, John's mother Sarah is incarcerated in Pescadero State Hospital for her violent efforts to prevent "Judgment Day"—the prophesied events of August 29, 1997, when Skynet will gain sentience and, in response to its creators' attempts to deactivate it, incite a nuclear holocaust. John, living with foster parents, also considers Sarah delusional and resents her efforts to prepare him for his future role. The T-1000 locates John in a shopping mall, but the T-800 intervenes, coming to John's aid and enabling his escape. John calls to warn his foster parents, but the T-800 deduces that the T-1000 has already killed them. Realizing the T-800 is programmed to obey him, John forbids it to kill people and orders it to save Sarah from the T-1000.

The T-800 and John intercept Sarah as she is making an escape attempt, but Sarah flees in horror because the T-800 looks identical to the Terminator sent to kill her in 1984.[b] John and the T-800 persuade her to join them, and they escape the pursuing T-1000. Although distrustful of the T-800, Sarah uses its knowledge of the future to learn that a revolutionary microprocessor, being developed by Cyberdyne engineer Miles Dyson, will be crucial to Skynet's creation. Over the course of their journey, Sarah sees the T-800 serving as a friend and father figure to John, who teaches it catchphrases and hand signs while encouraging it to become more human-like.

Sarah plans to escape to Mexico with John, but a nightmare about Judgment Day convinces her to kill Dyson. She attacks Dyson in his home but realizes she cannot bring herself to kill a person and relents. John arrives and reconciles with Sarah while the T-800 convinces Dyson of the future consequences of his work. Dyson reveals that his research has been reverse engineered from the CPU and severed arm of the 1984 Terminator. Believing that his work must be destroyed, Dyson helps Sarah, John, and the T-800 break into Cyberdyne, retrieve the CPU and the arm, and set explosives to destroy the lab. The police assault the building and fatally shoot Dyson, but he detonates the explosives as he dies. The T-1000 pursues the surviving trio, cornering them in a steel mill.

Sarah and John split up to escape while the T-1000 mangles the T-800 and briefly deactivates it by destroying its power source. The T-1000 assumes Sarah's appearance and voice to lure out John, but Sarah intervenes and, along with the reactivated T-800, pushes it into a vat of molten steel, where it disintegrates. The T-800 explains that it must also be destroyed to prevent it from serving as a foundation for Skynet. Despite John's tearful protests, the T-800 persuades him that its destruction is the only way to protect their future. Sarah, having come to respect the T-800, shakes its hand and lowers it into the vat. The T-800 gives John a thumbs-up as it is incinerated. As Sarah drives down a highway with John, she reflects on her renewed hope for an unknown future, musing that if the T-800 could learn the value of life, so can humanity.

Cast[edit]

A photograph of Arnold Schwarzenegger
A photograph of Linda Hamilton
A photograph of Robert Patrick
(Left to right) Arnold Schwarzenegger (pictured in 2003), Linda Hamilton (2009), and Robert Patrick (2014)

The film's cast also includes Jenette Goldstein and Xander Berkeley as John's foster parents Janelle and Todd Voight,[12] Cástulo Guerra as Sarah's friend Enrique Salceda, S. Epatha Merkerson and DeVaughn Nixon as Dyson's wife Tarissa and son Danny,[13][14] and Danny Cooksey as John's friend Tim.[15] Hamilton's twin sister Leslie Hamilton Gearren appears as the T-1000 impersonating Sarah when Hamilton is also on-screen. Twins Don and Dan Stanton portray a guard at Pescadero State Hospital and the T-1000 imitating him.[4][13][16]

Other cast members includes Ken Gibbel as an abusive orderly;[17] Robert Winley, Ron Young, Charles Robert Brown, and Pete Schrum as men who confront the T-800 in a biker bar; Abdul Salaam El Razzac as Gibbons, a Cyberdyne guard; and Dean Norris as the SWAT team leader.[13][14] Michael Edwards portrays the John Connor of 2029, and Hamilton's infant son Dalton Abbott portrays John in a dream sequence.[5][13][18] Co-writer William Wisher cameos as a man photographing the T-800 in the mall,[19] and Michael Biehn reprises his role as resistance soldier Kyle Reese in scenes that were removed from the theatrical release.[20]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Headshot of James Cameron
Director James Cameron in 2016

The Terminator had been a surprise hit, earning $78.4 million against its $6.4 million budget, confirming Schwarzenegger's status as a lead actor and establishing James Cameron as a mainstream director.[4] Schwarzenegger expressed interest in a sequel, saying, "I always felt we should continue the story ... I told [Cameron] that right after we finished the first film".[21] Cameron said Schwarzenegger had always been more enthusiastic about a sequel than he was, because Cameron considered the original a complete story.[22][23]

Discussions to make a sequel stalled until 1989, in part owing to Cameron's work on other films such as Aliens (1986) and The Abyss (1989), but also because of a dispute with rights holder Hemdale Film Corporation.[4][19][24] Hemdale co-founder John Daly, against Cameron's wishes, had attempted to alter the ending of The Terminator, nearly resulting in a physical confrontation. A sequel could not be made without Hemdale's approval as Cameron had surrendered 50% of his rights to the company to get The Terminator made. Cameron had also sold half of the remaining stake to his ex-wife Gale Anne Hurd, producer and co-writer on the first film, for $1 following their 1989 divorce.[c] By 1990, Hemdale was being sued by Cameron, Schwarzenegger, Hurd, and special-effects artist Stan Winston for unpaid profits from The Terminator.[24]

Schwarzenegger, aware Hemdale was experiencing financial difficulties, convinced Carolco Pictures to purchase the film rights to The Terminator, having worked with the independent film studio on the big-budget science fiction film Total Recall (1990).[4][25][26] Owner Mario Kassar described the rights acquisition as the most difficult deal Carolco ever conducted. He accepted a $10 million offer for Hemdale's share, considering it a sum fabricated to ward him off, and paid Hurd $5 million for her share. Prior to development, the total cost of the acquisition rose to $17 million after factoring in incidental costs.[4][26][27]

Kassar told Cameron that in order to recoup his investment, the film would proceed with or without him, and offered Cameron $6 million to be involved and write the script.[4] The film would become a collaboration between several production studios: Carolco, Le Studio Canal+, Cameron's Lightstorm Entertainment, and Hurd's Pacific Western Productions.[d] The studio also had an existing U.S. distribution deal with TriStar Pictures,[26][32] which stipulated that the film be ready for release by May 27, 1991, Memorial Day.[33]

Writing[edit]

With a scheduled release date, Cameron had six to seven weeks to write the sequel. He approached his frequent collaborator and The Terminator co-writer William Wisher in March 1990.[4][19][33] They spent two weeks developing a film treatment based on Cameron's vision to form a relationship between John Connor and the T-800, a concept Wisher believed was a joke.[22][33] Their treatment diverged from the "science fiction slasher" theme of the original, focusing on the unconventional family bond formed between Sarah, John, and the T-800. Cameron said this relationship is "the heart of the movie", comparing it to the Tin Man receiving a heart in The Wizard of Oz (1939).[4]

Cameron's concept featured Skynet and the resistance each sending a T-800—both played by Schwarzenegger—into the past, one to kill John and the other to protect him. Wisher believed a fight between two identical Terminators would be boring.[4][34] The pair briefly considered a larger "Super-Terminator", but found it uninteresting and adopted an early idea Cameron had for The Terminator—a liquid-metal Terminator resembling an average-sized human in contrast to Schwarzenegger's large frame.[34] The first half of their concept concluded with the destruction of Skynet's T-800, forcing it to use the T-1000, its ultimate weapon.[4] Although he once considered removing the T-1000 altogether, Cameron solidified it as the only antagonist. Cameron and Wisher had the T-1000 take on the appearance of a police officer, allowing it to operate with less suspicion.[4][35] Wisher found it challenging to depict the T-800 as "good" without making it non-threatening at the same time.[35] The pair decided to give it the ability to learn and develop emotions, becoming more human over time.[35] They kept the T-800's dialogue brief, relying on the audience to infer a lot of meaning through "small bites".[4] Its catchphrase, "Hasta la vista, baby", was something Wisher and Cameron said after their telephone calls.[4][36]

Wisher developed the first half of the treatment at Cameron's home over the course of four weeks, while Cameron worked on the latter half.[33][34][37] Many pages were removed, including a "convoluted" subplot about Dyson, and a massacre of a camp of survivalists helping Sarah. Cameron, who did not consider the budget while writing, had to cut some elaborate scenes, including a nine-minute opening that showed a time-travel machine being used in 2029.[e] Wisher and Cameron also frequently conferred with special-effects studio Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) to determine which ideas were achievable.[33]

Cameron and Wisher analyzed the first film to help envision each character's development and evolution. Cameron believed Sarah's knowledge of the future would isolate her, forcing her to associate with survivalists and become a self-sufficient commando.[4] She was written to have become an emotionally cold and distant character comparable to a Terminator, especially when deciding to go after Dyson.[4] Instead of the story beginning with Sarah, John is placed with a foster family to increase tension.[35][42] John's character was inspired by the 1985 Sting song "Russians", with Cameron recalling, "I remember sitting there once, high on E ... I was struck by [the lyrics] 'I hope the Russians love their children too'. And I thought ... The idea of a nuclear war is just so antithetical to life itself'. That's where [John] came from".[4] They spent three days refining the script before flying to Cannes, where Terminator 2 was announced in early May 1990.[4][33][43] Schwarzenegger initially struggled with portions of the script, once asking "What is 'polyalloy'?" He also expressed concern about his character's non-lethal depiction, which conflicted with his action-hero persona and portrayal of the character in The Terminator. Cameron explained he wanted to defy audience expectations. Schwarzenegger requested: "Just make me cool".[4]

Casting[edit]

A photograph of Edward Furlong
A photograph of Joe Morton
(Left to right) Edward Furlong (pictured in 2009) and Joe Morton (2019)

Schwarzenegger became interested in reprising his role after finding the character more complex and sympathetic than in the previous film.[44][45] To accurately portray a fearless and emotionless machine, he trained extensively with stunt coordinator Joel Kramer to remain unaffected by fire and explosions around him. Schwarzenegger earned $12–$15 million for his involvement.[f] Carolco had been blamed for the increase in exorbitant salaries paid to actors, having paid Schwarzenegger around $11 million for Total Recall (1990). They justified the expense as the value of their leads' wide appeal in markets outside the U.S.[26][49][50] To lessen the immediate financial burden, Carolco paid most of Schwarzenegger's salary with a financed $12.75 million Gulfstream III jet.[26][32][51]

Cameron refused to re-cast Hamilton's role but developed plans to work around her absence if she chose not to return. Negotiations were protracted but concluded promptly after Cameron informed Carolco the script could not be finished until he knew if Hamilton would be involved.[4] Hamilton received roughly $1 million, which she described as "quite a bit more" than her earnings for The Terminator, but expressed disappointment at the pay disparity between her and Schwarzenegger.[g] Hamilton requested that Sarah exhibit a "crazy" demeanor, explaining that after years of living with the impending doom of humanity, she believed Sarah would have transformed into an untamed entity, a warrior combined with a psychologically unstable woman.[4][19] She continued: "[The T-800] is a better human than I am, and I'm a better Terminator than he is".[45] Cameron considered giving the character a facial scar but determined that applying it daily would be difficult.[53] Hamilton undertook extensive preparation for her role, working with a personal trainer for three hours a day, six days a week, and maintaining a strict low-fat diet, losing about 12 pounds (5.4 kg) of body weight.[4][14][18] She also received judo and military training from former Israeli commando Uziel Gal.[4][14][18] Between training, filming, and spending time with her infant son Dalton, Hamilton averaged only four hours of sleep per day.[18] She described her experience as "sheer hell" but enjoyed showing off her new physique.[4][18] Hamilton's twin sister, Leslie, was also cast in scenes where two versions of Sarah appear on-screen simultaneously.[18]

Patrick, who was living in his car, was one of several actors in their late 20s considered for the T-1000 role. Cameron wanted a lithe actor resembling a newly recruited police officer to contrast with Schwarzenegger. According to Cameron, "If the [T-800] series is a kind of human Panzer tank, then the [T-1000] series had to be a Porsche".[4][54][55] Casting director Mali Finn believed Patrick had the "intense presence" they wanted. Patrick auditioned by acting like an emotionless hunter and later participated in a screen test to judge the way lighting worked with his skin and eyes.[4][56][57] For his character, he drew inspiration from Schwarzenegger's performance in The Terminator and observed hunting creatures—reptiles, insects, cats, and sharks. Patrick's facial expressions were based on those of an eagle, keeping his head tilted down to imply constant forward movement.[h] He also employed a mixture of military posture with martial arts to express a fluid motion that differed from the T-800's rigid movements.[62] The role demanded that Patrick be lean and fast, requiring peak physical shape.[56] He learned to sprint without displaying heavy breathing and exhaustion, and received specialized training from Gal.[56][57][60] Weapons master Harry Lu taught Patrick to operate and reload weapons, such as the T-1000's Beretta 92FS, without looking and eventually without blinking.[56] Singer Billy Idol was originally cast for the role before seriously injuring his leg in a motorcycle crash. In a 2021 retrospective, Cameron said Idol had an interesting aesthetic but in hindsight, he probably would not have cast him.[4][56][63] Singer Blackie Lawless of the rock band W.A.S.P. was also considered but deemed too tall.[58]

Furlong, among hundreds of other prospects, secured the role of young John Connor at his last audition. Cameron believed that early candidates for the role were either overexposed in other media or came from advertisement backgrounds, which trained them to be happy and perky. Furlong had no acting experience and was discovered by Finn at the Boys & Girls Club in Pasadena. Cameron described Furlong as having a "surliness, an intelligence, just a question of pulling it out".[4] He was required to take acting lessons, learn Spanish, and be able to ride a motorcycle and repair guns.[64][65]

Joe Morton believed his casting as Miles Dyson had to do with Cameron wanting a minority character to be integral to the changing of the world.[11] Morton avoided interacting with the cast so that their on-screen relationships would seem believably distant.[4] The role of Dyson was reduced after the preferred casting choice, Denzel Washington, declined it because the role mainly required him to act scared.[40]

Filming[edit]

Intersection of two streets under which is a flood-control channel
The intersection in Bull Creek spillway, North Hills (pictured in 2018), from which the T-1000 crashes into the flood-control channel below

The planned three months of pre-production was reduced to meet the release schedule, leaving Cameron without the time he wanted to prepare all aspects before filming began.[14][66] Over a week, he spent several hours each day choreographing vehicle scenes with toy cars and trucks, filming the results, and printing the footage for storyboard artists.[19] There was no time to properly test practical effects before filming, so if effects did not work, the filmmakers had to work around them.[66] Principal photography began on October 8–9, 1990, with a $60 million budget.[i] Scenes were filmed out of sequence to prioritize those requiring extensive visual effects. Schwarzenegger found this difficult because he was meant to convey subtle signs of the T-800's progressive humanity and was unsure what was fitting for each scene.[25][45] Cinematographer Adam Greenberg, who also worked on The Terminator, described the greater scope of the sequel as the most daunting prospect. Where he had been able to shout instructions to his crew on the original film, he used one of 187 walkie-talkies to conduct efforts over an expansive area.[69]

The production was arduous, in part because of Cameron, who was known for his short temper and uncompromising "dictatorial" manner. The crew made T-shirts bearing the slogan "You can't scare me—I work for Jim Cameron".[70] Schwarzenegger described him as a supportive but "demanding taskmaster" with a "fanaticism for physical and visual detail".[4][39] Even so, by the 101st day of filming, Schwarzenegger and Hamilton were frustrated by the high number of takes Cameron performed, spending five days just on close-ups of Hamilton in the Dyson home.[19] To stay on schedule, Cameron worked through Christmas and persuaded Schwarzenegger to cancel a visit to American troops in Saudi Arabia with U.S. President George H. W. Bush to film his scenes.[19]

A photograph of the interior Kaiser Steel mill
The interior of Kaiser Steel mill in Fontana, California (c. 1949), which served as the location of the film's ending

The production filmed in many locations in and around Los Angeles.[4] The now-destroyed Corral bar in Sylmar is where the T-800 confronts a group of bikers. Location manager Jim Morris chose Corral because it was raised above ground, allowing the scene to take place over different levels.[71] The 1991 police beating of Rodney King took place at the same location a week after filming, being captured on the same videotape a spectator used to capture the filming of the biker bar scenes.[72] On one occasion, a woman who was oblivious to ongoing filming walked into the bar. When she asked Schwarzenegger, who was wearing only a pair of shorts, what was going on, he replied: "It's male-stripper night".[19][73] Executives suggested cutting the scene to save money but Cameron and Schwarzenegger refused.[74]

The T-1000's arrival in 1995 was filmed at the Sixth Street Viaduct, and John's hacking of an ATM was filmed at a bank in Van Nuys. His foster parents' residence is in the Canoga Park neighborhood, deliberately chosen for its generic appearance. The Terminators' confrontation with John takes place inside Santa Monica Place mall, although exterior shots were captured at Northridge Fashion Center because there was less traffic.[71] In the subsequent scene, Patrick's training allowed him to outrun John on his dirtbike, so the bike's maximum speed was increased.[56][58] The T-1000 continues its pursuit using a truck, in a scene filmed at the Bull Creek spillway.[4][71] Other locations include the Lake View Terrace hospital, standing in as Pescadero State Hospital, and the Petersen Automotive Museum was used as its garage.[71] In a 2012 interview, Hamilton said she suffered permanent partial hearing loss after not wearing earplugs during the hospital elevator scene, where the T-800 fires a gun, as well as shell shock from months of exposure to violence, loud noise, and gunfire.[75] Elysian Park serves as the site of Sarah's apocalyptic dream, and scenes at the Dyson home were captured at a private property in Malibu.[71] The Cyberdyne Building's destruction was filmed at an abandoned office in San Jose, scheduled for demolition. To bring a heightened sense of authenticity, real members of the Los Angeles Police Department's SWAT division were featured in the scene, although Cameron embellished their tactics to be visually interesting.[39] In a spontaneous decision during Morton's death scene, Cameron opted to detonate nearby glass to examine its visual impact.[4][19]

The final highway chase was filmed along the Terminal Island Freeway near Long Beach, of which a 2.5-mile (4.0 km) stretch was closed to traffic every night for two weeks.[39][71] Scenes set during the future war of 2029 were filmed in the rubble of an abandoned steel mill in Oxnard, California, in a one-half square mile (1.3 km2) space that was enhanced with burned bicycles and cars from a 1989 fire at the Universal Studios Lot. Terminator 2's ending was filmed in the closed Kaiser Steel mill in Fontana, which Greenberg made appear operational mainly through lighting techniques. Despite appearing to be actively smelting steel, the mill was frigid and dangerous because of the moving machinery and high catwalks.[j] The T-800's thumbs-up during its death was added during filming (Hamilton considered it too sentimental).[4][76] Six months of filming concluded on March 28, 1991, about three weeks behind schedule.[14][21][77]

Post-production[edit]

Terminator 2 was edited by Conrad Buff IV, Richard A. Harris, and Mark Goldblatt, who said although there was more time to edit than on The Terminator, it was still relatively small given the greater scope of the sequel. They described the complexity of scenes such as the final battle between the Terminators, which required a seamless combination of live action, practical effect shots, and CGI.[78] After having to rush editing at the end of The Abyss, Cameron limited filming on Terminator 2 to five days a week so he could help edit the film on weekends from the start of filming.[43]

Several scenes were deleted, in part to reduce its running time. These include Kyle Reese appearing to Sarah in a dream and encouraging her to continue fighting,[20] Sarah being beaten in the hospital,[79] the T-1000 killing John's dog (a scene the animal-loving Patrick was not a fan of),[56][80] John teaching the T-800 to smile and discussing whether it fears death, the T-1000 malfunctioning after being frozen in the steel mill, and additional scenes with Dyson's family.[79][81] Schwarzenegger unsuccessfully rallied to retain his favorite scene, in which John and Sarah modify the T-800's CPU, allowing it to learn and evolve, and Sarah attempts to destroy the CPU but John defends the T-800. The scene was replaced with dialogue indicating that the T-800 already possesses the ability to learn.[4][79][80] The scripted ending depicted an alternative 2029 that was filmed at the Los Angeles Arboretum in Arcadia, in which an aged Sarah narrates how Skynet was never created while John, now a US Senator, plays with his daughter in a Washington, D.C., playground. To make the film more evocative and memorable, Cameron changed this scene to one in which the characters look out at the road ahead.[k]

The production ran until about two days before the film's theatrical release. Delays were caused mainly by the rendering of shots at Consolidated Film Industries, the most difficult of which was the T-1000's death. Co-producer Stephanie Austin said the production crew worked 24-hour shifts and slept on site. The 137-minute-long release print was delivered to theaters the night before its release.[33][84] There were two private pre-release screenings: one for family, friends, and crew at Skywalker Ranch, and another in Los Angeles for studio executives. Austin said, "People were stamping their feet and clapping for ten or fifteen minutes", at which point the crew knew they had succeeded.[33] During test screenings the ending was well received, and was described as a "touching" favorite scene.[4]

The minimum estimated cost to produce Terminator 2 had been $60 million, dwarfing the budget of the first film.[4][26][77] Cameron and Schwarzenegger said the final budget, excluding marketing, was about $70 million, and the cost of making the film was about $51 million.[77][85] According to Carolco executives Peter Hoffman and Roger Smith, the film cost $75 million before marketing, saying Terminator 2 was only "modestly" over budget. Including marketing and other costs, the film's total budget is reported to have been between $94 million and $102 million.[l][m] Kassar said he had secured 110% of the budget from advances and guarantees of $91 million, including North American television ($7 million) and home-video ($10 million) rights, and $61 million from theatrical, home-video and television rights outside the U.S.[26][32][85] The distribution deal with TriStar Pictures earned it a set percentage of the budget—an estimated $4 million.[26][32] News sources labeled Terminator 2 the most expensive independent film ever and predicted it would "bankrupt Carolco".[4][26]

Special effects and design[edit]

The visual effects used were highly advanced for the time, such as combining CGI and prosthetics to demonstrate the T-1000's shapeshifting ability (0:20).

A 10-month schedule and about $15–$17 million of Terminator 2's budget was allocated just for special effects, including $5 million for the T-1000 alone, and a further $1 million for stunts, at the time one of the largest-ever stunt budgets.[n] Four main companies were involved in creating the 150 visual effects. ILM under special effects supervisor Dennis Muren managed the computer-generated imagery (CGI) effects, Stan Winston Studio the prosthetics and animatronics. Fantasy II Film Effects developed miniatures and optical effects, and 4-Ward Productions was responsible for creating a nuclear explosion effect. Pacific Data Images and Video Image provided additional effects, the former doing digital wire removal and the latter creating the "Termovision" POV.[93] The cost and time involved in producing CGI meant that the effect was used sparingly, appearing in 42–43 shots, alongside 50–60 practical effects.[4][94]

Portraying the T-1000 was a risky endeavor, as CGI was in its infancy and there was no backup plan in place if the CGI did not work as intended or could not be composited effectively with Winston's practical effects.[33] The computer systems needed to animate and render the T-1000 CGI cost thousands of dollars alone, but creating the character also relied on a variety of practical appliances, visual illusions, and filming techniques.[33][95][96] A team of up to 35 at ILM was required for the five minutes of screen time the T-1000's effects appear, and the process was so complex that rendering 15 seconds of footage took up to ten days.[43][54][91]

Music[edit]

The Terminator composer Brad Fiedel returned for the sequel, working in his garage in Studio City, Los Angeles. Film industry professionals regarded his return with concern and skepticism as they believed his style would not suit the film.[4][97][98] Fiedel quickly realized he would not receive the finished footage until late in the production after most effects were completed, which made it difficult to commit to decisions such as use of an orchestra because, unlike ambient music, the score had to accompany the on-screen action. Fiedel and Cameron wanted the musical tone to be "warmer" due to its focus on a nobler Terminator and young John. Fiedel experimented with sounds and shared them with Cameron for feedback.[98]

While The Terminator score had mainly used oscillators and synthesizers, Fiedel recorded real instruments and modified their sounds. He developed a library of sounds for characters such as the T-1000, whose theme was created by sampling brass-instrument players warming up and improvising. Fiedel said to the players, "You're an insane asylum. You're a bedlam of instruments." He slowed down the resulting sample and lowered the pitch, describing it as "artificial intelligent monks chanting". Cameron considered the "atonal" sound "too avant-garde", to which Fiedel replied, "you're creating something that people have never seen before, and [the score] ought to sound like something people have never heard before to support that".[98]

Tri-Star asked Schwarzenegger to arrange a tie-in music video and theme song for the film. He chose to work with rock band Guns N' Roses because they were popular and there was "a rose in the movie and bloody guns". The band offered the use of "You Could Be Mine", the debut single from their album Use Your Illusion II (1991). The music video, featuring Schwarzenegger as the T-800 pursuing the band, was directed by Stan Winston, Andrew Morahan, and Jeffrey Abelson.[4][99][100] Patrick unsuccessfully lobbied to use "Head Like a Hole" by Nine Inch Nails as the tie-in song, in part because his brother, Richard Patrick, was their tour guitarist.[101] Wisher suggested using "Bad to the Bone" by George Thorogood & the Destroyers as the T-800 puts on the biker clothes. Although Cameron did not like the idea, Wisher said he later found that Cameron had used the song but had forgotten it was his idea.[102] "Guitars, Cadillacs" by Dwight Yoakam also features in Terminator 2.[103]

Release[edit]

Context[edit]

The summer theatrical season, spanning from mid-May to early September, was expected to witness strong competition among studios. Fifty-five films were slated for release, compared with thirty-seven in 1990. Release dates underwent frequent changes as studios aimed to evade direct competition and optimize their films' chances of success to compensate for the 20% increase in film production costs since 1990. This increase was partly attributed to hefty salaries demanded by stars who also claimed a portion of the film's profits. Moreover, revenues from box-office receipts, video sales, and television-network deals were on the decline.[104][105] Films scheduled for release included City Slickers, The Naked Gun 2½: The Smell of Fear, Only the Lonely, Hudson Hawk, The Rocketeer, What About Bob?, and Point Break. Terminator 2 was among the films expected to do well, along with Backdraft, Dying Young, and the year's predicted top film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. It was also seen as having strong international appeal.[105][106][107] An unnamed studio executive said audiences were seeking escapist entertainment such as comedy or action, and avoiding films about less positive subject matter.[108]

Marketing and promotion[edit]

Schwarzenegger was involved in Terminator 2's marketing and merchandising campaign, which was estimated to be worth at least $20 million.[19][32] By 1991, advertising for Terminator 2 was ubiquitous, with high audience recognition; despite its U.S. R rating, which restricted the film to audiences aged 17 and over unless accompanied by an adult, merchandise was mainly aimed at children. TriStar contributed about $20 million for marketing, which included a $150,000 teaser trailer that was directed by Winston and depicts the construction of a T-800. Trailers ran for six months before the film's release. Tristar incentivized cinema staff to play it frequently by offering chances to win Terminator 2-branded goods and tickets to the premiere. Fast-food restaurants and soft-drink manufacturers, such as Subway and Pepsi, also offered Terminator 2-themed foodstuffs and drinks, alongside promotional posters.[o]

The premiere took place on July 1, 1991, at the Cineplex Odeon in Century City, Los Angeles.[111][112] According to Fiedel, it was treated as a major event, unlike the premiere of The Terminator, during which the audience was skeptical or laughed at the wrong times. Celebrities in attendance included Maria Shriver, Nicolas Cage, Sylvester Stallone, Sharon Stone, Michael Douglas, and Furlong's date Soleil Moon Frye.[4][112]

Box office[edit]

Terminator 2: Judgment Day opened in the United States and Canada on July 3, leading into the Independence Day holiday weekend.[4][105][108] It had the highest-grossing Wednesday opening with $11.8 million.[113][114] Between Friday and Sunday, the film grossed $31.8 million from 2,274 theaters, an average of $13,969 per theater, making it the number-one film of the weekend ahead of The Naked Gun 2½ ($11.6 million) in its second weekend and Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves ($10.3 million) in its fourth.[108][115] Over the five-day holiday weekend (Wednesday to Sunday), Terminator 2 grossed $52.3 million, becoming the second-highest opening five-day total ever behind Batman's $57 million in 1989,[108][116][117] It set a record opening for an R-rated film and for an Independence Day weekend. The opening week audience was evenly split between adults, teenagers, and children, about 25%–30% of whom were women, although TriStar said the figure was higher. The film benefited from repeat viewings by young audience members.[118] One theater chain executive said: "... nothing since Batman has created the frenzy for tickets we saw this weekend with Terminator. At virtually all our locations, we are selling out ... the word-of-mouth buzz out there is just phenomenal".[108] Industry professional Lawrence Kasanoff said it was an "open secret" that despite the R rating, children were seeing the film, remarking "When T2 opened, I saw kids skateboard up to the ticket window ..."[119]

It retained the number-one position in its second weekend, grossing $20.7 million, ahead of the debuts of One Hundred and One Dalmatians ($10.3 million) and Boyz n the Hood ($10 million),[120] and in its third weekend with $14.9 million, ahead of Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey ($10.2 million) and One Hundred and One Dalmatians ($7.8 million).[121] Terminator 2: Judgment Day fell to number two in its fifth weekend, grossing $8.6 million against the debut of the comedy Hot Shots! ($10.8 million).[116][122] It remained in the top-five highest-grossing films for twelve consecutive weeks and the top-ten highest-grossing films for fifteen weeks. In total, Terminator 2: Judgment Day spent about twenty-six weeks in theaters in a total of 2,495 cinemas, and grossed $204.8 million, making it the highest-grossing film of the year, ahead of Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves ($165 million), Beauty and the Beast ($145 million), and The Silence of the Lambs ($130 million).[p] This also made it the thirteenth-highest-grossing film of its time, behind Back to the Future (1985), and the highest-grossing R-rated film.[4][127] The Los Angeles Times estimated after the theater and distributor cuts, the box-office returns to Carolco would be well over twenty percent of the film's cost.[128]

Outside the U.S. and Canada, Terminator 2: Judgment Day set numerous box office records. In the United Kingdom it had a record three-day opening weekend of $4.4 million (and a one-week record of $7.8 million) and went on to gross at least $30 million.[127][129][130] In France it grossed a record $9.5 million in its opening week (the biggest opening since Rocky IV) and $16 million in two weeks.[127][131] In Germany it grossed a record $8 million in five days[127] and also had a record Australian opening weekend of $1.9 million.[132][133][134] In Thailand it was the highest-grossing western-hemisphere film ever with a gross of $1.2 million.[130] The film also performed well in Brazil and grossed at least $51 million in Japan.[127] Internationally, the film grossed about $312.1 million, making it the first film to gross over $300 million outside of the U.S. and Canada.[135][136] Terminator 2: Judgment Day is estimated to have grossed a worldwide total of $519–$520.9 million,[q][r] making it the year's highest-grossing film, and the third-highest-grossing film ever, behind 1977's Star Wars ($530 million) and 1982's E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial ($619 million).[136][138]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Terminator 2: Judgment Day was released to general acclaim.[s] Many reviews focused on the state-of-the-art physical, special, and make-up effects, which were roundly praised as "revolutionary" and "spectacular", particularly those calling the T-1000 a "technological wonder".[t] Several publications wrote that Cameron's ability to realize cinematic action blockbusters was unmatched. Janet Maslin said that at his best, despite occasional lapses into melodrama, Cameron's work is akin to that of director Stanley Kubrick.[u] Both Maslin and The Austin Chronicle commented on the kindness and compassion in the film. The Austin Chronicle contrasted it to the lack of a moral message in The Terminator and Travers described it as a "visionary parable" but they, alongside others, criticized Terminator 2's "muddled" message about protecting the value of human life and peace by using extreme violence to prevent the use of nuclear weapons, war, and technological reliance.[v]

Reviewers generally agreed the narrative early in the film is stronger than the one near the end. Owen Gleiberman said the first hour has a genuine "emotional pull" and according to Roger Ebert, the initial concept of a boy finding a father figure in a Terminator that is learning to be human is "intriguing", but Gleiberman said the narrative weakens once Hamilton's character joins the group. Travers and Corliss wrote it stumbles after hours of relentless action and a "conventional climax". Despite this observation, Gleiberman praised the final battle between the T-1000 and the protagonists.[w] Empire's review and Terrence Rafferty found the film's narrative less satisfying and idea-driven than that of The Terminator. Gleiberman said despite it being an effective and witty thriller, Terminator 2: Judgment Day comes across as an expensive B movie when compared with "visionary spectacles" such as the Mad Max series and RoboCop (1987). Kenneth Turan said Terminator 2's action scenes succeed without the extreme gore and violence of RoboCop.[x]

Ebert and Maslin, among others, appreciated the twist on Schwarzenegger's public action-hero persona by making him a hero who does not kill his enemies. David Ansen and Glieberman found humor in the T-800's non-lethal methods and efforts to become more human-like.[y] Maslin and Hinson agreed that, as in The Terminator, Schwarzenegger's role is perfect for his acting abilities. Hinson said Schwarzenegger portrayed more humanity as a machine than he did when portraying normal people.[144][150] In contrast, Empire suggested that the change was a concession to Schwarzenegger's young fans, and Peter Travers chose the T-800's death as a "cornball" scene that is out of place for the actor and film.[146][149]

Several reviewers praised the T-1000 character for the combination of Patrick's "chilling" expressionless performance and the advanced special effects, which create an implacable, "showstopping" villain. Empire called the character "one of the great monsters of the cinema".[z] Gleiberman said the character's absence from much of the film's second act is to the film's detriment, and Hinson wrote that the T-1000 lacks any "soul" and thus a way for the audience to identify with it.[143][150] Critics generally agreed Hamilton portrays a "fierce" female hero with an impressive physique that lets her outshine another action hero, Sigourney Weaver's Ellen Ripley in Cameron's Aliens (1986).[aa] Other publications found Sarah Connor's narrations about peace to be "heavy-handed", overused, and "unintentionally amusing".[ab] Furlong was praised for giving a natural performance at a young age,[ac] and Hinson wrote that despite limited screentime, Morton made an impression.[150] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A+" on a scale of A+ to F.[154]

Accolades[edit]

At the 1992 Saturn Awards, Terminator 2: Judgment Day received awards for Best Science Fiction Film, Best Director (Cameron), Best Actress (Hamilton), Best Performance by a Younger Actor (Furlong), and Best Special Effects, as well as nomination for Best Actor (Schwarzenegger).[155][156] It also won Favorite Motion Picture at the 18th People's Choice Awards.[157] For the 45th British Academy Film Awards, Terminator 2 received awards for Best Sound (Lee Orloff, Tom Johnson, Gary Rydstrom, Gary Summers) and Best Special Visual Effects (Stan Winston, Dennis Muren, Gene Warren Jr., Robert Skotak), as well as a nomination for Best Production Design (Joseph Nemec III).[158]

The 64th Academy Awards earned Terminator 2 four awards: Best Makeup (Winston and Jeff Dawn), Best Sound (Orloff, Johnson, Rydstrom, and Summers), Best Sound Effects Editing (Rydstrom and Gloria S. Borders), and Best Visual Effects (Muren, Winston, Warren Jr., and Skotak), as well as nominations for Best Cinematography (Adam Greenberg) and Best Film Editing (Conrad Buff, Mark Goldblatt and Richard A. Harris).[159] It was the first film to win an Academy Award when its predecessor had not been nominated.[58] It received six awards at the 1992 MTV Movie Awards, including: Best Movie, Best Action Sequence ("L.A. Freeway Scene"), Best Breakthrough Performance (Furlong), Best Female Performance (Hamilton), Best Male Performance (Schwarzenegger), and nominations for Best Song From a Movie ("You Could Be Mine"), Best Villain (Patrick), and Most Desirable Female (Hamilton),[160] as well as a Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation (Cameron and Wisher).[161]

Post-release[edit]

Aftermath[edit]

Terminator 2: Judgment Day launched the careers or raised the profiles of its principal actors. According to industry professionals, Schwarzenegger became the top international star, ahead of actors such as Mel Gibson and Tom Cruise.[111] It also marked the start of a lasting friendship between Schwarzenegger and Cameron, who formed a "midlife crisis motorcycle club" and reunited for the action film True Lies (1994).[4] Cameron and Hamilton began a romantic relationship in 1991, married in 1997, and later divorced.[18][162] In 1992 Cameron was given a five-year, $500 million contract by 20th Century Fox to produce twelve films.[163][164]

Furlong became a highly sought-after actor, and Patrick found dealing with his new-found recognition difficult as people asked him to impersonate the T-1000.[4] Despite the film's success, Carolco reported 1991 losses of $265.1 million, which was caused by the financial problems of its other films and subsidiaries. Support from investors failed to prevent the studio from filing for bankruptcy in 1995 and its assets, including Terminator 2, were sold to Canal Plus for $58 million.[ad]

Home media[edit]

On December 11, 1991, Terminator 2: Judgment Day was released on VHS and LaserDisc.[170][171][172][173] It was a popular rental in the U.S. and Canada, with a record 714,000 copies shipped to retailers, and it became the best-selling rental by mid-January 1992.[ae] Varèse Sarabande released Fiedel's score, which spent six weeks on the Billboard 200 record chart, peaking at number 70.[97][180] The theme song "You Could Be Mine" peaked at number 29 on the U.S. Billboard 100, and performed well in the United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, Spain, and Canada.[181][182][183]

A "Special Edition" LaserDisc was released in 1993, featuring a 15-minute extended version of the film that restored deleted scenes, interviews with cast and crew, storyboards, designs, and unrestored deleted scenes. Cameron stated he did not use the label "Director's Cut" because he considered the theatrical releases to be definitive and the extended versions as opportunities to restore "depth and character made omissible by theatrical running time".[79][184] The theatrical version was released on DVD in 1997.[185] In 2000, an "Ultimate Edition" DVD was released, containing the theatrical and "Special Edition" cuts, and a new "Extended Cut", containing a scene of the T-1000 inspecting John's bedroom, and the alternate ending. Terminator 2 special-effects coordinator Van Ling supervised the release.[79][186][187] The "Extreme Edition" was released in 2003, featuring the theatrical and "Special Edition" cuts, a remastered 1080p image, Cameron's first commentary, and a documentary about the film's influence on special effects.[186]

Terminator 2 was released on Blu-ray in 2006, followed in 2009 by a "Skynet Edition" that contains the theatrical and "Special Edition" cuts, and commentaries with the cast and crew. This release includes a limited collector's set containing the Blu-ray, the "Ultimate" and "Extreme" editions on DVDs, a digital download version, all extant special features, and a 14-inch (360 mm) T-800 skull bust.[188][189] A 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray version that includes a standard Blu-ray and digital version was released in 2017. This release also offered a collector's option that includes one of 6,000 life-size replicas of a T-800 skeleton forearm, each signed by Cameron and individually numbered, the soundtrack, the theatrical, "Special", "Extended", and 2017 3D remaster cuts, and "Reprogramming the Terminator", a documentary that includes interviews with Schwarzenegger, Cameron, Furlong, and others.[190][191][192]

Other media[edit]

Terminator 2: Judgment Day was marketed with numerous tie-in products, including toys, puppets, trading cards, jigsaw puzzles, clothing, a perfume named "Hero", and a novelization by Randall Frakes that expands on the film's ending.[af] In 1991 Marvel Comics adapted the film into a comic book, which was followed by expansions of the Terminator 2 narrative, including Malibu Comics's "Cybernetic Dawn" and "Nuclear Twilight" (1995–1996), Dynamite Entertainment's "Infinity" and "Revolution" (2007), and the T2 novel series by S. M. Stirling in the early 2000s.[196][197] Several video game adaptations of Terminator 2 were published, including a pinball machine and an arcade game in 1991. The arcade game was popular enough to be ported to home consoles as T2: The Arcade Game.[ag] Multiple studios developed widely differing adaptations for home consoles, including Terminator 2 for Game Boy and Terminator 2 for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES).[194] A later adaptation was developed for the Sega Genesis and Super Nintendo Entertainment System, and a different game was published for home computers.[194][198][201] Merchandise for Terminator 2: Judgment Day was estimated to have generated $400 million in sales.[119]

In 1996, T2-3D: Battle Across Time, a live-action attraction, was opened at Universal Studios Florida, and later at locations in Hollywood and Japan. The twenty-minute attraction was co-written and directed by Cameron and cost $60 million to produce, including live-action stunts and a $24 million, 12-minute, 3D film starring Schwarzenegger, Hamilton, Patrick, and Furlong as their in-world characters, making it the most-expensive film per minute produced of its time. In it, Sarah and John attempt to stop Cyberdyne, which has developed Skynet. They are confronted by the T-1000 but saved by the T-800, which returns to 2029 with John to defeat Skynet and its latest creation, the T-1000000.[202][203][204]

3D remaster[edit]

Cameron oversaw a year-long 3D remaster and subsequent theatrical re-release of Terminator 2: Judgment Day in August 2017. Cameron said: "If you've never seen it, this'll be the version you want to see and remember".[205][206][207] Cameron made visual modifications to the film to fix errors that had bothered him, including the addition of windshield glass to the T-1000's truck, which fell out during its stunt fall and reappears in later scenes, concealing the obvious use of stuntmen for Furlong and Schwarzenegger during the same scene, concealed more of Patrick's nudity during his introduction, and brightened the visuals.[208] The 3D remaster's theatrical release was seen as a disappointment, earning about $562,000 in its debut across 386 theaters compared to the 3D re-release of Cameron's Titanic in 2012, which fetched $17 million.[209][210]

Themes and analysis[edit]

Themes[edit]

A central theme of Terminator 2: Judgment Day is the relationship between John Connor and the T-800, which serves as a surrogate for the father (Kyle Reese) he never knew. Cameron said: "Sure, there's going to be big, thunderous action sequences, but the heart of the movie is that relationship", comparing it to the Tin Man getting a heart in The Wizard of Oz.[4] As with Cameron's earlier film Aliens, Terminator 2 focuses on compassion and parental figures, depicting the T-800 as a relentless protector and father figure to John, against the equally relentless T-1000.[211] The T-800 is designed to emulate humans for infiltration purposes, but as it grows and evolves, its emotions become real and it learns from John to feel grief. The T-800 chooses to sacrifice its life to ensure the survival of everyone else.[4][58][72] In 1991 essayist Robert Bly wrote that older men were not offering suitable role models for young men, and in Terminator 2, Sarah denounces the many men in her past who failed to be a father for John, except for the T-800. Once its role is complete, the T-800 leaves John for his own good after stating that it lacks the emotions John must rely on.[212]

While John teaches the T-800 about humanity, his biological mother Sarah has become less human because of her knowledge about the future. Cameron said: "She's a sad character—a tragic character ... she believes that everyone she meets, talks to, or interacts with will be dead very soon".[4][77] This theme of machine-like humans links with Cameron's and Wisher's choice to make the T-1000 appear as a police officer, because thematically they believed it represents humans who should have empathy for others becoming more machine-like and detached from their emotions.[4][77] The SWAT team at Cyberdyne shoots Dyson, an African American, without warning. Cinephilia described Dyson as the most human character in the film, an intelligent, optimistic family man who represents real-world encounters between police forces and people of color, in contrast to their encounter with the Caucasian T-800, during which they warn him before opening fire.[19]

Following her escape from the state hospital, Sarah appears to embrace John but is actually checking him for injuries, forgoing any emotional attachment for the practicality of ensuring his survival and bringing about his destiny as a future leader.[33] The T-800 is portrayed as a better parent than Sarah, offering him undivided attention while Sarah remains distant and focused on the future rather than the present.[213] Philosophy professor Richard T. McClelland notes that Sarah's acceptance of the T-800 as John's surrogate father is such that she leaves it in control of John when she drives away to kill Dyson.[214] Sarah's dream about the nuclear holocaust that will kill six billion people, including her son, incites her to kill Dyson before he can complete the work that will bring about Skynet, but when the moment comes, she is unable to fully forsake her humanity and murder him with no emotion. Cameron described this as a question of humanity's worth if we abandon it to win the battle for its existence.[4][72] In contrast with the bleak, nihilistic themes of the first film, Terminator 2 emphasizes the concept of free will and the value of human life. Schwarzenegger quoted the film's line "no fate but what we make", saying people have control over their own destinies.[4][54]

Terminator 2 also comments on the use of violence. On its release, reviewers were critical of Terminator 2: Judgment Day's message about preserving peace through violence. Owen Gleiberman stated that "reckless indifference" to human life is intrinsic to the film but the T-800 maiming people rather than killing them potentially condemns victims of violence to a life of pain.[ah] Cameron described the film as the "world's most violent anti-war movie", and said it is about people struggling with their own violent natures.[72][77] In particular, Cameron had been concerned by the original antagonist T-800's status as a cultural icon and power fantasy as a lethal, unstoppable force of strength and power, and chose to redefine it in Terminator 2, retaining the power fantasy without taking lives.[72] Cinephilia said it is not morally possible to recover from killing people, so Terminator 2 is about redeeming the T-800 and Sarah.[19]

Analysis[edit]

According to Professor Jeffrey A. Brown, there was a growth of female-led action films in the wake of Aliens's success. Brown believes this reflected the increase in women assuming non-traditional roles and the division between professional critics—who perceive a masculinization of the female hero—and audiences who embrace characters regardless of gender.[215] The hyper-masculine heroes played by Schwarzenegger, Stallone, and Jean-Claude Van Damme were replaced with independent women who are capable of defending themselves and defeating villains in films such as Terminator 2 and The Silence of the Lambs.[216] Brown said these female characters often perform stereotypical male actions and have muscular physiques rather than feminine, "soft" bodies.[217] He considers Hamilton's undershirt to be symbolic of typically male action heroes such as John McClane and John Rambo, as well as women displaying masculine traits such as Rachel McLish in Aces: Iron Eagle III (1992).[218]

Despite the emphasis on strong femininity, Hamilton's character remains secondary to Schwarzenegger's. Sarah's efforts to defeat the T-1000 fall short until the last-minute intervention of the T-800. Author Victoria Warren said this allows the female character to be strong enough to be admired but not strong enough to undermine the male protagonist's masculinity.[219] Professors Amanda Fernbach and Thomas B. Byers said the rigid form of the T-800 represents reactionary masculinity that is in direct opposition to the gender-bending T-1000, which represents a post-modern, fluid nature that is outside traditional norms and in opposition to patriarchy and the preservation of the traditional family.[220]

Author Mark Duckenfield said Terminator 2: Judgment Day can be seen as an unintended allegory for the decline of United States industries against successful Japanese technology firms, with the cutting-edge T-1000 representing Japan against the older, less-advanced T-800. The U.S. industries, which were sometimes seen as villains during the economic boom of the 1980s, are seen as more sympathetic in the face of obsolescence, just as the T-800 is presented as friendlier and still powerful but no longer overwhelmingly so. Duckenfield considers the final scene, which takes place in a steel mill—a place of American industry—symbolic.[221] According to Warren, Terminator 2 reflects Cold War American values that emphasized principles of American culture, in particular individualism and rejection of government intervention. The institutions that the film's protagonists should be able to rely on, such as the government, the police, and technology, are the ones attempting to stop them because they do not believe in the protagonists' doomsday prophecy.[222]

Legacy[edit]

Cultural influence[edit]

Waxwork of the T-800 at Madame Tussauds, London

Terminator 2 is considered a highly influential film, setting a benchmark for sequels, action set pieces, and visual effects.[ai] Cameron and special-effects supervisor Dennis Muren said the groundbreaking special effects in Terminator 2 demonstrated the possibilities of computer-generated effects and that without it, effects-focused films such as Jurassic Park (1993) would not have been possible.[aj] Various publications have referenced Terminator 2's influence on special effects, describing it as the most important special-effects film since Tron (1982), marking the start of the era of reliance on CGI effects for films such as Jurassic Park and The Matrix (1999).[ak] In 2007 the Visual Effects Society, an entertainment-industry organization of visual-effects practitioners, named Terminator 2 the 14th-most-influential visual-effects film of all time, and the T-1000 is listed by Guinness World Records as the "first major blockbuster movie character generated using computers".[230][231][232] According to The Guardian, the film's "groundbreaking" effects led to "CGI laziness", a reliance on computer graphics over practical effects, stunts, and craft.[91] A 2014 Entertainment Weekly article said Terminator 2 contributed to the contemporary Hollywood high-budget science fiction epic film, and a reliance on turning films into franchises targeted at young audiences and broad demographics.[223][224] Den of Geek described it as one of the most influential blockbusters since the thriller Jaws (1975).[54] Several filmmakers and creative leads have named it as an influence on their work, including Steven Caple Jr.,[233] Ryan Coogler,[234] Kevin Feige,[235] and Hideo Kojima,[236] and it was the favorite film of Russian political prisoner Alexei Navalny.[237]

With a $94–102 million budget, Terminator 2: Judgment Day was the most expensive movie made in its time,[al] and, as of 2023, it remains Schwarzenegger's highest-grossing film.[238] Alongside her appearance in The Terminator, Hamilton's Sarah Connor became regarded as one of the greatest and most influential cinematic female action heroes[am] and an iconic character.[an] Patrick's T-1000 is considered one of the most iconic cinematic villains.[ao] He made cameo appearances as the T-1000 in Wayne's World (1992) and Schwarzenegger's Last Action Hero (1993).[61][249][255] In Last Action Hero, Stallone replaces Schwarzenegger as the T-800 on the Terminator 2 poster.[256] The T-800's line "Hasta la vista, baby" is considered an iconic piece of movie dialogue and is often quoted. Schwarzenegger also used it in speeches during his political career.[ap] Terminator 2: Judgment Day has been referenced in a variety of media, including television, films, and video games.[aq] The biker bar scene was recreated for a 2015 advertisement, which featured Schwarzenegger, for the video game WWE 2K16—the bar patrons were replaced with WWE wrestlers.[269] In 2023, the Library of Congress selected Terminator 2: Judgment Day for preservation in the National Film Registry as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[270]

Retrospective assessments[edit]

Since its release, Terminator 2: Judgment Day has been assessed as one of the best action,[ar] science fiction,[as] and sequel films ever made.[at] Terminator 2 and The Terminator are generally considered the standout films in the Terminator franchise, with each taking turns in the top spot.[au] Some publications have listed Terminator 2 among the greatest films made.[293][294]

In 2001 the American Film Institute (AFI) ranked Terminator 2 number 77 on its 100 Years ... 100 Thrills list, recognizing the "most heart-pounding movies",[295] and the 2003 list of the 100 Best Heroes & Villains ranked the T-800 character as the forty-eighth-best hero.[296] The 2005 list of the 100 Best Movie Quotes listed the T-800 dialogue line "Hasta la vista, baby" as the 76th-best quotation,[297] and the 2008 AFI's 10 Top 10 named Terminator 2 as the eighth-best science fiction film.[298] To mark Schwarzenegger's 75th birthday in 2022, Variety listed Terminator 2: Judgment Day as the best film in his 46-year career.[299]

Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes offers a 91% approval rating from the aggregated reviews of 87 critics, with an average score of 8.5/10. The website's critical consensus says: "T2 features thrilling action sequences and eye-popping visual effects, but what takes this sci-fi/action landmark to the next level is the depth of the human (and cyborg) characters".[300] The film has a score of 75 out of 100 on Metacritic based on 22 critics' reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[301] During Terminator 2's 30th anniversary in 2021, Cameron, among others, said despite using older models of cars, the film's visuals still compare well with contemporary films.[4][302] Cameron also said Terminator 2 remains relevant because artificial intelligence had become a ubiquitous reality rather than a fantasy.[4] In 2006 Terminator 2 was listed at number 32 on Film4's 50 Films to See Before You Die list,[303] and is included in the film reference book 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die.[304] Rotten Tomatoes lists it as one of 300 essential movies and at number 123 on its list of 200 essential movies.[305][306] Popular Mechanics and Rolling Stone jointly listed it alongside The Terminator as the third-best time-travel film ever made.[307][308] Rolling Stone's reader-voted list of the best sequels ranks Terminator 2 second, behind The Godfather Part II (1974),[309] and Empire readers ranked the film 17th on its 2017 "100 Greatest Movies" list.[310]

Sequels[edit]

Cameron said he had no intentions for further sequels, believing that Terminator 2 "brings the story full circle and ends. And I think ending it at this point is a good idea". Wisher and Cameron wrote the script with the intention of leaving no option for a sequel.[311][312] Even so, four sequels followed: Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003), Terminator Salvation (2009), Terminator Genisys (2015), and Terminator: Dark Fate (2019), though none replicated the success of The Terminator or Terminator 2.[140][313]

Schwarzenegger returned for all but Terminator Salvation, while Cameron and Hamilton returned only for Dark Fate, a direct sequel to the events of Terminator 2.[314] Although better critically received than other post-Terminator 2 sequels, Dark Fate is also considered a failure. Analysts blamed audience disinterest on the diminishing quality of the series since Terminator 2, and repeated attempts to reboot the series.[av] Fans also criticized Dark Fate's opening scene, in which a T-800 kills Furlong's teenage John Connor. Entertainment website Collider wrote that this retroactively damages the ending of Terminator 2.[314][316] A television series, Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles (2008–2009), also takes place after the events of Terminator 2, and ignores the events in sequels Terminator 3 and beyond.[317][318]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Also promoted and abbreviated as T2[1][2]
  2. ^ As depicted in The Terminator (1984)
  3. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[24][25][26]
  4. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[28][29][30][31]
  5. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[38][39][40][41]
  6. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][46][47][48]
  7. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][32][52][37]
  8. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[58][59][60][61]
  9. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][14][26][67][68]
  10. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[23][69][71][73]
  11. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[71][73][82][83]
  12. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][26][32][48][86][87][88][89]
  13. ^ The 1991 budget of $94–102 million is equivalent to $210 million–228 million in 2023.
  14. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[26][90][91][92]
  15. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[2][4][53][86][109][110]
  16. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[116][123][124][125][126]
  17. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][104][136][137]
  18. ^ The 1991 box office gross of $519–$520.9 million is equivalent to $1.16 billion–$1.17 billion in 2023.
  19. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][14][136][139][140]
  20. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[141][142][143][144][145][146][147][148]
  21. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[141][144][149][150]
  22. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[141][144][145][147][151][152]
  23. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[142][143][146][150][152]
  24. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[143][148][149][151]
  25. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[142][143][144][145][148][149]
  26. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[141][142][143][144][149]
  27. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[142][144][145][147]
  28. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[146][147][152][153]
  29. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[142][144][145][150]
  30. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[165][166][167][168][169]
  31. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[174][175][176][177][178][179]
  32. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[2][109][193][194][195]
  33. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[194][198][199][200]
  34. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[141][143][144][145][147][151][152]
  35. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][223][224][225][226]
  36. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][91][227][228][55]
  37. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[1][53][54][58][229]
  38. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][43][55][91]
  39. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[58][239][240][241][242][243]
  40. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][244][243][245][246][247][248]
  41. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[249][250][251][252][253][254]
  42. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[4][36][257][258]
  43. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[259][260][261][262][263][264][265][266][267][268]
  44. ^ Attributes to multiple references:[1][227][228][271][272][273][274]
  45. ^ Attributes to multiple references:[228][275][276][277][278][279][280][281][282]
  46. ^ Attributes to multiple references:[228][283][284][285]
  47. ^ Attributes to multiple references:[248][286][287][275][1][228][285][288][289][290][291][292]
  48. ^ Attributed to multiple references:[315][313][314][316]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Reimann, Tom (November 5, 2019). "The Terminator Movies Ranked From Worst To Best". Collider. Archived from the original on February 23, 2022. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c Broeske, Pat H. (May 31, 1991). "Summer Movie Toys And Product Spin-Offs". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 20, 2021. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  3. ^ Tyler, Adrienne (October 26, 2019). "Terminator: Why Arnold Schwarzenegger Has Two Different Model Numbers". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on July 1, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn Siegel, Alan (June 30, 2021). "The Tin Man Gets His Heart: An Oral History of Terminator 2: Judgment Day". The Ringer. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Elvy, Craig (February 21, 2020). "Terminator: Every Actor Who Played John Connor (& How They Were Different)". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on November 26, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  6. ^ Hurlburt, Roger (July 3, 1991). "Terminator: Is It Back? Is It Ever!". Sun-Sentinel. Archived from the original on June 28, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  7. ^ Couch, Aaron (August 2, 2019). ""Everything Had to Go Right": What Happened To Terminator Star Michael Biehn". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 15, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  8. ^ Kennedy, Michael (July 10, 2020). "Terminator: How a Surprising Character Ties Together The Original Trilogy". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  9. ^ "Earl Boen, Actor In The Terminator Films, Dies at 81". The Hollywood Reporter. January 23, 2013. Archived from the original on March 26, 2023. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  10. ^ Dirks, Tim. "Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)". Filmsite.org. Archived from the original on May 12, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  11. ^ a b Rougeau, Michael (August 25, 2017). "Terminator 2's Joe Morton Shares The Story Behind His Iconic Death Scene". GameSpot. Archived from the original on October 23, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  12. ^ Berlatsky, Noah (May 27, 2019). "WTF Moments: Terminator 2's Phone Booth Scene Still Makes Us Choke On Our Milk". Syfy. Archived from the original on March 30, 2022. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
  13. ^ a b c d "Terminator 2 Judgment Day (1991)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on January 28, 2021. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h "Terminator 2: Judgment Day". American Film Institute. Archived from the original on October 6, 2021. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  15. ^ Siegel, Alan (August 9, 2021). "A Salute To Budnick, One Of Nickelodeon's Most Memorable Characters". The Ringer. Archived from the original on March 16, 2022. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  16. ^ Rhodes, Eric (August 1, 2019). "10 Things You've Never Noticed From Terminator 2". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on February 2, 2022. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  17. ^ Gilchrist, Todd (September 9, 2008). "OCD: Terminator 2's Dougy". IGN. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g Dougherty, Margot (July 12, 1991). "A New Body Of Work". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Pelan, Tim (October 22, 2016). "New Model Arnie: How James Cameron's Terminator 2: Judgment Day Held True To Its Exploitation Roots Whilst Remodelling The Action Blockbuster Template". Cinephelia & Beyond. Archived from the original on May 11, 2021. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  20. ^ a b Kennedy, Michael (August 11, 2020). "Terminator 2: Michael Biehn's Deleted Kyle Reese Cameo Explained". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on February 3, 2022. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  21. ^ a b Chase, Donald (July 12, 1991). "He's Big, He's Back, And He's Really A Pretty Nice Guy, Once You Get To Know Him". Entertainment Weekly. p. 1. Archived from the original on January 10, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
  22. ^ a b ShapiroE 1991, p. 52.
  23. ^ a b ShapiroC 1991, p. 34.
  24. ^ a b c Lambie, Ryan (April 7, 2015). "The Rise And Fall Of Hemdale". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on March 4, 2021. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  25. ^ a b c Shapiro 1991, p. 28.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Jaafar, Ali (May 12, 2016). "Deadline Disruptors: King Of Cannes Mario Kassar On The Glory Days Of Carolco, Why Buying Arnie A Plane Made Sense & Talking Vaginas". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on December 31, 2021. Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  27. ^ Bolling, Gaius (August 11, 2021). "Terminator: Producer Believes That The Franchise Still Has A Future". JoBlo.com. Archived from the original on August 18, 2021. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  28. ^ Van Gelder, Lawrence (August 31, 1990). "At The Movies". The New York Times. p. 10. Archived from the original on December 17, 2021. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  29. ^ Canby, Vincent (June 9, 1991). "Film View; Bidding Adieu To The Classic French Film". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 25, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  30. ^ "Pacific Western Productions". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on February 3, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  31. ^ "Hurd Signs Development Deal With Paramount". United Press International. August 30, 1993. Archived from the original on March 14, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g Ansen, David (July 7, 1991). "Conan The Humanitarian". Newsweek. Archived from the original on December 9, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Lambie, Ryan (December 5, 2017). "Terminator 2: How It Was Made, In Its Makers' Own Words". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on February 5, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  34. ^ a b c ShapiroE 1991, pp. 53–54.
  35. ^ a b c d ShapiroE 1991, p. 53.
  36. ^ a b Raphael, Laura (August 29, 2017). "Terminator Co-Writer Reveals Where "Hasta La Vista, Baby" Came From". Esquire. Archived from the original on May 26, 2021. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  37. ^ a b ShapiroC 1991, p. 33.
  38. ^ ShapiroE 1991, p. 54.
  39. ^ a b c d Chase, Donald (July 12, 1991). "He's Big, He's Back, And He's Really A Pretty Nice Guy, Once You Get To Know Him". Entertainment Weekly. p. 3. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
  40. ^ a b Gunning, Cathal (March 11, 2021). "Terminator 2: Every Scene Cut From Judgment Day". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  41. ^ Shapiro, Marc, July B 1991, p. 39.
  42. ^ Shapiro, Marc, July B 1991, p. 38.
  43. ^ a b c d Cooney, Jenny (August 29, 2017). "The Making Of Terminator 2: Judgment Day". Empire. Archived from the original on January 10, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  44. ^ Shapiro 1991, p. 29.
  45. ^ a b c Chase, Donald (July 12, 1991). "He's Big, He's Back, And He's Really A Pretty Nice Guy, Once You Get To Know Him". Entertainment Weekly. p. 2. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
  46. ^ Shapiro 1991, pp. 29–30.
  47. ^ Fabrikant, Geraldine (December 10, 1990). "The Hole In Hollywood's Pocket". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 6, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
  48. ^ a b Stevenson, Richard W. (April 14, 1991). "Taming Hollywood's Spending Monster". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 6, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
  49. ^ "The 101 Most Powerful People In Entertainment". Entertainment Weekly. November 2, 1990. Archived from the original on April 25, 2009. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
  50. ^ Fabrikant, Geraldine (December 10, 1990). "The Hole In Hollywood's Pocket". The New York Times. p. 1. Archived from the original on May 10, 2021. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  51. ^ Bates, James (July 29, 1991). "Air Schwarzenegger". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 12, 2021. Retrieved February 10, 2022.
  52. ^ Janusonis 1991, p. E-05.
  53. ^ a b c ""Arnold Invited Guns N' Roses Over For Dinner": How Terminator 2 Came To Be". GamesRadar+. July 17, 2017. Archived from the original on October 22, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  54. ^ a b c d e Lambie, Ryan (July 3, 2011). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day At 20". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on February 3, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  55. ^ a b c Dyer, James (July 1, 2021). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day At 30". Empire. Archived from the original on November 26, 2021. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  56. ^ a b c d e f g Parker, Ryan (August 17, 2017). "Billy Idol Almost Played the T-1000 In Terminator 2, Robert Patrick Says". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 9, 2022. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  57. ^ a b Lambie, Ryan (August 24, 2017). "Robert Patrick Interview: Terminator 2, James Cameron". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on March 6, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  58. ^ a b c d e f g Ashurst, Sam (July 3, 2016). "Re-Viewed: Terminator 2 Judgment Day". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on November 5, 2021. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  59. ^ ShapiroB 1991, pp. 46, 48.
  60. ^ a b ShapiroD 1991, p. 51.
  61. ^ a b Harris, Will (April 10, 2012). "Robert Patrick On Last Resort And Playing The T-1000". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on November 4, 2019. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  62. ^ ShapiroB 1991, p. 48.
  63. ^ Hiatt, Brian (October 31, 2019). "Was Billy Idol Really Almost in Terminator 2?". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 19, 2021. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  64. ^ "Edward Furlong". Toronto Comicon. 2012. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
  65. ^ King, Susan (July 6, 1991). "From The Boys' Club In Pasadena To T2 Has Been 'Great Fun'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 16, 2021. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  66. ^ a b ShapiroC 1991, pp. 33–34.
  67. ^ "Terminator 2: Judgment Day". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  68. ^ "Terminator 2: Judgment Day". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on April 19, 2008. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  69. ^ a b "Terminator 2: Judgment Day—He Said He Would Be Back". American Cinematographer. October 31, 2019. Archived from the original on February 13, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  70. ^ Gumbel, Andrew (January 11, 2007). "Lights, Cameras, Blockbuster: The Return Of James Cameron". The Independent. Archived from the original on December 26, 2021. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  71. ^ a b c d e f g h Eggertsen, Chris (August 24, 2017). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day Filming Locations, Mapped". Curbed. Archived from the original on February 3, 2022. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  72. ^ a b c d e Honeycutt, Kirk (July 2, 1991). "Terminators' Generator : James Cameron Says He Uses Violence to Make A Point". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  73. ^ a b c Christian, Alex (September 15, 2021). "20 Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Terminator 2: Judgment Day". ShortList. Archived from the original on February 5, 2022. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  74. ^ Kennedy, Michael (October 9, 2020). "Terminator 2: The Classic Scene Studio Executives Tried To Cut". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on February 3, 2022. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  75. ^ "Linda Hamilton : Interview". Blockbuster LLC. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  76. ^ McCreesh, Louise (October 28, 2019). "Terminator: Dark Fate Star Linda Hamilton Didn't Like One Iconic Terminator 2 Scene". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on November 4, 2021. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  77. ^ a b c d e f Broeske, Pat H. (May 19, 1991). "Summer Movie Special : Well, He Did Say, 'I'll Be Back' : Seven Years And $70 Million Later, Cyborg Arnold Schwarzenegger Returns In Terminator 2: Judgment Day". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  78. ^ Giardina, Carolyn (January 26, 2018). "Veteran Film Editor Mark Goldblatt On Helping To Originate Terminator". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 14, 2022. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  79. ^ a b c d e Kozak, Oktay Ege (April 11, 2018). "Battle Of The Cuts: Terminator 2—Theatrical Vs. Special Edition". Paste. Archived from the original on February 5, 2022. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  80. ^ a b Greene, Andy (May 28, 2019). "Flashback: The Terminator Gets Rebooted In A T2: Judgment Day Deleted Scene". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 3, 2019. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  81. ^ Kennedy, Michael (June 2, 2020). "Every New Scene In Terminator 2: Judgment Day's Extended Cut". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  82. ^ Lambie, Ryan (December 4, 2017). "Stephanie Austin Interview: Producing Terminator 2: Judgment Day". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  83. ^ Horton, NP (January 11, 2019). "50 Best Alternate Movie Endings". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on January 31, 2022. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  84. ^ "Terminator 2 Judgment Day". British Board of Film Classification. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  85. ^ a b Chase, Donald; Svetkey, Benjamin (July 12, 1991). "Cash Flow". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 21, 2009. Retrieved August 25, 2010.
  86. ^ a b Easton, Nina J. (April 28, 1991). "A Look Inside Hollywood And The Movies Incorporating Outtakes, Cinefile And Production Chart. : Talk Of The Town : Maybe Some Cpa's Should Review it". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 15, 2022. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  87. ^ Ansen, David (July 7, 1991). "Conan The Humanitarian". Newsweek. Archived from the original on June 29, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
  88. ^ McManus, Kyle (July 3, 2018). "The Brilliance Of The Terminator 2: Judgment Day Opening Sequence". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on March 22, 2022. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
  89. ^ Briggs, Joe Bob (July 26, 1991). "Terminator 2: Check It Out, Baby". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on June 7, 2022. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
  90. ^ Engel, Joel (June 30, 1991). "Film; The Daredevils Of Terminator 2". The New York Times. p. 11. Archived from the original on May 22, 2021. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  91. ^ a b c d e Bramesco, Charles (July 3, 2021). "Terminator 2 At 30: Groundbreaking Sequel That Led To CGI Laziness". The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 17, 2022. Retrieved November 27, 2021.
  92. ^ Herzog, Kenny (July 1, 2015). "How James Cameron And His Team Made Terminator 2: Judgment Day's Liquid-Metal Effect". Vulture. Archived from the original on March 4, 2022. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  93. ^ Duncan 1991, p. 6.
  94. ^ Duncan 1991, pp. 6, 9.
  95. ^ Pollack, Andrew (July 22, 1991). "Silicon Graphics To Offer A Cheaper Work Station". The New York Times. p. 3. Archived from the original on September 3, 2021. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  96. ^ Duncan 1991, p. 9.
  97. ^ a b Quinn, Michael (2010). "Brad Fiedel Terminator 2: Judgement Day Review". BBC Music. Archived from the original on January 9, 2016. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  98. ^ a b c Lambie, Ryan (December 5, 2017). "Brad Fiedel Interview: Composing Terminator 2's Iconic Score". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  99. ^ Baxter, Joseph (June 30, 2021). "Terminator 2 At 30: How Guns N' Roses Created The Perfect Hype". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on February 3, 2022. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  100. ^ Pareles, John (May 18, 1991). "Review/Rock; Guns 'N' Roses Back, In A Not-So-Sneak Preview". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 25, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  101. ^ Pelley, Rich (August 29, 2022). "'Jimi Hendrix And Black Sabbath Blew My Mind': Robert Patrick's Honest Playlist". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 29, 2022. Retrieved August 31, 2022.
  102. ^ Jones, Ralph (July 1, 2021). "30 Facts You Didn't Know About Terminator 2". Inverse. Archived from the original on July 5, 2021. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  103. ^ Shaw-Williams, Hannah (November 7, 2019). "Terminator: Dark Fate Easter Eggs & References You Missed". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on November 8, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  104. ^ a b Brew, Simon (September 18, 2014). "How 1991 Nearly Broke Hollywood". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on February 2, 2021. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  105. ^ a b c Fox, David J. (March 31, 1991). "A Look Inside Hollywood And The Movies Incorporating Outtakes, Cinefile And Production Chart. : Off-Centerpiece : Summer Shootout: Guy To Beat Fires Arrows And Danced With Wolves". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 17, 2022. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  106. ^ Fox, David J.; Finke, Nikki (May 12, 1991). "A Look Inside Hollywood And The Movies. : J-e-l-l-o : We Swear: The Absolute Last Summer Movie Schedule Story (Until Next Week)". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 17, 2022. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  107. ^ Fabrikant, Geraldine (June 3, 1991). "MGM-Pathe's Surprise: A Low-Cost Hit". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 25, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  108. ^ a b c d e Rohter, Larry (July 9, 1991). "Hollywood Shakes Off Box Office Doldrums". The New York Times. p. 13. Archived from the original on February 2, 2022. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  109. ^ a b Fox, David J. (April 21, 1991). "A Look Inside Hollywood And The Movies Incorporating Outtakes, Cinefile And Production Chart. : Off-Centerpiece :... And A Terminator T-Shirt For Kevin". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 2, 2022. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  110. ^ Goldstein, Patrick (August 25, 1991). "Movies : Naked Trailers : The Following Story Has Been Rated "I" For Inside And Informative On The New Power Of Movie Previews". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 3, 2021. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  111. ^ a b Ciotti, Paul (August 4, 1991). "Real Hollywood Muscle : No Star Makes More Money, Wields More Power Or Has More Fun". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  112. ^ a b Corsillo, Liza (June 4, 2015). "Most Stylish Day Ever: Terminator 2 Judgement Day Movie Premiere". GQ. Archived from the original on April 11, 2021. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  113. ^ Pinkser, Beth (May 29, 1996). "Mission Sets Records; Misses Batman High". The Spokesman-Review. Archived from the original on June 10, 2022. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  114. ^ McNary, Dave (July 5, 1991). "Terminator 2 Posts Monster Opening". United Press International. Archived from the original on June 11, 2022. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  115. ^ "Domestic 1991 Weekend 27 July 5-7, 1991". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 5, 2021. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  116. ^ a b c "Terminator 2: Judgment Day". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  117. ^ "Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)". The Numbers. Archived from the original on January 14, 2022. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  118. ^ Fox, David J.; Cerone, Daniel (July 14, 1991). "M-o-n-e-y! : Gee, A Keen Analyst Might Be Able To Spot A Trend". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 2, 2022. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  119. ^ a b Matzer, Marla (October 30, 1997). "Merchandising For R-Rated Films Has Some Bugs". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 9, 2022. Retrieved August 5, 2022.
  120. ^ "Domestic 1991 Weekend 28 July 12-14, 1991". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  121. ^ "Domestic 1991 Weekend 29 July 19-21, 1991". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  122. ^ "Domestic 1991 Weekend 27 August 2-4, 1991". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  123. ^ Brew, Simon (September 1, 2008). "The Box Office Years: 1991". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on February 17, 2022. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  124. ^ Fox, David J. (April 21, 1993). "Aladdin Becomes A $200-million Genie For Disney : Movies: Studio's All-time Top-grosser Is The First Animated Feature To Reach The Box Office Milestone. And In Its 23rd Week Of Release, There Still Is No End In Sight". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 6, 2021. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  125. ^ Turan, Kenneth (December 22, 1991). "Movies : 91 Year In Review : The Top 9 In A Year That Came Up Short". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 17, 2022. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  126. ^ "Terminator 2 Is Highest-grossing Film Of '91". Tampa Bay Times. December 27, 1991. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  127. ^ a b c d e Fox, David J. (October 31, 1991). "Terminator 2 About To Hit $200-million Mark : Movies: While Fall Releases Are In Box-office Slump, The Summer Smash Climbs To 13th On All-time Domestic Ticket Sales List". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  128. ^ Fox, David J. (September 4, 1991). "The Long, Not-So-Hot Summer : Industry Hopes Year-End Films Revive Sagging Box Office". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 2, 2022. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  129. ^ Variety, August 26 1991, p. 9.
  130. ^ a b Groves, Don, August 1991, p. 108.
  131. ^ Pitman 1991, pp. 68, back cover.
  132. ^ Groves, Don, September 1991, p. Back cover.
  133. ^ "Australia's top first weekend grossers". Screen International. September 10, 1993. p. 28.
  134. ^ "International boxoffice report". Variety. September 16, 1991. p. 37. $A1=$0.79
  135. ^ "Terminator 2: Judgment Day". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  136. ^ a b c d Mendelson, Scott (August 24, 2017). "Terminator 2 Is One Of The Biggest And Bleakest Summer Movies Ever". Forbes. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  137. ^ "1991 Worldwide Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on July 1, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  138. ^ Boucher, Geoff (August 29, 2019). "Terminator: Dark Fate: James Cameron On Rewired Franchise, Possible New Trilogy". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on April 15, 2021. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  139. ^ Ferguson, Murray (December 4, 2021). "Terminator 2: Why Schwarzenegger Had A Problem With Cameron's T-800 Plan". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on March 6, 2022. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  140. ^ a b Phillips, TC (August 7, 2021). "Terminator Producer Says Franchise Has A Future". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  141. ^ a b c d e Savlov, Marc (July 5, 1991). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day". The Austin Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 8, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  142. ^ a b c d e f Ebert, Roger (July 3, 1991). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day". RogerEbert.com. Archived from the original on January 27, 2021. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  143. ^ a b c d e f g Gleiberman, Owen (July 12, 1991). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day: EW Review". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on September 24, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  144. ^ a b c d e f g h i Maslin, Janet (July 3, 1991). "Review/Film; In New Terminator The Forces Of Good Seek Peace, Violently". The New York Times. p. 11. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  145. ^ a b c d e f Ansen, David (July 7, 1991). "Conan The Humanitarian". Newsweek. Archived from the original on November 23, 2021. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  146. ^ a b c d Travers, Peter (July 3, 1991). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 25, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  147. ^ a b c d e Brown, Joe (July 5, 1991). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day (R)". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 5, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  148. ^ a b c Turan, Kenneth (July 3, 1991). "Movie Review : He Said He'd Be Back...: Arnold And Terminator 2 Return With A Vengeance". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  149. ^ a b c d e Newman, Kim (August 16, 1991). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day Review". Empire. Archived from the original on June 30, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  150. ^ a b c d e f Hinson, Hal (July 3, 1991). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day (R)". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 8, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  151. ^ a b c Rafferty, Terrence (1991). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  152. ^ a b c d Multiple sources, in chronological order:
  153. ^ "Terminator 2—Judgment Day". Variety. January 1, 1991. Archived from the original on October 9, 2009. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  154. ^ McClintock, Pamela (August 19, 2011). "Why CinemaScore Matters For Box Office". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on July 19, 2021. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  155. ^ "Past Saturn Awards". Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films. Archived from the original on May 12, 2011. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  156. ^ Parisi, Paula (March 19, 1992). "5 Awards For Terminator 2, But Hopkins Wins Best Actor". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  157. ^ "People's Choice Awards Winners & Nominees 1992". People's Choice Awards. March 17, 1992. Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  158. ^ "Film Nominations 1991". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. 1991. Archived from the original on January 22, 2022. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  159. ^ "Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. July 15, 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  160. ^ "1992 MTV Movie Awards". MTV Movie & TV Awards. June 10, 1992. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
  161. ^ "1992 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on May 7, 2011. Retrieved April 19, 2010.
  162. ^ White, Adam (October 21, 2019). "Linda Hamilton: 'Everyone's Terrified Of James Cameron. I'm Not'". The Independent. Archived from the original on January 31, 2022. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  163. ^ Weinraub, Bernard (March 31, 1996). "Fox Locks In Cameron With a 5-Year Deal Worth $500 Million". The New York Times. p. 15. Archived from the original on September 21, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  164. ^ Fox, David J. (April 22, 1992). "Fox Signs Cameron To $500-million Deal : Movies: The Studio Commits To Distributing 12 Films Made By The Terminator 2 Director's Production Company". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  165. ^ Willman, David (April 18, 1992). "Carolco Pictures Reports It Lost $265 Million Last Year". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 3, 2022. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  166. ^ Sims, Calvin (December 25, 1992). "Deal Made To Revive Carolco". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 27, 2018. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  167. ^ Stevenson, Richard W. (December 5, 1991). "Carolco Cuts Staff by 25% And May Scale Back Films". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 25, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  168. ^ Sterngold, James (March 31, 1996). "Debacle On The High Seas". The New York Times. p. 1. Archived from the original on August 28, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  169. ^ Bates, James (January 17, 1996). "New Carolco Library Bid Sends Fox Running". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 5, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  170. ^ Nichols, Peter M. (November 10, 1991). "Arts And Entertainment; Video". The New York Times. p. 34. Archived from the original on February 28, 2022. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  171. ^ Nichols, Peter M. (December 5, 1991). "Home Video". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 25, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  172. ^ Smith, Leo (December 12, 1991). "Video Rental Chart : Backdraft Still Hot At The Stores". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 29, 2020. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  173. ^ McCullaugh, Jim (October 5, 1991). "LIVE Looks To Sharp For 'T2' Promotional Product" (PDF). Billboard. p. 64. Retrieved February 16, 2024.
  174. ^ Smith, Leo (December 19, 1991). "Flicks Film And Video File : Male Bonding : In Simi Valley, Film Students Focus On A Place Where Men Go After They've Been Dumped By A Woman". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 28, 2022. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  175. ^ Hunt, Dennis (January 9, 1992). "Video Rental Chart : Terminator Takes Over". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 2, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  176. ^ Hunt, Dennis (January 16, 1992). "Video Rental Chart : City Slickers Fends Off Terminator". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 28, 2022. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  177. ^ Hunt, Dennis (January 30, 1992). "Video Rental Chart : Thelma & Louise Gunning For The Top". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 28, 2022. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  178. ^ Fox, David J. (February 10, 1992). "'Green Tomatoes': Why A Little Film Bloomed : Movies: Film Starts Slowly At The Box Office But Word Of Mouth, Themes, Strong Cast Ignite Interest In The $11-million Work". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 22, 2022. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  179. ^ Berman 1992, p. 22.
  180. ^ "Billboard 200 Week Of October 5, 1991". Billboard. October 5, 1991. Archived from the original on September 18, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  181. ^ "Chart History—Guns N' Roses". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  182. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 75—07 July 1991 – 13 July 1991". OfficialCharts.com. July 13, 1991. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  183. ^ Billboard Magazine, October 1991, p. 73.
  184. ^ Saltzman, Barbara (December 3, 1993). "T2 Special Edition Adds Dimension, Power To Original". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 3, 2022. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  185. ^ Daly, Steve (November 28, 1997). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 2, 2022. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  186. ^ a b Conrad, Jeremy (May 28, 2003). "T2: Ultimate VS. Extreme". IGN. Archived from the original on December 17, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  187. ^ Haflidason, Almar (2001). "Terminator 2: Judgment Day DVD (1991)". BBC Online. Archived from the original on February 28, 2022. Retrieved February 28, 2022.
  188. ^ White, Cindy (May 15, 2009). "T2: Judgment Day Skynet Edition Blu-ray Review". IGN. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  189. ^ Monfette, Christopher (February 20, 2009). "Terminator 2 Sky-Net Edition Hits Blu-ray". IGN. Archived from the original on November 9, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  190. ^ "Terminator 2: Judgment Day 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray Trailer, Product And Release Details". IGN. July 17, 2017. Archived from the original on November 9, 2021. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  191. ^ Humphries, Matthew (July 20, 2017). "Terminator 2 4K Blu-ray Includes Signed T-800 Arm". PCMag. Archived from the original on November 9, 2021. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  192. ^ London, Andrew; Lynch, Gerald (July 20, 2017). "Terminator 2 4K Blu-ray With Endoarm Says Hasta La Vista To Your Savings". PCMag. Archived from the original on April 11, 2021. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  193. ^ "Terminator 2:Judgement Day Paperback—18 July 1991". Amazon. Archived from the original on March 24, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  194. ^ a b c d Fahs, Travis (May 20, 2009). "IGN Presents The History Of Terminator". IGN. Archived from the original on November 18, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  195. ^ Kennedy, Michael (December 15, 2020). "How Terminator 2's Novelization Changes The Iconic Ending". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on December 16, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  196. ^ Jasper, Gavin (July 9, 2015). "The Strange History Of Terminator Comics". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on March 1, 2021. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  197. ^ Chrysostomou, George (February 4, 2021). "10 Great Novels Based On Movies That You Never Knew Existed". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on February 13, 2021. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  198. ^ a b McKinney, Luke (July 6, 2015). "The Strange History Of Terminator Games". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on February 5, 2022. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  199. ^ Knight, Rich; Welch, Hanuman (March 1, 2018). "The 30 Best Arcade Video Games Of The 1990s". Complex. Archived from the original on February 24, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  200. ^ Kesten, Lou (October 8, 1993). "Mutant League Football;Mortal Kombat;T2: The Arcade Game". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on June 29, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  201. ^ McIntosh, Cody (December 9, 2020). "10 Best Video Games Based On The Terminator Franchise (That Are Super Underrated)". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on December 25, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  202. ^ "Terminator 2: 3-D (1996)". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  203. ^ Kennedy, Michael (June 4, 2020). "The Forgotten Terminator 2 Sequel (That Was A Theme Park Show)". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on February 5, 2022. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  204. ^ Squires, John (November 5, 2019). "[Video] Dark Fate Didn't Do It for You? Revisit James Cameron's Theme Park Sequel T2-3D: Battle Across Time!". Bloody Disgusting. Archived from the original on May 12, 2020. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
  205. ^ Brzeski, Patrick (December 15, 2015). "James Cameron, DMG Partner For Terminator 2 3D Rerelease Targeting China (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  206. ^ McNary, Dave (June 29, 2017). "James Cameron's Terminator 2: Judgment Day to Return to Theaters on Aug. 25". Variety. Archived from the original on November 9, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  207. ^ Brooks, Brian (August 25, 2017). "3D Terminator 2 Invades AMC Theaters; Jack Lowden Is Morrissey In England Is Mine—Specialty Box Office Preview". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on February 2, 2022. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  208. ^ Leadbetter, Alex (August 13, 2017). "James Cameron Used CGI to Make Several Changes in Terminator 2 3D [Updated]". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  209. ^ Brooks, Brian (August 27, 2017). "Beach Rats Seduces In Debut, Terminator 2: Judgment Day 3D Starts Slow—Specialty Box Office". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on February 2, 2022. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  210. ^ Mendelson, Scott (August 27, 2017). "Box Office: Leap Tops Weak Newbies, Terminator 2 Stumbles In 3D". Forbes. Archived from the original on February 4, 2022. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  211. ^ Lambie, Ryan (July 18, 2018). "Aliens And Terminator 2: How James Cameron Crafts Perfect Sequels". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on November 30, 2021. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
  212. ^ Alegre 1998, pp. 91–92.
  213. ^ Warren 2003, p. 29.
  214. ^ McClelland 2016, pp. 71–72.
  215. ^ Brown 1996, pp. 52, 69.
  216. ^ Brown 1996, p. 52.
  217. ^ Brown 1996, p. 60.
  218. ^ Brown 1996, p. 63–64.
  219. ^ Warren 2003, p. 28.
  220. ^ Fernbach 2000, p. 242.
  221. ^ Duckenfield 1994, pp. 2–5, 13.
  222. ^ Warren 2003, p. 25.
  223. ^ a b Franich, Darren (April 16, 2014). "Terminator 2: Best Summer Blockbusters, No. 10". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 2, 2022. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  224. ^ a b "The Legacy Of Terminator 2". Gale